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Contemporary Web Issues and Islam

By, Showayb & Yacoob.

Can writing a piece of code be considered as an act of worship (Ibadah)??


Web 2.0
− − −

Social networks E-Muslim matrimony Dawah

E-Khilafah MuslimWare

What is Web 2.0?

Web 2.0 is a trend in World Wide Web technology, and web design, a second generation of web-based communities and hosted services such as social-networking sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies Aim to facilitate creativity, information sharing, collaboration, and sharing among users.


- User participation - Rich user experience - Dynamic content - Metadata - Web standards and scalability. - Openness - Freedom and collective intelligence by way of user participation

- Produces wisdom of crowds.

1. The faked page on facebook

How does Islam relate to this?

Matching & Marriage on the Internet

2. Marriage in Islam

Islam does not prohibit either the lady or man to advertise himself or herself for marriage. Of course, within the Islamic regulations. In some nations, it becomes a necessity for Muslim ladies to look for their life partner especially after wars and disasters. E.g. Iraq

Even during Prophet’s time companions had to marry

Intention (niat) of both must be pure.

Matching and E-Marriage - Implications

Is it really accepted in Islamic law? Does such web sites or matches meet the real life marriage? What about wisdom communication?

Shining eyes, pulsing hearts, smiling face.

The hadith “‫” غربوا النكاح‬

Marry women outside your ‘Kaum’ so as not to bring weak offspring.

Social Networks 4 Dawah

Web 2.0 n Islam

Web technologies give us the leverage to show the truth about Islam
− −

Increasing trend of Islamophobia e.g. The Clash of Civilization Use the power of ICT to counter this
For e.g; forums, videos, standup comedies etc

What does the Quran say?

“Invite (all) to the Way of your Rabb with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for your Rabb knows best… who receive guidance.” (16:125) E.g Wisdom in Taif, Jewish neighbour-rubbish story…

Orkut (by Google)


Mainstream media…



“ Citizenship is a status that is bestowed on those who are full members of a community.” So what is digital citizenship???

Digital Citizenship

What is Digital citizenship ??

“Digital citizenship” is the ability to participate in society online. What does it mean to invoke the notion of citizenship in relation to the use of a technology?

For e.g being a developer for FOSS communities you are a digital citizen of that community and a part of e-Khilafah.

We define “digital citizens” as those who use the Internet regularly and effectively — that is, on a daily basis.


Virtual worlds


A growing number of Second Life users make a living entirely by selling virtual real estate or manufacturing virtual products. ( or even ‘Norrath’ . (A country in economic terms!!)

The Swedish government announced it would create an embassy in Second Life -- a place for virtual tourists to find information about visiting the real country.

The virtual worlds are perceived as the way of the future in terms of how people will communicate.

Borderless Internet makes it easy for ‘e-Ummah’. We need to ignore our differences and focus on our similarities.

“O Daud! Behold, We have made thee a [Our] vicegerent on earth: judge, then, between men with justice, and do not follow vain desire, lest it lead thee astray from the path of God: verily…” [ 38:26 ]

E-Khilafah to inform, discuss, educate and focus on Ummatic issues online. Promote Halalware, Heartware and Imanware.
e.g. UbuntuME, LooqMan, Zekr (Quran software), Minbar (Azan reminder)

Free cities..

Islamic Cities & Open Source culture

About 10yrs ago, a group of Japanese sociological researchers conducted an intensive historical study of Islamic cities in the middle age, namely AD 7-8 century. They found a completely different conceptual image of “city”. According to them, the cities in middle age Arabian peninsula, such as Mecca or Medina, are considered as the “free cities”. Those cities also surrounded by wall, but people can go in-and-out freely at anytime.

Key features
There were a number of facilities provided by those cities for travellers:

(1) Bazaar

free marketplace,

(2) Karavansaray

lodging and transportation facility,

(3) Bagh

camping site located outside of the city wall

Muslims as founders

Muslims constructed an “internet” of road system over the Empire and set up a number of free cities as nodes on the road network. People can use those free city facilities just by paying usage tax.


The emerging Internet society of today can be considered as the revival of this Islamic concept of cities.

For e.g F/OSS community “Free as in Freedom” - RMS

Empire using computer network.
• •

physical nodes upon the Internet are constructed as “walled cities” guarded by firewalls. But a number of “Open Source communities” are located outside of those firewalls and are functioning as “virtual free cities” for the people who are travelling over the Internet. Just like Islamic cities.

Islamic Metaphorical mapping
Bazaar: Newsgroup for general information exchange and e-commerce. Karavansaray: Mailing list for more detailed technical exchange Bagh: Satellite projects using FOSS basis

Structure (proposal)


Will be based on Shariah

Islamic banking and Finance

Welfare system vs. Bait ul-mal
- Sayyidina Umar (RA) institutionalized it. - Collection of sadaqah and Zakat - Welfare of general public


Giving increases wealth
− − − −

As in Google, Dr. Fauzan’s story Al-Bukhari… Read Rich Dad Poor Dad, 7 Habits of Highly Effective people.

Cyber Security

We need to have
Cyber security professionals from attackers. (hackers) to defend

E-muhtasib (e-moral police) to prevent unIslamic junk like spam, pornography.

E-Uyun ud dawlah (e-spies) to monitor our enemies
E.g during prophets time in war; MyCERT

Hadith and Quran there are plenty sources for this.

Online trading based on Shariah

Like Amazon (only Halal products)

Bait ul-mal will provide assistance based on proposal
− − −

Like Looqman and other Islamic oriented projects ImanWare, HalalWare and HeartWare development. Muslim OS and communities like


Why we need MuslimWare?
Be different from the Mushrikin (those who worship other than Allah...” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] And His Messenger (S) said: Whoever imitates a people is but one of them. [Recorded by Abu Dawud, and judged to be authentic by al-Albani] We can use technology but we should also strive to have our own distinct halalwares… Be Proactive … (Remember Dr. fauzan’s words ?) Iqra’, 7 Habits of Highly Effective People

Muslim OS

• A set of packages that customizes the Ubuntu distro by installing Islamic software
– prayer times, Quran study tool, web content filtering tool etc. and by changing its design.

• UIA projects like Malay Live CD, Slax Arabic LiveCD, Quran softwares can be combined to form products and sell it.
– Animation and multimedia like Noah and Yusuf stories – Learning how to write Jawi and other IS FYP’s.


In a nutshell, there are more issues that are emerging and will emerge on the Internet. Such issues need the efforts of the Muslim scholars so as to cope with the advancement of technologies and its impacts on Muslims who are directly affected by these technologies. Muslim developers need to be more proactive.

Like FOSS communities or at least in IIU FYP’s.

E-Khilafah becomes a necessity with time.

Can writing a piece of code be considered as an act of worship (Ibadah)??
- "If you do good, you do good for your

ownselves, and if you do evil (you do it) against yourselves." (Al-Isra : 7)

- “All actions are judged by motives, and each person will be rewarded according to their intention.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari) - Sincere intentions + acts of kindness = act of worship



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