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Project Overview

Production of Methanol
From Carbon monoxide
And Hydrogen
Process Layout
W a s t e g a s e s

C o n d e n s e r
C
r u d e
M e t h a n o l
H i g h L o w T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H 2
S y n t h e s i s
R e a c t o r R
e
C O c
t
i
R e f i n e d f
M e t h a n o l i
e
r
Description
 It’s
a reversible reaction.
 Best operating temperature is 400oc.
 Best operating pressure is 3000 to
4000 psig

FOR MORE INFO...


Methanol\Synthesis of Methanol.doc
Synthesis Reactor
W a s t e g a s e s
 Carbon monoxide and Hydrogen
C o n d e n s e r
gases are introduce in the reactor. C r u d e
M e t h a n o l
 In ratio of 2:1 H i g h L o w T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H At 375
2 C and 4000psig pressure.
S yo n t h e s i s
R e a c t o r R
e
C The
O reaction is self-sustaining. c
t
i
R e f i n e d f S y n t h e s
H
M e t h a n o2 l i R e a c t o r
e
C O r
Condenser
W a s t e g a s e s
 Methanol Ccontaining
o n d e n s e r gases leave the
C
r u d e
reactor. M e t h a n o l
H i g h L o w T a n k
 Pass through the P r econdenser.
s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H S y n t h e s i s
 UnderR pressure 3000 to
2
e a c t o r R
e
C O c
4000 psig. t
i
R e f i n e d f
M e t h a n o l i
e
C r
o n d e n s e
Pressure Zones
W a s t e g a s e s
 The effluent is conveyed to a high
C o n d e n s e r
pressure zone to ensure complete C r u d e
M e t h a n o l
condensation. H i g h L o w T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H Then S the
2
y n t effluent
h e s i s goes to low
R e a c t o r R
pressure zone to condense methanol
C O
e
c
only while. t
i
W a s t e g a s e s

R e f i n e d f
 Other gases vented off. M e t h a n o l i
e
r

H ig h L o w
P r e s s u P r re e s s u r e
Storage tank
W a s t e g a s e s
 The crude methanol goes to storage
C o n d e n s e r
tank. C r u d e
M e t h a n o l
– To supply unrefined H i g hform L o w T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H 2
– To break
S y n t h the
e s i process
s
R e a c t o r R

C
–O Then it goes to rectification. e
c
t
i
R e f i n e d
C fr u d e M e t h a n
M e t h a n o l i
e
r
Rectification
W a s t e g a s e s
 The methanol is purified from all
C o n d e n s e r
impurities. C r u d e
M e t h a n o l
 The impurities may H i g contain
h L o w high T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H molecular
S y n t h weight alcohols. R
2
e s i s E
R e a c t o r R C
e T
C O I
c
F
t I
i C
R e f i n e d f A
M e t h a n o l i T
FOR MORE INFO... I
e O
See Distillation process r N
Refined Methanol
W a s t e g a s e s
 The pure and refined methanol goes
C o n d e n s e r
for storage and usage. C r u d e
M e t h a n o l
 The commonly used H i g h catalysts
L o w are
T a n k
P r e s s P u r r ee s s u r e
H metallic
2
S y n oxides
t h e s i s of
R e a c t o r R

C –O Copper. e
c

– Zinc. t
i
R e f i n e d f
– Chromium. M
R
e t h a n o
e f i n e d
l i
M e t h a
e
r
Related books
 Unit process
– P.H. Groggins
 Encyclopedia
– Borrie
 Encyclopedia
– Kirk Orthomer
 Hand book of Chemical process
– K.H. Devis