ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
OF
OF
LARGE SIZE ELEVATED COMPARTMENTAL
LARGE SIZE ELEVATED COMPARTMENTAL
WATER TANK
WATER TANK
MAJOR PROJECT MAJOR PROJECT
By
Chirag N. Patel
(06 MCL 011)
Guide
Prof. G.N. Patel
2
FLOW OF PRESENTATION
FLOW OF PRESENTATION
§INTRODUCTION
§OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
§LITERATURE REVIEW
§ SCOPE OF WORK
§ HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE CALCULATION
§ DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
§ ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF TANK,
- CONTAINER
- STAGING
- FOUNDATION
§ CONCLUSION
§ REFERENCES
3
§Water is a prime importance for life.
§For storing water and its distribution, Water tanks are largely used.
§ For supplying water at the longer distance sufficient head of water is
required so that for achieving the required head, Elevated tanks are
used.
§Liquid storage tanks are commonly used,
- In industries for storing chemicals, petroleum products, etc.
- In public water distribution systems.
§As per such special requirements,
- To store more than two types of liquid.
- Extra storage to make live supply during maintenance work
or cleaning purpose.
§ So, rather than construct two or more storage tanks it is quite economical
to construct large size storage tank with two or multi compartments.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
4
§ During the earthquake some of the tanks failed. Up till now
hydrostatic effect of water is been considered, but during
earthquakes hydrodynamic effect of water plays an
important role.
§ Moreover, Indian seismic code IS 1893:1984 has not been
revised since so long and draft code is recently circulated.
§ But there is no provision for consideration of hydrodynamic effect
on compartmental liquid storage tanks.
§
§ Looking today’s scenario of infrastructure growth there is need
arising to construct compartmental liquid storage tanks for
general purpose. also there is no much work is presented for
the same.
OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
§
§ The main objective of the study is to understand the behaviour of
the multi compartmental tank during earthquake and how
to consider the hydrodynamic pressure for seismic
analysis, various parameters affecting it and how to take care
of those parameters so as to achieve safety as well as
economy.
§ The final objective is to analyse and design large storage
capacity elevated compartmental water tank with different
configurations and Carry out Parametric study of different
container and staging configuration of tanks.
5
§ IITK-GSDMA Guidelines for Seismic Design of Liquid Storage
Tanks Provisions with commentary and explanatory examples.
§
§ Sajjad Sameer et al. In this paper procedure is proposed for
analysis of tank. The shear in the columns are obtained
assuming that it is proportional to the distance of the column
from bending axis of the staging and taking into account the
shift in inflection point in the end panels due to the flexibility of
girders. The rest of the unknown forces are computed by using
equations of the static equilibrium and by assuming the location
of the points of inflection. The method proposed gives good
results if staging consists of columns equally spaced over the
periphery. The axial force in columns and design-bending
moment in bracings are obtained by the proposed method, by
the finite element procedure and by the normal convectional
method (stiffness matrix method) and than comparison is done.
§
§
LITERATURE REVIEW
LITERATURE REVIEW
§ S.C.Dutta et al. Authors aims to estimate the range of variation of
torsional to lateral natural period ratio for usually constructed
reinforced concrete elevated water tanks with frame-type
staging for assessing their torsional vulnerability. Closed form
expressions for torsional and lateral stiffness of tank staging
are derived and verified by standard finite element software.
Closed form expressions for moments and shear forces of
columns and beams under torsion and that under lateral force
are also derived. It is also seen with the help of these
expressions that the frame staging of these tanks normally
designed for seismic lateral force, may yield by formation of
plastic hinges simultaneously in all columns instead of in
beams.
§
§
§ Yu Tang A simplified procedure for computing the dynamic
response of flexible tanks containing two liquids under a lateral
base motion of arbitrary temporary variation is proposed. It
requires the input of ground acceleration in the rigid tank
solutions to be replaced by the pseudo acceleration function
corresponding to the fundamental mode of vibration of the
tank-liquid system. This simple procedure is an extension of
the method used for the evaluation of response quantities for
flexible tanks with only one liquid. The effect of the soil-
structure interaction on the response quantities can be taken
into account. Only the impulsive component of response
quantities are considered in the proposed approach, since the
convective component can be computed by considering both
the tank and its supporting medium to be rigid.
§
6
An attempt has been made to analyse and design large storage
capacity elevated compartmental water tank with different
configurations. Also make parametric study for rectangular and
circular shape compartmental tank.
§ Try to understand actual behaviour of the multi compartmental tank
during earthquakeand how to consider the hydrodynamic
pressure for seismic analysis.
§
§ Analysis and design of multi compartmental rectangular and circular
tank of different container configuration with reference of IS
1893 (Part-2) draft.
§
§ Perform Dynamic Analysis of compartmental tanks and compare it
with the draft code.
§
§ Carry out Parametric study of compartmental tank with different
container and staging configuration .
SCOPE OF WORK
SCOPE OF WORK
7

