July 26, 2014 Greenway, CSB

Main Campus
Round 1: Vocabulary
Identify the meaning of the
unfamiliar term in the following
sentence by referring to its context
clues.


Q1: The penalties must be imposed
DRASTICALLY to really stop
people from littering.

A. appropriately
B. extremely
C. justly
D. tolerably
Q1: The penalties must be imposed
DRASTICALLY to really stop
people from littering.

A. appropriately
B. extremely
C. justly
D. tolerably
Time’s
up!
Round 1: Vocabulary
Identify the meaning of the
unfamiliar term in the following
sentence by referring to its context
clues.


Q2: The children looked angelic, but
after their parents left they became
more and more OBSTREPEROUS.

A. agreeable
B. unruly or rowdy
C. sad
D. intellectual
Q2: The children looked angelic, but
after their parents left they became
more and more OBSTREPEROUS.

A. agreeable
B. unruly or rowdy
C. sad
D. intellectual
Time’s
up!
Round 1: Vocabulary
In the following sentence, choose
the synonym of the word in bold font.




Q3: As soon as he was declared the winner of
the international singing contest, Joshua
had a deluge of proposals from various
music producers.

A. scarcity
B. contract
C. catastrophe
D. flood
Q3: As soon as he was declared the winner of
the international singing contest, Joshua
had a deluge of proposals from various
music producers.

A. scarcity
B. contract
C. catastrophe
D. flood
Time’s
up!
Round 1: Vocabulary
Select the appropriate antonym of
the underlined phrase in the
following sentence.




Q4: I really despise my brother. All he does is
watch the television all day and he has
now turned into a veritable couch potato.


A. an idle person
B. a hardworking person
C. a very lazy person
D. an inactive person
Q4: I really despise my brother. All he does is
watch the television all day and he has
now turned into a veritable couch potato.


A. an idle person
B. a hardworking person
C. a very lazy person
D. an inactive person
Time’s
up!
Round 1: Grammar
Choose the best answer to
the following questions.



Q5: What verb tense is used in this sentence?
A. past progressive
B. present progressive
C. future perfect
D. past perfect
The women were starting their work in the
fields when flocks of birds sailed away
Q5: What verb tense is used in this sentence?
A. past progressive
B. present progressive
C. future perfect
D. past perfect
The women were starting their work in the
fields when flocks of birds sailed away
Time’s
up!
Q6: Which set of words best complete this sentence?
A. past progressive
B. present progressive
C. future perfect
D. past perfect
Some store owners ______________ sandbags in
front of their businesses to protect them, but
now, the current was too strong to
_____________.

Q6: Which set of words best complete this sentence?
A. pile - stop
B. piled - stopped
C. has piled - be stopped
D. have piled - be stopped
Some store owners ______________ sandbags in
front of their businesses to protect them, but
now, the current was too strong to
_____________.

Time’s
up!
1
• Some store owners ______________ sandbags in front of
their businesses to protect them, but now, the current was
too strong to _____________.

Options:
a) pile - stop
b) piled - stopped
c) has piled - be stopped
d) have piled - be stopped


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Time is up! No
more writing.
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your answers☻
Round 1: Vocabulary
Identify the meaning of the
unfamiliar term in each sentence
by referring to its context clues.


Vocabulary 1
• Identify the meaning of the unfamiliar term in each sentence
by referring to its context clues.

John is PHLEGMATIC that he never gets excited about
anything.
a) Sick
b) Depressed
c) Indifferent
d) Terrified

Time’s
up!
1
• Identify the meaning of the unfamiliar term in each sentence
by referring to its context clues.

John is PHLEGMATIC that he never gets excited about
anything.
a) Sick
b) Depressed
c) Indifferent
d) Terrified

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Time is up! No
more writing.
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Vocabulary 1
• Identify the meaning of the unfamiliar term in each sentence
by referring to its context clues.

Little Junior is LETHARGIC as a new born baby--- sleeping all
day and night.
a) Innocent
b) Dependent
c) Sluggish
d) Fatigued

1
• Identify the meaning of the unfamiliar term in each sentence
by referring to its context clues.

