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GREEN BUILDING

Land use, site impact


Materials
Water use
Energy use

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HEAT CONSERVATION
Decreasing indoor
temperature
Increasing indoor
temperature

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DECREASING
TEMPERATURE
Window’s orientations
Size of windows
Plants around building
Natural ventilation

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WINDOW’S ORIENTATIONS
Should build at south
and north.

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Two windows in different wall,
it can ensure wind can go in or
out of every room.

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SIZE OF WINDOW
In hot dry regions,
building should only
have very small
windows.

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In hot humid regions,
building should have large
windows opening on the
entire wall.

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PLANTS AROUND
BUILDING
Plants near a
building
Tree provide
shade to
the building
Ground cover by
plants around a
building
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NATURAL VENTILATION
Location of opening
with respect for wind
direction.
A
B

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1 Increasing Indoor Temperature

Passive Solar
Design Heat Pump

2 Reduced The Heat Loss

Special Glazing
Building Envelope Systems

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DESIGN
Solar energy is a radiant heat source
that causes natural processes upon
which all life depends.
Passive Solar technologies are means of
using sunlight for useful energy without
use of active mechanical systems

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Passive solar energy helps
heat the building by :
-radiation
-conduction
-natural convection
Sunlight strikes a building,
the building materials can
reflect, transmit, or absorb
the solar radiation.

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RULES OF PASSIVE
SOLAR SYSTEM
The building should be
elongated on an east-
west axis.
The building’s south
face should receive
sunlight.
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Interior spaces requiring
the most light and heating
should be along the south
face of the building. Less
used spaces should be
located on the north.
Use shading to prevent
summer sun entering the
interior.

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WAYS OF PASSIVE
SOLAR HEATING
Direct Gain
Indirect Gain
Isolated Gain

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DIRECT GAIN
Actual living space as
a:
Solar
collector
Heat
absorber
Distributio
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Thermal mass will
temper the intensity
of the heat during the
day by absorbing the
heat.

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At night, the thermal
mass radiates heat
into the living space.

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INDIRECT GAIN
In this system, thermal mass is located
between the sun and the living space.
The thermal mass absorbs the sunlight
that strikes it and transfers it to the living
space by conduction.

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THERMAL STORAGE
WALL SYSTEMS
Operable vents at the
top and bottom of a
thermal storage wall
permit heat to convect
from between the wall
and the glass into the
living space.
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when the vents are
closed at night radiant
heat from the wall
heats the living space.

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ISOLATED GAIN
Itsintegral parts separate from
the main living area of a house.
Example:
sunroom
a convective loop through an air
collector to a storage system in
the house.

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HEAT PUMP
Is a machine or device
that moves heat from
one location (the
'source') to another
location (the 'sink' or
'heat sink') using
mechanical work.
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There are 2 major types of
heat pump:
air source heat pump
(extracts heat from
outside air)
geothermal heat pump
(extracts heat from the
ground or similar sources)

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HEAT PUMP TOGETHER
WITH SOLAR COLLECTORS
1.absorbed
Solar heat energy
by the
solar cell
Transferred to heat 1
pump
Provide warm air to
3
inside area.

3. 2

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WAYS TO REDUCE
THE HEAT LOSS
The above methods show how
building design providing heat in a
“greener” way. But a heated building
loses its thermal energy by
conduction, convection and radiation,
there are ways to reduce heat losses.

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WAYS TO REDUCE
THE HEAT LOSS
Building envelope
Thermal Insulation
Phase change material
(PCM)

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BUILDING ENVELOPE
Thermal Insulation
Thermal bridges
A building construction that

increase the heat losses of a


building.
impossible to build a house

without thermal bridges.


Add insulation layer to reduce
the heat loss.

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Reduce heat loss by
adding insulation
materials on the wall.
Insulation materials:
cellulose
glass wool
rock wool
Polystyrene
urethane foam

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BUILDING ENVELOPE
Phase change material (PCM)
is a substance with a high heat of
fusion
melting and solidifying at a
certain temperature
capable of storing and releasing
large amounts of energy

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Heat is absorbed or
released when the
material changes from
solid to liquid and vice
versa.

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UTILIZING
SUSTAINABLE
Lighting system
Renewable energy in
building applications

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HAVING
A GOOD LIGHTING
SYSTEM
Provide a more
comfort environment
Using less
energy
Having a
substantially
lower
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ADVANTAGES
Make a more comfort environment
with a better mood and overall
happiness in a working place
Help to build up the corporate
image and staff morale

Result in productivity
benefits for the company
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Reduce the energy
consumption and
emission of
greenhouse gases
More environmental
Lower the operating
friendly
costs
Increase the
competiveness of a
company
The building become
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WAYS TO HAVE A BETTER
LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Change the bulbs
LED it out
Make as much use of natural
light

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CHANGE THE BULBS
Replacing a large watt
incandescent bulb with
a low watt Compact
Fluorescent Light Bulb
(CFL)

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ADVANTAGES
Itcan save a certain
energy costs
Prevent greenhouse
gases emission

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DISADVANTAGES
Environmental
damage
Need to be
disposed
specially
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LED IT OUT
A light-emitting diode (LED)
is an electronic light source.
LEDs are used as indicator
Lamps in many kinds of
electronics and increasingly
for lighting.

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ADVANTAGES
Lastlonger
More energy efficient

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DISADVANTAGES
Are not
common in
the market

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USE OF NATURE LIGHT
Natural light can be
effectively obtained by
well-placed windows,
skylights and
translucent wall
panels.

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ADVANTAGES
More healthy
Affects the vitamin D and immune
system, circadian rhythms, sleeps
cycle and hormones.
Freeof charge
More environmental friendly

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DISADVANTAGES
Unstable light
intensity and period

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SUNLIGHT- TRANSPORT-
DEVICE

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ADVANTAGES
sunlight transfer in public urban art

To save the city


Infuse public
money space
on energy
with a good mood
boost.

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DISADVANTAGES
extremely expensive
probably due to fibre
optic costs, diffusers

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RENEWABLE ENERGY IN
BUILDING APPLICATIONS
Solar Power System
Solar PV
Solar Thermal

Wind Turbine

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SOLAR POWER SYSTEM

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SOLAR THERMAL
Is used to heat a fluid
to power energy

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SOLAR PV
(PHOTOVOLTAIC)

Convert solar energy


directly into electricity.

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Sunlight strikes the surface of a
photovoltaic cell, this electrical field
provides momentum and direction to
light stimulated electrons, resulting in a
flow of current when the solar cell is
connected to an
electrical load.

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BENEFITS
Clean, Renewable and
Sustainable
Meets Peak Energy
Demand
Generates electricity is
immediately
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DISADVANTAGES
Climate Problem
Disposal of panels and
batteries
Expensive

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WIND TURBINE
Wind turbines
harness the power of
the wind and use it to
generate
electricity.
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WIND TURBINE

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ADVANTAGES
Cut your carbon footprint
Cut your electricity bills
Store electricity for a
calm day

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DISADVANTAGES
Wind speed problem
Noise problem
Obstacles to building

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