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Welcome to Hinduja Global Solutions

Agenda for the day

What is an NGO?

History-International and India

Types of NGOs

Impact of NGO in the society

Agenda for the day • What is an NGO? • History-International and India • Types of

What is an NGO?

NGO stands for Non-governmental Organization.

The World Bank defines NGOs as "private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development" (Operational Directive 14.70).

History - International

International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839.

The first few areas of work were against slavery and the movement

for women’s suffrage

Some of the most common International Organizations are:

Alcoholics Anonymous International Committee of the Red Cross Medicins Sans Frontiers UNAIDS

History - International • International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839.
History - International • International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839.
History - International • International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839.
History - International • International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839.

History - India

India has a long history of civil societies based on the concepts of Daana and Seva. Several organizations were established during the second half of 19 th century including Prarthana Samaj and Arya Samaj to name a few.

The Societies Registration Act was approved in 1860 to approve the body of NGOs.

The Central Social Welfare Board was established in

1953 to promote social welfare activities and support

people’s participation programs through NGOs.

Types of NGOs

Based on Orientation

Charitable orientation; for example People For Animals (Maneka Gandhi)

Service orientation; for example Missionaries of Charity (Mother Teresa)

Participatory orientation - Sankalp

Empowering orientation Samarthanam, Bangalore

Impact of NGOs in the society

Several NGOs aim to reach the poorest, the destitute, the sick, the illiterate, the disadvantaged, to make them self reliant and sustainable.

Several programs are introduced through NGOs which help self employment, self help groups, rehabilitation into the main stream society.

Some other forms of help to the common man is provided in the

form of counseling, social activism, awareness about civic issues

like cleanliness in cities, planting trees, public interest litigations etc.

Laws that govern NGOs in India

Constitution of India Articles 19(1)(c) and 30

Income Tax Act, 1961

Public Trusts Acts

Societies Registration Act, 1860

Indian Companies Act, 1956, section 25

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976;

How is an NGO registered?

Step 1: Conceptualization

Step 2: Forming the Governing Body

Step 3: Formulation of Byelaws

Step 4: Registration

Step 5: Fundraising

Funding for NGOs

Institutional & Government funding

Direct Mailing Applications

Donation Boxes Schools awareness cum sponsorship program Corporate Fund Raising

Internet fund raising Foreign funding

Cause related marketing

Awareness Events

Fund Raising events Social Campaigns, trainings & seminars

How are the funds used?

Funds are used for sustaining the project by providing

means of livelihood, training, medications, food, clothing,

other infrastructure, cost of rehabilitation salaries for people working for the organization, daily expenses for running the organization, and rent for premises used for

the organization.

Accountability

Towards the donors

Towards the Government

Towards the stake holders

Towards the recipients of the funds

Independent evaluators.

Academic community who conduct research on the projects which ensures the transparency of the work undertaken.

Develop a clearly defined mission statement.

Review the processes, identify gaps, and develop new mechanisms to the needs to multiple stake holders.

Why do people donate to charity?

Religion

Feel good factor

Image

Personal experiences

Tax deductions

Donations for charity come under section 80 G of the

Income Tax Act, 1961.

For all charity donations, the deductions are made directly from the gross total income of the assessee.

Using modern technology for raising

funds

Mobile technology

Direct marketing

Indirect marketing

Internet fund raising

Direct mailing