Little Junior is LETHARGIC as a new born baby--- sleeping all
day and night.
a) Innocent
b) Dependent
c) Sluggish
d) Fatigued

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Time is up! No
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Vocabulary 1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

Your efforts to make him change his attitude are useless. He is
incorrigible, and you know it.
a) Beyond correction
b) Steadfast
c) Stubborn
d) Dull-witted
1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

Your efforts to make him change his attitude are useless. He is
incorrigible, and you know it.
a) Beyond correction
b) Steadfast
c) Stubborn
d) Dull-witted
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Vocabulary 1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

A wise dictum can guide a man’s actions and thoughts.
• Argument
• Judgment
• Saying
• Authoritative statement
1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

A wise dictum can guide a man’s actions and thoughts.
• Argument
• Judgment
• Saying
• Authoritative statement
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Vocabulary 1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

The instructor explained the pros and cons of the issues for
the students to ruminate on.
• Refute
• Accept
• Support
• Ponder
1
• Use context clues to figure out the meaning of the Italicized
word:

The instructor explained the pros and cons of the issues for
the students to ruminate on.
• Refute
• Accept
• Support
• Ponder
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• Which of the following statements is true about verbals?

a) They can function as real verbs in sentences.
b) All of them may function either as nouns, adverbs, or
adjectives.
c) They all look like verbs.
d) None of the above.
1
• Which of the following statements is true about verbals?

a) They can function as real verbs in sentences.
b) All of them may function either as nouns, adverbs, or
adjectives.
c) They all look like verbs.
d) None of the above.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• Which verbal would best complete this sentence? “The
politician’s __________ were all that the voters
remembered.

a) breaking promises
b) broken promises
c) to break promises
d) None of the above
1
• Which verbal would best complete this sentence? “The
politician’s __________ were all that the voters
remembered.

a) breaking promises
b) broken promises
c) to break promises
d) None of the above
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• Which of the following statements is true of the following
sample sentence?

She reads the journals to watch professional trends."
a) It contains an infinitive phrase functioning as an adverb.
b) It contains a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective.
c) It contains a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb.
d) It contains an infinitive phrase functioning as an adjective
1
• Which of the following statements is true of the following
sample sentence?

She reads the journals to watch professional trends."
a) It contains an infinitive phrase functioning as an adverb.
b) It contains a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective.
c) It contains a prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb.
d) It contains an infinitive phrase functioning as an adjective
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• “Weekend game shows on TV offer everyone a chance to be a
millionaire.” In this sentence, the underlined phrase is…

a) a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective
b) an infinitive phrase that functions as an adjective
c) a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb
d) an infinitive phrase that functions as an adverb
1
• “Weekend game shows on TV offer everyone a chance to be a
millionaire.” In this sentence, the underlined phrase is…

a) a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective
b) an infinitive phrase that functions as an adjective
c) a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb
d) an infinitive phrase that functions as an adverb
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• In the sentence “She truly enjoyed growing her own organic
vegetables for healthy family food production,” the
underlined verbal phrase is a…

a) participial phrase modifying enjoyed
b) participial phrase modifying she
c) gerund phrase receiving the action of the verb
d) gerund phrase functioning as subjective complement
1
• In the sentence “She truly enjoyed growing her own organic
vegetables for healthy family food production,” the
underlined verbal phrase is a…

a) participial phrase modifying enjoyed
b) participial phrase modifying she
c) gerund phrase receiving the action of the verb
d) gerund phrase functioning as subjective complement
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• In the sentence “Skateboarding most of the morning, Jeremy
forgot all about his parents’ advice,” the underlined verbal
phrase is a…

a) participial phrase modifying Jeremy
b) participial phrase modifying forgot
c) gerund phrase functioning as subjective complement
d) gerund phrase functioning as subject of the sentence
1
• In the sentence “Skateboarding most of the morning, Jeremy
forgot all about his parents’ advice,” the underlined verbal
phrase is a…

a) participial phrase modifying Jeremy
b) participial phrase modifying forgot
c) gerund phrase functioning as subjective complement
d) gerund phrase functioning as subject of the sentence
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• “The train station is about to shut down because of the heavy typhoon
and if the train doesn't arrive soon it will have to stop on to the last
station”

Which is true about the above statement?
a) It is correct.
b) We have two independent clauses connected with a little conjunction.
Because of their complexity, it would be a very good idea to separate
them with a comma.
c) Our second sentence is a directive based on what was said in the first
sentence. Although the clauses are closely related, they still must be
treated as independent clauses. We could connect them with a comma +
so, or we can leave them as two separate sentences.
1
• “The train station is about to shut down because of the heavy typhoon
and if the train doesn't arrive soon it will have to stop on to the last
station”

Which is true about the above statement?
a) It is correct.
b) We have two independent clauses connected with a little conjunction.
Because of their complexity, it would be a very good idea to separate
them with a comma.
c) Our second sentence is a directive based on what was said in the first
sentence. Although the clauses are closely related, they still must be
treated as independent clauses. We could connect them with a comma +
so, or we can leave them as two separate sentences.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Grammar 1
• We finally solved our problem ____ a new device
created by our research and development
department.

