Materials

Mushtaq
木塔西
Contents
General Material Classifications
Metal
Ceramic
Polymer
References

Metal
Metals account for about two thirds of all
the elements and about 24% of the mass
of the planet
The metal material offer higher modulus
of elasticity, ductility, and resistance to
elevated temperature. But, they are
heavier and more difficult to process.
From the periodic table, it can be seen
that a large number of the elements are
classified as being a metal


Periodic Table of the
Elements
Metals Non-Metals
Ceramics
(Ionic Bonds)
Metals
(Metallic Bonds)
Polymers
(Covalent Bonds)
Common Metallic Materials

Iron/Steel - Steel alloys are used for
strength critical applications
Aluminum - they are easy to form,
readily available, inexpensive, and
recyclable.
Copper – properties, including high
electrical and thermal conductivity,
Titanium - Titanium alloys are used for
strength in higher temperature
(~1000° F)
common Metallic
Materials
Nickel - Nickel alloys are used for still
higher temperatures (~1500-2000° F)
applications or when good corrosion
resistance is required.
key feature of Metallic
material
Metallic materials have free electrons
that are free to move easily from one
atom to the next.
Example
Metallic materials tend to be good
electrical conductors because the free
electrons can move around within the
metal so freely.
Ceramic
A ceramic has traditionally been
defined as “an inorganic, nonmetallic
solid that is prepared from powdered
materials, is fabricated into products
through the application of heat.
Ceramic
Characteristics
High strength
Brittleness
Light weight
Low electrical conductivity


Ceramic
Applications
Structural clay products (brick, sewer
pipe, roofing and wall tile, flue linings,
etc.)
Glasses (flat glass (windows),
container glass (bottles), pressed and
blown glass (dinnerware), glass fibers
(home insulation), and
advanced/specialty glass (optical
fibers))



Electrical (capacitors, insulators,, magnets
and superconductors)
Chemical and environmental (filters,,
catalysts,)

Polymer
You may think of polymers as being a
relatively
modern invention!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
However naturally occurring polymers
have been used for thousands of
years
Examples
wood, rubber, cotton, wool, leather,
silk,.. etc

Polymer
Artificial polymers are, indeed,
relatively recent
And mostly date from after WWII
In many cases, the artificial material is
both better and
Cheaper than the natural alternative
Polymer
Characteristics
Less dense than metals or ceramics,
Resist atmospheric and other forms of corrosion,
Offer good compatibility with human tissue, or
Exhibit excellent resistance to the conduction of
electrical current.
Polymer
 Applications
 Styrofoam cups
 contact lenses
 rubber tires
 telephone housings
 sandwich bags
 soda bottles
 rubber bands
 computer keyboard keys.
 in fact, just look around your, house, dorm or apartment room and
you’ll likely find plenty of examples of polymeric materials.
Classification of Polymer
THERMOPLASTICS,
THERMOSETS
ELASTOMERS
Classification of Polymer
THERMOPLASTICS
The term ‘thermoplastic’ indicates that these
materials melt on heating and may be processed by
a variety of molding and extrusion techniques.
polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene and
polyvinyl chloride
Classification of Polymer
Thermo set
‘thermosetting’ polymers can not be melted or
remelted.
Examples
alkyds, amino and phenolic resins, epoxies,
polyurethanes, and unsaturated polyesters.
Classification of Polymer
Elastomers
Elastomers or rubbers can be elastically deformed a
large amount when a force is applied to them and
can return to their original shape (or almost) when
the force is released
References
http://www.ndt-
ed.org/EducationResources/CommunityCollege/Mat
erials/Introduction/introduction.htm
http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~woodadam/MECH
221/Course_Notes/Polymers.pdf
THE CRC HANDBOOOK OF MECANICAL
ENGINEERING BY JAMED. D Idol,RICHARD
L.Lehman
http://www.amipp.rutgers.edu/assets/documents/s
cholarlypubs/Polymers.pdf
Thanks for
patience!!!!!!!!!

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.