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Introduction of

process
First we enter co and H2 to the first synthesis reactor .The
synthesis of methanol from carbon monoxide and hydrogen
is a reversible reaction .
CO+2H=CH3OH
The equilibrium constant of the reaction decrease as the
temp increase .The best possible conversion is attained at
400C & 3000-4000psig.Along with the synthesis of
methanol ,some other reaction also occur .
Co+3H2=CH4+H2O
2CO+2H2=CH4+CO2
2CO=C+CO2
Xco+yH2=high molecular wt of alcohols and hydrocarbons.
L O W
P R E S S U R E
W a s t e g a s e
C o n d e n s e r
T R A N S D U C E R C r u d e
M e t h a n
H 2 T a n k
H I G H
S y n t h e s i Ps R E S S U R E
R e a c t o r
R
e
C O c
t
T R A N S D U C E R i
f
i
e
r
R E F I N E D
M E T H A N O L

F I N A L P R O D U C T
F L O W S H E E T O F P R O C E S S
F E E D

C O H 2

C O M P U T E R

P U M P R E F I N E D
M E T H A N O L

R E A C T O R
F I N A L C O N T R O L
E L E M E N T
C O N D E N S E R

C O M P U T E R
H I G H I N T E R F A C E
P R E S S U R E
W A S T E
G A S E S
R E C T I F I E R
L O W
P R E S S U R E

C R U D E
M E T H A N O L T A N K
Synthesis of methanol
1. We have CO & H2 as feed material .
2. We transfer our feed to the reactor.
3. After our next process is condenser.
4. Then we transfer our material to the separator
where waste gases are blown in to the air.
5. After we transfer our material to the crude
methanol tank.
6. At last we have rectifying chamber where we
rectify our product electrically.
7. Finally from rectifier we get refined Methanol.
Co & H2 used a feed

Hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases are
introduced in the reactor at 375C and
4000psig in a ratio slightly greater than
2:1 .The reaction is self sustaining i.e once
started there is no requirement to provide
heat .
Condenser

The methanol containing gases leave
the reactor and pass through the
condenser 3000-4000psig
pressure ,where methanol is
condensed .
Separator

Now the effluent goes to high pressure
zone to ensure the complete
condensation of methanol .The
effluent goes to a low –pressure where
the pressure is set in such a way that
only methanol liquefies other gass
,which are produced by side
reactions,get out from top.
Crude methanol tank

The crude methanol tank goes to
storage tan from where it goes for
rectification .Here the methanol is
purified from all impurities , which may
involve high molecular wt alcohols.
Rectifier and Refining of final
product

The refined and pure methanol goes
for usage .The commonly used
catalyst for this process are metallic
oxides of copper , zinc , chromium
etc.