ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF SHEAR WALL

BUILDING USING SITE SPECIFIC
RESPONSE SPECTRUM

Department of Civil Engineering,
Institute of Technology, Nirma University,
Ahmedabad – 382481

Jivani Dipak K.
06MCL005
Nirma University

Dr. Paresh V. Patel
Professor
Department of Civil Engineering
Nirma University

Flow of Presentation











Introduction
Objective of Study
Scope of Work
Site Specific Ground Response Analysis
Comparison of Various Dynamic Parameters
Analysis Results
Design Results
Pushover Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope of Work
List of Papers Published/Communicated
References

Introduction

Earthquakes cause destruction to life and property
in catastrophic proportions.

As a result, the main objective of structural
engineering has been to design structures that
would suffer minimum or no damage in the event of
an earthquake.

In the design process, the most difficult and crucial
problem is to specify the design seismic load.

The forces on building depend on peak ground
acceleration and time period of building.

Cont…..

Past earthquakes have given sufficient evidence
that Subsoil condition is responsible for the
amplification of ground motion

Amplification may increase or decrease the
value of spectral acceleration coefficient (Sa/g).

Therefore,
response

analysis
spectrum

using
may

code

specified

underestimate

or

overestimate seismic forces in building, which
lead to unsafe or uneconomic building.

Need of
site
specific
response
spectrum
analysis

Literature Survey

Kramer,

S.L.,1996.

Geotechnical

Earthquake

Engineering,

Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Kramer provides information regarding the basic principles, theories
and methods of geotechnical earthquake engineering. It provided basic
concepts of seismology, earthquakes, strong ground motion and
procedure of deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard analysis. The
methods for analysis of ground response during earthquakes, beginning
with one dimensional dynamic response analysis and moving through two
and three dimensional dynamic response analysis. Both frequency and
time domain approaches were described. It also provided a detail study
of ground response analysis, liquefaction, seismic slope stability, seismic
design of retaining structures and mitigation of seismic hazards.

Chopra, Anil K., Dynamics of Structures, Prentice Hall,
Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2001.
Chopra provides information on the earthquake response of
linear Single degree and Multi degree of freedom system to
earthquake

motions.

It

includes

the

details

on

the

construction of response and design spectra, effects of
damping and yielding, distinction between response and
design spectra. It introduces the response spectrum concept
which is central to earthquake engineering together with
procedure to determine the peak response of system directly
from response spectrum. A modal analysis procedure for
earthquake analysis of structure is developed. It describes
the both response history analysis and response spectrum
analysis procedures.

Naeim, Farzad, The Seismic Design Handbook, 2nd Edition,
Kluwer Acadamic Publishers, Boston, London, 2001.
The handbook written by Farzad Neim contains information about
performance based seismic engineering. Performance based seismic
engineering is the modern approach to earthquake resistance
design. ATC 40 and FEMA 273 provide a guide to the entire
evaluation and retrofit process using performance based objective.
The overview of ATC 40 and FEMA 273 are discussed in this
handbook. This handbook also includes the nonlinear static analysis
procedure, inelastic component behavior, and geotechnical effects.

Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedure, FEMA –
273, Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency
Management Agency.
FEMA 273 provides technical guidelines for the seismic rehabitation of
building. This document includes the performance based design for retrofit of
an existing structure. This method can also be applicable for the new design.

Objective of the Study

To develop the response spectra and time history at various site
using the available soil data at site and ground motion recorded
during Bhuj earthquake.

To perform response spectrum analysis of shear wall building
using IS 1893:2002 response spectra and response spectra
obtained at various site.

To perform Site specific acceleration time history analysis of shear
wall building using time history obtained at various site.

To study the effect of the IS 1893:2002 and site specific response
spectrum analysis on shear wall building.

Understand the effect of positioning of shear wall in regular
buildings considering site specific response analysis.

To study the effect of site specific response spectrum on nonlinear
behavior of shear wall building through Pushover analysis

Scope of work

Collection of the soil data and ground motion during Bhuj
earthquake which is useful for development of response
spectra at various sites.

Develop the response spectra and acceleration time history
at various sites using the one dimensional equivalent linear
analysis based software ProSHAKE.

To study the behavior of shear wall structure in static and
dynamic condition.

Response spectrum analysis of shear wall building using
response spectra obtained at various site and IS 1893:2002
spectra.

► Comparative study of results of shear walled buildings obtained by analysis
using site specific response spectra and response spectra given in IS
1893:2002.
► Use of ETABS for site specific acceleration time history analysis of shear
wall building.
► Parametric study of shear wall building considering site specific response
spectrum using parameters as the position of the shear wall and the height
of the building using ETABS.
► Perform Pushover analysis of shear walled building to understand the effect
of site specific response spectrum.
► Cost comparison of shear wall buildings designed using site specific
response spectrum and response spectrum of IS 1893:2002.

Study
area

During Bhuj
earthquake 2001,
Ahmedabad
experienced a
heavy damage in
some parts, which
were situated on
younger alluvial
deposits in spite of
its greater distance
from epicenter.

Ahmedabad

SITE SPECIFIC GROUND RESPONSE
ANALYSIS

• Steps of site specific ground response
analysis
• Methods used for site specific ground
response analysis

Site specific ground response analysis
The main aim of site response analysis is to determine the effect of seismic
waves at time of an earthquake for a specified site which is dependent on
seismic source, filter function of transfer media, local geology, type of
structure and soil structure interaction

STEPS OF SITE SPECIFIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS
Characterization of Site

Selection of input bedrock motions

Ground response analysis for
specific soil site

Site specific response spectra
for structural analysis

METHODS USED FOR SITE SPECIFIC GROUND
RESPONSE ANALYSIS
Site Specific Ground Response Analysis can be carried in
different dimensions as:
 One-dimensional ground response analysis
 Two-dimensional ground response analysis
 Three-dimensional ground response analysis
one dimensional ground response analysis is carried out using
following method,
 Linear analysis.
 Equivalent linear analysis.
 Nonlinear analysis.

Cont….

Ground response analysis is carried out using one
dimensional equivalent linear method.

One dimensional analysis is based on following
assumption:
 Ground surface and all material boundaries below the
ground surface are horizontal and soil and bedrock are
assumed to extend infinitely in all lateral horizontal
directions.

Cont…

The response of the soil deposit is caused by shear
waves propagating vertically from the underlying
bedrock.

Ground response analysis using
ProSHAKE




Input soil profile
Selection of input bedrock motion.
Ground response analysis for specific soil site
ProSHAKE result.

Ground response analysis using
ProSHAKE
► ProSHAKE

tool is used for the site specific ground
response analysis.

► It

is based on one dimensional equivalent linear
approach.

► ProSHAKE

provides the results of acceleration
time history, ground response spectra and depth
plots of various sites.

ProSHAKE PROGRAMME STRUCTURE FOR SITE
SPECIFIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS
Characterization of Site
Input Manager

Selection of input bedrock motions

Ground response analysis for
specific soil site

Solution Manager

Site specific response spectra
for structural analysis

Output Manager

Input soil profile in ProSHAKE

Selection of input bedrock motions
For the present study the strong motion recorded at Ahmedabad during
26th January 2001 Bhuj earthquake is selected as input bedrock motions.

Ground response analysis for specific
soil site

 Ground response analysis is used to predict surface ground
motions for
development of design response spectra.
 Ground response analysis are performed for the site specific
soil profiles
using rock motions as input motion to calculate the time
histories at the
ground surface and design response spectra.

Soil Profile of
Maninagar site
Input motion
Output
motion

Output result obtained from ProSHAKE

Output result obtained from ProSHAKE

Response spectrum

Acceleration Time
History

Depth plot

SOIL PROFILE OF DIFFERENT SITES
Bodakdev
Indian Institute of Management (I.I.M)
Kathwada
Maninagar
Motera
Nirma Institute of Technology (N.I.T)
Paldi
Passport Office
Chandkheda
Sola
Thaltej

Soil profile of Bodakdev Site

Soil profile of IIM Site

Soil profile of Kathwada Site

Maninagar Sukhipara Site

Soil profile of Motera Site

Soil profile of NIT Site

Soil profile of Paldi Site

Passport site

Soil profile of Chandkheda Site

Soil profile of Sola Site

Soil profile of Thaltej Site

Acceleration time histories
Time History of Acceleration

Time History of Acceleration

0.20

Bodakdev Site

0.15
0.10
0.05
0.00
-0.05
-0.10

0.05
0.00
-0.05
-0.10

-0.15
-0.20

IIM Site

0.10
Acceleration (g)

Acceleration (g)

0.15

-0.15
0

50

100

150

0

50

200

0.10

0.20

Kathwada Site
Acceleration (g)

Acceleration (g)

0.15
0.10
0.05
0.00
-0.05

Maninagar Site –

0.05
0.00
-0.05

0

50

100

150

-0.15

0

200

Time (sec)
Time History
Acceleration
Layer:
1 - EQ of
No:
1 - Outcrop: No
0.25

100

150

Time (sec)
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

0.15
Acceleration (g)

50

Motera Site

0.20

Ground motion time history
obtained by using
ProSHAKE software.