a) from means of
b) by means of
c) by means from
d) by means to
1
• We finally solved our problem ____ a new device
created by our research and development
department.

a) from means of
b) by means of
c) by means from
d) by means to
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Grammar 1
• How can they be going out?! Jane has nothing _____ Peter.

a) in common
b) in common to
c) in common of
d) in common with
1
• How can they be going out?! Jane has nothing _____ Peter.

a) in common
b) in common to
c) in common of
d) in common with
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• Which of the following statement is not true about skimming?

a) Skimming is a process of speed reading.
b) Skimming works in tandem with scanning.
c) Skimming is the most important reading technique.
d) Skimming refers to looking through material quickly to gather
a general sense of ideas, etc.
1
• Which of the following statement is not true about skimming?

a) Skimming is a process of speed reading.
b) Skimming works in tandem with scanning.
c) Skimming is the most important reading technique.
d) Skimming refers to looking through material quickly to gather
a general sense of ideas, etc.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• The following activities apply skimming except _____.

a) Reading the headline and the first sentence of each
paragraph
b) Reading the first and the last paragraph of the article
c) Consuming two minutes to read the article
d) Reading through the text and answer the questions
1
• The following activities apply skimming except _____.

a) Reading the headline and the first sentence of each
paragraph
b) Reading the first and the last paragraph of the article
c) Consuming two minutes to read the article
d) Reading through the text and answer the questions
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• You use a watch to time yourself as you ______________ the
text to find the answers to short questions from Article 1 of
the Philippine Constitution.

a) Skim
b) Scan

1
• You use a watch to time yourself as you ______________ the
text to find the answers to short questions from Article 1 of
the Philippine Constitution.

a) Skim
b) Scan
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• When you do skimming, how many times faster you read each
word compared to a normal reading?

a) one to two times
b) two to three times
c) three to four times
d) four to five times
1
• When you do skimming, how many times faster you read each
word compared to a normal reading?

a) one to two times
b) two to three times
c) three to four times
d) four to five times
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Literal 2
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) the first sentence
b) the third sentence
c) the last sentence

- You eat right, hit the gym, avoid smoking, and don't drink too much — but
will your healthy lifestyle really pay off? Scientists say yes. According to a
new study published in the journal Preventative Medicine, people can
extend their life expectancies by avoiding four poor lifestyle habits:
smoking, alcohol, poor diet, and inactivity. Researchers at the University of
Zurich studied 16,721 people, ages 16 to 90 from 1977 to 1993 with their
corresponding deaths up until 2003. The purpose of the study was to
determine what a healthy lifestyle looked like in numbers and to prove
that avoiding unhealthy factors can help increase life expectancy.
1
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) the first sentence
b) the third sentence
c) the last sentence

- You eat right, hit the gym, avoid smoking, and don't drink too much — but
will your healthy lifestyle really pay off? Scientists say yes. According to a
new study published in the journal Preventative Medicine, people can
extend their life expectancies by avoiding four poor lifestyle habits:
smoking, alcohol, poor diet, and inactivity. Researchers at the University of
Zurich studied 16,721 people, ages 16 to 90 from 1977 to 1993 with their
corresponding deaths up until 2003. The purpose of the study was to
determine what a healthy lifestyle looked like in numbers and to prove
that avoiding unhealthy factors can help increase life expectancy.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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more writing.
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your answers☻
Skimming and Scanning 2
• If you are looking up a word in dictionary, you _____________
the page until your eye catches the word or words you need.

a) Skim
b) Scan

1
• If you are looking up a word in dictionary, you _____________
the page until your eye catches the word or words you need.

a) Skim
b) Scan
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Literal 2
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) a narrative account
b) a general statement
c) an analogy or comparison

- Catlateral Damage, also known informally around these parts as Jerk Cat
Simulator as it has you play as a cat who knocks things over, has achieved
its $40,000 funding goal on Kickstarter with 12 days to spare, and is now
setting its sights on a PS4 version in addition to the PC and Ouya editions.
Now that it's secured funding, we can examine the project's stretch goals.
Aside from the PS4 version at $100k, the team is also aiming for bonus
levels in a grocery store, a museum and a pet store, and at $70k they'll
add Steamworks integration for easier modding. Catlateral Damage is
aiming for launch in November of this year.
1
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) a narrative account
b) a general statement
c) an analogy or comparison

