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Educational Objectives

Facilitating the Learner


Various Alternative Names for
Educational Objectives
Specific Learning Objectives
Students’ Learning Outcomes
Enabling Objectives
Behavioral Objectives
Instructional Objectives
Educational Intents
Educational Aims
Educational Competencies
Definition: According to
Gallagher and Smith (1989)

Educational Objectives are properly


constructed educational objectives
represent relatively specific statements
about what students would learn at the
end of a lesson.
Some characteristics of
effective objectives
Consistent with overall goals
Clearly stated
Realistic and attainable
Suitable for learners' stage of
development
Appropriately comprehensive
Westberg and Jason (1993): Collaborative Clinical Education
Purposes/Functions of
Educational Objectives
Cause careful thinking about what is to
be accomplished through the lesson
Help in building an active relationship
between the teacher and the learner
Make teaching more directed and
organized
Help avoiding unnecessary repetitions
Four parts of an
Educational Objective
It should have an action verb.
It should include a specification of the
content
It should contain a specification of the
support material
It should contain a specification of the
degree of learning
Examples

The learner will be able to retrieve


information using database searches by
identifying and acquiring full-text
documents available from the www.
The students will be able to write/label
all major parts of eye using a
diagram/chart
Examples (cont… d)

The students will be able to underline


parts of speech in the given sentences
using the handout/text provided.
The students will be able to derive the
rectangular components of a vector
using trigonometric ratios for the angles
of 300, 450, 600
Activity # 1:

Formulation of Objectives
Domains of learning
Cognitive Domain:
related to the intellectual learning and
problem solving abilities of a learner
Affective Domain:
related to the emotions and value
system of the learner
Psychomotor Domain:
related to motor skills/capabilities of the
learner
Bloom’s Taxonomy
In 1956, Benjamin Bloom, a professor
at the University of Chicago, shared his
famous "Taxonomy of Educational
Objectives".
Bloom identified various levels of three
domains of learning.
He identified six levels in cognitive
domain.
Evaluation

Synthesis

Analysis

Application

Comprehension

Knowledge
Knowledge
Recall or recognition of information.

define list
locate name
outline identify
recall show
match recognize
Comprehension
Understand, translate, paraphrase or
interpret material.
summarize paraphrase
explain differentiate
interpret demonstrate
describe visualize
compare restate
distinguish rewrite
Application
Use learned material in a new situation

solve apply
illustrate modify
calculate put into
interpret practice
manipulate compute
predict operate
Analysis
Ability to discover and differentiate the
components of a situation/information
analyze contrast
organize compare
deduce distinguish
diagram categorize
discriminate relate
Synthesis
Ability to combine parts to create ‘the
big picture’
design discuss
hypothesize plan
support create
report construct
develop organize
Evaluation
Ability to judge the value or support
judgment with reason
evaluate criticize
estimate justify
judge conclude
defend assess
rate
appraise
Activity # 2:

Formulation of Objectives
(According to Bloom’s Taxonomy)
Objective of the Workshop
To support the workshop
participants in
designing/creating effective
educational objectives by
selecting suitable verbs from
the list provided according to
the Bloom’s Taxonomy.