(a) Two degree of
freedom system
h
s
Spring mass model
h
i
m
c
m
i
K
c
/2 K
c
/2
h
c
K
s
m
i
+ m
s
m
c
K
c
K
s
m
i
+ m
s
m
c
K
c
(b) Two uncoupled single degree of
freedom systems
+
8
(Convective Mode) (Convective Mode)
(Impulsive Mode) (Impulsive Mode)
Resultant of impulsive pressure
on wall
h
*
i
h
i
h
c


Resultant of convective pressure
on wall
h*
c
9
RECTANGULAR CIRCULAR
ONE COMPARTMENT
TWO COMPARTMENT
THREE COMPARTMENT
10
As per Draft Code 1893 (II)
As per Draft Code 1893 (II)
PLAN
11
Required Capacity
of Tank (m
3
)
Length (m) Width (m) Height (m) Actual Capacity
of Tank (m
3
)
1000 17.70 11.70 5.20 1077
RECTANGULAR TANK
= . W 11 70
m
= L
. 17 70 m
= W
. 5 70 m
= W
. 5 70 m
= . L 17 70
m
W
2
= . 5 70
m
W
1
= . 5 70
m
L
2
=
. 5 70 m
L
1
=
. 11 70 m
12
Required Capacity
of Tank (m
3
)
Diameter
(m)
Height (m) Actual Capacity
of Tank (m
3
)
1000 16.50 5.20 1047
CIRCULAR TANK
= D
. 16 50 m
D
1
=
. 16 70 m
D
2
=
. 11 70 m
D
1
= . 16 70
m
D
2
= . 8 0
m
D
3
=
. 12 70 m
13
Other data assumed for the example is as shown below.
•Shape of container :Rectangular & Circular
•Capacity of tank :1000 m
3
•Type / Height of staging :Trestle / 15 m
•Shape of column :Circular
•Width of brace :300 mm
•Depth of brace :500 mm
•Diameter of column :350 mm
•Depth of foundation :3.0 m
•Soil Type :Soft Soil
•Grade of concrete :M 25
•Grade of steel :Fe 415
•Permissible compressive stress in concrete :6 N/mm
2
•Permissible compressive stress in steel :150 N/mm
2
•Zone : IV

14
2
c
V
2
i
V + · V
( ) g
cg
h
s
m
s
h
*
i
h
i
m
i
h
A
]
]
]