0.10
0.05
0.00
-0.05
-0.10
-0.15
-0.20
-0.25

150

-0.10

-0.10
-0.15

100
(sec)
Time HistoryTime
of Acceleration
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

Time (sec)
Time
Layer:
History
1 - EQ
of Acceleration
No: 1 - Outcrop: No

0

50

100
Time (sec)

150

200

Time History of Acceleration

Time History of Acceleration
0.20

0.10

NIT Site

0.15

Paldi Site
0.05
Acceleration (g)

Acceleration (g)

0.10
0.05
0.00
-0.05
-0.10

0

50

100

-0.15

150

Time
Time
(sec)History of Acceleration
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

0.10

200

50

0.00
-0.05
-0.10

0

50

0.00
-0.05
-0.10

Passport Office

-0.15

100
Layer:

0.10

0

150

50

0.15

Sola Site
Acceleration (g)

-0.05
-0.10

150

Thaltej Site

0.10

0.00

100
200
Time (sec)
Time History
of Acceleration
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

0.05
Acceleration (g)

150

0.05

Time (sec)
Time History of Acceleration

-0.15
0

100
Time
(sec)
Time History
of Acceleration
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

Chandkheda Site

0.05

-0.15

0

0.10
Acceleration (g)

Acceleration (g)

-0.05
-0.10

-0.15
-0.20

0.00

0.05
0.00
-0.05
-0.10

50

100
Time (sec)
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

150

-0.15
0

200

50

100
Time (sec)
Layer: 1 - EQ No: 1 - Outcrop: No

150

COMPARISON OF SITE SPECIFIC RESPONSE SPECTRA WITH
STANDARD RESPONSE SPECTRA OF IS: 1893 (PART I) 2002
6 .0 0
5 .0 0

5.23

5.00

B o d a kd e v

IS1893-medium soil

4.81

I.I.M . Site

4.00
Sa/g

4 .0 0
Sa/g

6.00

IS 18 9 3

3 .0 0

3.00
2.00

2 .0 0

1.00

1 .0 0

0.00
0.000 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 3.500 4.00

0 .0 0
0.0 0 0 0 .5 00 1.0 0 0 1 .5 0 0 2 .0 00 2 .50 0 3 .0 0 0 3.5 0 0 4 .0 0 0

time(sec)

tim e ( se c)
4 .5 0

5.0 0
4.5 0

IS 1 8 93
K a th w a d a

4.6 2

4.0 0

4 .0 0

M a nina ga r Site

3 .5 0

3.5 0

3 .0 0

3.0 0

2 .5 0

2.5 0
Sa/g

Sa/g

IS1893-me dium soil

3.86

2.0 0

2 .0 0

1.5 0

1 .5 0

1.0 0

1 .0 0

0.5 0

0 .5 0

0.0 0
0 .0 0
0 .0 0 0 0.50 0 1.00 0 1 .5 00 2 .0 00 2.50 0 3.00 0 3.5 00 4 .000 0 .0 0 0
tim e ( se c)

0 .5 0 0

1 .0 0 0

1 .5 0 0

2 .0 0 0

tim e (s e c )

2 .5 0 0

3 .0 0 0

3 .5 0 0

4 .0 0

7.00
6.00

6.43

6 .0 0

IS1893
M o te ra

5 .0 0

IS 1 8 9 3 - m e d iu m so i
N .I.T S ite

4 .0 0

4.00

Sa/g

Sa/g

5.00

5 .0 6

3.00

3 .0 0
2 .0 0

2.00

1 .0 0

1.00

0 .0 0
0.00
0.000 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 3.500 4.000 0 .0 0 0 0 .5 0 0 1 .0 0 0 1 .5 0 0 2 .0 0 0 2 .5 0 0 3 .0 0 0 3 .5 0 0 4 .0
tim e ( se c)
tim e ( se c)
4.50
4.00
3.50

4.00

IS1893
3.89

3.50

P a ld i

3.00

2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50

Sa/g

Sa/g

3.00

3 .7 5

IS1893- me dium so il
P a sspo rt O ffice Site

2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50

0.00
0.00
0.000 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 3.500 4.000 0.000 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 3.500 4.00
tim e ( se c)
time (se c)

3 .5 0

4 .0 0
IS 1 8 9 3
3 .5 0
C h a n d kh e d a
3 .0 0

3 .0 0

2 .5 0

4 .5 0
3 .8 9

Sa/g

2 .5 0
2 .0 0

IS 1 8 9 3

3 .7 9

S o la

2 .0 0
1 .5 0

1 .5 0

1 .0 0

1 .0 0

0 .5 0

0 .5 0

0 .0 0
0 .0 0
0 .0 0 0 0 .5 0 0 1.0 0 0 1 .5 0 0 2 .0 0 0 2 .5 0 0 3 .00 0 3 .5 0 0 4 .0 0 0 0 .0 0 0 0 .5 0 0 1 .0 0 0 1 .5 0 0 2 .0 0 0 2 .5 0 0 3 .0 0 0 3 .5 0 0 4 .0 0
tim e ( se c)
tim e ( se c)
5.00
4.50

IS1893

4.40

Thaltej

4.00
3.50
Sa/g

Sa/g

4 .0 0

3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00
0.000

0.500

1.000

1.500
2.000
time(sec)

2.500

3.000

3.500

4.000

Comparison of Various Parameters of Sites
Parameters

Peak ground
Acceleration
(g)

Peak
Velocity
(m/sec)

Peak
Spectral Acceleration
Displacement
(Sa)
(m)

Spectral
Acceleration
coefficient
(Sa/g)

Bodakdev

0.174

0.144

0.368

0.91

5.23

I.I.M

0.129

0.107

0.377

0.62

4.81

Kathwada

0.154

0.125

0.368

0.71

4.62

Maninagar

0.112

0.111

0.369

0.43

3.86

Motera

0.220

0.183

0.368

1.41

6.43

N.I.T

0.160

0.136

0.369

0.81

5.06

Paldi

0.116

0.110

0.369

0.45

3.89

Passport Office

0.106

0.113

0.369

0.40

3.75

Chandkheda

0.110

0.113

0.369

0.43

3.89

Sola

0.108

0.112

0.369

0.41

3.79

Thaltej

0.130

0.112

0.368

0.57

4.40

PROBLEM DEFINITION
► Plan

of shear wall frame building
► Multi-Storied Shear wall Frame
Structure Data

Plan of Multi-Storied Frame
Structure

SW Design

SW Geometry

Multi-Storied Shear wall Frame Structure Data
 Earthquake Zone - III
 Importance factor - 1.5
 Response reduction factor – 5
 L.L. on slab - 4 kN/ m2
 Discritization – 9 elements per single span of slab/wall
Building
Type

Bay
Size
m×m

10-storey

6×6

15-storey

Storey
Height
m

Beam
Size
m×m

Column
Size
m×m

Slab
Thickness
m

Shear wall
Thickness
m

4

0.4 × 0.6

0.55 × 0.55

0.15

0.17

6×6

4

0.4 × 0.6

0.65 × 0.65

0.15

0.17

20-storey

6×6

4

0.4 × 0.6

0.75 × 0.75

0.15

0.20

25-storey

6×6

4

0.4 × 0.6

0.9 × 0.9

0.15

0.25

30-storey

6×6

4

0.4 × 0.6

1×1

0.15

0.30

3D-VIEW OF
BUILDING

Time Period comparison
4.0

3.598

3.5
2.780

Time period (sec)

3.0
2.5

2.140

2.0
1.5
1.0

0.840 0.910

1.470
1.273

2.550

2.120

Dynam ic
Analys is

1.690

0.5
0.0
10

15

20
no. of s torey

25

IS1893:2002

30

Spectral Acceleration (Sa/g)

Site specific Response
spectrum analysis

The Procedure to compute the peak response of a structure during
an earthquake directly from the earthquake response spectrum
without the need for response history analysis of the structure is
known as response spectrum analysis.

Response Spectrum Analysis

Instead of solving the time history problem for each
mode, use a response spectrum to compute the
maximum response in each mode.

