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Electronic waste, "e-waste" or "Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment" ("WEEE") is a waste consisting of any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance.
E-Waste v/s Go Green
• It is a point of concern considering that many components of such equipment are considered toxic and are nonbiodegradable. • Impacts of “backyard” recycling of E-Wastes in Developing countries the most pressing IT-related Environmental Problem.
Riverside where circuit boards were treated with acid and dumped openly.
Open burning of plastic encased metal printer and motor parts.
SOURCES OF WEEE
• • • • • • • • IT & Telecom Equipments Large Household Appliances Small Household Appliances Consumer & Lighting Equipments Electrical & Electronic Tools Toys, Leisure & Sports Equipment Medical Devices Monitoring & Control Instruments
WASTE PILING UP!
The total e-waste in India has been estimated to be
3,34,180 tonnes per year
Over 75 million current mobile users expected to increase to
200 million by 2008 end.
…an estimated 30,000 computers
become obsolete every year
from the IT industry in Bangalore alone
At present, India has about
16 million computers
which are expected to grow
Over 2 million old PCs ready for disposal in India
The 260 kg Desktop Computer
• Total fossil fuels to produce a desktop computer with 17 inch CRT monitor = 260 kg, 11 times its weight • Total energy (production + operation) of a computer larger than a refrigerator.
Applying 3R rule for E-WASTE
REDUCE refers to lessening the amount of items or resources that are consumed, using only the amount that is needed, and looking for alternatives that will lessen our use.
REUSE means extending the 'life' or repurposing an item rather than discarding or throwing it away.
RECYCLE means to process old, used items in order that the material can be used to make new products.
THE 3R PROCESS
Material Recovery (Step - III)
Automated Separation (Step - II)
Hazardous material Segregation & Disposal
Collection of Electronic Waste
Manual Dismantling & Sorting (Step - I)
E-WASTE : HAZARDS
• Discarded electronics contain hazardous materials. • If disposed improperly, they pose a potential threat to human health and the environment. • May contaminate groundwater • E-Waste accounts for 40 percent of the lead and 75 percent of the heavy metals found in landfills.
• Software for putting the CPUs in hibernation • Further segregation of waste at source (place different colored bins on office floors) • Frequent workshops to educate people on environmental issues at work • Promote conversion from petrol to LPG on vehicles