,
`

.
|
+ + ·
i
M ( ) g
s
h
*
c
h
c
m
c
h
A
,
`

.
|
+ ·
c
M
2
c
M
2
i
M + · M
( ) ( ) g
s
m
i
m
i
h
A + ·
i
V ( ) ( )g
c
m
c
h
A ·
c
V
Impulsive Mode Convective Mode
Base Shear
Base Moment
15
No. of Compartment Base Shear (V) kN Base Moment (M) kNm
One 890.62 16995.33
Two 909.44 17283.78
Three 993.38 19195.92
No. of Compartment Base Shear (V) kNBase Moment (M) kNm
One 818.14 15091.38
Two 866.81 16340.75
Three 911.23 17204.92
CIRCULAR TANK
RECTANGULAR TANK
16
BASE SHEAR
0%
2.07%
10.34%
0%
5.61%
10.21%
17
BASE MOMENT
0%
1.66%
11.46%
0%
7.64%
12.28%
( ) ( ) g
s
m
i
h
A + ·
i
m
i
V
( ) ( )g
c
h
A
c
m ·
c
V
s
K
s
m

+
·
i
m
i
T
c
K
c
m
·
c
T
h
0.866
h
0.866 tanh
L
L

,
`

.
|
·
m
i
m
L
L
L
2
L
1
m
i
m
i
m
i
=
m
c
=
m
c
m
c
19
§TIME PERIOD
§BASE SHEAR
Comparison Between,
§IS 1893 (Part-2) Draft code
§SAP 2000 Software Results
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
20
Impulsive mass
Convective mass
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
21
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS RESULTS
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS RESULTS
22
CIRCULAR TANK
23
RECTANGULAR TANK
24
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
Rectangular Circular
25
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
STAADPRO 2007
26
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
STAADPRO 2007
27
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
STAADPRO 2007
28
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
29
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
Roof slab
Thickness 170 mm
Reinforcement along X-direction 10 mm @ 220 mm c/c with alternate bent up
Reinforcement along Y-direction 10 mm @ 220 mm c/c with alternate bent up
Extra top bars @ support 10 mm @ 400 mm c/c
Container wall
Thickness 300 mm
Main Reinforcement 20 mm @ 150 mm c/c on both the face
Dist. Reinforcement 12 mm @ 160 mm c/c on both the face
Bottom slab
Thickness 300 mm
Main Reinforcement 12 mm @ 100 mm c/c with alternate bent up
Dist. Reinforcement 12 mm @ 100 mm c/c with alternate bent up
Extra top bars @ support 10 mm @ 320 mm c/c
Design Summary for container wall (Rectangular Tank)
30
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
Reinforcement details for Rectangular tank container
31
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
Design Summary for container wall (Circular Tank)
Roof slab
Thickness 200 mm
Radial Reinforcement 10 mm @ 160 mm c/c
Circumferential Reinforcement 10 mm @ 160 mm c/c
Extra top bars @ end support 10 mm @ 200 mm c/c
Container wall
Thickness 300 mm
Reinforcement (Circular) 12 mm @ 160 mm c/c on both the face
Reinforcement (Vertical) 12 mm @ 180-140 mm c/c on both the face
Bottom slab
Thickness 200 mm
Radial Reinforcement 10 mm @ 200 mm c/c
Circumferential Reinforcement 10 mm @ 200 mm c/c
Extra top bars @ end support 10 mm @ 400 mm c/c
32
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF CONTAINER
Reinforcement details for Circular tank container
33
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF STAGING
ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF STAGING
34
STAGING MODEL ( RECTANGULAR TANK )
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
3

m
C
2
9
C
3
0
C
3
1
C
3
2
C
3
3
C
3
4
C
2
2
C
2
3
C
2
4
C
2
5
C
2
6
C
2
7
C
1
5
C
1
6
C
1
7
C
1
8
C
1
9
C
2
0
C
8
C
9
C
1
0
C
1
1
C
1
2
C
1
3
C
1
C
2
C
3
C
4
C
5
C
6
Frame
5
Frame
4
Frame
3
Frame
2
Fram Fram
e 1 e 1
F
r
a
m
F
r
a
m
e