Define the structural properties.
• Determine the mass matrix m and lateral stiffness matrix k.
• Estimate the modal damping ratio ξn
Determine the natural frequency and natural modes of
vibration.
From design spectrum or earthquake response spectrum,
the maximum deformation and pseudo accelerations
corresponding to the periods are determined for each
normal mode.


For each normal mode, the effective modal masses Mn are
determined and from these maximum inertia forces fjn for
each mode.
Lhn=m1Φ1n+ m2Φ2n+ m3Φ3n+………+ mjΦjn
Mn=m1Φ21n + m2Φ22n+ m3Φ23n+………+ mjΦ2jn

For nth mode,

Lhn
f1n = m1Φ1n
An
Mn
f2n = m2 Φ 2n

fjn

Lh n
A
Mn n

Lhn
= mjΦ jn
An
Mn

For the maximum inertia forces of every normal mode,
the maximum values of the response parameters
(moment, shear, displacements and so on) are determine
through a static analysis,

Combine the maximum modal responses using some
statistical technique, such as square root of the sum of
the squares (SRSS) or complete quadratic combination
(CQC).

Response
spectrum
analysis in
ETABS

Base shear comparison

Comparisons of Design Forces in ground floor
shear wall
► Comparison

of Shear Force, Bending Moment
and Axial Force of the Multi- Storey shear wall
Frame Structures
Design Axial load = 0.9(DL+LL) +1.2EQ
Design Shear force =1.2(DL+LL) +1.2EQ
Design Bending moment =1.2(DL+LL) +1.2EQ

Axial Force
(kN)

Shear Force (kN)

Bending moment
(kNm)

Site specific Time History
analysis

To obtain the complete dynamic response of the
structure required for a seismic event, a time
history analysis must be performed.

In linear time history analysis, the response of
the structure to ground motion is calculated in
the time domain

Time History analysis
1.

Define the ground acceleration u”g(t) numerically at every time
step Δt.
2. Define the structural properties.
a.
Determine the mass matrix m and lateral stiffness matrix k.
b.
Estimate the modal damping ratio ξn
3.
4.

Determine the natural frequency and natural modes of vibration.
Determine the modal components Sn of the effective earthquake
distribution by following Equation.
Sn = Γn mj Фjn
Lnh =mj Фjn
Mn = mj Ф2jn
Lnθ = hj mj Фjn
Γn = Lnh / Mn

Time History analysis in ETABS

Deformatio
n
Time History

Response
spectrum

5.00
4.50

IS1893
Thaltej

4.40

4.00
Sa/g

3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00
0.000

0.500

1.000

1.500

2.000

2.500

3.000

3.500

4.000

This window shows the
maximum and minimum value
of Force.

Axial Force
(kN)

Shear Force
(kN)

Bending
Moment (kN
m)

Base shear comparison (kN)

Axial Force comparison (kN)

Shear Force (kN)

Bending moment (kNm)

Comparison between
Response spectrum and Time
history analysis Result

Comparison between base shear (kN)
No of storey

10

15

20

25

30

Site Specific
Bodak
dev

I.I.M

Kathw
Ada

Manin
agar

Motera

N.I.T

Paldi

Passport

Chakhed
a

Sola

Thaltej

Site specific
Response
spectrum

840.32

978.15

802.50

730.22

859.21

770.64

751.10

1095.10

745.15

741.29

752.99

Site specific
Time history

528.62

558.62

495.69

456.90

512.07

491.38

443.97

482.64

452.59

461.21

527.59

Site specific
Response
spectrum

607.80

818.98

531.40

426.46

853.21

486.20

487.31

638.78

484.29

482.00

442.39

Site specific
Time history

345.52

757.76

334.48

331.03

409.48

295.86

327.59

334.48

331.03

324.14

334.48

Site specific
Response
spectrum

703.51

802.59

752.11

552.68

797.09

820.76

646.14

612.88

637.00

631.21

592.38

Site specific
Time history

835.34

790.09

783.62

699.31

764.22

872.76

688.97

678.52

678.62

673.45

711.21

Site specific
Response
spectrum

868.13

833.71

725.32

564.08

954.26

643.93

660.17

833.74

653.54

647.61

586.85

Site specific
Time
history

717.67

620.69

678.88

601.29

844.83

717.79

611.22

584.48

601.29

594.83

614.22

Site specific
Response
spectrum

783.15

1010.14

735.24

674.62

932.23

707.07

704.18

1014.31

701.09

699.00

689.75

Site specific
Time history

461.21

632.07

483.62

449.14

460.34

456.90

470.69

444.83

457.76

453.45

470.69

IS1893:20
02

762.92

750.00

868.33

908.96

902.93

Comparison between Design forces in shear w

Parametric study of shear wall
position
SHEAR WALL POSITIONING IN
REGULAR BUILDING

Shear wall frame geometry

Structural Data

Central S.W

Middle side S.W

Outer side S.W.

Corner S.W

Time period comparison
6
5

Time period (sec)

4
3
2
1
0

c entermiddleouter c ornerc entermiddleouter c ornerc entermiddleouter c ornerc enterm iddleouter c ornerc entermiddleouter c orner
10 s torey

IS 1893:2002

15 s torey

20 s torey

25 s torey

30 s torey

0.8400.8400.8400.8401.2731.2731.2731.2731.6901.6901.6901.6902.1202.1202.1202.1202.5502.5502.5502.550

0.9101.0091.8801.1021.4701.5572.4051.6622.1402.1853.1552.2842.7802.8493.9192.9593.5983.6314.7963.759
Dy namic analy s is

Base shear (kN) - Site specific response spectrum analysis
1400

1200

Base
Base shear
shear (kN)
(kN)

1000

800

600

400

200

0

center

m iddle

outer

corner

center

10 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

15 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

20 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

25 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

30 s torey

IS1893

762.92

679.19 779.71

716.53

750.00

766.76

824.67

789.15

868.34

858.36

921.20

883.14

908.96

907.05 1028.19 981.55

902.93

934.61 1072.86 1001.83

Bodakdev

840.32

743.80 739.37

768.52

607.80

455.31

797.90

580.82

703.51

672.22

501.78

597.74

868.13

650.55

603.27

769.37

783.15

578.80

IIM

978.15

751.52 1033.11 905.11

818.98

687.60 1102.13 879.54

802.59

756.73

799.11

768.58

833.71

964.62

874.78

928.54 1010.15 819.76 1274.74 1088.72

Kathwada

802.50

730.67 763.24

745.90

531.40

437.22

719.03

558.52

752.11

632.47

510.00

570.36

725.32

663.01

644.25

727.02

735.24

597.31

835.76

756.67

Maninagar

730.23

603.67 736.88

678.46

426.46

411.00

649.11

503.25

552.68

555.69

486.69

513.19

564.08

627.07

629.09

646.82

674.63

582.25

785.01

703.35

Motera

859.21

799.17 843.88

870.46

853.21

594.06 1167.06 1036.10 797.09

768.37

656.94

773.98

954.26

943.53

685.26

924.88

932.23

683.44 1265.08 1075.83

NIT

770.64

753.83 775.93

782.69

486.20

462.58

768.94

580.10

820.76

678.45

516.35

597.97

643.93

677.95

647.50

772.95

707.08

602.46

860.77

787.91

Paldi

751.10

611.88 738.30

682.46

487.31

411.82

653.99

506.73

646.14

561.12

488.90

518.00

660.17

630.14

630.00

652.41

704.18

583.35

788.97

707.19

Pas s port

1095.11 885.99 1114.51 1018.60 638.78

620.36

961.05

746.35

612.88

822.99

725.01

763.18

833.74

935.41

944.55

960.80 1014.31 873.58 1167.77 1047.42

833.13

769.68

Chandkheda 745.15

601.73 736.04

677.18

484.29

410.53

647.78

501.97

637.00

554.29

486.23

512.27

653.54

626.23

628.64

645.51

701.09

581.86

784.01

702.40

Sola

741.29

594.26 734.79

673.40

482.00

409.60

641.81

497.83

631.21

548.95

484.28

508.34

647.61

623.36

626.70

640.16

699.00

580.42

779.93

698.66

Thaltej

752.99

667.62 753.22

714.35

442.39

423.26

689.12

531.77

592.39

593.48

498.22

543.94

586.85

647.33

638.06

688.21

689.76

590.48

811.45

730.31

Design Horizontal seismic coefficient curve
(site specific response spectrum analysis)
Ah= C Xn
Where,

Ah = Horizontal seismic coefficient.
C, n=Constant depends on particular site and values are given in Table
X = Number of storey.
Site