- Catlateral Damage, also known informally around these parts as Jerk Cat
Simulator as it has you play as a cat who knocks things over, has achieved
its $40,000 funding goal on Kickstarter with 12 days to spare, and is now
setting its sights on a PS4 version in addition to the PC and Ouya editions.
Now that it's secured funding, we can examine the project's stretch goals.
Aside from the PS4 version at $100k, the team is also aiming for bonus
levels in a grocery store, a museum and a pet store, and at $70k they'll
add Steamworks integration for easier modding. Catlateral Damage is
aiming for launch in November of this year.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Literal 2
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: In a nutshell, the topic sentence of this paragraph:
a) gives a favorable review
b) gives a neutral review
c) gives an unfavorable review

- Two years ago, when director Marc Webb offered his premature reboot of the
franchise, he seemed at least to understand where the previous trilogy had gone
wrong. The Amazing Spider-Man may have been a wildly redundant enterprise,
but Webb—along with his stars Andrew Garfield and Emma Stone—at least re-
discovered the proper scale and focus of the subject, delivering a film imbued with
improbable charm. His sequel, alas, exhibits almost none of its predecessor’s
virtues. The Amazing Spider-Man 2 is a lumbering mess, so overstuffed with plot
devices that it smothers even the complementing charismas of Garfield and Stone.
About the best thing one can say about this fiasco is that Webb has taken only two
films to reach the same exhausted, exhausting endpoint that Raimi required three
to achieve. It’s progress, of a sort.
1
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: In a nutshell, the topic sentence of this paragraph:
a) gives a favorable review
b) gives a neutral review
c) gives an unfavorable review

- Two years ago, when director Marc Webb offered his premature reboot of the
franchise, he seemed at least to understand where the previous trilogy had gone
wrong. The Amazing Spider-Man may have been a wildly redundant enterprise,
but Webb—along with his stars Andrew Garfield and Emma Stone—at least re-
discovered the proper scale and focus of the subject, delivering a film imbued with
improbable charm. His sequel, alas, exhibits almost none of its predecessor’s
virtues. The Amazing Spider-Man 2 is a lumbering mess, so overstuffed with plot
devices that it smothers even the complementing charismas of Garfield and Stone.
About the best thing one can say about this fiasco is that Webb has taken only two
films to reach the same exhausted, exhausting endpoint that Raimi required three
to achieve. It’s progress, of a sort.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• You are taking an exam. You read the questions carefully and
look back in the text quickly to find the answer. What reading
skill do you apply?

a) Skimming
b) Scanning
c) Context clues
d) Predicting outcomes

1
• You are taking an exam. You read the questions carefully and
look back in the text quickly to find the answer. What reading
skill do you apply?

a) Skimming
b) Scanning
c) Context clues
d) Predicting outcomes
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• Which among the following activities requires you to scan for
information while reading?

a) You look for a job in the classifieds section of a newspaper.
b) You predict what happens next in a story.
c) You discuss in class what a picture means to you.
d) You explain the big picture after reading an essay.

1
• Which among the following activities requires you to scan for
information while reading?

a) You look for a job in the classifieds section of a newspaper.
b) You predict what happens next in a story.
c) You discuss in class what a picture means to you.
d) You explain the big picture after reading an essay.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• Which of the following activities applies skimming?

a) Finding statistics about the population in a book of facts
b) Seeing if a book will be suitable for pleasure reading
c) Flipping through an accounting report to find a particular set
of data
d) Locating a particular place on a map
1
• Which of the following activities applies skimming?

a) Finding statistics about the population in a book of facts
b) Seeing if a book will be suitable for pleasure reading
c) Flipping through an accounting report to find a particular set
of data
d) Locating a particular place on a map
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• In skimming how many words per minute (wpm) one can
read?

a) below 600 words per minute
b) 600 words and above per minute
c) below 700 words per minute
d) 700 words and above per minute
1
• In skimming how many words per minute (wpm) one can
read?

a) below 600 words per minute
b) 600 words and above per minute
c) below 700 words per minute
d) 700 words and above per minute
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming and Scanning 2
• What is the highest temperature in Jamaica over a
year?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
• What is the highest temperature in Jamaica over a
year?

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Literal 2
• TRUE or FALSE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is the
first sentence.

- Mars is no stranger to life. Seven U.S. spacecraft have
successfully landed there, and all of them took microbes to
the planet's surface (though the bugs probably did not survive
for long). Yet the world's space agencies continue to maintain
strict spacecraft sterilization procedures in the hope of
minimizing the spread of Earth life beyond our planet. For
decades this ethos—known as planetary protection—
prevailed. Now, some scientists say, these precautions are
undermining the search for life beyond Earth by raising costs
and inhibiting innovative missions—without meaningful
benefits.
1
• TRUE or FALSE: The topic sentence of this paragraph is the
first sentence.

