Internal

1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Refarming
GSM capacity and frequency re-planning
Workshop
Internal
2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Content
• Introduction
• Refarming planning in 2G
• Features used after refarming
• Tools - ptimi!er
• "i#e network result
Internal
$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
Introduction
Aim of refarming projects
S !enefits
Internal
% © Nokia Siemens Networks
Introduction
Aim of refarming projects
• &ro#iding 'ig' speed data in t'e w'ole network wit'
()TS21**+()TS,**
• ()TS,** planning guidelines on I)S
• (,** $-.)/! is not discussed in t'is material
• )aintaining GS),** 0oS after refarming
Internal
1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
NSN (ni2ue 3enefits

&ro#en %-2)/! 3andwidt' support

Refarming specific ser#ices suc' as
optimi!ation4 consulting

Net5ct ptimi!er for
re#olutionar6 fast and accurate
planning

5d#anced GS) spectrum
efficienc6 functionalit6 7like
8F95 and S9:

Full6 fledged 2G+$G interworking
functionalities

9ost efficient

53out $ times 3etter co#erage

9apacit6 optimi!ed wit' %-2 )/!
3andwidt'

Net5ct supported

Terminals widel6 a#aila3le
-"#$
WC%MA&''
WC%MA()''
GSM spectrum
efficiency SW
GSM
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S WC%MA Refarming Solution
Introduction
S !enefits
Internal
; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Refarming planning in (G
Spectrum allocation for refarming
*one setup
(G net+ork analysis and forcast
(G replanning
Internal
< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Refarming planning process
Step1 - Spectrum allocation to 2G
T'e part of a#aila3le GS) fre2uenc6 3and is reallocated to (,**-
Step2 - =one setup
(,** area is defined toget'er wit' 3uffer !one-
Step$ >2G network anal6sis
T'e aim is to collect all t'e information4 w'ic' re2uired to make proper 2G re-planning
Step% > 2G re-planning
?ot' capacit6 and fre2uenc6 re-planning is done 36 t'is acti#it6-
If proper 2G re-planning is not possi3le 7Step%:4 t'en Step1 and+or
Step2 can 3e repeated wit' modified setup
Internal
. © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum allocation for refarming
GSM and ,M-S !ands
Separation required !et+een GSM&'' and ,&''
Strategy for remo.ing frequency !and
Remained GSM !and+idth after refarming
Internal
, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
GSM !and
• @'en ()TS,** is rolled out in radio fre2uenc6 3and
pre#iousl6 used 36 GS)4 t'e utili!ation strateg6 of t'is 3and
needs to 3e c'anged-
• T'e ta3le 3elow s'ows t'e fre2uenc6 3and of &-GS) and A-
GS)
Internal
1* © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
,M-S !ands
T'e $G&& TS 21-1*% and TS 21-1*1 specif6 t'e 1* fre2uenc6 3ands for
()TS co#ering essentiall6 all eBisting cellular 3ands w'ere 1-)/! carrier
fits- T'e ()TS,** is t'e ?and CIII and it was added during 2**1-
T'e different fre2uenc6 #ariants use eBactl6 t'e same $G&& standard
eBcept for differences in RF parameters- T'erefore4 t'e ()TS,** supports
t'e same ser#ices and t'e same peak data rates as ()TS21** #ersion-
/perating 0and -otal Spectrum ,plink 1M234 %o+nlink 1M234
?and I 2 B ;* )/! 1,2* - 1,.* 211* - 21<*
?and II 2 B ;* )/! 1.1* - 1,1* 1,$* - 1,,*
?and III 2 B <1 )/! 1<1* - 1<.1 1.*1 - 1..*
?and IC 2 B %1 )/! 1<1* - 1<11 211* - 2111
?and C 2 B 21 )/! .2% - .%, .;, - .,%
?and CI 2 B 1* )/! .$* - .%* .<1 - ..1
?and CII 2 B <* )/! 21** - 21<* 2;2* - 2;,*
?and CIII 2 B $1 )/! ..* - ,11 ,21 - ,;*
?and ID 2 B $1 )/! 1<%,-, - 1<.%-, 1.%%-, - 1.<,-,
?and D 2 B ;* )/! 1<1* - 1<<* 211* - 21<*
Internal
11 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Separation !et+een GSM&'' and ,M-S&''
• If ()TS,** is deplo6ed too tig't in t'e GS),** areas t'en t'e pro3a3ilit6 to 'a#e inter-s6stem
interference increases- T'e $G&& 'as studied t'e interference 3etween t'e GS),** and ()TS,**
s6stems and t'e t'eoretical conclusions are t'at t'e ()TS,** and GS),** macro cells deplo6ed in
ur3an4 su3-ur3an and rural areas can co-eBist wit' 2-. )/! carrier separation 3etween t'e middle of
()TS ,** carrier and t'e nearest GS) ,** carrier
• For t'e simulations4 R5N @G% agreed on t'e following two t'res'old criteria for t'e co-eBistence of
()TS,** and GS),**E
• ()TS ("+8" capacit6 loss due to interferences from GS) uplink and downlink s'ould not 3e 3igger t'an 1FG
• GS) s6stem outage degradation due to ()TS interference s'ould 3e as small as possi3le-
Internal
12 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Separation !et+een GSM&'' and ,M-S&''
• In NSN FleBi ?TS t'ere is a feature w'ic' can
3e used to reac' 3etter efficienc6 in t'e
spectrum s'aring 3etween t'e GS),** and
()TS,** tec'nologies-
• T'is feature consists of a %-2 )/! recei#er
filter 3andwidt'
• 8ue to t'e fact t'at most of t'e modulated
@98)5 carrier signal energ6 lies wit'in muc'
less t'an 1 )/! 7,,F of t'e energ6 is wit'in
%-11 )/!:4 t'e FleBi ?TS implements a narrow
filter in t'e 8igital Signal &rocessors 78S&:
software in t'e FleBi S6stem )odule4 at
3ase3and le#el-
• T'is situation allows to reduce t'e distance
3etween t'e centre of t'e ()TS,** carrier
and t'e first GS),** c'annel to 2-2 )/!
Internal
1$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Strategy for remo.ing !and
• a:GS),** and (,** 3order is in operator internal 3and
7sandwic' setup:
• 3: and c: > GS),** and (,** 3order allocated to outside of
operatorHs 3and 7non-sandwic' setup:
• 2* )/! 3andwidt' limit of )R must 3e taken into account4 e-g- if AGS) 3and is used
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
a5
!5
c5
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
a5
!5
c5
Internal
1% © Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Remained GSM !and+idth after refarming
• Remained GS) 3andwidt' after refarming 7click on picture to
open eBcel:
Internal
11 © Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
GSM&'' +ith ,()'' 3one
0uffer 3one
GSM&'' +ith ,&'' 3one
Internal
1; © Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
GSM&'' +ith ,()'' 3one6 0uffer 3one6 GSM&'' +ith ,&'' 3one
• Full GS),** 3and area - T'e w'ole a#aila3le GS),** 3and is used
toget'er wit' $G on (21** 3and-
• ?uffer !one - ?uffer !one is 'a#ing limited 3and of GS),** after
refarming: toget'er wit' $G on (21** 3and- It is re2uired to pro#ide
enoug' separation 3etween t'e same fre2uencies of GS),** 7full 3and:
and ()TS,**
• "imited GS),** 3and area - T'e limited GS),** 3and is used toget'er
wit' $G on (,** 3and-
Internal
1< © Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
0CC2 frequency usage limitations
• In GS),** limited 3and area wit' $G on (,** 3and area t'e
recommendation is to use
• two neig'3or fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**4 if t'e sandwic' setup
is used
• four neig'3or fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**4 if non-sandwic'
setup is used
• In 3uffer area t'e recommendation is to use four neig'3or
fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**
Internal
1. © Nokia Siemens Networks
0uffer 3one

T'e figure 3elow s'ows an eBample of a countr64 w'ere t'e
red color means full GS),** 3and usage wit' (21** plus
3uffer !one wit' limited GS),** 3and usage4 w'ile t'e w'ite
collored area is (,** area wit' limited GS),** 3and
usa3ilit6

So in 3elow eBample t'e (,** is used outside of 3ig cities
and at least 11-2* kms awa6 from countr6 3order
Internal
1, © Nokia Siemens Networks
(G et+ork analysis and forcast
Site locations and co-siting
Configuration analysis
7erformance analysis
Internal
2* © Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork analysis

T'e following information s'ould 3e a#aila3le for anal6!ing
networkE
> "ist of site locations wit' name4 coordinate4 co-location info 7GS)4 89S
and ()TS21**: and ?TS t6pe
> "ist of planned site locations for ()TS,** 73ased on a predefined
strateg6:

e-g- sites in cities wit' more t'an 1* *** in'a3itants co#ered 36 ()TS21**
and t'e rest of t'e area is co#ered 36 ()TS,**

e-g- 3ig cities co#ered 36 3ot' (21** and (,** in parallel

9ountr6 3orders are co#ered 36 (21** onl6
Internal
21 © Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork analysis

GS) and 89S cell le#el information of planned site locations
under ()TS,** is re2uired
> 9onfiguration 7cell le#el:

I TRDs+cell

I of signaling T9/s+TRD 7?99/JeBt999/ and S899/:

98AF and 98A8

)5"
> &erformance data

9S traffic #olume 79S ?/ in Arlang > FR and /R separatel6 7trfK11,4
trfK11;a4 trfK1214 trfK122a::

&S traffic pa6load 78ail6 AG&RS 8" in )? - trfK211a:

T9/ drop rate 7dail6 in F - dcrK2,:
Internal
22 © Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork forcast
• T'e following items must 3e forcasted4 w'en t'e network is
refarmedE
• Traffic increase on cell le#el
• /R penetration
• I of TS"s used for &S traffic in a#erage
Internal
2$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' re-planning
Capacity re-planning
8requency re-allocation
Internal
2% © Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
Calculation e;ample
Internal
21 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
• T'ere are two options are in#estigatedE
• 1 TRD 7?99/: remained after refarming
• 2 or more TRDs 71 ?99/ and 1 non?99/ TRD wit' RF 'opping:
remained after refarming
Internal
2; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
• 1 TRD 7?99/: remained after refarming
> If t'e remained 3and is less t'an 2* fre2uenc64 t'en 1 TRD+cell is
recommended

1;-1. fre2uencies can 3e used for GS) ?99/ and 2-% fre2uencies can 3e
used for 2TRD on t'e cell if needed 73ased on careful fre2uenc6 plan:

89S can 3e used for capacit6 la6er wit' 9?99/
• 2 or more TRDs 7?99/Lnon?99/: remained after refarming
> If t'e remained 3and is more t'an 2; fre2uenc64 t'e 2TRD+cell
configuration is possi3le wit' RF 'opping

