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TRADE UNION & COLLECTIVE

BARGAINING
ROHITH V
DEFINITION
"Trade Union" means any combination, whether
temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the
purpose of regulating the relations between workers
and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions
on the conduct of any trade or business.

Trade unions are formed to protect and promote the
interests of their members. Their primary function is
to protect the interests of workers against
discrimination and unfair labor practices

OBJECTIVES
Wages and Salaries

Working condition

Personnel policies

Welfare

Negotiation
FUNCTIONS
i. Militant functions
To achieve higher wages and better working
conditions


To raise the status of workers as a part of industry


To protect labors against victimization and injustice

FUNCTIONS
ii. Fraternal functions
Providing financial and non-finacial help during the
period of strikes, lock-outs etc.

Medical facilities, recreational activities, provison for
education etc.
IMPORTANCE
Greater Bargaining Power

Minimize Discrimination

Sense of Security

Sense of Belongingness
Factors Leading to Employee Unionization
Trade Union Act 25 March 1926
The trade Unions Act, 1926 provides for registration
of trade unions with a view to render lawful
organisation of labor to enable collective bargaining.
It also confers on a registered trade union certain
protection and privileges.
The Act extends to the whole of India and applies to
all kinds of unions of workers and associations of
employers, which aim at regularizing labor
management relations.

UNION PROBLEMS
TRADE UNION LEADERSHIP
Outside leadership

MULTIPLE UNIONS

FINANCE

OTHER PROBLEMS
Illiteracy
Uneven growth
Low membership
Lack of interest

Multiple Unions: Causes
Membership related Issues
Discontent
Leadership Related Issues
Avenues, intra union fights, leadership issues
Political Issues
Legal
Suggested: One Industry - One Union


Unionization Process
MEASURES TO STREGTHEN TRADE UNION
Promote one union one industry

Efficient leadership

Membership fees

Improve trade union finances
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Collective bargaining is a procedure by which the terms
and conditions of workers are regulated by
agreements between their bargaining agents and
employers.
Wages, hours, and working conditions

Employee Security



FEATURES
Collective

Strength

Complementary

Continuous

Representation

SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE
contracts must be acceptable to management, union
representatives, and union membership

four issues appear in all labor contracts
wages
terms and conditions
of employment
grievance
procedures
hours
TYPES OF BARGAINING
Distribute bargaining

Cooperative bargaining

Productivity bargaining
MAJOR BARGAINING ISSUES
Grievances
Work schedules
Retirement and pension coverage
Vacations
Christmas bonuses
Rest- and lunch-break rules
Safety Rules
Profit-sharing plans

PROCESS
Preparation for
negotiations
Contract
negotiation
Agreement
Union
ratification
Contract
administration
yes
yes
no
no
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Collective Bargaining Relationship Continuum
Classes of Bargaining Items
Voluntary (permissible) bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining over which bargaining is
neither illegal nor mandatory.

Illegal bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining that are forbidden by law

Mandatory bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining that a party must bargain

Bargaining Items
Mandatory
Rates of pay
Wages
Hours of employment
Overtime pay
Shift differentials
Holidays
Vacations
Severance pay
Pensions
Insurance benefits
Profit-sharing plans
Christmas bonuses
Company housing, meals,
and discounts
Employee security
Job performance
Drug testing of employees
Permissible
Indemnity bonds
Management rights as to
union affairs
Pension benefits of
retired employees
Scope of the bargaining unit
Including supervisors
in the contract
Additional parties to the
contract such as the
international union
Use of union label
Settlement of unfair labor
changes
Prices in cafeteria
Continuance of past
contract
Membership of bargaining
team
Illegal
Separation of
employees
based on race
Discriminatory
treatment