- Mars is no stranger to life. Seven U.S. spacecraft have
successfully landed there, and all of them took microbes to
the planet's surface (though the bugs probably did not survive
for long). Yet the world's space agencies continue to maintain
strict spacecraft sterilization procedures in the hope of
minimizing the spread of Earth life beyond our planet. For
decades this ethos—known as planetary protection—
prevailed. Now, some scientists say, these precautions are
undermining the search for life beyond Earth by raising costs
and inhibiting innovative missions—without meaningful
benefits.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Literal 2
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The tone of the topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) supportive
b) neutral
c) Sarcastic

- Honda Cars Philippines has announced the voluntary safety recall of select units of
the Jazz, the City, the Civic and the Accord sold in the country because of the front-
passenger airbag's faulty inflation device. Covering 1,760 units in the Philippines
and an estimated 2.1 million Honda vehicles worldwide, this notice is part of a
global recall of vehicles following a Honda Motor Company report involving faulty
front-passenger airbags. According to the press statement, "the report traces the
cause of the faulty airbags to the automatic rejection system machine's failure to
detect defective airbag inflators containing low-density propellants." Subsequently,
the defective airbag inflation devices from the supplier were inadvertently
installed during the assembly of the affected vehicles. Thus, upon airbag
deployment, the pressure increases excessively and might cause the inflator case
to rupture
1
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The tone of the topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) supportive
b) neutral
c) Sarcastic

- Honda Cars Philippines has announced the voluntary safety recall of select units of
the Jazz, the City, the Civic and the Accord sold in the country because of the front-
passenger airbag's faulty inflation device. Covering 1,760 units in the Philippines
and an estimated 2.1 million Honda vehicles worldwide, this notice is part of a
global recall of vehicles following a Honda Motor Company report involving faulty
front-passenger airbags. According to the press statement, "the report traces the
cause of the faulty airbags to the automatic rejection system machine's failure to
detect defective airbag inflators containing low-density propellants." Subsequently,
the defective airbag inflation devices from the supplier were inadvertently
installed during the assembly of the affected vehicles. Thus, upon airbag
deployment, the pressure increases excessively and might cause the inflator case
to rupture.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Skimming Scanning 2
Winston’s activities in a day

• What percent of
the day is spent
watching TV?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
• What percent of
the day is spent
watching TV?
Winston’s activities in a day

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Skimming Scanning 2
Winston’s activities in a day

What should Winston
do to increase his study
time to an additional
30%?

a. He should avoid talking on
the phone.
b. He should give up sleep
when necessary.
c. He should use time on
phone and television to
studying.
d. He should not watch
television shows at all.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
What should Winston do
to increase his study time
to an additional 30%?

a. He should avoid talking on
the phone.
b. He should give up sleep
when necessary.
c. He should use time on
phone and television to
studying.
d. He should not watch
television shows at all.
Winston’s activities in a day

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Skimming Scanning 2
• How many
running hours are
spent in order to
burn 220 calories?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
• How many
running hours are
spent in order to
burn 220 calories?
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Skimming Scanning 2
• If one is required
to burn 120
calories how many
hours should
he/she run?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
• If one is required
to burn 120
calories how many
hours should
he/she run?
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Literal 2
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The tone of the topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) Serious
b) Urgent
c) Wry

- Unkempt children scour trash bins for leftover food. Some beg for food. Others
forcibly sleep their hunger away. “Hunger is not just a stomach thing. Hunger hurts
people,” writes World Vision, an international child- focused organization that
helps fight hunger. Children who are constantly hungry are irritable, malnourished,
and sickly. Worse, some die. But such deaths are preventable!

A Social Weather Station’s hunger poll conducted in May this year found that 18.4
percent or about 3.8 million Filipino families experienced involuntary hunger in the
past three months.* Around the world, more than 24,000 children die every day
because of poverty, diseases, and hunger.
1
• MULTIPLE CHOICE: The tone of the topic sentence of this paragraph is:
a) Serious
b) Urgent
c) Wry

- Unkempt children scour trash bins for leftover food. Some beg for food. Others
forcibly sleep their hunger away. “Hunger is not just a stomach thing. Hunger hurts
people,” writes World Vision, an international child- focused organization that
helps fight hunger. Children who are constantly hungry are irritable, malnourished,
and sickly. Worse, some die. But such deaths are preventable!