1;-1. fre2uencies can 3e used for GS) ?99/ and t'e rest of t'e
fre2uencies can 3e used for t'e second TRD 3ased on .-1* fre2uenc6 long
)5 list
 89S can 3e used for capacit6 la6er wit' 9?99/
Internal
2< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
• 9alculation eBample
Microsoft Ofce
Excel Worksheet
Internal
2. © Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' frequency re-allocation
8requency re-planning
<ffecti.e frequency load check
Internal
2, © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency re-planning
• T'e easiest wa6 is to use t'e same ?99/ fre2uenc6
allocation set after refarming4 w'ic' was used 3efore
refarming- T'erefore 2ualit6 degradation is not eBpected on
?99/ after refarming-
• In case of 2MN TRD+cell configuration t'e )5" list s'ould
contain all t'e fre2uencies remained on top of ?99/
fre2uencies-
• T'e 3order fre2uenc6 of ?99/ and )5" s'ould 3e remo#ed from )5"
Internal
$* © Nokia Siemens Networks
<ffecti.e frequency load
Affecti#e fre2uenc6 load 7AF": s'ould 3e t'e same on GS),**
after refarming - AF"7F: N Arl?/+I of fre2stotal O1+75#e I of 7T9/+TRD::
9lick on t'e ta3le to open eBcel
If degradation is calculated in case of effecti#e fr2uenc6 load4
t'en degradation in 0oS is eBpected
Internal
$1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8eatures
8eatures to maintain =oS in GSM&'' after refarming
Internal
$2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Content
• Features for maintaining GS) ,** 0oS after refarming
• Idle mode operation 7GS),** to 89S 1.**4 2G to $G:
• 91 and 92
• 9all setup
• 8irected retr6 and Intelligent directed retr6
• 858"+?
• Resource allocation and 'ando#er strateg6
• / setup and neig'3or strateg6 re#iew for 2G and $G and inters6stem
• 9?99/
• 9apacit6 en'ancement
• Standard /R
• 5)R planning+re-planning
• S9
• Spectral efficienc6 impro#ement
• RF 'opping
• 8F95
• 9'annel utili!ation related features 7S5I94 85R&4 STIR94 5ntenna /opping:
Internal
$$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
Idle mode operation
GSM&'' to %CS)>''
(G to #G
Internal
$% © Nokia Siemens Networks
I am
outsid
e
I am inside,
but have not
enough
power
C1 = ! max"#,$%
= RLA_C – RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN – max(MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH – P , 0)
m
a
x
"
#
,
$
%
$&&'
(
$&&(
)
Idle mode operation ?GSM&'' to %CS)>''5
Cell ?re5 @ selection +ith C)
• T'e aim is to camp and allocate calls directl6 to 89S1.**
Internal
$1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
*) ++=($
*) +#+=,-
*) +*+=-
*) +.+=-$
Macro900 “A"
Macro900 “C”
Micro900 “D”
Macro1800 “B”
C2 = C1 + ceRe!eec"#$!e" %
"em&'(a()#$!e"*H(&e+a")T,me%T)
*, ++=($ / $ serving cell 0"x% = $
*, +#+=,- /,$1($ 2 0",$13%
*, +*+=- / $ 1 $ 2 0"$13%
*, +.+=-$/$1($20"4$13%
T,me T- .e"/ee+ 0 a+0
11 !ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=)-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=,$
T,me T- .e"/ee+ 20 a+0
21 !ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=4-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=,$
T,me T- 3(ea"e( "4a+ 50
!ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=4-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=-$
Idle mode operation ?GSM&'' to %CS)>''5
Cell ?re5 @ selection +ith C(
Internal
$; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Idle mode operation ?(G to #G5
• T'e aim is to allocate 2G traffic to (,** cells-
• T'e following ?SS parameters s'ould 3e used for allocating
idle mode to (,**4 so t'en t'e call setup can 3e done directl6
on $G-
• 2searc'i 7T'res'old To Searc' (TR5N 9ells:
• 2searc'p 7G&RS T'res'old To Searc' (TR5N 9ells:
• fdd0ffset 7F88 9ell reselect offset:
• fdd0)in 7)in F88 t'res'old:
• fdd0)inffset 7)in F88 t'res'old offset:
• fddRscp)in 7)in RS9& t'res'old:
Internal
$< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Ce Re!eec",'+ L,!"
6SM MS !"a("! WC7MA mea!8(eme+"! ,9 5
RLA_C: ;(<!ea(c4_I) 9'( 0:<!ea(c4_I:==
'(
RLA_C> ;(<!ea(c4_I) 9'( =:<!ea(c4_I:=1?
If, for suitable 6M37 cell
8 for a period of - s5
CPICH RSCP > RLA_C + ;77_<'$!e"
CPICH Ec@N' ≥ ;77_<m,+
no priorities
between
W*.M
neighbors
Measurement 6pdates5

9:*;* value of the serving cell

/ least ' strongest non serving <7M cells
at least ever= - s
check
and
W*.M cell
reselection
ACCH- FDD_Qmin, FDD_Qoffset
Idle mode operation ?(G to #G5
Internal
$. © Nokia Siemens Networks
%irected retry
%irected retry
Intelligent directed retry
%A%A:0
Internal
$, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irected Retry

&rocedure for assigning a mo3ile
station 7)S: from t'e S899/ c'annel
in t'e accessed cell to a traffic c'annel
7T9/: in a cell ot'er t'an t'e ser#ing
cell during t'e call set-up p'ase
• 8irected Retr6 is triggered due to
congestion in t'e accessed cell and
can 3e used 3ot' in )S originating and
)S terminating call attempts

/ando#er target cell selection is 3ased
on
> RB Signal "e#el
> )S classmark
> )aBimum power le#el
• 8irected retr6 impro#es call set-up ratio
during temporar6 congestion4
increases network a#aila3ilit6 and
guarantees 3etter ser#ice for all
su3scri3ers
1B MS "(),+3 "'
acce!! a ce /,"4
"em&'(a() "(aCc
c4a++e
c'+3e!",'+
2B MS ,!
0,(ec"e0 "' a+
'"4e( ce
/4,c4 4a! 9(ee
"(aCc c4a++e!
aDa,a.e
Internal
%* © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irected Retry

T'e parameter Pdirected retr6
usedQ 78R: indicates w'et'er a
'ando#er caused 36 t'e directed
retr6 is ena3led- T'e 'ando#er is
ena3led w'en t'e #alue is R6esR-

8irected Retr6 78R: 'ando#ers are
functionall6 di#ided into t'ree
t6pesE
> ?S9 internal4 inter-cell 8irected
Retr6 'ando#er
> ?S9 eBternal 8irected Retr6
'ando#er 7source cell side:
> ?S9 eBternal 8irected Retr6
'ando#er 7target cell side:
Internal
%1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
Intelligent %irected Retry
congestion
macro cell "<7M cell%
micro cells
"M*> cells%
<7M subscriber
#oth <7M and M*> cells
allowed as target
congestion
macro cell "<7M cell%
micro cells
"M*> cells%
NOKIA TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Ta(3e" ce !eec",'+ ,+c80,+3 ce a+0 !8.!c(,.e( ")&e
M8!" .e e+a.e0 /,"4
idr(sed S+N
Ce ")&e ca!!,Eca",'+
cell3=pe <7M?M*>
<7M = macro cell, M*> = micro cell
Su!scri!er classification !y
&ower class
&riorit6 7defined 36 network administrator:
%irected Retry to e;ternal 0SS
disa3leABt8r S+N
N possi3le onl64 if directed retr6 supported 36 all ?S9s and t'e )S9
M*> subscriber
Onl= M*> cells
allowed as target
Internal
%2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irect Access to %esired Aayer and 0and

The prpose of Direct Access to Desire! "a#er$Ban! %DAD"$B& is to !irect traffic in the ca'' set(p
phase from the )DCC* of a macroce'' to a TC* of a microce'' +hene,er possi-'e.
> from the )DCC* of a /)M 800 ce'' to a TC* of a /)M 1800 or a /)M 1900 ce''
> from the )DCC* of a /)M 900 ce'' to a TC* of a /)M 1800 ce''0
• The e1ten!e! /)M 900 -an! capa-i'it# of the M) is a'so ta2en into accont0
> DAD"$B ma2es it possi-'e to re!ce the nm-er of nnecessar# TC* reser,ations of !a' -an! mo-i'es in the
primar# -an! an! ths pro,i!es more trn2in3 efficienc# in the net+or20
• 4ote that DAD"$B can a'so -e se! from a microce'' to a macroce'', from a /)M 1800 ce'' to a /)M
900 ce'' or a /)M 800 ce'', an! from a /)M 1900 ce'' to a /)M 800 ce''0
• Direct Access to Desire! "a#er$Ban! is -ase! on the fo''o+in3 main fnctiona'ities.
> The DAD"$B han!o,er is tri33ere! accor!in3 to the 'oa! of the accesse! ce'', the M) capa-i'ities, an! the ra!io
net+or2 en,ironment %a!5acent ce''s&0
> A!5acent ce''s can -e set as potentia' tar3et ce''s for DAD"$B han!o,er on the -asis of a!5acenc# -# sin3
67M0 The a!5acent ce'' has to f'fi'' the si3na' 'e,e' re8irement in or!er to -e consi!ere! as a tar3et ce'' for a
DAD"$B han!o,er0
> A!5acent ce'' priorities are ta2en into accont +hen e,a'atin3 tar3et ce''s for a DAD"$B han!o,er0
> 6n'# intra(B)C DAD"$B han!o,ers are possi-'e0
Internal
%$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%A%A:0 applications
T'e use of 858"+? is fleBi3le wit' adTacent cell indications and t'us
858"+? can 3e tailored to different en#ironments and concepts-
Internal
%% © Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%A%A:0 functionality
• 858"+? is applied in call set-up p'ase if
> 858"+? feature is ena3led wit' ?S9 le#el optionalit6 management parameter
> T9/ load of accessed cell eBceeds t'e BTSLoadThreshold
> T'ere are adTacent cells defined wit' DADLBTargetCell parameter to 3e used as target cells for
858"+? 'ando#er4 cells #erified according to )S capa3ilities
> T'e signal le#el of t'e 858"+? target cell eBceeds t'e HOLevelUmbrella(n

?S9 will e#aluate t'e target cells for 858"+? 'ando#er during time indicated wit'
M!nT!meL!m!tD" parameter

5dTacent cell priorities HO#r!or!t$Level(n and load factors HOLoad%a&tor(n are used in
target cell sorting for 858"+? 'ando#er

8R will 3e applied if t'ere is real T9/ congestion in accessed cell

If t'e 858"+? 'ando#er fails 7no T9/s a#aila3le in target cells4 no 858"+? target cells4 )S
returns to old c'annel: t'e T9/ is attempted to allocate from accessed cell

&re-emption 'as 'ig'er priorit6 t'an 858"+? 'ando#er
Internal
%1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
ce 'a0 = 100
F
A"!'a0"4(e!4'0
: ce 'a0 : 100
F
Ce 'a0 :
."!'a0"4(e!4'
0
S&ec,Ec &a(ame"e(
dadl3Target9ell @?> indicates adAacent cell as potential target
!tsAoad-hreshold $&&)$$ B cell load triggering 7.**0 handover
7R ,+,",a"e0
/,"4 @
/,"4'8"
G8e8,+3
7A7L@A
,+,",a"e0
TCH a'ca"e0
9('m !e(D,+3
ce
Call Setup
%A%A:0 triggering
Internal
%; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Resource allocation and hando.er strategy
C0CC2
2/ setup and neigh!or strategy re.ie+ for (G and #G
Internal
%< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Resource allocation and hando.er strategy
• T'e aim is to allocate t'e rig't resource on t'e rig't 3and for
t'e call
• T'e traffic s'ould 3e mo#ed to 89S1.**+(,** to maintain
0oS on G,** after refarming
• If 89S1.** is co-located4 t'en 9?99/ s'ould 3e considered
in multi3and en#ironment
Internal
%. © Nokia Siemens Networks
Multi!and solution
Common 0CC2
8ual ?and peration

e#er6 ?TS 'as its ?99/ and S899/
c'annels
9ommon ?99/ 9ontrol

impro#ed spectral efficienc6 7one
?99/:

optimi!ed use of signaling c'annels

tig'ter reuse of non ?99/ carriers

3etter 2ualit6 7decreased num3er of
/s:
• Non ?99/ ffset
Non ?99/ fre2- ?TS
?99/+S899/
?99/ fre2- ?TS
9ell 2
?99/+S899/
9ell 1
?99/+S899/
Internal
%, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Multi!and Solution
Segment

segment N telecom cell

segment ma6 consist of se#eral
?TS o3Tects

?TSs of a segment are co-located
and s6nc'roni!ed

a ?TS in a segment is a group of
similar TRDs

a ?TS in a segment must consist
of TRDs of t'e same fre2uenc6
3and 7&GS),**4 AGS),**4
GS)1.** + GS).**4 GS)1,**
separated:

a ?TS in a segment must consist
of TRDs of t'e same 3ase station
site t6pe
Internal
1* © Nokia Siemens Networks
BTS'() BCCH'(
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'*) BCCH'*
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'+) BCCH'+
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS',) BCCH',
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'-) BCCH'-
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'.) BCCH'.
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
89()ANTTS&A
T6pe(nitr8epartment/ere
T6peSourName/ere T6pe8ate/ere
BTS'() BCCH'(
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'*
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'+) BCCH'+
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS',
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'-) BCCH'-
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'.
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
Multi!and Solution
Common 0CC2
Co-located solution
altoget'er ; ?99/ carriers
C0CC2 setup
impro#ed spectral efficienc64
$ ?99/ carriers
Internal
11 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Setup
7riority order for 2/ <.aluation
1-Interference 7uplink or downlink:
2-Intra-segment inter-3and 3ecause of
downlink le#el 7from 'ig'er to lower
fre2uenc6 3and:
$-(plink 2ualit6
%-8ownlink 2ualit6
1-5)R unpacking 7uplink le#el and also uplink
unpacking 2ualit6 triggers:
;-(plink le#el
<-5)R unpacking 7downlink le#el and also
downlink unpacking 2ualit6 triggers:
.-8ownlink le#el
,-I)SI-3ased inter-s6stem 'ando#er to
@98)5 R5N
1*-I)SI-3ased 'ando#er
11-8T)-3ased 'ando#er to @98)5 R5N
12-Inter-s6stem 'ando#er to @98)5 R5N
1$-)S-?S distance 7maBimum or minimum:
1%-Turn-around-corner )S
11-Rapid field drop
1;-Slow+fast-mo#ing )S
1<- (m3rella
1.- &ower 3udget
1,- 8T)-3ased 'ando#er to a GS) 8T) cell
2*- ?S9-initiated TR/
21- I(
22- Intra-segment / 3ased on load
2$- 5)R packing 3ecause of good uplink and
downlink 2ualit6
2%- 5)R unpacking 3ecause of 3ad uplink or
downlink 2ualit6
21- &9 3ecause of lower 2ualit6 t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2;- &9 3ecause of lower le#el t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2<- &9 3ecause of upper 2ualit6 t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2.- &9 3ecause of upper le#el t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
Internal
12 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Interference
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates
t'at a 'ando#er
3ecause of uplink or
downlink interference
is re2uired4 t'e ?S9
ma6 perform eit'er an
intra-cell 'ando#er or
an inter-cell 'ando#er-
Internal
1$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
=uality
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er 3ecause of uplink or
downlink 2ualit6 is re2uired4
t'e ?S9 e#aluates t'e radio
link properties of t'e adTacent
cells to find a target cell for t'e
'ando#er-
Internal
1% © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Ae.el
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er 3ecause of uplink or
downlink le#el is re2uired4 t'e
?S9 e#aluates t'e radio link
properties of t'e adTacent cells
to find a target cell for t'e
'ando#er-
Internal
11 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IMSI 0ased 2ando.er
• T'e main 3enefit of I)SI-3ased /ando#er is t'at
t'e 'ando#er access of t'e ot'er operatorsR
su3scri3ers can 3e limited onl6 to defined cells to
maintain ser#ice preference to own su3scri3ers-
T'e ot'er operators can prefer t'eir own cells
and t'us optimise costs caused 36 network #isits-
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M?W*.M
9oaming partner #
<7M?W*.M
9oaming partner #
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
W*.M
Operator
W*.M
Operator
/ando#er Target Neig'3ours can 3e from
different NetworksE

peratorRs own GS)+A8GA cells

peratorRs own @98)5 cells

GS)+A8GA cells of a greenfield operator

@98)5 cells of a greenfield operator

Full control of 'ando#er targets 3ased on
su3scri3er information

&artners access can 3e limited to defined
cells in order to maintain ser#ice
preference to own su3scri3ers

&artners can prefer t'eir own cells and
t'us optimise costs caused 36 network
#isits

Re2uires ;%k signalling links for assuring
necessar6 signalling capacit6 and Nokia
)S9 since sending I)SI from )S9 to
?S9 is not specified 36 $G&&-
Internal
1; © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MS-0S distance
5 'ando#er caused 36 t'e )S-
?S distance pre#ents t'e )S
from eBceeding cell 3oundaries-
T'e 'ando#er t'res'old
comparison #aries depending
on w'et'er t'e cells concerned
are eBtended range cells or
normal cells-
Internal
1< © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Rapid field drop

T'e ?S9 recognises t'e necessit6 to
make a 'ando#er w'en t'e /
t'res'old comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er4 w'ose cause is rapid field
drop4 ma6 3e re2uired from t'e ser#ing
cell to a specified adTacent cell-

T'e situation can take place4 for
eBample4 w'en an )S mo#es so fast
from t'e co#erage area of an indoor
cell to t'e co#erage area of an outdoor
cell t'at t'e uplink radio link is lost-
Internal
1. © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
<nhanced rapid field drop
If t'e en'anced rapid field drop
detection procedure is ena3led4 t'e
?S9 monitors t'e c'anges in t'e
uplink+downlink signal le#el of t'e
ser#ing cell 36 comparing t'e
consecuti#e measurement samples
7raw measurement results4 not
a#eraged #alues:- T'e ?S9
calculates t'e c'ange in t'e
uplink+downlink signal 88AK"ACA"
o#er t'e inter#al determined 36 t'e
parameter deep dropping edge
monitoring window 7AR)@:-
Internal
1, © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MS Speed
)o3ile distri3ution in multi la6er networks 3ased on speed

Slow mo#ing )S -U lower la6er 7micro: cells -U optimum capacit6 use

Fast mo#ing )S -U upper la6er 7macro: cells -U reduction of signaling traffic
Two proprietar6 Nokia features

8ast Mo.ing Mo!ile Support ?8MMS5
> Astimation of )S speed 3ased on num3er of measurement reports from adTacent micro cells used to
mo#e )S from (&&AR 7macro: to "@AR 7micro: cell

MSB Speed %etection
> )easurement of )S speed 36 counting fading dips used to mo#e slow+fast )S from macro+micro to
micro+micro cell
Internal
;* © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
8ast:slo+-mo.ing MS

T'e crucial principle of t'e traffic
control is t'at slow-mo#ing or
stationar6 )Ss are 'anded o#er
from a ser#ing la6er to a lower
la6er4 and fast-mo#ing )Ss are
'anded o#er from a ser#ing la6er
to an upper la6er-

T'e parameter adTacent cell la6er
759": determines t'e la6er of t'e
adTacent cell from t'e point of
#iew of t'e ser#ing cell-

T'e la6er of an adTacent cell can
3e eit'erE
> t'e same as t'e la6er of t'e
ser#ing cell 7t'e #alue is RsameR:
> upper t'an t'e la6er of t'e ser#ing
cell 7t'e #alue is RupperR:
> lower t'an t'e la6er of t'e ser#ing
cell 7t'e #alue is RlowerR:
Internal
;1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MSB Speed %etection
T'e purpose of )S Speed 8etection
is to determine t'e mo3ile stationRs
7)S: speed in GS)+89S networks
so t'at fast mo#ing mo3iles can 3e
directed to macrocells and t'e slower
mo3iles to microcells- T'is is an
efficient wa6 to increase t'e capacit6
of t'e network and to decrease t'e
num3er of 'ando#ers in microcells-
T'e role of t'e ?TS is to measure t'e
speed of t'e )S and to send t'e
information to t'e ?S9 36 including
t'e speed information in t'e
)easurement Result message- For
more information4 see $G&&
specification ETSI GSM TS 08.58,
ersion !.5.0.
• lower speed limit 7"S":
> T'is parameter is used to define t'e lower speed
t'res'old for an )S- If t'e speed of t'e )S is lower
t'an t'is t'res'old4 t'e )S will 3e 'anded o#er to a
lower la6er adTacent cell 7if an6:-
• upper speed limit 7(S":
> T'is parameter is used to define t'e upper speed
t'res'old for an )S- If t'e speed of t'e )S is 'ig'er
t'an t'is t'res'old4 t'e )S is 'anded o#er to an
upper la6er adTacent cell 7if an6:-
• )S speed t'res'old NB 7STN:
> T'is parameter is used in t'e t'res'old comparison
3etween t'e a#eraged )S speed and t'e upper and
lower speed t'res'olds- NB is t'e total num3er of
a#erages to 3e taken into account 3efore t'e decision
is possi3le- T'is parameter is common to 3ot' lower
and upper speed t'res'olds-
• )S speed t'res'old &B 7ST&:
> T'is parameter is used in t'e t'res'old comparison
3etween t'e a#eraged )S speed and t'e upper and
lower speed t'res'olds- &B is t'e num3er of a#erages
out of total a#erages t'at 'a#e to 3e lower+'ig'er t'an
t'e t'res'old 3efore a 'ando#er due to )S speed is
possi3le- T'is parameter is common to 3ot' lower and
upper speed t'res'olds-
• )S speed a#eraging 7)S5:
> T'is parameter defines t'e a#eraging window si!e for
t'e )S speed indications from t'e ?TS-
Internal
;2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
,m!rella 2/
T'e um3rella 'ando#er procedure
ena3les network-directed traffic
control 3etween um3rella cells
7macrocells: and microcells- T'e
parameter ena3le um3rella 'ando#er
7A(): indicates w'et'er t'e
um3rella 'ando#er procedure is
ena3led- T'e um3rella 'ando#er is
ena3led w'en t'e #alue is R6esR-
Internal
;$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
6mbrella handover
to micro cell
A
A
9C level handover
back to macro cell
)D$$ Macro
)D$$ Micro
hoLevelUmbrella = 1D- d#m
gsmMacrocellThreshold= ($ d#m
gsmMicrocellThreshold = ,$ d#m
msTxPwrMax(n) = )- d#m 1E micro cell
P
MAX = )- d#m 1E handover to micro cell onl=
hoThresholdLevelDL = 1F- d#m
2ando.er Support
,m!rella 2/
3hreshold 9C level handover !F- d#m
3hreshold umbrella handover !D- d#m
T'e um3rella 'ando#er procedure
ena3les network-directed traffic
control 3etween um3rella cells
7macrocells: and microcells-
Internal
;% © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
7o+er 0udget

T'e power 3udget 'ando#er
procedure ensures t'at t'e
)S is alwa6s 'anded o#er to
t'e cell wit' t'e minimum
pat' loss4 e#en t'oug' t'e
2ualit6 and t'e le#el
t'res'olds ma6 not 'a#e
3een eBceeded-
Internal
;1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Com!ined ,m!rella and 7o+er 0udget

(m3rella 'ando#er to go from GS) ,**+.** to GS) 1.**+1,**4 wit' a
t6pical t'res'old of -.1 d?m

&ower 3udget 'ando#er wit'in t'e same la6er4 wit' a margin of ; d?

Radio reason 7"e#el or 0ualit6: 'ando#er to go from GS) 1.**+1,** to
GS) ,**+ .**-
Internal
;; © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
-raffic Reason 2/

To s'are t'e load 3etween t'e cells4 t'e )S9 ma6 re2uest t'e ?S9 to perform a
specified num3er of 'ando#ers from one specified cell 7'ig' load: to ot'er
specified adTacent cells w'ic' 'a#e less load- T'e following figure s'ows t'e
process leading to a traffic reason 'ando#er-
Internal
;< © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Ad.anced Multilayer 2andling ?AM25

?6 redistri3uting t'e traffic to t'e appropriate la6er or
fre2uenc6 3and4 t'e network wide load can 3e d6namicall6
smoot'ed out-

T'e 5)/ contains t'ree features
> ?S9 Initiated Traffic Reason /ando#er
> )ulti "a6er "oad 9ontrol
> I( "oad 9ontrol
Internal
;. © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
0SC Initiated -raffic Reason 2ando.er

@'en t'e load in a cell eBceeds t'e AMH U//er Load Threshold #alue4 new
reduced margins for power 3udget / will 3e acti#ated

5)/ penalt6 s6stem determines a guard time during w'ic' a / 3ack to original
cells is not allowed
Internal
;, © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Multi Aayer Aoad Control
8uring low network load4 w'en t'e traffic is 3elow t'e AMH Lo0er Load
Threshold #alue4 unnecessar6 'ando#ers can 3e a#oided
I+"e,3e+" ;(eG8e+c) H'&&,+3
M8",a)e(
4a+0,+3
6SM100
!8&e(
6SM1H00 m,c('
D
D
6SM100 m,c('
D
6SM1H00 mac('
D
Internal
<* © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
AM2 in I,/

8uring #er6 lig't load4 onl6 regular fre2uencies4 or )Ss w'ic' are #er6
close to ?TS 'a#ing #er6 good 9+I can use I( are used and t'us
additional 'ando#ers are a#oided
> ?etter 0ualit6
Internal
<1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
<7M
<7M
<7M
<7M
2ando.er Support
Inter System 2ando.er
<7M
<7M
<7M high
loaded
W*.M low
loaded
<7M
<7M
<7M
<7M
W*.M
W*.M
W*.M
W*.M
:oad reason
0andover for speech
and for 07*7.
:oad reason
0andover for speech
and for 07*7.
W*.M
W*.M
<7M
<7M
*overage, :oad and service
reason 0andover
*overage
:oad and service
reason 0andover
WC7MA ca+ .e 8!e0
"' (e,eDe 6SM 'De('a0
6SM ca+ .e 8!e0 "' ex"e+0
WC7MA c'De(a3e a(ea
WC7MA ca+ .e 8!e0
"' (e,eDe 6SM 'De('a0
6SM ca+ .e 8!e0 "' ex"e+0
WC7MA c'De(a3e a(ea
Mobile moving
Internal
<2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IS2/C GSM-D WC%MA
T'e following prere2uisites must 3e fulfilled to ena3le an inter-s6stem
'ando#er from GS) to @98)5 R5NE

T'e target cell candidates 7$G ?TSs: are defined as neig'3or @98)5
R5N cells

T'e (A are allowed to measure t'e neig'3our @98)5 R5N cells of t'e
ser#ing GS) cell-

Sou can define t'e measuring t'res'old 36 t'e t'res'old for multi-R5T )S
70SR9: parameter-

T'e (A 'as sent t'e neig'3our @98)5 R5N cell measurements to t'e
?S9-

Sou can control t'e measurement sending 36 t'e num3er of measured
F88 cells 7F8)R: parameter-

T'e connection-specific penalt6 timer for inter-s6stem 'ando#er attempts
'as 3een eBpired-
Internal
<$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IS2/C GSM-D WC%MA
T'e ?S9 initiates an inter-s6stem 'ando#er attempt to t'e @98)5 R5N4 ifE

5 neig'3our @98)5 R5N cell is a#aila3le 7co#erage:

T'e cell-specific penalt6 timer does not eBist in t'e ?S9 for t'e @98)5 R5N cell-

Ac+No measured 36 t'e (A 'as to eBceed t'e 'ando#er t'res'oldE minimum
9&I9/ Ac+Io le#el 7)AT:-

Traffic load of t'e ser#ing GS) cell eBceeds t'e t'res'old 7load:

Sou can define t'e load t'res'old 36 t'e minimum traffic load for a speec' call
7"TS9: parameter-

T'e use of load t'res'old is also influenced 36 t'e ser#ice priorit6 sent 36 t'e
)S9-

T'e ?S9 initiates onl6 as man6 inter-s6stem 'ando#ers as t'e num3er of ongoing
calls in t'e ser#ing GS) cell is o#er t'e traffic load t'res'old- T'at is4 t'e ser#ing
GS) cell is not emptied into t'e @98)5 R5N-
Internal
<% © Nokia Siemens Networks
7ec,!,'+ A3'(,"4m
Co.erage !ased
• (A TB &ower 7A#ent
;5:
• 9&I9/ RS9& 7A#ent
1F:
• 8" 8&9/ power
• 9&I9/ Ac+Io 7A#ent
1F:
• (" 0ualit6
Se(D,ce .a!e0 H#
• ctions started
periodicall=
Aoad !ased 2/
• T'e total interference load
• T'e reTection rate of &S
NRT traffic capacit6 re2uests
• "ack of downlink spreading
codes
• /@ resources are limited
• "ogical resources are limited
dAg3xGwrMax3*0
dAg9x:evMin0O "n%
<smMeasveWindow
<smMeas9epInterval
<sm>cell7earchGeriod
<smMinMeasInterval
<smMaxMeasGeriod
Ha+0'De( Exec8",'+
26%"'%26 .acI &(eDe+",'+
<smMin0oInterval
6SM mea!8(eme+"
(e&'(",+3 9'( "a(3e"
ce!
2ando.er Support
IS2/ WC%MA -D GSM
IMSI .a!e0 ISH#
• Seec",+3 &('&e( "a(3e" ce!
• 9>* selects the
99* connections to
be handed over
based diHerent
criteria
• 9>* selects the
99* connections to
be handed over
based diHerent
criteria
Eme(3e+c)
ISH#
• I70O to <7M for getting
location
Internal
<1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Standard 2alfrate
&resentation + 5ut'or + 8ate
Internal
<; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Standard 2alfrate
• T'e aim is to increase utili!ation of remaining GS),** TRDs
after refarming wit' maintained 0oS
Internal
<< © Nokia Siemens Networks
6pper limit for free I9 3*0s
1 ."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e 
#37 level
1 ."!L'a07e&TC4Ra"e  #7*
level
:ower limit for free I9 3*0s
1 ."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e 
#37 level
1 ."!L'a07e&TC4Ra"e  #7*
level
A'ca",'
+ '9 ;R
TCH!
A'ca",'
+ '9 HR
TCH!
A'ca",'
+ '9 ;R
TCH!

8ree 8R -C2s
!ased on ratio of
a.aila!le to
+orking 8R -C2s

7rocess is
disa!led !y
setting lo+er limit
D upper limit

<na!ling load
analysis at 0-S
le.el
automatically
disa!les it at a
0SC le.el

-o disa!le at
0-S le.el must !e
disa!led at !oth
0-S and 0SC
le.el
Standard 2alfrate
Internal
<. © Nokia Siemens Networks
4a9Ra"eS8&&'(" (TX eDe) J @ N
."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e
L'/e( L,m," 0KB100F
L&&e( L,m," 0KB100F
."!L'a07e&TCHRa"e
L'/e( L,m," 0K100F
L&&e( L,m," 0K100F
"c4Ra"eI+"e(+aH# 1K?
"c4Ra"eI+"(aCeH# 1K?
ATS
LeDe
ASC LeDe
Pa(ame"e( Va8e
Standard 2alfrate
Internal
<, © Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction
Ana3ling and resource allocation
"ink adaptation
&ower control
Intracell /4Intercell /
Internal
.* © Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction
• GS) FR+AFR c'annel gross 3it-rate is 22-. k3ps in GS) FR+AFRE
> 1$ k3ps +speec' coding
> ,-. k3ps +c'annel coding
• /R c'annel gross 3it rate is 11-% k3ps
• T'e idea of 5)R is 3ased on t'e fact t'at in soft limited RF en#ironments 7poor 9+I:C
> Speec' coding can 3e decreased in order to impro#e c'annel coding
> #erall result is an impro#ed #oice 2ualit6 7in terms of FAR:
> For 5)R4 t'e speec' and c'annel coding data rates are d6namicall6 adapted to 3est fit t'e current
RF c'annel conditions-
<-%
1-,
EF)E
%-<1
12-2
<-,1
EF&
%-<1
2/
2/
2/
*urrent Iull 9ate 8
M9 0alf 9ate
M9 Iull 9ate
Aa!e S"a",'+ Ce C'De(a3e
Internal
.1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction

?efore 5)R t'e GS) operator 'as on t'e air interfaceE
> 2 different 9'annel T6pe 7Full Rate J /alf Rate:
> 2 different 9'annel 9oding 71 V Full Rate J 1 V /alf Rate:

T'e reason of t'e introduction of 2 different 9'annel T6pes is
> ABploit t'e capacit6 of t'e TRD w'ere possi3le
> 9ope wit' temporar6 increase of traffic
• @it' t'e introduction of 5)R t'e GS) operator 'as a#aila3le on t'e air interfaceE
> 2 8ifferent 9'annel T6pe 7Full Rate + /alf Rate:
> 1% 8ifferent 9'annel 9oding 7. V Full Rate J ; V /alf Rate:
• T'e reason of t'e 1% different 9'annel 9oding is to use in e#er6 moment of t'e con#ersation
t'e 3est trade off 3etween 9'annel 9oding and Speec' 9oding-
> Increased Speec' 9oding W Increased Coice Reconstruction 5ccurac6
> Increased 9'annel 9oding  Increased Ro3ustness  Good FAR in poor 9+I en#ironment
Internal
.2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
*
1
1*
11
2*
21
FR
12-2
FR
1*-2
FR
<-,1
FR <-% FR ;-< FR 1-, FR
1-11
FR
%-<1
/R
<-,1
/R <-% /R ;-< /R 1-, /R
1-11
/R
%-<1
AMR codec mode
C
h
a
n
n
e
l

!
i
t
-
r
a
t
e

?
k
!
i
t
:
s
5
9'annel coding
Speec' coding
7peech Jual
9obustness

For 5)R case4 different codec use different 3it rate to encode speec' 7source
coding:- T'e rest of t'e gross 3it-rate is used for c'annel protection-
0 AMR
Introduction
Internal
.$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
<na!ling
0R 7arameter 0SS 7arameter Mapping rule
<AMRG-R,<
o3TectE ?S9 X?5SI9SY
rangeE TR(A4 F5"SA
defaultE TR(A
Introduced in ?R,-*
t'is parameter ena3les 5)R speec' in t'e ?S9- @'en
it is set to TR(A4 t'e ?S9 generall6 allows t'e use of 5)R speec'
codecs in t'e ?S9 w'en t'e ?S9 recei#es T9/ re2uest messages
7suc' as 5SSIGN)ANT RA0(AST or /5N8CAR RA0(AST: t'at
indicate 5)R codecs 7indicated in t'e messages ZFR Cersion $H4 or
Z/R Cersion $H respecti#el6: as allowed-
Refer to NA8 and 3lock diagram at t'e 3ottom of t'is slide-
Internal
.% © Nokia Siemens Networks
7arameter %escription
-C2 In 2ando.er ?2RI5
A!!re.iated name tc'RateInternal/o
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 5ctual Rate 71:4 8ata 9all 72:4 No Rate 9'ange 7$:4 &referred Rate 7%:4 ?est
9andidate 71:
@it' t'is parameter 6ou define t'e traffic c'annel allocation during ?SS internal or eBternal 'ando#ers- T'e
parameter controls t'e target cell selection and t'e T9/ c'annel rate and speec' codec determination in traffic
c'annel allocation- T'e parameter can 'a#e t'e following #aluesE
1 --- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of T9/ 'as to 3e primaril6 allocated- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of speec' codec inside t'e call
ser#ing t6pe of T9/ can c'ange-
2 --- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of T9/ and t'e call ser#ing t6pe of speec' codec are preferred to 3e primaril6 allocated
during t'e speec' connection- T'e c'annel rate c'ange is possi3le during data connection4 if necessar64 and if t'e
radio interface data rate allows it-
$ --- T'e c'annel rate and speec' codec c'anges are totall6 denied-
% --- T'e preferred c'annel rate of T9/ and preferred speec' codec 'a#e to 3e primaril6 allocated-
1 --- T9/ 'as to 3e primaril6 allocated from t'e 3est ?TS of t'e 'ando#er candidate list-
Initial AMR Channel Rate ?IAC5
A!!re.iated name init5mr9'annelRate
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 5n6 rate 71:4 5)R FR 72: @it' t'is parameter 6ou define t'e initial c'annel rate in call setup4 internal inter cell 'ando#er 7/: and eBternal /
for an 5dapti#e )ulti Rate 75)R: call- ))" RangeE 1 N an6 rate4 t'ere is not an6 eBtra re2uirements 36 t'e parameter
and t'e c'osen c'annel rate is defined 36 taking into account t'e currentl6 used information for c'annel allocation2 N
5)R FR is allocated despite of t'e #alues of t'e currentl6 used information for c'annel allocation
AMR
Resource allocation @ 2ando.ers ?0SS only5
Internal
.1 © Nokia Siemens Networks

If multirate configuration of source and target ?TS are t'e same4 t'en P5)R
9onfiguration In /ando#ersQ and P5)R Set Grades Ana3ledQ parameters 'a#e no
impact-
7arameter %escription
AMR Set Grades <na!led ?ASG5
A!!re.iated name amrSetGradesAna3l
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 8owngrades and upgrades are not applied 7*:
8owngrades and upgrades are applied 71:
@it' t'is parameter 6ou define w'et'er codec mode set downgrades during internal /s and upgrades after internal
/s are applied or not-
AMR Configuration In 2ando.ers ?AC25
A!!re.iated name amr9onfIn/ando#ers
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 9urrentl6 used multirate 71:4 )ultirate configuration of target ?TS 72:
T'e attri3ute defines t'e preference 3etween t'e currentl6 used multirate configuration and t'e one defined for t'e
target ?TS during internal 'ando#ers-
))" RangeE
1 N t'e currentl6 used multirate configuration is preferred in furt'er c'annel allocations
2 N t'e multirate configuration of target ?TS is preferred in furt'er c'annel allocations
AMR
Resource allocation - Codecs in 2/ ?0SS only5
Internal
.; © Nokia Siemens Networks

39G5
(TRX P(,'(,") ,+ TCH a'ca",'+ )

#I<5
(&(e9e( ACCH 9(eG8e+c) 6PRS)
AMR
<nhanced -R9 7rioritF in -C2 Allocation in 0SS

?R > la6ering can 3e set up 36 5)RFR""&R) and
5)R/R""&R) parameters-

?SS
Internal
.< © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Codecs and Aink Adaptation
T'e parameters [amr9onfigurationFrE codec)odeSet[ J
[amr9onfiguration/rE codec)odeSet[ 7FR9: determine t'e set
of codecs in used-
86namic code adaptation is 3ased on 9+I estimation- T'res'old and '6steresisE
• FRTBE 5)R FR t'res'old B  amr9onfigurationFrE t'res'oldB4 wit' BN1424$
• FR/BE 5)R FR '6steresis B  amr9onfigurationFrE '6steresisB4 wit' BN1424$
• /RTBE 5)R /R t'res'old B  amr9onfiguration/rE t'res'oldB4 wit' BN1424$
• /R/BE 5)R /R '6steresis B  amr9onfiguration/rE '6steresisB4 wit' BN1424$
Internal
.. © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Codecs and Aink Adaptation
• T'e following parameters must 3e set properl6 to maBimise t'e gaing of
5)R after refarming
• amr9onfFr9odec)odeSet
• amr9onfFrStart)ode
• 5)R FR 8" T'res'old 1 5)R FR (" T'res'old 1 5)R FR /6steresis 1
• 5)R FR 8" T'res'old 2 5)R FR (" T'res'old 2 5)R FR /6steresis 2
• 5)R FR 8" T'res'old $ 5)R FR 8" T'res'old $ 5)R FR /6steresis $
• 5)R /R codec mode set
• 5)R /R start mode
• 5)R /R 8" T'res'old 1 5)R /R (" T'res'old 1 5)R /R /6steresis 1
• 5)R /R 8" T'res'old 2 5)R /R (" T'res'old 2 5)R /R /6steresis 2
• 5)R /R 8" T'res'old $ 5)R /R (" T'res'old $ 5)R /R /6steresis $
Internal
., © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
7o+er control
• T'e following parameters are used to set power control
properl6 to maintain 5)R 2ualit6 after rfarming
• amr&ocFr&c"T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&ocFr&c"T'r(lRB0ual
• amr&ocFr&c(T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&ocFr&c(T'r(lRB0ual
• amr&oc/r&c"T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&oc/r&c"T'r(lRB0ual
• amr&oc/r&c(T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&oc/r&c(T'r(lRB0ual
Internal
,* © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
7acking and unpacking
• 0ualit6 3ased packing+unpacking is set 36 t'e following parameters
• amr/oFrIn/oT'r8lRB0ual4 amr/oFrIn/oT'r8lRB0ual
• amr/o/rIn/oT'r8lRB0ual4 amr/o/rIn/oT'r8lRB0ual
• T'e load 3ased packing+unpacking is set 36 t'e following parameters
> lower limit for FR T9/ resources 7/R":
> upper limit for FR T9/ resources 7/R(:
> lower limit for SAG FR resources 7FR":
> upper limit for SAG FR resources 7FR(:
> 5)R lower limit for FR resources 75/R":
> 5)R upper limit for FR resources 75/R(:
> 5)R lower limit for SAG FR resources 75FR":
> 5)R upper limit for SAG FR resources 75FR(:
Internal
,1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Radio link timeout
• T'ere are separated RT" parameters for non5)R4 5)R FR
and 5)R /R
Internal
,2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Intercell 2/

Separate RD0(5" t'res'old parameters are used for 5)R
on ?TS le#el
> 8efault set to \worseQ #alues compared to t'e AFR RD0ual parameters
7e-g- AFR N%4 5)R N 1:
> Same pB+nB #alues used for 3ot' 5)R and AFR
> @it' t'ese default settings 5)R calls would 3e eBpected to 'a#e less
/ due to 2ualit6

In case of inter cell / t'ere are no differences in RD0(5"
measurement met'od 3etween AFR and 5)R
> AFR call and 5)R call in identical location s'ould s'ow identical
RD0(5" measurements
> In congested cell wit' no a#aila3le TS for unpacking4 Inter-cell /
re2uired 3ased on RD0(5"-
Internal
,$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
8eatures for signaling optimi3ation

5)R / signaling optimi!ation

5)R unpacking optimi!ation S1%

Separate ("J8" "ink 5daptation T'res'olds

Ro3ust 5)R Signaling 7F599/ + S599/:
> F599/ and S599/ repetition for \repeated 599/Q capa3le mo3iles on 5)R T9/
> F599/ repetition for legac6 mo3iles on 5)R FR
> F599/ repetition for legac6 mo3iles on 5)R /R
> F599/ &ower Increment
Internal
,% © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!chanel
%2R
%8R
Internal
,1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Introduction

rt'ogonal Su3-9'annel 7S9: is a #oice capacit6 feature t'at allows assigning
two 5)R /R connections on one T9/ 'alf rate c'annel

up to four 5)R /R connections ma6 3e ser#ed 36 one radio timeslot

Gain of S9 > cost efficienc6

"ess TRD eBpansion ma6 re2uired and+or gi#e more capacit6 to &S ser#ices

It ma6 'elp to reduce fre2uenc6 3and usage

S9 comprises t'e following ?SS featuresE

S9 /alf Rate wit' S5I9 )S 7?SS21$*,:

9ircuit Switc'ed 86namic 53is &ool 7?SS$*$.1:
 re2uired in case of legac6 53is to pro#ide t'e ZadditionalH 53is capacit6 for t'e second S9 su3-
c'annel 7two 5)R connections paired in 8/R mode on t'e same T9/+/ re2uires two 1;k3ps 53is
su3-c'annels:

r &acket 53is o#er I&+At' 7?SS21%1%: or &acket 53is o#er T8) ?SS21%%*:

S9 re2uires Single 5ntenna Interference 9ancelation 7S5I9: recei#er in mo3ile
stations

?S9 applies S9 onl6 for )Ss w'ic' indicate t'eir S5I9 support
Internal
,; © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
%o+nlink

rt'ogonal Su3-c'annel concept in 8" direction is 3ased on t'e adoption
of t'e 0&S] modulation
> 0&S] modulation carries two ort'ogonal su3-c'annels w'ic' can 3e recei#ed
36 legac6 S5I9 )S like normal G)S]
> ?TS uses d6namicall6 G)S] or 0&S] modulation

if t'ere is onl6 one 5)R /R connection4 t'e c'annel performs as a traditional 5)R /R
T9/
> Separate reception of two su3-c'annels is ena3led 36 t'eir ort'ogonalit6
ac'ie#ed wit' appropriatel6 selected TS9s
> S9-* and S9-1 su3-c'annels 'a#e independent RR signaling
Internal
,< © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
%o+nlink

RTS" used for 5)R /R call can 3e allocated to 8/R connections 36 splitting into
two 7ort'ogonal: su3-c'annels 7S9-* and S9-1:

T'e separation 3etween S9-* and S9-1 su3-c'annels is ac'ie#ed 36 t'e use
of Training Se2uence 9odes
> su3-c'annel specific TS9s are optimi!ed in TS9 pairs for t'e 3est performance in 8/R
mode

S9-* su3-c'annel is assigned a Zlegac6H TS9 and uses Zlegac6H 53is transport
resources

S9-1 su3-c'annel is assigned a Zpair-wiseH TS9 and uses ZadditionalH 53is
transport resources
> additional 53is transport capacit6 is pro#ided wit' 9S85& or &acket 53is
-SC for /SC-' -SC for /SC-)
' (
) H
( '
# I
I #
E "
" E
H )
Internal
,. © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
,plink

rt'ogonal su3-c'annel concept in (" direction is 3ased on traditional G)S]
modulation and )ulti (ser )ultiple Input )ultiple utput 7)(-)I): tec'ni2ue
> two users are differentiated 36 TS9 and propagation pat's
 t'e same TS9 pair as in 8" is used
> ?TS separates users wit' RB 8i#ersit6 and interference cancellation tec'ni2ues
 Successi#e Interference 9ancellation 7SI9: recei#er is used
 RB 8i#ersit6 is a prere2uisite for S9
• wit'out RB 8i#ersit6 8/R performance in (" would 3e #er6 poor 7(" wit'out RB 8i#ersit6 is worse t'an 8"
wit'out S5I9:
> RB le#el 3alance 3etween two connections occup6ing paired S9-* and S9-1 su3-
c'annels is needed to pro#ide sufficient 2ualit6
Internal
,, © Nokia Siemens Networks
cell 0
main -SC G ' main -SC G (
paired -SC G '
cell A
paired -SC G (
cell 0
main -SC G ' main -SC G #
paired -SC G I
cell A
paired -SC G (
/rthogonal Su!-channel
-SC planning

If some cells suffer from relati#el6 'ig'er speec' 2ualit6 degradation after
S9 acti#ation t'an ot'ers4 t'e TS9 plan s'ould 3e re#iewed
> speec' 2ualit6 ma6 3e monitored wit' e-g- S9 RD 0ualit6 )easurements
7countersE 122***-122*<,: and+or FAR )easurement 7counter <<**2:
> if 2ualit6 degradation detected4 t'en TS9 re-planning s'ould 3e consideredE

interference relations 3etween neig'3oring cells
 pro3a3ilit6 of paired TS9 utili!ation dependent on S9 penetration

fact t'at 0&S] interference is more 'armful for G)S] t'an G)S] interference
 t'ere is significant performance deterioration of S9 8" transmission due to TS9
collision 3etween S9 paired users and eBternal interferer
Internal
1** © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Multiple;ing

8/R multipleBing mode is triggered 3ased on load criterion
> if t'e percentage of free FR T9/s decreases 3elow "i#i$ for Triggering %S&
'(R M)*$ip*e+ing4 t'e ?TS enters 8/R multipleBing mode

8/R multipleBing is reali!ed 36 'anding o#er 5)R /R+FR connection to
t'e target c'annel wit' ongoing 5)R /R call 'a#ing sufficient 2ualit6 and
(" RB "e#el
> load criterion is c'ecked upon recei#ing a report from /J&9 algorit'm wit'
updated #alues of RB 0ualit64 RB "e#el and power reduction
 inter#al is defined wit' (T&FI" parameterE 8/R 95N8I85TA "ISTING INTARC5"

5lgorit'm searc'es for t'e 3est pair of calls to 3e multipleBed to ensure
optimal 2ualit6 in 8/R mode
> first4 t'e 3est target c'annel is searc'ed for 7t'e 1st candidate:

onl6 T9/8 is allocated to S5I9 )S for 5)R call ma6 3e regarded as a target c'annel
for 8/R multipleBing
> neBt4 t'e 3est connection to 3e 'anded o#er to target c'annel is searc'ed for
7t'e 2nd candidate:
 3ot' 'alf rate and full rate 5)R S5I9 connections ma6 3e regarded as candidates to
3e 'anded o#er to pre#iousl6 determined target c'annel
Internal
1*1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Multiple;ing

)ultipleBing / ma6 3e done toE
> S9-1 su3-c'annel if 5)R /R connection occup6ing target c'annel is regarded as S9-
*
 T9/ is initiall6 allocated to 5)R /R regarded as S9-* su3-c'annel
 in case of de-multipleBing a connection allocated on S9-1 is 'anded o#er and t'e one allocated
on S9-* remains as 'alf-filled 8/R
> S9-* su3-c'annel if 5)R /R connection occup6ing target c'annel is regarded as S9-
1
 in case of de-multipleBing a connection allocated on S9-* is 'anded o#er and t'e one allocated
on S9-1 remains as 'alf-filled 8/R
-R9C'
-R9C)
-SH
%2R multiple;ing 2/
connection to !e handed o.er
target channel
-S" -SE MS# -S# -S( -S) -S'
-SH MS( -SE -S# -S( -S) -S' -SI
2R packing
/SC
multiple;ing
MS#
free
/SC-'
MS(
/SC-'
free
/SC-)
free
/SC-)
2R packing
/SC
multiple;ing
MS#
free
/SC-'
MS(
/SC-)
free
/SC-)
free
/SC-'
Internal
1*2 © Nokia Siemens Networks

&9 algorit'm for 8/R mode is similar to t'e one used for non-8/R connections

legac6 RB "e#el t'res'olds are re-used
 new 8/R-specific RB 0ualit6 t'res'olds allow differentiating from 5)R /R
 ,& "o-er Thresho*. '" R+ /)0* '(R
 ,& 1pper Thresho*. '" R+ /)0* '(R
 ,& "o-er Thresho*. 1" R+ /)0* '(R
 ,& 1pper Thresho*. 1" R+ /)0* '(R
/rthogonal Su!-channel
7o+er control

&9 control 'as lower priorit6 t'an
demultipleBing /

8" &9 is performed for paired 8/R connections
independentl6 73ased on RB "e#el and RB 0ualit6
criteria: 3ut used TB power is determined 36 t'e
weaker connection
 indi#idual 78/R-connection-specific: TB power
le#els are commanded to ?TS

?TS selects t'e 'ig'er 8" power le#el 7among
two commanded ones: and applies it for 3ot'
paired 8/R connections
Internal
1*$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
2ando.er

8/R demultipleBing / 7intra-cell / from 8/R to non-8/R mode: can 3e
triggered 36E
> RB 0ualit6 criterion
 demultipleBing / to non-8/R mode is performed if (" or 8" RB 0ualit6 of 8/R connection is
greater t'an or e2ual to 'e#)*$ip*e+ing R+ /)0*i$2 Thresho*.
> (" RB "e#el ?alance criterion 7'as lower priorit6 t'an RB 0ualit6 demultipleBing /:
 if (" RB "e#el 8ifference 73etween paired 8/R calls: is greater t'an or e2ual to %S&
'e#)*$ip*e+ing 1" R+"ee* M0rgin4 t'e connection wit' 'ig'er (" RB"e# is demultipleBed to non-
8/R mode
> RB "e#el criterion if Impro#ed 5)R &acking and (npacking 7?SS21%.$: is ena3led
 demultipleBing / to 5)R FR is performed if (" or 8" RB "e#el of 8/R connection drops 3elow
t'e t'res'old triggering 5)R /R unpacking / 7introduced wit' ?SS21%.$:

Inter-cell /
> 8/R connection ma6 3e 'anded o#er to t'e ot'er cell 3ut onl6 to 5)R /R+FR c'annel
mode 78/R to 8/R inter-cell 'ando#ers are not possi3le:
> Inter-cell / for 8/R connections are controlled wit' new RB 0ualit6 t'res'olds
7Thresho*. '* R+ /)0* '(R 0n. Thresho*. 1* R+ /)0* '(R: and legac6 RB "e#el
t'res'olds 7Thresho*. "ee* 'o-n*in3 R+ "ee* and Thresho*. "ee* 1p*in3 R+ "ee* are
re-used:
Internal
1*% © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Circuit S+itched %ynamic A!is 7ool
8ue to S9 multipleBing additional 53is resources are
needed for S9-1 c'annels

it does not make an6 sense to dou3le permanentl6 allocated
T9/ capacit6 72 &9) TS" per TRD: as eBtra transmission is
onl6 needed 7temporaril6: for multipleBed 8/R calls
 t'is additional capacit6 can 3e taken from a new dedicated
pool of 53is resources a#aila3le for eac' TRD wit'in t'e ?TS
site

t'is new pool of 53is resources is 'ereafter referred to as
9S85& 79ircuit Switc'ed 86namic 53is &ool:
)ain c'aracteristics of 9S85&E

9S85&s are created per ?9F 7?TS site: 3asis
 up to % 9S85&s is possi3le per ?9F
 up to 1*** 9S85&s is possi3le per ?S9

9S85& is s'ared 36 all TRDs 'osted 36 gi#en ?9F 7?TS site:
 9S85& must not 3e s'ared among different ?9F
 9S85& must 3e created in consecuti#e &9) TS"s
 9S85& si!e ranges from 1-$1 TS" for A1 71-2% for T1:
wit' granularit6 of 1 &9) TS" 7i-e- ;% k3ps c'annels:
Internal
1*1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
7lanning

&lanning structure
> 5nal6sis of eBisting network
> 9alculation of capacit6 gain w'ic' can 3e ac'ie#ed 36 5)R 8/R
> (tili!ation of capacit6 gain 3ased on t'e proper 3usiness and planning
strateg6
> Astimation of )S impro#ement ac'ie#ed 36 5)R 8FR
Internal
1*; © Nokia Siemens Networks
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Allocation
Introduction
8requency Allocation Management
Ai.e trial +ith %8CA
Internal
1*< © Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct
/ptimi3er
%eli.er more Capacity +ith 0est in Class =uality
=
u
a
l
i
t
y
Capacity
2R
8R:<8R
AMR 8R
AMR-W0 2R
%8CA
/SCJJ
NSN (ni2ue features
9ommonl6 a#aila3le features
AMR 77C
AMR 2R
AMR
enhancements
J
• Temporar6 o#erpower for F599/ 7part of Ro3ust 5)R signalling
feature:
• OO S9 L 8F95 interwoking
Internal
1*. © Nokia Siemens Networks
8F95 cluster
Impact of %8CA Implementation @ Impro.ed =uality
Non-8F95 cluster 8F95 cluster
C
:
I
C
:
I
KImpro.ed =ualityL

0etter 8requency
allocation for each
ne+ call or hando.er

ear realtime
processing of mo!ile
measurements !y 0SC
to assess net+ork
le.el interference
G
KImpro.ed <nd ,ser
percei.ed =ualityL

All critical .oice
quality indicators like
8<R M MF/FS sho+
remarka!le
impro.ement post
%8CA implementation
SIM,AA-I/
R<AA <-W/RN
(E to E'$ increased
2alf Rate traffic
?R<AA <-W/RN5 ?R<AA <-W/RN5
Non-8F95 cluster
Internal
1*, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Impro.ed =uality Impro.ed Capacity
/!jecti.es

)ore #oice capacit6 wit' eBisting +
less TRD 'ardware
• )ore #oice capacit6 wit' less
fre2uenc6 c'annels and sites
/ther 0enefits
• "ess power consumption + Arl
due to smaller 'w configurations
• "ess capacit6 Sites needed

)ore Timeslots a#aila3le for
GS) data
• )ore capacit6 + fre2uenc6 3and
ena3les @98)5,** refarming
Traffic load
N
e
t
w
o
r
k

0
u
a
l
i
t
6
Toda6Hs
Network
Network wit' impro#ed
spectral efficienc6
Internal
11* © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Allocation
8F95 is a powerful algorit'm in ?S9 w'ic' ensures
optimum radio c'annel allocation for e#er6 new call
and incoming 'ando#er
&recise interference control is ac'ie#ed wit'
• ?SS s6nc'ronisation
• ?S9 information eBc'ange
• 96clic fre2uenc6 'opping
8F95 5lgorit'm uses compre'ensi#e statistical data
for c'annel selection process
• Real time information
• Near real time information
• Non real time information
8F95 algorit'm assigns t'e radio c'annel for eac'
indi#idual connection wit'
• )o3ile 5llocation fre2uenc6 7)5:
• )o3ile 5llocation IndeB ffset 7)5I:
• Radio Timeslot 7TS":
• Training Se2uence 9ode 7TS9:
• &ower le#el in uplink and downlink
ASC
/,"4 7;CA
A3'(,"4m
ATS /,"4 LML
6PS Sa"e,"e
ASC%ASC L,+I
Internal
111 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA Channel Selection 7rinciple

8F95 radio c'annel selection uses
connection specific 9+I targets

Se#eral 9+I estimations are produced
for eac' a#aila3le radio c'annel

9+I estimations rel6 on t'e fact t'at t'e
interference relations in 8F95 network
are sta3le and predicta3le 3ecause of
?SS s6nc'ronisation and controlled
use of c6clic fre2uenc6 'opping

9+I estimations are performed 36
com3ining information from se#eral
sources
> ?ackground interference matriB 7?I):
> )S measurement reports
> ("+8" power control data
> 8F95 radio resource ta3le
> 8F95 adTacent c'annel lookup ta3le
C4a++e ReG8e!"
7;CA A3'(,"4m
C4a++e A'ca",'+
MA, MAI#, TSL, TSC
ATS a+0 MS P'/e(
N'+ Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
• AacI3('8+0 I+"e(9e(e+ce Ma"(,x
Nea( Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
• MS Mea!8(eme+" Re&'("!
• LL@7L P'/e( C'+"(' 7a"a
Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
• Ra0,' C4a++e L!a3e I+9'(ma",'+
Exam&e '9 C@I Ta(3e"!-
C@I TAR6ET ;R (CI;) 1 0A
C@I TAR6ET HR (CIH) 15 0A
C@I TAR6ET AMR ;R (CIA;) = 0A
C@I TAR6ET AMR HR (CIAH) 12 0A
C@I TAR6ET 15B5 7ATA (CIT) 1M 0A
Internal
112 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Assignment

5 c'annel assignment sc'eme t'at a3olis' fre2uenc6 planning for
non ?99/ TRDs 7traffic TRDs s'ould 3e defined as 8F95:

?S9 will d6namicall6 assign t'e most suita3le time slot4 )5 list and
TS9 for eac' connection ^ automaticall64 36 estimating t'e 9+I on
t'e 3asis of )S measurement reports and t'eir consolidation in
?I) 7?ackground Interference )atriB: ta3les- In order to 'a#e
relia3le measurements4 t'e usage of I%A< 0A lists is suggested

T'is means t'at e#er6 connection 'ops independentl6 from t'e
ot'ers 78F95 'opping mode:

To ac'ie#e t'is4 s6nc'ronisation 3etween sites is needed -U ")(
must 3e installed in e#er6 site 7")( recei#e G&S signal clock:

To ac'ie#e inter-?S9 s6nc'ronisation4 ?S9-?S9 interface 7I&
3ased: is needed

3he goal is to provide a radio channel with sufcient *?I that depends on
the t=pe of the connection "i&e& meet diHerent Jo7 reKuirements for I9,
09, M9 I9, M9 09% ever= connection t=pe has a *?I target that the
algorithm alwa=s tries to meet

3he goal is to provide a radio channel with sufcient *?I that depends on
the t=pe of the connection "i&e& meet diHerent Jo7 reKuirements for I9,
09, M9 I9, M9 09% ever= connection t=pe has a *?I target that the
algorithm alwa=s tries to meet
E$ec" => a signiLcant capacit= and?or Kualit= gain
E$ec" => a signiLcant capacit= and?or Kualit= gain
Internal
11$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA Cell Configuration and 8requency 2opping

Fre2uenc6 3and is di#ided into two
parts for 8F95 operation
> ?99/ fre2uencies
> 8F95 fre2uencies

?99/ fre2uencies are planned in a
con#entional manner

8F95 fre2uencies are defined 36
one or more )o3ile 5llocation 7)5:
lists

ne 8F95 )5 list can contain up to
$2 fre2uencies

8F95 uses c6clic fre2uenc6
'opping 7i-e- /SNN*:

?S9 can freel6 select t'e )5 list4
)5I4 and TS9 for eac' indi#idual
T9/ acti#ation
;(eG8e+c)
T,me
21
20
21
22
22
25
ACCHS7CCH
6PRS@E76E Te((,"'()
TRX 1
TRX 2
TRX 2
TRX 5
21
20
21
N' ;H
7;CA ;H
7;CA ;H
7;CA ;H
Exam&e '9 c)c,c 9(eG8e+c)
4'&&,+3 /,"4 !,x 9(eG8e+c,e!-
9 21, 9 20, 9 21, 9 22, 9 22, 9 25
1, 1
1, 2
1, 0
Internal
11% © Nokia Siemens Networks

.I* is given a dedicated
freKuenc= pool that is divided
into M lists

.I* is given a dedicated
freKuenc= pool that is divided
into M lists
),
$
),
)
),
,
),
(
,,
$
,,
)
,,
,
,,
(
),
$
),
)
),
,
),
(
,,
$
,,
)
,,
,
,,
(
$ ) , ( 4 - '
M
$ ) , ( 4 - '
M
3ime
7lot
- )4 )( )( ,)
)$ D )' )4 F
)) ' D D )(
)$ )( ), ' F
- ( )' )( )M
)( )$ )) )D M
F M 4 )) ),
M F )) )- )$
- )4 )( )( ,)
)$ D )' )4 F
)) ' D D )(
)$ )( ), ' F
- ( )' )( )M
)( )$ )) )D M
F M 4 )) ),
M F )) )- )$
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
*?I
matrix
M,
MIO
-$ -, -4
-'
-$ -, -4
-'
-) -( --
-M
-) -( --
-M
M
,5
M
,5
M
)5
M
)5
.I* freKuenc=
pool
.:
meas
report
.:
meas
report
7tatisti
cal *?I
data
"#IM%
*
I

*?I matrix is calculated based
on5

.: measurement report

statistical *?I data "#IM%

active connections in
interfering cells

*?I matrix is calculated based
on5

.: measurement report

statistical *?I data "#IM%

active connections in
interfering cells

.I* chooses the M, MIO and
time slot that is suitable for the
new connection and minimiNes
the impact on all the existing
.I* connections in the network

>etwork level *?I is alwa=s
maximiNed

Ever= connection hops with its
own seKuence "combination of all
possible M lists and MIOs%

.I* chooses the M, MIO and
time slot that is suitable for the
new connection and minimiNes
the impact on all the existing
.I* connections in the network

>etwork level *?I is alwa=s
maximiNed

Ever= connection hops with its
own seKuence "combination of all
possible M lists and MIOs%
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA
Internal
111 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Requirements
%8CA
et+ork element Soft+are release required
?S9 S11-1 A8;-1 or later
Nokia FleBi A8GA ?TSs A&2-*
Nokia (ltraSite ?TSs 9D%-1 or later
Nokia )etroSite ?TSs 9D%-1 or later
Nokia Talk-famil6 ?TSs Not supported
Nokia Insite ?TSs Not supported
Nokia &rimeSite ?TSs Not supported
Nokia 2nd Gen- ?TSs Not supported
")(4 ")( )anager %-% or later
")(?4 ")( )anager 1-* 981
)S9 No re2uirements
Nokia Net5ct SS% or later
SGSN No re2uirements
et+ork element 2ard+are requirements

?S9 ?S9$i or ?S92i is re2uired-
?S92i re2uires 9&;)D 9&( cards in
all units4 and 9&"5N-S panel is also re2uired-
T'e ?S9s t'at use 8F95 and 'a#e
adTacent ser#ice areas must 3e connected to eac'
ot'er wit' ?S9- ?S9 connection- T'is ma6 re2uire
"5N ca3ling4 'u3s+switc'es and ot'er
networking e2uipment-
?TS 8F95 re2uires eit'er (ltraSite4 FleBi
A8GA4 or )etroSite 3ase station- T'e (ltraSite 3ase
station re2uires wide3and com3ining or no
com3iners- 8F95 is not supported wit'
RT9 com3iners-
")( 8F95 re2uires ?SS
s6nc'ronisation-
T'is re2uires t'at one location
measurement unit 7")(: is installed in e#er6 ?TS
site w'ere 8F95 is used-
T9S) No re2uirements
SGSN No re2uirements
Internal
11; © Nokia Siemens Networks
site capacit6 wit' 8F95 7India:
N 5#oid 9apacit6 sites
Maximise
N sa#ed
Internal
11< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Ma;imise -raffic supported per site +ith %8CA
Total ?@ a#aila3leE %-%)'! 7GS)1.**:
RegionE Surat4India 7(ninor:
9'allengesE
• Rapid traffic growt'
• "imited spectrum meant deteriorating
network 2ualit6 as site configuration was
eBpanded to cater to traffic surge
• 5#erage configuration $L$L24)aBE %L$L$
9urrent status 7post 8F95:E
• 5ll sites eBpanded to %L%L%
• Reduced ?locking4 .F additional traffic
• )uc' 3etter 0ualit6 wit' increased
traffic carr6ing capa3ilit6 > wit'out
an6 additional capacit6 site_
• 9ustomer will now deplo6 8F95 on <**
sites in different regions across India
Telenor group 7Toint #enture partner: too is con#inced of t'e functionalit6 J intends to
position 8F95 for t'eir operations elsew'ere J also as a strong solution for Refarming in
Aurope
%8CA <na!led
%8CA <na!led
%8CA <na!led
Reduced interference le#els
/ig' Interference
Internal
11. © Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity Gain @2igher -raffic support per site
 Traffic capacit6 wit' a#erage . TRD+site in t'is cluster was 1*12 Arl-
 5fter 8F95 Traffic carr6ing capacit6 of t'is cluster is 1<%$ Arl-
 %* F 9apacit6 gain wrt 1* TRD sites 7pre-8F95:
 Iincreased traffic support in cluster L reduced 3locking
7re 7ost
Internal
11, © Nokia Siemens Networks
 1*F impro#ement in 8ropped 9all Rate
 2*F impro#ement in Good 0ualit6 samples-
 5ll t'e a3o#e 0oS impro#ements ac'ie#ed e#en wit' /ig'er carried
traffic in t'is cluster__
 No additional sites deplo6ed4 site configurations maBimised
 8irect impact on new site related 95&AD J &AD for operator
Internal
12* © Nokia Siemens Networks
%8CA projects
ngoingE
1:T5T54India E 11** sites
2:(ninor4IndiaE <** 736 end 2*11:
$:?'arti4India E 1** sites
%:5ircel7)aBis:4IndiaE 1* sites
1:5IS4T'ailand E1
st Refarming trial
&lanned
1:Codafone4IndiaE1* sites 7trial:
2:Ro3i4?anglades'E1* sites 7trial:
$:Nu#atel4?oli#ia 7trial:
%:9)9949'ina 7trial:
Internal
121 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Channel utili3ation related features
SAIC6 %AR7
S-IRC
Antenna 2opping
Internal
122 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC and %AR7 on %A
SAIC G Single Antenna Interference
Cancellation
Generic term for a recei#er algorit'm utili!ing one
antenna 7in a 'andset:
NokiaHs p'ase 1 S5I9 is a proprietar6 algorit'm
%AR7 G %o+nlink Ad.anced Recei.er
7erformance
$G&& standardi!ed feature for 2G utili!ing S5I9
and uplink signaling
Introduced in Rel-; as release independent feature

9an 3e introduced to terminals supporting earlier
$G&& releases
NokiaHs p'ase 2 S5I9 is $G&& compliant 85R&
feature
Internal
12$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC and %AR7
A! "4e +8m.e( '9 8!e(! ,+c(ea!e! '&e(a"'(!
9ace a +ee0 "' ,+c(ea!e "4e,( +e"/'(I
ca&ac,")B
A! "4e +8m.e( '9 8!e(! ,+c(ea!e! '&e(a"'(!
9ace a +ee0 "' ,+c(ea!e "4e,( +e"/'(I
ca&ac,")B
Ce (e%&a++,+3-
Ce (e%&a++,+3-
Introduce new and
smaller cells&
Introduce new and
smaller cells&
Increase freKuenc=
re1use factor
Increase freKuenc=
re1use factor
I+ ma+) 8(.a+ ce! ca&ac,") ,! ,m,"e0 .)
,+"e(9e(e+ce ,+ 0'/+,+I 0,(ec",'+N
I+ ma+) 8(.a+ ce! ca&ac,") ,! ,m,"e0 .)
,+"e(9e(e+ce ,+ 0'/+,+I 0,(ec",'+N
Im&('De !)!"em
&e(9'(ma+ce
Im&('De !)!"em
&e(9'(ma+ce

IreKuenc= hopping

IreKuenc= hopping

Gower control

Gower control

.3C

.3C

M
9

M
9
7ARP@SAIC
7ARP@SAIC
Ex&e+!,De 9'(
'&e(a"'(!
Ex&e+!,De 9'(
'&e(a"'(!
7I* does not
reKuire an=
network
changes&
7I* does not
reKuire an=
network
changes&

.I*


.I*

Internal
12% © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC
Ne,34.'(
ATS
9c
L!e(1
Se(D,+3
ATS
Own
cell
7I* is digital signal processing
techniKue, which uses the
correlation properties of a <M7O
modulated signal to perform an
active cancellation of the
interfering signals&
7I* is digital signal processing
techniKue, which uses the
correlation properties of a <M7O
modulated signal to perform an
active cancellation of the
interfering signals&
In toda=Ps network the vast
amount of trafc is <M7O
modulatedQ
In toda=Ps network the vast
amount of trafc is <M7O
modulatedQ
<M7O modulated interferers  7I* gainQ
<M7O modulated interferers  7I* gainQ
D1G7O modulated interferer  >o 7I*
gain?>o loss
D1G7O modulated interferer  >o 7I*
gain?>o loss
<ains on both s=nchroniNed and non1
s=nchroniNed networks&
<ains on both s=nchroniNed and non1
s=nchroniNed networks&
A8GA 7)9S1-,:
>-7SN
FR4 /R and AFR
speec'
5)R speec'
G&RS
A8GA 7)9S1-%:
9ontrol c'annel
GMSN
M'08a",'+!-
7I* does not improve coverage&
7I* does not improve coverage&
Internal
121 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
2o+ are SAIC:%AR7 gains are utili3edO
et+orks utili3e the SAIC:%AR7 performance gain through
the e;isting po+er control loopsF -+o options e;istsC
et+orks utili3e the SAIC:%AR7 performance gain through
the e;isting po+er control loopsF -+o options e;istsC
(5 Impro.e %A R; quality
(5 Impro.e %A R; quality

)aintain similar 8" TB power
as for a con#entional terminal

(tili!e 85R& gain to impro#e
8" RB 2ualit6 7e-g- speec'
2ualit6 or t'roug'put:-

T'is strateg6 is c'osen w'en
RB 2ualit6 needs to 3e
impro#ed-
)5 Reduce %A -; po+er
)5 Reduce %A -; po+er

(tili!e ?TS power control
mec'anism to reduce t'e 8"
TB power-

)aintain similar 8" RB 2ualit6
as a con#entional terminal4 3ut
wit' less emitted power

T'is strateg6 is c'osen w'en
RB 2ualit6 is alread6 good-
Internal
12; © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%i.ersity techniques on ,A
Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7IR9:
• First IR9 identifies and reTects an6 interfering signals in eac' of t'e pat's t'en com3ines as per
)R9
• It is ideal in canceling a single 7 co c'annel or 5dTacent: interferer I-e t'e gain is maBimum w'en
8IR 78ominant to rest of t'e Interference Ratio: is 'ig'-
)aBimum Ratio 9om3ining 7)R9:
• 9om3ines t'e signal according t'e eac' pat's SNR
• ptimal com3ining w'ere t'e interference is t'ermal noise or t'ere are large num3er of interfering
signals
Space Time Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7STIR9:
• Impro#ing t'e w'itening NU impro#ing performance in interference scenarios
An'anced S6m3ol Spaced Recei#er 7ASSR:
• T'e ASSR pro#ides impro#ed (" interference reTection performance for 3ot' traffic and signalling
c'annels-
• T'e ASSR onl6 supports G)S] modulated c'annels-
• Implemented in (ltraSite ?TS S@ 9D%-1 7remo#ed in %-1 981 due T5 issues4 planned again in 9D
1-*:
• 5n uplink recei#er en'ancement designed for use in A-9ell and configurations t'at use A8GA
3ase3and 7??2A+F: wit' a non-A8GA TRD7TSB5:-
Internal
12< © Nokia Siemens Networks
)- d#
:ess *?I
8requency Allocation Management
Affect of different di.ersity techniques
0igher interference level Rd#S
*ell siNe?
Kualit=
M d#
less *?I
( d#
less *?I
M
9
*
)aBimum Ratio 9om3ining 7)R9:
Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7IR9:
An'anced S6m3ol Spaced Recei#er 7ASSR:
Internal
12. © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
Antenna 2opping

5ntenna /opping is a downlink performance en'ancement feature
designed to impro#e link performance w'ere fre2uenc6 'opping is not in
use or not effecti#e due to 'ig' correlation 3etween fre2uencies-
> @it' 5/ t'e impro#ement is more su3stantial on t'e non-'opping la6er 3ecause
t'at 3rings it to almost e2ual link performance wit' t'e 'opping la6er-
> Furt'ermore4 wit' t'e 5ntenna /opping feature it is possi3le to ac'ie#e space
di#ersit6 to t'e regular RF 'opping configuration4 w'ic' means t'at t'ere is a
distance t'at separates two or more transmitting antennas4 pro#iding
uncorrelated signals- 5t t'e mo3ile unit a separation of 'alf a wa#elengt' is t'e
minimum for o3taining uncorrelated signals

2d? 8"+(" gain in #er6 narrow 3and wit'out an6 additional TRD
8istance
8istance
8istance
Radio
9'annel
Radio
9'annel
5#erage
recei#ed
carrier power
o#er 3urst
ne antenna
Two antennas wit' 88
Two antennas wit' 88 L &/4 or 5/
TD 1
TD 2
8ela6 L &/
TD
data
Speec' frame duration at $ km+'E
8istance
8istance
8istance
Radio
9'annel
Radio
9'annel
5#erage
recei#ed
carrier power
o#er 3urst
ne antenna
Two antennas wit' 88
Two antennas wit' 88 L &/4 or 5/
TD 1
TD 2
8ela6 L &/
TD
data
Speec' frame duration at $ km+'E
%p$ion0* fe0$)re
Internal
12, © Nokia Siemens Networks
-ools
/ptimi3er
Internal
1$* © Nokia Siemens Networks
/ptimi3er
7rocess
• Tool setup
• 5ntenna data including repeater info
• )ap 7not mandator6:
• )easurement collection
• Total FA& measurements wit' )?5" 7FA& is recommended:
• ?locking figures for calculating load factors and )5 list si!e
• Neig'3our optimi!ation
• 5dding and remo#ing neig'3ours 7cleanup:
• Interference anal6sis 7cleanup 'ea#6 interferers 7e-g- antenna tilt::
• Fre2uenc6 and ?99+N99 planning wit' optimi!er
• ?99/ and T9/ 3and planning in no 'opping4 ?? 'opping4 RF 'opping en#ironment
• @eig'ting planning for co- and adTacent c'annels
• &enalt6 set for different relations 7cost function:
• Result anal6sis
• 9omparison of plan and actual plan on 3ot' ?99/ and T9/
Internal
1$1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er
For automated6 measurement !ased optimi3ation
of operational GS)J@98)5 networks
Impro.ed optimi3ation accuracy

