DESIGN OF A HIGH PERFORMANCE NONCONTACT DIGITAL TACHOMETER BY USING 8051 MICROCONTROLLER

Under the guidance of Sri P.R MURALI MOHAN, M.TECH ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR Project members: CH. SUNIL KUMAR. K. SREEKANTH. G. KONDALARAO. U. MAHESH KUMAR.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the design is to develop a system based on Embedded micro controller(8051) which is used as a digital contact less tachometer for measuring the speed (in rpm) of the AC (or) DC motor by using Infrared Frequency without the help of a expensive tachometer available in the market.

INTRODUCTION

Tachometer is used for measuring rotational speed It Can be used to measure speed of a rotating shaft It Can also be used to measure flow of liquid by attaching a wheel with inclined vanes

DESIGN OF A NON-CONTACT DIGITAL TACHOMETER
SHAFT CIRCULAR ARRANGEMENT IR RAYS

MOTOR

IR TRANSMITTER

IR RECIEVER(TSOP)

OPERATION OF A NON-CONTACT DIGITAL TACHOMETER
• Place the tx and rx in such a way that the IR transmitter
continuously generates the infrared rays and the receiver receives it. • To the motor shaft arrange one circular arrangement having a small hole and position it exactly at the middle of tx and rx arrangement in such a way that when the shaft rotates, only at one point the IR rays falls on the rx. • As usual the IR receiver receives the IR signals from the transmitter when the motor was running for every one complete rotation. • The IR receiver (TSOP) sends these data to the micro

BLOCK DIAGRAM:
DISPLAY UNIT POWER SUPPLY TSOP

MICRO CONTROLER
IR TRANSMITTER

555 TIMER

BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION

The power was passed to the micro controller through the help of power supply unit

The data passed to the IR transmitter through the help of 555 timer IR transmitter send the data through wireless, TSOP will receive the data and move towards to the micro controller unit The micro controller unit will send the data into display unit, display unit will display the message of received data from micro controller

IR SENSORS

IR TRANSMITTER

IR RECEIVER(TSOP)

IR SENSORS DESCRIPTION

The infrared LED emitter produces a light beam across the bottom of the coil.

There's less noise and ambient light than at normal optical wavelengths hence IR (Infrared) is used.

TSOP (Tiny Small Online Package) is used to receive the signals from IR transmitter.

POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

OPERATION OF POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

The 230v AC supply voltage can be reduced to 12v AC by using step down transformer. The 12v AC is converted into 12v DC by using Bridge rectifier. The DC voltage is filtered by using capacitors at different levels. The voltage regulators are used to get constant output voltage.

LCD DISPLAY

It is a general purpose alphanumeric LCD display, with two lines of 16 characters • It is thinner and lighter and draw much less power than cathode ray tubes. • It is made up of any number of color or monochrome

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

8051 MICRO CONTROLLER
Features: it consists of 4 ports and each port having 8 pins • 8051 had on-chip memory having 128 bytes of memory. • ROM having memory of 4 kilo bytes. • It consists of 2 timers. • It consists of one serial port. • It consists of 6 interrupts in that 3 are internal (software) and 3 are external (hard ware). • it consists of 16 address lines and data lines.

Pin Description:
Pin number 1 to 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 & 19 20 21 to 28 29 30 31 32 to 39 40 Description Port 1 Reset RXD (receiver) TXD (transmitter) INT0(interrupt 0) INT1( interrupt 1) T0 (timer0) T1 (timer1) WR (write) RD (read) crystal oscillator GND (ground) port 2 PSEN (program store enable) ALE (address latch enable) EA (effective address) Port 0 +Vcc (Supply)

Registers: • 8051 microcontroller consists of 8 "R" (R0, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7) which are used to assist in manipulating values And moving data from one memory location to another. • It consists special function registers like stack pointer, data pointer, PCON (power control), TCON (timer control), TMOD (timer mode), SBUF (serial control), IE (interrupt enable), IP (interrupt priority) ,PSW (program status word), SCON (serial control).

CONCLUSION

Queries ?

Project members:
CH. SUNIL KUMAR. K. SREEKANTH. G. KONDALARAO. U. MAHESH KUMAR.

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