A Social Weather Station’s hunger poll conducted in May this year found that 18.4
percent or about 3.8 million Filipino families experienced involuntary hunger in the
past three months.* Around the world, more than 24,000 children die every day
because of poverty, diseases, and hunger.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Today’s teenagers spend millions of dollars on clothing,
cosmetics and other types of products. One reason is
that they have grown up in a time of almost constant
prosperity.

Which answer best describes the relationship between
these two statements?

a) The second statement contrasts with the first.
b) Both statements are examples of the same concept.
c) The second statement is an example of the first.
d) The second statement is a cause of the first.
1
• Today’s teenagers spend millions of dollars on clothing,
cosmetics and other types of products. One reason is
that they have grown up in a time of almost constant
prosperity.

Which answer best describes the relationship between
these two statements?

a) The second statement contrasts with the first.
b) Both statements are examples of the same concept.
c) The second statement is an example of the first.
d) The second statement is a cause of the first.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• There are rules that drivers and passengers should follow
to stay safe when in moving vehicles. These rules include
driving within the speed limit and wearing seatbelts.

What is the relationship between these two
statements?

a) The second statement provides examples of the first.
b) The second statement restates the first.
c) The second statement describes an effect of the first.
d) The second statement makes a comparison to the first.
1
• There are rules that drivers and passengers should follow
to stay safe when in moving vehicles. These rules include
driving within the speed limit and wearing seatbelts.

What is the relationship between these two
statements?

a) The second statement provides examples of the first.
b) The second statement restates the first.
c) The second statement describes an effect of the first.
d) The second statement makes a comparison to the first.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Divorce or the death of a parent is bound to unsettle
children who may be involved. Daily routines like eating
meals together or doing homework may disappear at a
time when children need structure the most. Many
children, testing the stability or security of their new
family situation, may become defiant or
uncharacteristically hostile.

According to this passage, divorce or the death of a
parent:

a) is a direct cause of hostility in children.
b) may have unintended effects on children’s behavior.
c) can be blamed for many missed homework assignments.
d) always serve to split families apart.
1
• Divorce or the death of a parent is bound to unsettle
children who may be involved. Daily routines like eating
meals together or doing homework may disappear at a
time when children need structure the most. Many
children, testing the stability or security of their new
family situation, may become defiant or
uncharacteristically hostile.

According to this passage, divorce or the death of a
parent:

a) is a direct cause of hostility in children.
b) may have unintended effects on children’s behavior.
c) can be blamed for many missed homework assignments.
d) always serve to split families apart.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• There are two types of pottery that I do. There is
production pottery—mugs, tableware—the kinds of
things that sell easily. These pay for my time to do the
other work, which is more creative and satisfies my
needs as an artist.

The author of the passage implies that:

a) artists have a tendency to waste valuable time.
b) creativity and mass production are incompatible.
c) most people do not appreciate good art.
d) pottery is not produced by creative artists.
1
• There are two types of pottery that I do. There is
production pottery—mugs, tableware—the kinds of
things that sell easily. These pay for my time to do the
other work, which is more creative and satisfies my
needs as an artist.

The author of the passage implies that:

a) artists have a tendency to waste valuable time.
b) creativity and mass production are incompatible.
c) most people do not appreciate good art.
d) pottery is not produced by creative artists.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Some actors and rock stars are paid almost 100 times as much per
year as school teachers. Not to downgrade the role of
entertainment in our lives, but these people are not the valuable
social resource that educators are. As another example,
professional athletes earn vastly more than the nation’s firefighters.
Again, there is little doubt that the lower paid group contributes a
more vital function to communities. Finally, dress designers, who
can make up to $50,000 for a gown, far out-earn police officers,
whose very presence makes our cities and towns livable.

Based on this passage, the earning power in our society:

a) is subject to staggering inflation.
b) does not relate to one’s usefulness in society.
c) is highest among those whose achievements are the greatest.
d) should be highest among actors and rock.
1
• Some actors and rock stars are paid almost 100 times as much per
year as school teachers. Not to downgrade the role of
entertainment in our lives, but these people are not the valuable
social resource that educators are. As another example,
professional athletes earn vastly more than the nation’s firefighters.
Again, there is little doubt that the lower paid group contributes a
more vital function to communities. Finally, dress designers, who
can make up to $50,000 for a gown, far out-earn police officers,
whose very presence makes our cities and towns livable.