C

n

IS1893

0.146

0.996

Bodakdev

0.212

1.149

IIM

0.282

1.192

Kathwad

0.213

1.175

Maninagar

0.209

1.225

Motera

0.211

1.103

NIT

0.207

1.177

Paldi

0.196

1.172

Passport

0.340

1.265

Chandkheda 0.194

1.172

Sola

0.192

1.700

Thaltej

0.219

1.230

Base shear (kN) - Site specific time history
analysis

1200

1000

Base shear (kN)

800

600

400

200

0

center

m iddle

outer

corner

center

10 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

15 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

20 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

25 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

30 s torey

Bodakdev

528.62

574.14

461.21

582.79

345.52

448.28

613.79

540.25

835.34

590.66

435.56

606.21

717.67

743.56

365.52

837.93

461.21

422.41

881.03

924.14

IIM

558.62

548.48

495.21

600.00

757.76

626.90

487.07

473.17

790.09

535.34

522.41

611.38

620.69

815.95

421.38

418.10

632.07

509.48

672.41

685.34

Kathwada

495.69

428.28

439.54

505.17

334.48

427.59

518.62

318.14

783.62

469.83

418.10

563.48

678.88

698.24

375.86

486.21

483.62

396.55

757.79

794.85

Maninagar

456.90

452.41

351.72

812.00

331.03

423.28

463.45

319.14

699.31

435.34

422.41

513.79

601.29

665.95

393.10

452.59

449.14

382.76

706.03

718.97

Motera

512.07

482.76

448.28

591.38

409.48

533.79 1079.31 724.14

764.22

522.41

478.45

563.79

844.83

711.21

324.14

559.66

460.34

569.83

924.14

915.52

NIT

491.38

548.24

422.21

975.86

295.86

431.03

549.14

459.31

874.76

461.21

426.72

594.32

717.79

717.69

375.86

751.29

456.90

409.48

822.41

855.17

Paldi

443.97

448.98

345.87

457.78

327.59

423.28

473.21

324.14

688.97

431.09

431.03

526.72

611.22

665.49

379.31

452.59

470.69

393.10

712.50

718.97

Pas s port

482.64

452.41

382.76

977.16

334.48

393.10

453.10

300.00

678.52

440.00

418.21

491.38

584.48

665.95

382.76

439.66

444.83

386.21

706.03

712.50

Chandkheda 452.59

452.41

348.28

449.14

331.03

414.66

463.45

316.55

678.62

439.66

422.41

509.48

601.29

659.48

379.31

452.59

457.76

396.55

699.57

718.97

Sola

461.21

452.41

344.82

449.14

324.14

481.97

463.54

311.79

673.45

443.97

422.41

509.48

594.83

665.41

379.31

452.59

453.45

339.52

699.57

718.97

Thaltej

527.59

435.17

435.34

854.74

334.48

436.21

501.38

355.34

711.21

443.97

422.41

565.52

614.22

678.88

379.31

482.76

470.69

396.55

731.90

750.00

10 Storey
building
Displacement
(mm)

15 Storey
building
Displacement
(mm)

20 Storey
building
Displacement
(mm)

25 Storey
building
Displacement
(mm)

30 Storey
building
Displacement
(mm)

10 Storey
building Drift
(%)

15 Storey
building Drift
(%)

20 Storey
building Drift
(%)

25 Storey
building Drift
(%)

30 Storey
building Drift
(%)

Axial Force (kN) - Site specific response spectrum
analysis
8000
7000
6000

Axial
Axial force
force (kN)
(kN)

5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

ce nter

m idd le

outer

10 s torey

corner

cente r

m iddle outer
15 s torey

corne r

center

m id dle outer
20 s torey

corn er

cen ter

m iddle

outer

25 s torey

corner

center

m iddle

outer

corner

30 s to rey

IS1893

3665.66 2487 .60 206 4.87 2404.06 3955 .07 286 8.37 24 85.64 2810.47 5065 .22 3799.86 3514.41 4287.49 6127.21 4725.77 4392 .66 5165.78 7238.71 5975.79 5559.66 6075.95

Bodakdev

3687.56 2470 .58 202 3.24 2384.54 3726 .63 279 5.09 24 18.77 2648.35 4770 .59 3605.66 3369.79 3818.22 5853.15 4465.31 4233 .86 4621.35 6877.63 5778.57 5262.07 5735.45

IIM

3901.20 2506 .20 207 7.00 2578.00 3856 .10 282 9.20 24 70.10 2761.60 4945 .03 3705.30 3415.70 4073.60 5978.19 4575.74 4292 .40 4873.60 7050.21 5822.50 5312.60 5873.60

Kathw ada

3672.12 2475 .85 203 0.77 2411.37 3711 .75 280 1.15 24 29.07 2662.68 4797 .92 3622.63 3379.75 3852.40 5827.02 4489.08 4247 .06 4659.61 6861.33 5788.24 5274.47 5753.26

Ma ninagar

3654.95 2473 .15 202 8.56 2402.31 3712 .62 279 9.92 24 28.02 2654.58 4795 .33 3622.70 3378.59 3842.13 5825.60 4487.68 4246 .05 4640.18 6854.61 5786.52 5273.66 5744.84

Mo tera

3722.30 2482 .88 203 9.71 2448.56 3819 .35 280 6.23 24 35.83 2733.45 4836 .15 3642.42 3382.11 3915.76 5936.12 4496.67 4250 .21 4711.97 6926.66 5790.01 5275.50 5800.73

NIT

3674.52 2476 .77 203 1.54 2413.77 3725 .40 280 1.43 24 29.56 2664.89 4806 .42 3622.96 3379.66 3857.06 5838.11 4489.79 4247 .33 4670.28 6868.10 5789.35 5274.34 5757.89

Paldi

3655.50 2473 .39 202 8.71 2402.83 3700 .99 280 0.03 24 28.08 2654.98 4781 .97 3622.77 3378.68 3843.31 5816.75 4487.73 4246 .06 4641.23 6850.00 5786.54 5273.67 5745.33

Pas s po rt

4004.61 2520 .79 209 2.47 2634.39 3871 .04 284 4.50 25 00.72 2790.73 5000 .61 3758.52 3444.66 4161.07 6060.14 4652.41 4335 .05 5027.07 7119.56 5857.84 5353.00 5921.90

Ch andkheda 3653.91 2473 .05 202 8.47 2402.00 3700 .30 279 9.90 24 28.01 2654.35 4780 .41 3622.68 3378.57 3842.01 5815.70 4487.66 4246 .05 4639.87 6849.15 5786.52 5273.66 5744.70
Sola

3652.25 2472 .81 202 8.27 2401.31 3699 .82 279 9.78 24 27.90 2653.67 4779 .39 3622.64 3378.38 3841.40 5814.73 4487.61 4245 .89 4638.18 6848.49 5786.49 5273.58 5744.20

Th altej

3664.83 2474 .60 202 9.89 2407.98 3716 .78 280 0.74 24 28.77 2658.89 4800 .53 3623.09 3379.17 3847.75 5829.43 4488.73 4246 .60 4650.44 6860.90 5787.53 5274.08 5749.10

Shear Force (kN) - Site specific response spectrum
analysis
600

500

shear force (kN)

400

300

200

100

0

cente r

m id dle ou ter
1 0 s to re y

corner

cen te r

m idd le ou ter
15 s to rey

corne r

cente r

m iddle ou ter
2 0 s to re y

co rner

cen ter

m id dle ou ter
25 s to rey

corn er

center

m iddle ou ter

co rne r

30 s to re y

IS18 93

36 6.29 32 7.24 2 00 .14 34 4.93 30 0.32 30 9.27 183 .66 31 5.72 32 1.7 7 36 3.72 1 93 .45 3 8 3.95 30 4.42 357 .94 200 .29 39 0.9 5 31 3.2 1 31 2.09 20 3.41 3 2 0.87

Bo d akdev

39 1.40 35 8.09 1 89 .94 36 9.55 20 7.35 18 3.40 175 .58 23 1.41 21 4.9 3 29 1.55 1 05 .34 2 6 1.16 24 4.01 263 .58 117 .91 31 4.3 0 25 4.5 8 22 8.62 15 3.14 2 4 0.29

IIM

46 9.80 36 2.18 2 65 .91 43 6.20 32 6.88 27 6.00 242 .64 35 0.12 29 5.9 7 32 4.78 1 66 .73 3 3 5.53 27 6.57 384 .83 170 .30 37 1.4 7 35 2.9 0 26 9.70 23 3.26 3 3 9.34