A
e

A
F
r
a
m
e

C
F
r
a
m
e

B
F
r
a
m
e

D
F
r
a
m
e

E
F
r
a
m
e

F
Geometry of Staging Pattern
C
3
5
C
2
8
C
2
1
C
1
4
C
7
F
r
a
m
e

G
3

m
35
Δ
P
Stiffness · K 
STIFFNESS OF STAGING
STAADPRO 2007
P
36
APPLICATION OF WIND LOAD
As per IS 875 (Part-3) Draft
STAADPRO 2007
37
STAADPRO 2007
(a) Horizontal base shear (b) Vertical load
LOADING ON STAGING FOR ANALYSIS
38
TORSIONAL ANALYSIS OF STAGING
W
2
= . 5 70
m
W
1
= . 5 70
m
L
2
= . 5 70 m L
1
= . 11 70 m
e
39
Application of Direct Loading for Staging Analysis
STAADPRO 2007
. 817 46
kN
40
STAGING DISPLACEMENT
E
q
.
Rotation
Tension
C
o
m
p
r
e
s
s
i
o
n
Due to Loading Eccentricity
y
0.3
x
EL EL t −
y
0.3
x
EL EL t
41
Design Summary For Staging Column & Brace
Column
Diameter of column 350 mm
Main Reinforcement in column 8-25#
Lateral ties in column 12mm @ 200 c/c
Brace
Size of brace 300 mm x 400 mm
Bars at top and bottom for Bending moment 3-20#
Shear reinforcement @ mid span 10mm 2L @ 150 c/c
Shear reinforcement @ support span 10mm 2L @ 120 c/c
42
Structural Detailing for Staging Column & Brace
Structural detailing for column - brace junction
Structural detailing for Brace Structural detailing for Column
43
TANK FOUNDATION
TANK FOUNDATION
X
X
P1
P2
44
Design Summary For Foundation
Rectangular Tank foundation
Reinforcement for raft slab 12mm @ 240c/c both way
Circular Tank foundation
Outer diameter of raft slab 21.3 m
Soil pressure 160 kN/m
2
Overhang portion ‘x’ for raft slab 2.0 m
Depth of raft slab 450 mm
Reinforcement for raft slab 25mm @ 240c/c as radial and
20mm @ 250c/c as Circumferential
Depth of raft beam 1200 mm
Reinforcements of raft beam

3-32 at top and bottom for torsion.

3-32 at support and 5-32 at mid for negative and
positive bending moment.