Based on this passage, the earning power in our society:

a) is subject to staggering inflation.
b) does not relate to one’s usefulness in society.
c) is highest among those whose achievements are the greatest.
d) should be highest among actors and rock.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Which of the following could not be used to predict
an outcome?

a) What you saw happen
b) Clues
c) The length of the story
d) Prior knowledge
1
• Which of the following could not be used to predict
an outcome?

a) What you saw happen
b) Clues
c) The length of the story
d) Prior knowledge
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Laura was a private eye from a tough neighborhood in
Chicago. She wasn't afraid of anything and always kept her
cool. In her black leather jacket, wearing her hair pulled back
in a tight knot, she prowled the streets like a panther.

What might Laura do if someone threatened her?
a) Laura would not look the person in the eye.
b) Laura would prepare herself for a fight.
c) Laura would scream and cry for help.
d) Laura would run to the police station as fast as she could.
1
• Laura was a private eye from a tough neighborhood in
Chicago. She wasn't afraid of anything and always kept her
cool. In her black leather jacket, wearing her hair pulled back
in a tight knot, she prowled the streets like a panther.

What might Laura do if someone threatened her?
a) Laura would not look the person in the eye.
b) Laura would prepare herself for a fight.
c) Laura would scream and cry for help.
d) Laura would run to the police station as fast as she could.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• As the weakest player on the school softball team, Frank
played right field, where nobody ever seemed to hit a ball.
Tonight, far from the fans, his glove hanging limply from his
hand, Frank thought about what he wanted for dinner.

What might happen if a ball finally did come Frank's way?
a) Frank could make a heroic catch.
b) Frank could miss the ball.
c) The fans will be happy for Frank.
d) Frank could make a double play.

1
• As the weakest player on the school softball team, Frank
played right field, where nobody ever seemed to hit a ball.
Tonight, far from the fans, his glove hanging limply from his
hand, Frank thought about what he wanted for dinner.

What might happen if a ball finally did come Frank's way?
a) Frank could make a heroic catch.
b) Frank could miss the ball.
c) The fans will be happy for Frank.
d) Frank could make a double play.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Identify whether it’s a Fact or Opinion:


Spitting in your hand before you pick up a ball is to said to give
you good luck.
1
• Identify whether it’s a Fact or Opinion:


Spitting in your hand before you pick up a ball is to said to give
you good luck.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Identify whether it’s a Fact or Opinion:


Adobo and sinigang are the all-time favorite dishes in the
Philippines.
1
• Identify whether it’s a Fact or Opinion:


Adobo and sinigang are the all-time favorite dishes in the
Philippines.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Turner almost wished that he hadn’t listened to the radio. He
went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella. He would feel
silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning.
Which probably happened?

a) Turner realized that he had an unnatural fear of falling radio
parts.
b) Turner had promised himself to do something silly that
morning.
c) Turner had heard a weather forecast that predicted rain.
d) Turner planned to trade his umbrella for a bus ride.
1
• Turner almost wished that he hadn’t listened to the radio. He
went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella. He would feel
silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning.
Which probably happened?

a) Turner realized that he had an unnatural fear of falling radio
parts.
b) Turner had promised himself to do something silly that
morning.
c) Turner had heard a weather forecast that predicted rain.
d) Turner planned to trade his umbrella for a bus ride.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• “Larry, as your boss, I must say it’s been very interesting
working with you,” Miss Valdez said. “However, it seems that
our company’s needs and your performance style are not well
matched. Therefore, it makes me very sad to have to ask you
to resign your position effective today.” What was Miss Valdez
telling Larry?

a) She would feel really bad if he decided to quit.
b) He was being fired.
c) He was getting a raise in pay.
d) She really enjoyed having him in the office.
1
• “Larry, as your boss, I must say it’s been very interesting
working with you,” Miss Valdez said. “However, it seems that
our company’s needs and your performance style are not well
matched. Therefore, it makes me very sad to have to ask you
to resign your position effective today.” What was Miss Valdez
telling Larry?

a) She would feel really bad if he decided to quit.
b) He was being fired.
c) He was getting a raise in pay.
d) She really enjoyed having him in the office.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Caroline went to the park to ride her skate board, Caroline fell
off her skate board and hurt herself pretty bad. Caroline had
to go to the doctor, she left with a cast on her right arm.
What can you conclude?

a) Caroline bruised her arm.
b) Caroline twisted her ankle.
c) Caroline broke her arm.
d) All the above
1
• Caroline went to the park to ride her skate board, Caroline fell
off her skate board and hurt herself pretty bad. Caroline had
to go to the doctor, she left with a cast on her right arm.
What can you conclude?

