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Implementation of Voltage Source

Inverter For Hybrid Electric
Vehicle
BY
M.BALAKRISHNA(09D31A0203)
E.SRINIVAS(09D31A0245)
T.RAMESH(09D31A0233)
G.SATHISH(09D31A0239)

 What is A Hybrid Electric Vehicle
 Working Principle
 Hybrid Structure
 Electrical Sub System
 Battery Recharging
 The Silent Hybrid
 Other Hybrid Terminology
 Environmental Impact
 Conclusion




Content…..
 Any vehicle which combines two or more sources of
power.
Examples:
Diesel – electric
Nuclear – electric
Gasoline - electric

WHAT IS A HYBRID VEHICLE?
ELECTRIC MOTOR:
 No Pollution
 High Power at Low Speed
 Increase Efficiency
ICE:
 High Dynamic Performance
 Low pollution at High Speed



ADVANTAGES OF ELECTIC MOTOR &
ICE
Hybrid Electric Vehicle working on the principle of
Regenerative Braking
• The electric motor applies resistance to the drive train
causing the wheels to slow down.
• In return, the energy from the wheels turns the motor,
which functions as a generator, converting energy
normally wasted during coasting and braking into
electricity, which is stored in a battery until needed by the
electric motor
WORKING PRINCIPLE
• The two power sources found in hybrid vehicles may
be combined in different ways, either in parallel or
series
• Either one will allow the gasoline engine to shut down
when it is not needed
HYBRID STRUCTURE
 Battery alone mode:
 Engine a lone mode
 Combined mode
 Power split mode
 Stationary charging
mode
 Regenerative braking
mode
SERIES HYBRID
ADV
 Smaller & high speed engine is possible
 Single gear box, No transmission needed.
 Simple control strategy
 ICE operation can be optimized
DIS ADV
Energy converter twice (ICE/G then motor),plus battery
Additional weight/cost
Motor,Generator,Ice are full sized


ADV & DIS ADV OF SERIES HEV
 Motor alone mode
 Engine alone mode
 Combined mode
 Power split mode
 Stationary charging
 Regenerative braking


PARALLEL HYBRID
 ADV
Reduce engine size
Possible for plug-in
Ice operation can be optimized
Dis ADV
Complicated to control
Complex Transmission


ADV & DIS ADV
The electric subsystem is composed of four parts
• Electrical motor
• Generator
• Battery
• DC/DC Converter
ELECTRICAL SUB SYSTEMS
MOTOR:
• 500 V DC,50 KW PMSM
• Having 8 Pole & magnets buried
• Speed 750 rpm
GENERATOR:
• 500 VDC,30KW PMSM
• Having 2 Pole
• Speed 3000 rpm

ELECTRICAL MOTOR & GENERATOR

BATTERY:
• 200 VDC,21KW
• 6.5 amps current
• Nickel-Metal-Hybride Battery
DC/DC CONVERTE:
• Voltage Regulated
• Adapts low voltage 200 v & feed to AC
Motor at 500 v
BATTERY & DC-DC CONVERTER
 The Ni-MH batteries are recharged through a process
call regenerative braking
 Regenerative braking takes energy from the forward
momentum of the vehicle and captures it while
coasting or braking.
 Occasionally batteries are recharged by the electric
motor

BATTERY RECHARGING
 Most gasoline engines in
hybrids will shut off when not
needed – i.e. when stopped in
traffic
 Most hybrids have an
indicator light which may alert
individuals to the status of the
vehicle

THE “SILENT” HYBRID
 When the vehicle is in this silent mode it may
“awaken” without notice

 Chocking the wheels is critical to responder safety

THE “SILENT” HYBRID
Fuel Hybrid: Can move slowly on electric power

Mild Hybrid: Requires at least some gasoline to power
the transmission

Stop-Start Hybrids: Use electric power only while
idling or during vehicle deceleration

OTHER HYBRID TERMINOLOGY

 Fuel Consumption

 Noise

 Pollution

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
 Accelerator & Car Speed
Simulations Result

 Drive Torque & Electric Power

Cont.…..
The global desire to reduce the vehicle emission &
improve fuel economy accelerated the development of
HEV.
The technology needs electric drive
system,battery,fuel cells & ICE


CONCLUSION
THANK YOU