Ka th w ad a

37 3.22 35 1.83 1 96 .24 35 8.99 17 7.35 17 6.37 159 .19 22 2.96 23 5.6 4 27 2.83 1 07 .38 2 4 7.90 19 8.70 265 .72 126 .02 29 4.0 6 23 8.6 9 22 0.58 15 4.16 2 3 7.11

Man ina gar

35 0.68 29 0.83 1 89 .58 32 6.81 17 0.80 16 5.87 144 .28 20 1.29 20 4.2 7 23 7.72 1 02 .70 2 2 1.50 18 8.50 248 .32 123 .22 25 8.8 5 23 5.2 0 20 0.00 14 5.22 2 2 1.06

Mote ra

40 0.73 38 4.80 2 16 .88 41 8.62 34 7.07 23 8.65 319 .90 41 1.00 25 3.6 6 33 3.24 1 36 .83 3 3 9.78 36 9.38 383 .86 133 .55 37 8.3 6 30 8.4 1 25 8.03 22 9.24 3 3 2.79

N IT

37 0.00 36 2.97 1 99 .43 37 6.52 19 4.14 18 6.26 169 .82 23 1.42 22 5.7 7 29 3.87 1 08 .68 2 6 0.31 21 3.51 272 .83 126 .63 31 4.2 7 24 6.6 8 23 2.65 15 8.55 2 4 6.50

Pa ld i

34 9.05 29 4.78 1 89 .94 32 8.72 16 0.32 16 6.17 145 .32 20 2.65 19 0.4 5 24 0.24 1 03 .15 2 2 3.74 17 8.31 249 .74 123 .39 26 1.3 0 22 9.4 4 20 1.40 14 5.91 2 2 2.21

Pa s s p ort

52 5.90 42 6.88 2 86 .67 49 0.69 25 5.58 25 0.34 213 .79 29 8.61 30 3.5 2 35 1.42 1 53 .10 3 2 9.10 28 1.15 371 .08 185 .06 38 3.9 4 35 3.6 1 29 7.54 21 6.16 3 2 9.38

C ha ndkhe d a 34 5.90 28 9.90 1 89 .37 32 6.20 15 8.92 16 5.67 144 .00 20 0.78 18 6.7 9 23 7.11 1 02 .61 2 2 1.07 17 6.15 247 .93 123 .14 25 8.2 7 22 8.5 6 19 9.65 14 5.04 2 2 0.77
So la

34 3.97 28 6.31 1 89 .05 32 4.40 15 8.10 16 5.30 142 .73 19 9.16 18 4.2 5 23 4.64 1 02 .22 2 1 9.25 17 4.35 246 .67 122 .77 25 5.9 3 22 7.9 5 19 8.22 14 4.32 2 1 9.65

Thaltej

36 1.56 32 1.55 1 93 .71 34 3.94 17 7.57 17 0.80 152 .82 21 2.47 21 8.3 8 25 5.01 1 05 .01 2 3 5.75 19 5.63 258 .31 124 .88 27 6.9 7 24 0.5 5 20 9.72 14 9.89 2 2 9.18

Bending moment (kNm) - Site specific response spectrum
analysis
35 00

30 00

Bending moment (kN m)

25 00

20 00

15 00

10 00

5 00

0

center

m iddle ou ter
1 0 s tore y

corner

cen ter

m idd le outer
15 s to rey

corne r

center

m iddle ou ter
2 0 s tore y

co rner

cen ter

m id dle outer
25 s to rey

corn er

center

m iddle ou ter

co rner

30 s tore y

IS18 93

1985.0 6 1 915.1 9 1 392.19 1 9 39.45 15 4 2.89 165 9.40 1 186 .46 1 677.96 18 21.7 5 2247.6 8 1 313.55 2 101 .03 19 81.83 248 2.81 1483 .35 2341 .20 2207.1 9 2 204.75 1 636.7 9 22 55.25

Bod akdev

2057.1 1 1 777.4 5 1 343.89 1 9 36.93 93 9.02 92 4.97 960 .51 1 039.44 10 76.7 4 1437.8 1 7 13.32 1 313 .91 13 17.46 156 4.73 893 .10 1452 .97 1390.6 5 1 280.52 980.27 12 95.64

IIM

2633.6 4 2 206.7 6 1 953.07 2 5 37.49 13 5 2.83 136 2.53 1 337 .39 1 506.57 15 32.6 1 1885.2 2 1 060.95 1 749 .17 16 25.47 221 7.83 1255 .96 2029 .00 1849.3 6 1 658.25 1 436.6 9 17 65.76

Kath w ada

2006.2 0 1 824.9 3 1 412.80 1 9 69.70 87 5.58 94 5.47 954 .58 1 078.85 11 50.2 6 1458.4 7 7 46.99 1 337 .61 12 14.64 164 0.29 959 .79 1503 .79 1343.1 3 1 303.52 1 014.6 8 13 29.94

Man inagar

1948.0 7 1 678.5 5 1 381.49 1 8 73.92 87 2.01 91 5.74 910 .75 1 039.88 11 06.3 7 1388.0 4 7 28.50 1 285 .87 12 03.43 159 0.84 946 .70 1452 .32 1326.7 8 1 244.84 976.24 12 77.50

Mote ra

2148.1 7 1 969.3 2 1 548.64 2 1 82.96 13 0 0.27 113 3.16 1 456 .95 1 421.25 12 50.5 0 1656.9 9 8 53.59 1 591 .70 16 36.94 196 5.34 992 .32 1693 .72 1543.5 8 1 439.11 1 293.7 9 15 79.66

N IT

2009.6 2 1 857.9 4 1 424.72 2 0 25.91 92 3.07 97 0.33 982 .57 1 090.65 11 51.0 5 1500.2 5 7 53.63 1 370 .48 12 53.29 165 9.99 962 .96 1530 .57 1364.7 4 1 335.69 1 032.1 7 13 60.36

Pald i

1948.1 6 1 688.6 0 1 383.49 1 8 79.91 83 4.98 91 7.10 913 .71 1 041.79 10 83.9 1 1393.4 0 7 30.41 1 289 .87 11 72.94 159 5.05 947 .32 1455 .97 1312.3 9 1 248.69 979.08 12 81.05

Pas s port

2925.7 8 2 496.9 1 2 079.88 2 8 12.17 13 1 0.66 137 9.06 1 362 .29 1 560.26 16 60.1 3 2077.8 8 1 092.18 1 928 .40 18 09.80 238 7.31 1424 .42 2179 .60 1998.4 5 1 865.67 1 459.6 7 19 14.63

C ha ndkhe da1941.9 8 1 675.7 4 1 380.33 1 8 72.00 83 2.09 91 5.27 910 .08 1 038.63 10 78.0 2 1386.7 0 7 28.10 1 285 .02 11 68.60 158 9.63 946 .39 1451 .39 1310.0 0 1 243.79 975.50 12 76.58
Sola

1936.5 5 1 666.3 9 1 378.09 1 8 65.93 83 0.25 91 3.72 906 .11 1 035.65 10 74.0 2 1381.4 7 7 26.92 1 281 .49 11 64.79 158 5.78 944 .18 1447 .65 1308.1 6 1 239.62 972.24 12 72.97

Thaltej

1979.8 8 1 752.0 7 1 401.19 1 9 24.61 88 7.73 93 0.75 936 .57 1 060.88 11 30.2 2 1424.4 6 7 37.58 1 313 .32 12 18.06 162 0.75 954 .65 1480 .95 1344.4 8 1 273.57 996.92 13 03.63

Axial Force (kN) - Site specific time history analysis
10000
9000
8000
7000

Axial force (kN)

6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

center

m iddle

outer

10 s torey

corner

center

m iddle

outer

15 s torey

corner

center

m iddle

outer

20 s torey

corner

center

m iddle

outer

25 storey

corner

center

m iddle

outer

corner

30 s torey

Bodakdev

3475.93 3275.84 2630.58 2154.28 3622.53 4080.48 3518.96 2323.07 4838.47 6771.09 5008.76 6153.51 5817.10 8568.85 6442.46 8002.80 6716.58 8920.73 8136.17 8283.87

IIM

3532.84 3278.17 2640.06 1831.70 3657.34 4075.39 3514.10 2262.19 4863.30 6781.43 5004.00 6178.34 5751.72 8568.85 6441.14 7876.80 6742.03 8921.76 8139.26 8268.87

Kathwada

3465.59 3274.30 2624.85 2146.01 3638.67 4081.10 3521.55 2314.80 4836.85 6771.09 5008.76 6147.72 5800.55 8566.33 6441.14 7919.00 6707.47 8920.73 8131.51 8245.07