2-16 as side reinforcement

12mm @ 140 c/c shear stirrups
45
Structural Detailing for Foundation (Rectangular Tank)
46
Structural Detailing for Foundation (Circular Tank)
Structural details for Raft Beam of circular tank foundation
47
Structural Detailing for Foundation (Circular Tank)
48
§RECTANGULAR TANK
Comparison Between,
§Staging with 35 No. of Column
§Staging with 29 No. of Column
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
§CIRCULAR TANK
Comparison Between,
§Staging with 25 No. of Column
§Staging with 19 No. of Column
49
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
18.00 m
12.00 m
STAGING GEOMETRY (RECTANGULAR TANK – 35 COLUMNS)
50
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
18.00 m
12.00 m
STAGING GEOMETRY (RECTANGULAR TANK – 29 COLUMNS)
51
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
Steel quantity of staging for Rectangular Tanks
52
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
Concrete quantity of staging for Rectangular Tanks
53
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
STAGING GEOMETRY (CIRCULAR TANK – 25 COLUMNS)
17.00 m
54
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
STAGING GEOMETRY (CIRCULAR TANK – 19 COLUMNS)
17.00 m
55
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
Steel quantity of staging for Circular Tanks
56
PARAMETRIC STUDY
PARAMETRIC STUDY
Concrete quantity of staging for Circular Tanks
57
§
§The major portion of water is in impulsive mode and play effective
role in increment of base shear and moment.
CONCLUSIONS
CONCLUSIONS
§As per draft code, the time period for impulsive mode of vibration is
much less than that of convective one. As a result horizontal
seismic coefficient, base shear, and base moment for impulsive
mode are more than convective mode. These results are different
when software is used.
§The sloshing effect observed during earthquakes is due to
convective mass .
§The total hydrodynamic pressure is raging between 1.5 % to 2.5 %
of hydrostatic pressure. Also, by providing compartments in tanks
there is no more than 1.5% increment in base shear and moment
has been observed.
§Torsional moment of staging has greater influence on seismic
quantities, for elevated rectangular compartmental water tank.
58
The same type of study considering different capacity and shape of tank.
Different types of foundation can be studied to give different end
conditions.
One can also study the effect of container compartments on different
type of staging configuration.
Dynamic analysis of compartmental tank with soil structure interaction.
It can also be studied for shaft type staging and a comparison can be
made for economy and suitability with bracing type staging.
It can also be studied using steel precast staging and compared with the
present study.
 It can also be studied by providing base isolation.
FUTURE SCOPE OF WORK
FUTURE SCOPE OF WORK
59
PAPER COMMUNICATED
PAPER COMMUNICATED
• Chirag N. Patel and G.N.Patel, “Seismic Analysis of Elevated Tank with
Multiple Compartments As Per IS: 1893 Draft Code (Part-2)”, National
Seminar on Recent Trends in Geotechnical and Structural Engineering
(RTGSE-2007), Jaipur, 22-23 December 2007.
• Chirag N. Patel and G.N.Patel, “Dynamic Analysis of Elevated Tank with
Multiple Compartments using FEM with SAP 2000 As Per IS: 1893
Draft Code (Part-2)”, National Conference on Infrastructure Development in
Civil Engineering.(IDCE-2008), Hamirpur, 16-17 May 2008.
60
•IITK-GSDMA Guidelines for Seismic Design of Liquid Storage Tanks
Provisions with commentary and explanatory examples.
•IS 11682:1985, “Criteria for Design of RCC Staging for Overhead
Water Tanks”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
•IS 3370 (part-1) Draft, “Code of Practice for Concrete Structures for
the Storage of Liquid – General requirements”, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi.
•IS 1893:1984, “Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of
Structures”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
•IS 875 (part-3): “Wind loads on Buildings and Structures, -Proposed
Draft and Commentary”, IITK-GSDMA.
•IS 456:2000, “Plain and Reinforced Concrete, - Code of Practice”,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
•IS 875 (part-3):1987, “Code of Practice for Design Loads (other than
earthquake) for Buildings and Structures, - wind load”, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi.
•IS 1893 (part-1):2002, “Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of
Structures, - General Provisions and Buildings”, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi.
REFERENCES
REFERENCES
61
An Explanatory Handbook on IS 875 (part 3), Wind loads on Buildings and
Structures, IITK-GSDMA.
Jain,O.P., Prakash Ananad, Singh K.K., & Saxena S.P.," Estimation Of Materials
And Cost Of Optimum Design Of Intze Tanks", Indian Concrete Journal, June,
1979.
Jain, O.P. & K.K Singh, "Computer Analysis of Intze Tanks ", Indian Concrete
Journal, August, 1977.
Jain L.K. & Choube O.M.," Rapid Method of Estimating Deflections Of Tower Of
Overhead Tanks "Indian Concrete Journal, Oct-1980.
P.Dayaratnam, Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Vol-2, Ninth Edition,
Oxford & IBH Publications, 2004.
Jai Krishna and O.P.Jain, Plain and Reinforced Concrete Structures Vol-2, Fifth
Edition, New chand & Bros., 2003.
S.Ramamrutham and R.Narayan, Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures,
Twelfth Edition, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 2004.
Jain A.K., "Reinforced Concrete Limited State Design", Nem Chand & bros
rookie, 2002
Yu Tang, “Dynamic Response of Tank containing two liquids”, Journal of
Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, March-1993, Vol-125,No. 3 Pg-531.

REFERENCES
REFERENCES
62
THANK
YOU
ALL

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful