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IR MUSIC TRANSMITTER AND

RECEIVER
Batch no:21
G.J.S Pavan kumar(09MD1A0417)
D.Babji(09MD1A0411)
P.Hanumantharao(10MD5A0403)

Project Guide:
B.S.S Vidya

contents

Whats the inspiration?
Introduction
Transistor circuit
Receiver circuit
Basic electronic components
Um 66 Ic
Led
Photo transistor&Ir emitter
Power amplifier LM386&Amplifier 741
Advantages and disadvantages
Applications
Future scope








WHATS THE INSPIRATION?

Now-a-days everything in this world is getting wireless. Infrared rays
transmission is one of the most important ways of wireless
communication.
According to the infrared communication, for a distance of about 1 m
from a communication object the communication can be performed
without performing connection via a cable, and the like, which is
convenient for use, and which provides an advantage that the
communication can be realized with a simple constitution as compared
with the communication using radio waves.

INTRODUCTION
Using this circuit, audio musical notes can be generated and can be heard up
to a distance of 10 meters.
The receiver can be placed at a maximum distance of 1 meter from the
transmitter without any considerable noise interference.
However the communication distance can be improved by using Far IR LEDs.
The range of communication can be increased to about 250 meters by using
Far IR LEDs.
This project emphasizes the way by which music is generated and driven by
IR rays and gives an explanation to the one of the methods of receiving IR rays
without considerable noise interference
Transmitter circuit

Receiver circuit
BASIC ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
All components used in electronic circuits have three basic properties,
known as resistance, capacitance, and inductance.
Resistance: The property of a component to oppose the flow of electrical
current through itself.
Capacitance: The property of a component to oppose any change in
voltage across its terminals, by storing and releasing energy in an internal
electric field.
Inductance: The property of a component to oppose any change in current
through itself, by storing and releasing energy in a magnetic field
surrounding itself.

Um 66 tXXl
IC UM 66 MUSIC GENERATOR
This is the simplest ever musical calling bell that can be easily built.
It uses the musical 3 pin IC UM66 and a popularly known Transistor
BC548b.
Here the musical IC UM66 generates the music when it receives supply
and drives a small speaker through a class c amplifier using silicon
transistor BC547.

PRECAUTION POINTS FOR IC UM
66
UM66 Never connect the IC in reverse supply connection.
The music depends on the part number of the IC.
The transistor are should be connected in proper pin
configuration.
The recommended power supply is battery of 3 volt..

LED
PHOTOTRANSISTOR

INFRARED EMITTER AND DETECTOR

LOW VOLTAGE AUDIO POWER
AMPLIFIER LM 386
The LM386 is a power amplifier designed for use in low voltage consumer
applications. The gain is internally set to 20 to keep external part count low,
but the addition of an external resistor and capacitor between pins 1 and 8 will
increase the gain to any value from 20 to 200. The inputs are ground
referenced while the output automatically biases to one-half the supply
voltage. The quiescent power drain is only 24 milliwatts when operating from
a 6 volt supply, making the LM386 ideal for battery operation.


DYNAMIC LOUDSPEAKER
The loudspeakers are almost always the limiting element on the fidelity of a
reproduced sound in either home or theater. The other stages in sound
reproduction are mostly electronic, and the electronic components are highly
developed. The loudspeaker involves electromechanical processes where the
amplified audio signal must move a cone or other mechanical device to
produce sound like the original sound wave. This process involves many
difficulties, and usually is the most imperfect of the steps in sound
reproduction. Choose your speakers carefully. Some basic ideas about
speaker enclosures might help with perspective.
APPLICATIONS :
AM-FM radio amplifiers
Portable tape player amplifiers
Intercoms TV sound systems
Line drivers
Ultrasonic drivers
Small servo drivers
Power converters


ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
ADVANTAGES:
Highly sensitive
Two stage Gain control
Very low noise
Low cost and reliable circuit
Can transmit up to 10 meter
DISADVANTAGES
Not for long distance
work in fixed range
Noise if object between transmitter and receiver


CONCLUSION
IR ray communication is very easy to understand and simple to implement. It
finds various applications in short distance field of communications. It is one of
the best ways of building wireless gadgets

FUTURE SCOPE
In future there is scope of building virtual environment using the principles
of IR ray transmission and reception.
Virtual gaming which also employs IR reception techniques is still in
research process which is soon going to rule the world of gaming.