Maninagar

3434.56 3271.61 2624.84 1816.47 3620.46 4081.10 3519.86 2267.95 4797.10 6773.67 5006.07 6141.10 5788.96 8563.68 6439.84 7914.03 6688.64 8920.73 8134.61 8259.04

Motera

3501.80 3279.73 2639.07 2170.84 3657.29 4079.24 3507.06 2368.69 4876.55 6784.01 5011.03 6172.14 5755.03 8581.78 6442.42 7926.45 6778.64 8921.77 8139.47 8277.68

NIT

3465.59 3271.61 2624.84 1816.47 3634.95 4081.10 3519.86 2267.95 4788.82 6773.67 5006.07 6141.10 5817.10 8563.68 6439.84 7914.03 6707.47 8920.73 8134.61 8259.04

Paldi

3434.56 3270.46 2623.71 2129.45 3636.60 4081.73 3521.55 2304.35 4834.33 6773.67 5007.73 6128.59 5783.99 8563.62 6441.14 7914.03 6685.16 8922.80 8131.51 8231.12

Pas s port

3444.90 3271.61 2624.84 1816.47 3618.39 4081.10 3519.86 2267.95 4797.10 6773.67 5006.07 6141.10 5780.68 8563.68 6439.84 7914.03 6679.34 8920.73 8134.61 8259.04

Chandkheda 3430.42 3271.20 2624.84 2125.31 3638.67 4081.14 3521.55 2298.14 4830.20 6768.50 5006.68 6122.48 5775.72 8561.57 6441.14 7914.03 6682.44 8921.77 8134.61 8256.31
Sola

3434.56 3269.64 2624.28 2129.45 3638.67 4081.10 3521.55 2301.24 4838.41 6771.05 5009.08 6141.04 5779.86 8563.68 6439.84 7914.03 6685.55 8920.73 8133.06 8259.04

Thaltej

3465.59 3271.61 2624.84 1816.47 3630.81 4081.10 3519.86 2267.95 4792.99 6773.67 5006.07 6141.10 5800.55 8563.68 6439.84 7914.03 6699.20 8920.73 8134.61 8259.04

Shear Force (kN) - Site specific time history analysis
500
450
400
350

shear force (kN)

300
250
200
150
100
50
0

center

m iddle

outer

corner

center

10 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

15 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

20 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

center

25 s torey

m iddle

outer

corner

30 s torey

Bodakdev

250.86

316.54

120.00

275.59

133.19

176.89

137.80

265.94

342.41

263.17

94.38

267.31

240.00

270.43

75.34

347.59

159.83

174.82

161.89

276.72

IIM

274.66

266.89

134.74

284.48

163.86

246.62

111.11

191.89

286.34

232.55

112.92

279.83

170.69

331.55

87.80

173.80

236.69

148.97

120.00

215.59

Kathwada

246.20

211.66

116.06

237.94

133.45

167.59

115.91

261.90

321.72

194.28

86.89

248.69

225.52

266.89

73.70

215.05

166.54

159.72

134.48

233.80

Maninagar

221.80

224.60

101.59

379.87

105.67

164.48

101.03

125.38

257.38

190.76

88.45

234.20

172.24

261.72

73.70

192.83

162.94

126.41

125.44

217.24

Motera

245.69

240.00

120.00

284.26

171.00

213.11

231.72

284.98

313.97

236.69

100.55

248.80

268.97

300.00

74.60

223.45

211.45

135.78

162.94

276.72

NIT

233.80

266.89

118.97

455.76

147.32

167.59

119.17

178.70

308.80

215.17

89.22

267.35

223.45

279.31

72.00

254.48

156.72

188.06

144.83

253.45

Paldi

215.59

222.02

101.09

221.38

132.16

166.03

104.89

127.45

283.86

188.69

87.67

234.20

207.31

261.70

73.70

192.83

161.38

123.34

126.72

219.35

Pas s port

234.20

222.20

99.52

363.72

101.02

153.62

100.24

118.97

249.11

194.89

88.45

223.86

170.69

277.24

72.94

188.69

161.38

125.38

125.44

217.24

Chandkheda 221.80

218.06

102.56

217.26

133.45

164.48

103.34

123.35

279.72

192.83

87.67

228.00

205.24

257.42

74.48

188.69

162.94

125.76

126.72

215.58

Sola

223.86

216.00

100.19

219.31

132.16

162.94

102.56

121.24

277.66

194.89

87.80

225.94

203.17

261.72

73.70

188.69

161.38

126.41

124.14

217.24

Thaltej

253.97

214.76

117.08

413.38

117.94

173.80

110.48

138.83

265.66

184.55

90.00

252.83

190.76

264.31

74.48

205.24

166.03

131.59

129.31

225.52

Bending moment (kNm)-Site specific time history analysis
30 00

25 00

Bending moment (kN m)

20 00

15 00

10 00

5 00

0

center

m iddle ou ter
10 s tore y

corner

cen ter

m idd le outer
15 s to rey

corne r

center

m iddle ou ter
2 0 s tore y

co rner

cen ter

m id dle outer
25 s torey

corn er

center

m iddle ou ter

co rner

30 s tore y

Bod akdev

1396.5 5 1 520.6 9 9 49.66 12 43.97 57 9.31 98 4.83 772 .76 606.20 1148.2 8 1264.1 4 657.94 8 30.17 12 41.38 167 5.86 646 .76 984.8 3 1003.4 5 950.22 884.48 10 15.86

IIM

1551.7 0 1 709.4 8 1044.83 13 21.55 74 6.10 126 4.14 639 .31 663.11 1326.2 0 1436.6 5 695.23 8 84.48 10 24.10 181 8.62 583 .45 785.1 7 1106.9 0 928.97 806.89 8 76.74

Kath w ada

1383.6 6 1 473.1 1 8 97.94 11 60.90 62 0.69 95 3.78 695 .17 570.00 1168.9 7 1189.6 6 646.14 8 06.89 12 02.59 164 4.71 645 .52 853.4 5 1003.4 5 924.84 760.34 8 68.97

Man inagar

1306.0 0 1 487.0 6 8 53.45 24 24.83 61 1.40 93 3.10 653 .80 534.62 1117.2 0 1241.3 8 633.91 7 99.15 11 17.20 159 3.11 665 .38 823.9 7 892.2 0 752.60 728.90 8 45.69

Mote ra

1461.2 0 1 631.8 9 1003.45 12 82.30 76 0.34 115 0.34 1150 .34 829.50 1295.1 7 1422.4 1 657.94 8 07.90 11 17.24 172 4.01 646 .08 870.4 9 1148.2 8 845.69 881.38 9 72.41

N IT

1383.6 0 1 644.8 3 9 28.97 25 48.97 64 6.80 97 4.48 727 .08 590.69 1222.8 0 1243.4 5 657.96 8 30.17 12 00.00 165 7.78 659 .78 861.2 3 982.8 0 962.06 830.17 9 43.45

Pald i

1306.4 0 1 487.0 6 8 60.83 11 08.97 62 0.69 95 3.80

Pas s port

1344.8 0 1 487.0 6 8 14.66 24 24.83 59 5.90 90 0.00 638 .28 526.34 1137.9 0 1241.3 8 646.09 8 14.66 11 06.90 159 3.11 665 .38 816.2 0 884.5 0 775.85 737.06 9 42.43

65 .42

530.87 1158.6 2 1241.2 9 646.36 7 80.25 11 27.59 155 4.43 645 .52 823.9 7 897.9 4 752.75 721.55 8 30.17

C ha ndkheda 1318.9 7 1 487.0 6 8 45.75 11 08.97 60 8.28 93 3.11 643 .45 526.34 1155.3 1 1228.4 5 646.14 7 76.69 11 37.94 148 1.10 645 .71 823.9 7 884.4 8 775.27 713.80 8 30.17
Sola

1306.0 3 1 474.6 7 8 58.25 11 08.97 62 6.89 94 3.45 643 .45 525.07 1189.6 6 1241.3 8 645.92 7 75.08 11 17.24 155 5.38 645 .52 823.9 7 892.2 4 768.11 713.80 8 30.17

Thaltej

1409.5 0 1 462.7 6 8 76.72 25 48.97 62 6.90 99 5.17 672 .00 559.45 1127.6 0 1202.5 9 652.97 7 99.14 11 48.30 158 0.17 664 .14 847.2 4 939.3 0 798.78 744.94 8 53.45

Shear wall and Shear wall
Foundation Design

SW Geometry

Shear wall Reinforcement
Storey
No.

Shear Wall
No.

MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Horizontal reinforcement
(both side)
Diamete 8 mm # 2 legged,
r
Spacing A (mm) c/c
of Bar

Vertical reinforcement (both side)
Diameter Spacing B (mm)
of Bar
c/c

Boundary element (500 mm)
Diameter
Of Bar

No. of
Bars

8 mm # 2 legged,
Spacing (mm) c/c

10

SW1

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

15

SW1

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

20

SW1

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

25

SW1

12

350 mm

12

350 mm

12

10

100 mm

30

SW1

12

250 mm

12

250 mm

12

12

100 mm

10

SW2

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

15

SW2

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

20

SW2

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

25

SW2

12

350 mm

12

350 mm

12

10

100 mm

30

SW2

12

250 mm

12

250 mm

12

12

100 mm

10

SW3

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

15

SW3

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

20

SW3

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

25

SW3

12

350 mm

12

350 mm

12

10

100 mm

30

SW3

12

250 mm

12

250 mm

12

12

100 mm

10

SW4

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

15

SW4

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

20

SW4

12

450 mm

12

450 mm

12

8

100 mm

25

SW4

12

350 mm

12

350 mm

12

10

100 mm

30

SW4

12

250 mm

12

250 mm

12

12

100 mm

(a) Elevation

(b) Section D-D

Typical reinforcement detail of shear wall

PM curve
Bodakd ev
Kathw ad a
Motera
Paldi
C han dkh eda
Thalte j

120 00
100 00

Axial Load (kN)

4000

-2000
-4000

14000

10000

0
-2000

Mom ent (kN m )
10 storey shear w a ll

4000

6000

8000 10000 12000

Mom ent (kN m )
15 storey shear w all

-4000

IS1893
IIM
Maninagar
NIT
Pas s port
Sola

2000

PM curve
Bodakdev
Kathwada
Motera
Paldi
Chandkheda
Thaltej

20000

IS1893
IIM
Maninagar
NIT
Passport
Sola

15000

Axial Load (kN)

6000
4000

Axial Load (kN)

12000

8000
Axial Load (kN)

4000

0

200 0 400 0 6 000 8 000 100 00 120 00

PM curve
Bodakdev
Kathwada
Motera
Paldi
Chandkheda
Thaltej

16000

6000

2000

0

IS1893
IIM
Maninagar
NIT
Pas s port
Sola

IS1893
IIM
Maninagar
NIT
Pas s port
Sola

8000

6000

2000

diagram

12000

12000
10000

0

PM curve
Bodakdev
Kathwada
Motera
Paldi
Chandkheda
Thaltej

PM curve
Bodakdev
Kathwada
Motera
Paldi
Chandkheda
Thaltej

8000
Axial Load (kN)

Axial load
moment
Interaction

IS1 893
IIM
Maninag ar
N IT
Pas s po rt
Sola

10000
8000
6000

10000

5000

4000
2000

2000
0
0
-2000
-4000

2000

4000

6000

8000 10000 12000

Mom ent (kN m )
20 storey shear w all

0

0
-2000
-4000

0

5000
10000
Mom ent (kN m )
25 storey shear w all

0

15000

5000

10000
15000
Moment (kN m)

30 storey shear wall
-5000

20000

Core shear wall Foundation

Core Shear wall

Core Shear wall

Footing beam
Footing slab

Footing slab of
uniform thickness

Beam slab type footing for core shear wall

Uniform slab type footing for core shear wall

EQ direction

Forces acting on core shear wall foundation

Safe bearing capacity of soil = 250 kN/m2

Design forces and design of 10 storey shear
wall foundation for different load combination
LOAD
COMBINATION

IS 1893:2002

PASSPORT SITE

Axial
Force
(kN)

Shear
Force
(kN)

Bending
Moment
(kNm)

Axial
Shear Force
Force (kN)
(kN)

Bending
Moment
(kNm)

1.5(DL+LL)

5547.55

0

0

5547.55

0

0

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

5147.79

366.29

1985.06

5485.63

525.90

2925.78

1.5(DL+EQ)

4327.35

479.71

2505.74

4749.65

669.95

3671.36

0.9 DL+1.5 EQ

3665.66

479.71

2505.74

4004.61

669.95

3671.36

10 storey shear wall foundation
design

20 storey shear wall foundation
design

TYPICAL FOUNDATION REINFORCEMEN

Design Results
SITE

10 STOREY
CONCRETE
QUANTITY
(m3 )

STEEL
QUANTITY
(kg)

20 STOREY
CONCRETE
QUANTITY (m3)

STEEL
QUANTITY (kg)

IS 1893:2002

73.44

4055.99

129.21

7673.21

Bodakdev

77.80

3874.49

123.06

6990.14

IIM

82.27

4128.32

128.27

7559.25

Kathwada

75.88

4136.92

123.06

7282.93

Maninagar

75.88

4136.92

123.06

6990.14

Motera

81.19

3995.51

125.19

7030.59

NIT

77.80

3879.49

123.06

7282.93

Paldi

75.88

3876.95

123.06

6990.14

Passport

83.76

5515.49

127.85

7450.56

Chandkheda

75.88

3876.95

123.06

6990.14

Sola

75.88

3876.95

123.06

6990.14

Thaltej

75.88

3876.95

123.06

7282.93

Non-linear Static Push-over
Analysis

Performance Objectives

Seismic performance is measured by the state of
damage

Constitutes the target building performance level
under the selected level of seismic hazard

Building performance level is the combination of
structural and non structural components

Building Performance levels
Building Performance Levels
Non-Structural
Performance
levels

Structural Performance levels
SP-1
Immediate
occupancy

NP–A
Operational

1-A
Operational

NP–B
Immediate
Occupancy

1-B
Immediate
Occupancy

NP–C Life
Safety

1-C

SP-2
Damage
Control

SP-3
Life Safety

SP-4
Limited
safety

SP-5
Structural
stability

SP-6
Not
considered

NR

NR

NR

NR

2-B

3-B

NR

NR

NR

2-C

3-C
Life Safety

4-C

5-C

6-C

2-A

NP-D Hazards
Reduced

NR

2-D

3-D

4-D

5-D

6-D

NP–E: Not
Considered

NR

NR

3-E

4-E

5-E
Collapse
prevention

Not applicable

Operational

negligible impact on building

Immediate Occupancy – building is safe to occupy but possibly
not useful until repaired

Life Safety –
afterward

Collapse Prevention
probable total loss

building is safe during event but possibly not

building is on verge of collapse,

Capacity Spectrum
Base shear Vs Lateral roof displacement curve is the
Capacity curve.

Capacity Spectrum (Conti…)

Generated Capacity curve is transferred in Capacity
spectrum.
Any point Vi and δ roof on the capacity curve is
converted to the corresponding point Sa and Sd on the
capacity spectrum using the equation,
Sa = V / W
Sd =
δ roof
α1

PF1 * φ

roofi

α 1 = Modal mass coefficient for the first natural mode.
PF1 =Modal participation factor for the first natural
mode.
φ roofi = the roof level amplitude of the mode under
consideration.

Demand Spectrum generation

Develop the 2 % or 5% percent damped elastic response
spectrum
appropriate for the specific site or as required by the
IS 1893 2002.
Convert the given design spectrum (Sa Vs T) of the code to the ADRS form (Sa Vs Sd).
2
Sdi = ( Ti ) * Sai * g
4* pi

Design Response spectra based on ATC
40

Ca Value

Cv Value

Ca and Cv value at different site
Site

Peak ground Acceleration (g)

Ca

Cv

IS 1893

0.160

0.232

0.336

Bodakdev

0.174

0.249

0.358

I.I.M

0.129

0.192

0.281

Kathwada

0.154

0.225

0.326

Maninagar

0.112

0.169

0.249

Motera

0.220

0.296

0.428

N.I.T

0.160

0.232

0.336

Paldi

0.116

0.175

0.257

Passport Office

0.106

0.161

0.238

Chandkheda

0.110

0.167

0.245

Sola

0.108

0.164

0.242

Thaltej

0.130

0.193

0.283

Pushover analysis steps
Step 1. Modeling
The shear wall is modeled as an equivalent column element.
Step 2. Lateral Force Patterns

Step 3. Define Hinge property
Hinge properties are assign to each frame element.
► For Beam elements, Moment (M3) and shear (V2) hinges are
assigned
► For Column elements, shear (V2) and Axial – bi-axial Moment
(P-M2-M3) hinges are assigned

Step 4. Define Pushover load case
The Gravity loads are applied first . ( Dead Load + 50 % Live Load )
Force control Pushover analysis
Other load cases are start from the final conditions
gravity pushover

Step 5. Run Analysis

of the

Pushover curve

Variation in Pushover curve is observed because of Loading condition

Hinge formation pattern

Center shear wall position

Middle shear wall position

Corner shear wall

Outer shear wall

position

Position in X-dir

Outer shear wall
Position in Y-dir

Performance point

This Performance point represents the condition for which
the seismic capacity of the structure is equal to the seismic
demand imposed on the structure by the specified ground
motion. ATC-40, 1996

Center shear wall
position

Corner shear wall
position

Outer shear wall
position in X-dir

Outer shear wall
position in Y-dir

Middle shear wall position

CONCLUSIONS

Time Period
 Dynamic analysis gives higher time period
 No effect of shear wall positioning on time period
obtained by IS 1893:2002
 In dynamic analysis outer SW position gives higher time
period

Sa/g coefficient
 IS 1893:2002 gives lower value of Sa/g for 10,15 and 20
storey building

Cont….

Base shear
 Site specific response spectrum is governing for 10, 15
and 30 storey building.
 Site specific time history for 20 storey building gives
more base shear compared to response spectrum
analysis.
 Outer SW position gives higher base shear value.
 Middle SW position gives lower base shear value.

Top storey displacement
 Minimum in outer SW position.
 Maximum in middle SW position.
 Center SW position controls the displacement in both
direction.
 Site specific response spectrum analysis gives higher
storey drift and displacement for 10 storey building.

Cont….

Design forces in shear wall
 Site specific response spectra gives higher force in
10 storey building.
 Site specific response spectrum gives higher forces
than site specific time history analysis.

Shear wall and its foundation Design
 Site specific response spectrum has no effect on
shear wall design because of its larger dimension.
 Foundation of 10 storey building is influenced by
site specific response spectrum.

FUTURE SCOPE OF WORK

Site specific response analysis can be carried out for more
number of sites at different locations of Ahmedabad city.
Similarly study can be undertaken for other city.

Using design response spectra evaluated for different sites,
response spectrum analysis can be done for multi storied
coupled shear walled buildings.

Site specific response spectrum and time history analysis can
be carried out for other important structures such as bridges,
dams and industrial structures.

Seismic Capacity Evaluation of R.C Framed buildings can be
carried out using Site Specific Response Spectra of different
sites.

Non linear Time history analysis can be carried out considering
site specific acceleration history.

Program for site specific response spectrum analysis can be
developed in C, C++ or in Visual Basic.

Case study of real life problems can be studied in nonlinear
domain considering site specific response spectrum.

Parametric study of shear wall in unsymmetrical building can be
carried out considering site specific response spectrum

Further the work can be extended to study the effect of site
specific response spectrum and acceleration time history on tall
tubular structures.

In place of concrete structure, steel and composite structural
system can be

studied.

REFERENCES

Praveen K.Malhotra,“Strong motion Records for site specific
Analysis,” Current Earthquake Spectra, Volume.19, No.3, August
(2003), pp.557-578.

Kramer, Steven L., Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Prentice
Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1996.

A. Ansal, J. Laue, J. Buchheister,M. Erdik, S.M. Springman,J. Studer
and D. Koksal, “Site Characterization and site Amplification for a
seismic microzonation study in Turky”, pp.1-8.

EduPro Civil Systems, Inc., “ProSHAKE Ground Response Analysis
Program, Version 1.1”, User Manual, Redmond, Washington.

J. P. Bartdet, M. Kapuskar, G.R. Martin, and J. Proubet, “Site
Response Analysis” pp.F85-F138.

Chopra, Anil K., Dynamics of Structures, Prentice Hall, Upper
Saddle River, NJ, 2001.

Paz, Mario, Structural Dynamics, CBS Publisher, Darya
Ganj, New Delhi, 1987.

IS1893: (Part I)-2002, “Criteria for Earthquake Resistant
Design of Structures” (Part 1) Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi, 2002.

Madhekar, Manoj S., and Jain, Sudhir. K., “Seismic
behavior, design and detailing of RC shear walls, Part I:
Behavior and strength” ICJ Compilation, Volume 67,
No.7, July 1993 pp.311-318.

Madhekar, Manoj S., and Jain, Sudhir. K., “Seismic
behavior, design and detailing of RC shear walls, Part II:
Design and detailing” ICJ Compilation, Volume 67, No.9,
September 1993 pp.451-457.

Paulay, T. and Priestley, M.J.N, Seismic Design of
Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings, 1st Edition,
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,1992

LIST OF PAPER PUBLISHED/COMMUNICATED

LIST OF PAPERS PUBLISHED

1.

Jivani D. K. and Patel P. V., “Analysis of shear wall buildings considering site
specific acceleration time history”, International Conference on Construction
managing Earthquake risk, New Delhi, January, 2008.

2.

Jivani D. K. and Patel P. V., “Effect of Site Specific Response Spectrum Analysis
of shear wall Buildings”, National Conference on Recent Trends in Geotechnical
and structural Engineering, Jaipur, 1-2 December, 2007.

LIST OF PAPERS COMMUNICATED

1.

Jivani D. K. and Patel P. V., “Site specific response spectrum analysis of
building with different shear wall position”, International conference on
Innovation in Building Materials, Structural Designs and Construction Practices,
Tamilnadu, 15-17 May, 2008. (Paper accepted)

2.

Jivani D. K. and Patel P. V., “Analysis of shear walled building using site specific
response spectrum”, National Conference on Infrastructure Development,
Hamirpur, 16-17 May, 2008. (Paper accepted)

3.

Jivani D. K. and Patel P. V., “Dynamic Analysis of Shear wall buildings using site
specific response spectra”, 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering,
China, 12-17 October, 2008. (Abstract accepted)

CONCLUSIONS

Acceleration time histories on ground and response spectra
are influenced by local sub soil characteristics.

Dynamic analysis of the R.C.C. shear wall framed structures
gives higher time period compared to the time period
obtained from formula of IS1893-2002.

There is no effect of shear wall positioning on time period
obtained by formula given in IS 1893:2002. Dynamic analysis
of outer sided shear wall building gives higher time period as
compared to other shear wall positioning cases.

It has been found that the central shear walled buildings have
the minimum time period so they can attract more
earthquake forces among all other shear wall positioned
buildings. Even if one considers the top storey displacements
the central shear walled positioned buildings have limiting
displacements in both directions.

IS 1893:2002 gives lower value of Sa/g coefficient for 10, 15 and 20
storey building in comparison to site specific response spectrum.
While, IS 1893:2002 gives higher value of Sa/g coefficient for 25 and
30 storey buildings in comparison to site specific response spectrum.

Total seismic force on building expressed as base shear varies for
various sites. Base shear obtained considering site specific response
spectra is governing for 10, 15 and 30 storied buildings while in case
of 20 and 25 storey building base shear considering IS 1893-2002
response spectra is governing.

Site specific acceleration time history analysis for 20 storey building
gives more base shear compared to site specific response spectrum
analysis. While, in other cases site specific response spectrum
analysis becomes governing.

In most of cases outer shear wall positioning in building gives higher
value of Base shear. While, middle side position gives lower value of
Base shear

Top storey displacement is minimum in case of building having
outer shear wall. While, central Shear Wall position controls the
displacement in both directions. Maximum displacement is
observed in building having middle shear wall.

Site specific response spectrum analysis gives higher storey
displacement and drift for 10 storey building. While, in case of 15,
20, 25 and 30 storey building IS 1893:2002 response spectrum
gives maximum displacement and interstorey drift.

Design forces in shear wall of 10 storey building is higher in case
of site specific response spectrum analysis compared to IS
1893:2002 response spectrum analysis.
In most of cases design forces obtained by site specific response
spectrum analysis is higher compared to site specific time history
analysis.

From site specific response spectrum analysis it is observed that
building having outer shear wall gives lower design forces in
shear wall while, center shear wall position case gives higher
design forces compared to other shear wall positions.

From the site specific acceleration time history analysis it is observed
that middle side shear wall position gives higher design forces in
shear wall.

Design results are obtained for 10 storey and 20 storey buildings. For
10 storey building, it is found out that design as per site specific
response spectra is governing in comparison to IS: 1893 (Part I)-2002.
For 20 storey building, design according to IS 1893 is governing in
comparison to site specific response spectra.
► As the dimension of shear wall is larger, site specific response
spectrum has no effect on its design. But if size of shear wall is
reduced site specific response spectrum analysis is expected to
govern the design.

The foundation of 10 storey shear wall building is influenced by site
specific response spectrum. While, 20 storey shear wall foundation
design is governed by IS 1893:2002 response spectrum.

It is necessary to carry out site specific investigation and ground
response analysis for important structures for realistic estimation of
seismic forces and better earthquake resistance.

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