You are on page 1of 21

BCET’s 3rd year presents

FLOUROCARBON
PRODUCTION
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
RR ee aa cc tt oo rr

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
R e a c t o r

Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and carbon
tetrachloride (or chloroform) are bubbled
through molten antimony pentachloride
catalyst. These reactions are slightly
endothermic and take place in a steam-
jacketed atmospheric pressure reactor at
65 to 95o C.
E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + H l F- - - C - - 3CF> + l H C l
C 4C + 2 l H - F- -C - >2CF 2 l+ H C l

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
d di s it si tl il la l tai to i on n

H C l ab so rb er

sc ru b b e r
c oc lo u l mu mn n

C a ustic
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
d is tilla tio n
c o lu m n
The gaseous mixture of fluorocarbon and
unreacted chlorocarbon is then sent to the first
distillation column from where unreacted
chlorocarbon recycled to the reactor.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o n
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
HH CC ll aa bb ss oo rr bb ee rr
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
H C l a b so rb e r
The gaseous mixture of
fluorocarbon and the by-product
hydrochloric acid is then
advanced to the HCl absorber
where waste hydrogen-chloride
is removed by water absorption.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

s sc c r ru u b b b b e e r r
CC a a uu s st ti ic c
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
C a u s tic s c r u b b e r
The mixture of fluorocarbon
from HCl absorber contains
some traces of HCl and chlorine
which are then removed in a
caustic scrubbing tower.

E q u a t i o n :
H C l + N a O 2HO - - - - > N a C l +

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

AA cc i idd sscc r r uu bb bb ee r r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
A c id sc r u b b e r
The mixture-product obtained
from caustic scrubber is then
neutralized by sulfuric acid in
acid scrubber.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o n
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
d is tilla tio n
c o lu m n
The fluorocarbon product so
obtained is compressed by a
compressor and then advanced
to the first distillation column
where dichlorodifluoromethane
is seperated.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
dd ii ss tt ii ll ll aa tt ii oo nn

c o lu m n
cc oo ll uu mm nn
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
d is tilla tio n
c o lu m n
The bottom product of first distillation
column is sent to second distillation column
where monofluorotricholromethane is
obtained as top product and bottom
residues are sent to the reactor.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
Dryer

Dichlorodifluoromethane and
monofluorotrichloromethane
obtained from the both distillation
columns are then dried in the
dryer.

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c t i o
H F
C 4C l H 2O
N a O H
H 2S 4O

A c id sc r u b b e r
H C l ab so rb er
d is tilla tio n

sc ru b b e r
C a ustic
c o lu m n
R e a c t o r

R e c y c l e c h l o H r Co l t o d i s sp p o e s n a t l w sa ps he n t w a s h
c a r b o n C o m p r e s s o r
t o d i s p o ts o a l d i s p o s a l

d i c h l o r o d if l o r o m e t h a n e

d istilla tio n
d istilla tio n

c o lu m n
c o lu m n
D r y e r s
m o n o f l o r o t r i c h l o r o m e t h a n e

R e c y c l e t o
r e a c t o r

F l u o r o c a r b o n p r o d u c

E q u a t i o n s :
C 4C + l H F - 3 -F - - + - > H C C C l l
C 4C + l 2 H F 2 F -2 - + - - H> C C l C l
CREDITS
Programming:
Jahanzeb Hanif & M.Noman Yousuf
BCET 3rd year
CREDITS
Instructors:
Sir Imtiaz