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Using CLIL to enhance competence based

learning
USING CLIL TO ENHANCE
COMPETENCE – BASED LEARNING

Mª Luisa García Gurrutxaga
Mila Villa Gallastegi
Montse del Nozal
SYMPOSIUM ON CONTENT AND LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
What do we mean by competence?

Pr. Philippe Perrenoud, 1997 Faculté de psychologie et
des sciences de l'éducation, Université de Géneve:

« une capacité d’agir efficacement dans un type défini de
situations, capacité qui s’appuie sur des connaissances,
mais ne s’y réduit pas”

(a capacity to act efficiently in a number of given
situations, a capacity based on knowledge, but not limited
to it („unofficial‟ translation from French by the Eurydice
European Unit).


Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
What do we mean by competence?
From knowledge to competence
Definition of knowledge: Oxford English Dictionary:
“ the fact of knowing a thing, state, etc or person”
Other authors distinguish between four types of knowledge:
Know-what, know-why, know-how and know-who
In a world in which the stock of factual knowledge is created, distributed
and accessed ever more rapidly, people‟s need to memorise such
knowledge is declining. Instead, they need the appropriate tools for
selecting, processing and applying the knowledge required to cope with
changing employment, leisure and family patterns.
This accounts for the growing tendency in education to develop
competences rather than teach factual knowledge.
Key Competences, 2002
Eurydice

Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
What do we mean by competence?

Every definition of the word competence stresses the following idea:
“Learning by doing” starting from knowledge learning to apply it.
“Learning by doing” in different contexts.
Competences have an integrated nature: a competence integrates
concepts, procedures and values or attitudes.

KNOWLEDGE

APPLICATION
DIFFERENT
AND VARIED CONTEXTS
INTEGRATED
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Learning by doing
EXPERIENCE
the activity,
perform it,
do it…
SHARE
the results,
reactions
and
observations
PROCESS
by discussing,
analysing,
reflecting…
GENERALISE
to connect the
experience
to real world
situations

APPLY
what was learned
to a similar or
different situation:
practice

DO
REFLECT
APPLY
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Key Competences in the curriculum
EUROPEAN LEVEL
 Communication in the mother
tongue
 Communication in foreign
languages
 Information and communication
technologies (ICT)
 Numeracy and competences in
maths, science and technology
 Entrepeneurship
 Interpersonal and civic
competencies
 Learning to learn
 General Culture

CAV (NOV 2007)
 Competencia en
comunicación
lingüística
 Competencia digital
 Competencia matemática
 Competencia en cultura
científica, tecnológica y para
la salud
 Competencia para la
autonomía
personal
 Competencia de aprender a
aprender
 Competencia social y
ciudadana
 Competencia en expresión
cultural

Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning

CLIL
DEFINITION: It encompasses any activity in which a
foreign language is used as a tool in the learning of a
piece of non-linguistic curricular content(subject,
topic...), where LANGUAGE and CONTENT have a major
joint role.

European Network of Administrators,
Researchers and Practitioners (EUROCLIC, 1990)
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
CLIL is about
CONTENT LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING is about:
 Motivating learners and teachers
 Creating quality learning environments
 Learning by doing
 Working and learning together
 Communicating learning
 Critical and independent thinking
 Building higher order skills
 Integrating new developments in education and society

(Do Coyle)
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Rationale behind CLIL
•Learners acquire content and skills and create their own learning.
•Contet is related to learning and thinking. Learners have to interpret content
their own way and analyse its linguistic demands.
•Language needs are related to the learning context, learning through a
second or third language implies reconstructing the content through cognitive
processes.
•Interaction in the learning context is fundamental to this process. This has
implications when this learning is taking place in a foreign language.
•The relationship between cultures and languages is complex. Intercultural
awareness is fundamental to CLIL. It‟s rightful place is at the core of CLIL.






Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
CLIL
The 4Cs Teaching Framework:
 content/subject matter/project/theme
 communication/language
 cognition/thinking
 culture/citizenship

(Do Coyle)

Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
 There is no specific methodology to teach competences.
 Competences are acquired as the result of doing different
tasks in different contexts.
 CLIL gives us a coherent framework to integrate language,
cognitive processes, culture awareness and specific
knowledge.
 Planning through CLIL will get us nearer to developing
competences in the learners.
 CLIL is about learning by doing: Learning language by using it.
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
A CLIL unit/Theme/ Didactic Unit/Project...
CONTENT COGNITION COMMUNICATION CULTURE
•Using prior and
experiential
knowledge
•Looking for new
information
•Reflecting,
analysing,
selecting
information
•Thinking skills
•Creativity
•Justifying
choices
•Applying new
learning in
different
contexts
• Present findings
•Re-ellaborate
learning for others
•Dialogue about
learning outcomes
•Assessing each
other
• Global concepts
about theme
•Beliefs and
theories
•Values,
principles

(Do Coyle)
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
CONTENT
•Using prior and experiential
knowledge
•Looking for new information
•Reflecting, analysing, selecting
information
KEY COMPETENCES
•Communication in foreign
languages
•Information and communication
technologies (ICT)
•Scientific competence
•Entrepeneurship
•Learning to learn

Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
COGNITION
•Thinking skills
•Creativity
•Justifying choices
•Applying new learning in
different contexts

KEY COMPETENCES
•Communication in foreign
languages
•Entrepeneurship
•Learning to learn
•Personal autonomy
•Science competence

Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
CULTURE
•Global concepts about theme

•Beliefs and theories

•Values, principles


KEY COMPETENCES
•Communication in Foreign
Languages
•Personal autonomy
•Social and civic competence
•Digital competence

h.3.1 a Dossier on Human Rights.doc
h.3.1 b Reading tasks.doc
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning
Where do CLIL and Competence-
Based Learning meet?
COMMUNICATION
• Present findings
•Rellaborate learning for others
•Dialogue about learning
outcomes
•Assessing each other

KEY COMPETENCES
•Communication in foreign
languages
•Learning to learn
•Interpersonal and civic
competences
•Entrepeneurship

Handout 1.7.b. Peer assessment of presentations.doc
Using CLIL to enhance competence based
learning