&arameter tuning is done 3ased on
network statistics > no predictions

5ccurate results wit' accurate input > no fine tuning
More efficiency .ia automation
• Seamless support for optimi!ation process p'ases

5utomated data transfers #ia Net5ct integration

Cisuali!ation and anal6sis to 'elp
decision making for optimi!ation tasks

Focusing on essentials
etAct
/ptimi3er
Internal
1$2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er
/ptimi3ation 7rocess for /perational et+orks
W'(IO'/
A8"'ma",'+
C'+!,!"e+c)
c4ecI!
A8"'ma"e0
c4a+3e
0'/+'a0
7ec,!,'+
S8&&'("
V,!8a,!e
A+a)!e
#&",m,!e
P('D,!,'+
#&",m,!e
Ma+8a)
#&",m,!e
A8"'ma",c
Eeme+"! a+0
C'+E38(a",'+
PPI! a+0
aa(m!
Pe(9'(ma+ce
A+a)!,!
7e"ec" a+0
7,a3+'!e
CM, PM, ;M
C'((ea",'+
A+a)!,!
Ve(,9)
&e(9'(ma+ce
Sc'&e
Seec",'+
Re!8"
De(,Eca",'+
Internal
1$$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er /ptimi3er modules
,<?(< OptimiNer
<raphical dAacenc= Management
9adio ccess *onLgurator
dvanced TisualiNation for ,<?(<
utomated dAacenc= optimiNation for ,<?(<
7ervice optimiNer for ,<?(<
GM .#

OGIs for anal=sis

visualiNation

optimiNation

ctual *M data

*hange provisioning
#
&
"
,
'
+
a

#
&
"
,
'
+
a

#
&
"
,
'
+
a

Gerformance optimiNation for ,<?(<
#
&
"
,
'
+
a

Internal
1$% © Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct
/ptimi3er
etAct /ptimi3er
/ptimi3er product concept
Afficienc6 of s'ared Net5ct installation

9ommon /@4 administration4 look and feel4 documentation

5ccess to optimisation functionalit6 can 3e controlled
5utomation t'roug' seamless Net5ct integration

5ctual 9) data uploaded automaticall6 from R59 8?

5utomated access to ]&Is
> Nig'tl6 calculation from raw counters in &) 8?
> Import from preferred &) tool 7integration proTect:

ptimisation results stored as plans in R59 8?
)easurement 3ased optimi!ation for t'e ke6 tasks

GS) fre2uenc6 and ?SI9 plan optimi!ation

Interference control for @98)5

Seamless adTacenc6 and 'ando#er
management for GS) J @98)5

9apacit6 and 0oS optimisation
Cisualisation and anal6sis functionalit6
• Topolog64 parameters4 ]&Is in one #iew
Internal
1$1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
/ptimi3er inter+orking in etAct
5utomated access of configuration parameters

(ploaded actual 9) data updated in ptimi!er
nig'tl6 from R59 8?
> )ost important elements and parameters
> Site J antenna information to s'ow t'e cells on map

&lanned data supported4 too
ptimi!ation results stored in R59 8? for
centrali!ed pro#isioning

&lans a#aila3le in 9) perations )anager
)easurement control in Net5ct
• 5cti#ation and control of standard and
special measurements
5utomated retrie#al of ]&Is

Nig'tl6 calculation of ]&Is from &) 8? raw counters
> FiBed ]&I formulas used
> 8ail64 8ail6 ?/4 @eekl64 @eekl6 ?/ le#els
> Selected ?SS and R5N ]&Is for optimi!ation

@it' integration proTect t'e ]&Is can 3e retrie#ed
from a preferred &) tool
Internal
1$; © Nokia Siemens Networks
Pisuali3ation and analysis
5 t'oroug' understanding of t'e current network status
is essential 3efore taking an6 optimi!ation actions

9onfiguration audits

&arameter setting c'ecks

&erformance o#er#iew
ptimi!er pro#ides efficient means
to #iew all t'is geograp'icall6

To identif6 t'e pro3lematic elements
for furt'er anal6sis
New tec'nolog6 and ser#ices re2uire
new knowledge

ptimi!er com3ines t'e essential information
toget'er for meaningful entities

Aas6 understanding of t'e dependencies
Internal
1$< © Nokia Siemens Networks
Common functionality for GSMMWC%MA
Geograp'ical #isuali!ation and anal6sis

]&Is and parameters automaticall6 on map

9ustomi!ed 2ualit6 t'res'olds
Grap'ical adTacenc6 management

5ctual adTacencies on map

)anual or automated distance 3ased
management of all adTacenc6 t6pes

?order area adTacencies

&arameters from templates automaticall6

Scram3ling code collision c'eck and correction

Instant pro#isioning for Nokia elements
&owerful parameter management
wit' ?rowser

]&Is and parameters in t'e same #iew

8edicated4 customi!ed #iews per task

ne-36-one or mass editing of parameters

9'ange tracking
)anagement of plans 3etween R59 and ptimi!er
Internal
1$. © Nokia Siemens Networks
Measurement !ased GSM optimi3ation
AS
C
Se(D,
+3
ATS
Interference )atriB generation 3ased on mo3ile measurements

9ontrol for t'e ?SS measurements

Generation of interference matriB

Cerification of interference #alidit6
Interference root cause anal6sis
• 9omplemented wit' Timing 5d#ance anal6sis
5utomated 5dTacenc6 )anagement
• 5utomated algorit'm to propose optimal adTacencies
• (nused adTacenc6 deletion 3ased on / statistics
• )issing ones created 3ased on interference matriB
&erformance optimi!ation
• Fre2uenc6 allocation 3ased on
measured interference
• 5ll 'opping modes supported
• 5ll RF 'opping t6pes supported
• 5llocation completed wit' ?SI9 allocation
and ot'er parameters
Internal
1$, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Interference matri; from 0SS measurements
ptimi!er uses t'e ?SS measurements for interference matriB generation
and furt'er to adTacenc6 and fre2uenc6 plan optimi!ation

9F J 859 measurements or totalFA& measurement of S11-1

)et'od to measure interference in all ?99/ fre2uencies

Fast and efficient measurement process
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Ac",De MS
GS) standard / procedure used
in t'e 3asis of measurements

5ll acti#e mo3iles listen t'e
neig'3oring cell ?99/s and
report t'e ; strongest to ?S9
Special measurement in Nokia ?SS

9F and 859 in S1*-14 total FA&
in S11-1
• Temporar6 ?5 lists defined for
measurement period to include
all surrounding cell ?99/s
• )o3iles measure all ?99/s in
?5 list
• ?S9 collects and stores t'e data
and forwards to Net5ct
• 8ata collected for few da6s
ptimi!er generates t'e interference
matriB from
t'e measurements
Internal
1%* © Nokia Siemens Networks
Interference root cause analysis
ptimi!er generates t'e interference matriB automaticall6

9o-c'annel and adTacent >c'annel matrices

9+I pro3a3ilit6 and 5#erage Recei#ed &ower #alues calculated
?efore t'e interference is used in optimi!ation
measurement #alidit6 and
interference root cause can 3e anal6!ed

Statistics to #erif6 t'at t'e measurements
are relia3le and t'oroug'l6 collected
> 5mount of sample4 traffic4 co#erage #alue

)et'ods to anal6!e t'e
interference root cause
> #ers'ooting cells
> 8istance to interferer
Internal
1%1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency allocation procedure
5nal6!e t'e current performance

Ciew t'e ]&Is and allocation on map and 3rowser
• 89R4 call 2ualit64 ?99/s4 'opping modes
9ollect interference measurements
• @it' 9F and 859 measurements in ?SS
Generate and #erif6 interference matriB
• 9'eck t'at all cells are measured

5nal6se interference location and root cause
&erform allocation

?99/ and T9/ allocation
• RF /opping allocationE )5-lists4 )5I parameters4 /SN

t'er necessar6 parametersE TS94 ?SI94 all I8s
Cerif6 results

Ciew allocation on grap's4 ta3les and map
8ownload plan to network wit' Radio 5ccess 9onfigurator

9entralised pro#isioning for t'e w'ole area

(sing sc'eduled download4 3ackground 8? etc
Internal
1%2 © Nokia Siemens Networks
Automated Adjacency /ptimi3ation for (G
5utomated adTacenc6 optimi!ation 3ased on measurements

8eletion of unused adTacencies 3ased on / criteria
> (ser defines t'e t'res'olds for
/ attempts and / success criteria
> Sometimes t'e correcti#e action is to tune
t'e / parameters4 not delete t'e adTacencies

5dTacenc6 creation 3ased on interference matriB
> Signal strengt' 3etween source and
target cells considered
Result #erification on ta3le #iew and map
9entrali!ed4 automated download to network

@it' Radio 5ccess 9onfigurator
9) perations )anager

Instant 5dTacenc6 &ro#isioning
acti#ates t'e pro#isioning process
in 3ackground from ptimi!er
Internal
1%$ © Nokia Siemens Networks
Seamless adjacency management
Grap'ical adTacenc6 management on map

GS)4 @98)54 inter-s6stem adTacencies
Initial adTacenc6 creation algorit'm

9ell location 3ased
5dTacenc6 management o#er 3order areas

9ontroller areas4 "594 &9( areas

Net5ct regions4 #endor regions
5utomated parameter completion from
templates

9ell templates from 9) Aditor are used

Template assignment rules defined in
ptimi!er per adTacenc6 t6pe
Instant adTacenc6 pro#isioning

5cti#ating t'e pro#isioning process in
3ackground

Calid for all kinds of adTacencies

9'anges still stored into a plan
Internal
1%% © Nokia Siemens Networks
Ai.e net+ork results
/perator) +ith increased AMR 2R traffic
/perator( +ith %8CA
Internal
1%1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
/perator) @ AMR 2R increase
• Spectrum allocation for refarming
• ;2 c'annels were used 3efore refarming
• 21 c'annels were remo#ed
• $< c'annels are currentl6 used in GS),**
• 8rop rate
• ?efore refarmingE *-1F
• 5fter refarmingE *-,F
• 5fter optimi!ationE *-1F
• Traffic #olume 7summer 'olida6 time is compared wit' autumn time:
• ?efore refarming in a ?R clusterE .** Arlang
• 5fter refarming in t'e same ?SS cluster ,,; Arlang L 21* Arlang on
(,**
Internal
1%; © Nokia Siemens Networks
/perator( @ %8CA
Total ?@ a#aila3leE 1<-;)'! 7GS),**:
?99/E21
Spectrum car#ed outE ;)'!
9urrentl6 operating network V 11-;)'!
9'allengesE

Cer6 tall sites wit' large co#erage
o#erlap

9ustomer also 'as GS) 1.**
spectrum43ut is e#aluating feasi3ilit6 of
operating onl6 on GS),** 3and
9urrent statusE

5ttempt to car#e out W 1-;)'!
additional spectrum to e#aluate
possi3lit6 to implement 2
@98)5,** carriers

&arameter 3ased optimisation4
especiall6 power control is
eBpected to 3ring in furt'er gains
?99/ T9/
?99/ T9/
21
Channels used
;<
21 $;
?99/ T9/
21 ``
@ork in progress now to car#e out furt'er spectrum^--
AF" 3ased capacit6 gains in slides 1; J 1<
7@it'out an6 network optimisation:
Internal
1%< © Nokia Siemens Networks
-C2 %rop Call Ratio
8F95
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?ss S6nc'
Maintained
performance !y
operating +ith Q "Mh3
lesser !and+idth than
!ase caseR
1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
Internal
1%. © Nokia Siemens Networks
,A 8<R Class ' ?Good Speech =uality5
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1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
0etter =uality using
"Mh3 lesser !and+idth
than !ase caseR
Internal
1%, © Nokia Siemens Networks
Polume Weighted -hroughput ?k!ps5
8F95
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?ss S6nc'
1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
Maintained %ata
throughput in trial
cluster
Internal
11* © Nokia Siemens Networks
<8A !ased capacity gain ?(:(5
&"FE'
&HF''
&HFE'
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&>FE'
&&F''
&&FE'
)''F''
'F' )F' (F' #F' IF' EF' "F' HF'
<8A
8<RSclass'S7re 8<RSclass'S7ost
H'$ <8A gain
U <*F 'ig'er Traffic carr6ing capa3ilit6 demonstrated V ,.F good
FAR samples