a) Caroline bruised her arm.
b) Caroline twisted her ankle.
c) Caroline broke her arm.
d) All the above
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• “No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot of money on my
birthday present. Just having you for a husband is the only gift
I need. In fact, I’ll just drive my old rusty bucket of bolts down
to the mall and buy myself a little present. And if the poor old
car doesn't break down, I’ll be back soon.” What is the
message?

a) I don’t want a gift.
b) Buy me a new car.
c) The mall is fun.
d) I’ll carry a bucket for you
1
• “No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot of money on my
birthday present. Just having you for a husband is the only gift
I need. In fact, I’ll just drive my old rusty bucket of bolts down
to the mall and buy myself a little present. And if the poor old
car doesn't break down, I’ll be back soon.” What is the
message?

a) I don’t want a gift.
b) Buy me a new car.
c) The mall is fun.
d) I’ll carry a bucket for you.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• Bill and Jessica were almost done taking turns choosing the
players for their teams. It was Jessica’s turn to choose, and
only Kurt was left. Jessica said, “Kurt.” We can conclude that…

a) Kurt is not a very good player.
b) Jessica was pleased to have Kurt on her team.
c) Kurt was the best player on either team.
d) Jessica was inconsiderate of Kurt’s feelings.
1
• Bill and Jessica were almost done taking turns choosing the
players for their teams. It was Jessica’s turn to choose, and
only Kurt was left. Jessica said, “Kurt.” We can conclude that…

a) Kurt is not a very good player.
b) Jessica was pleased to have Kurt on her team.
c) Kurt was the best player on either team.
d) Jessica was inconsiderate of Kurt’s feelings.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• What type of supporting sentence is the underlined word?

“There is some evidence that colors affect us physiologically.
For instance, when subjects are exposed to red light,
respiratory movements increase.”

a) Fact
b) Example
c) Reason
d) Personal Experience
1
• What type of supporting sentence is the underlined word?

“There is some evidence that colors affect us physiologically.
For instance, when subjects are exposed to red light,
respiratory movements increase.”

a) Fact
b) Example
c) Reason
d) Personal Experience


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Critical 3
• What type of supporting sentence is the underlined word?

“In the developing world, 1.1 billion people still lack access to
safe drinking water. Based on a 1998 report by the United
Nations, more than 1.6 million deaths each year are traced to
waterborne diseases, mostly in children under five.”

a) Fact
b) Example
c) Reason
d) Personal Experience
1
• What type of supporting sentence is the underlined word?

“In the developing world, 1.1 billion people still lack access to
safe drinking water. Based on a 1998 report by the United
Nations, more than 1.6 million deaths each year are traced to
waterborne diseases, mostly in children under five.”

a) Fact
b) Example
c) Reason
d) Personal Experience


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Which sentence below supports this topic sentence: “Eating
canned foods and fresh foods have differences.“ ?

a) Eating is an activity that we as humans do at least two times
a day.
b) Canned foods are much more expensive than fresh foods.
c) We live in a world where the variety of food is immense.
d) One such variety is canned foods and the opposite – fresh
foods.
1
• Which sentence below supports this topic sentence: “Eating
canned foods and fresh foods have differences.“ ?

a) Eating is an activity that we as humans do at least two times
a day.
b) Canned foods are much more expensive than fresh foods.
c) We live in a world where the variety of food is immense.
d) One such variety is canned foods and the opposite – fresh
foods.


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Which does NOT support the topic sentence:

AFRICAN MUSIC HAS SEVERAL INTERESTING
CHARACTERISTICS.

a) In Africa, music is usually performed outdoors.
b) There is spontaneous music making as well as performances
by social and music groups at ceremonies and feasts.
c) The late South African president Nelson Mandela supported
African music.
d) There is no musical notation (written music).
1
• Which does NOT support the topic sentence:

AFRICAN MUSIC HAS SEVERAL INTERESTING
CHARACTERISTICS.

a) In Africa, music is usually performed outdoors.
b) There is spontaneous music making as well as performances
by social and music groups at ceremonies and feasts.
c) The late South African president Nelson Mandela supported
African music.
d) There is no musical notation (written music).


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Which does NOT support the topic sentence:

TSUNAMIS, LARGE OCEAN WAVES CAUSED BY UNDERWATER
EARTHQUAKES, CAN BE DEADLY AND DESTRUCTIVE.

a) For example, in December 2004, an underwater earthquake triggered a
massive tsunami throughout the Indian Ocean.
b) The International Bureau of Meteorology monitors tsunamis taking place
in every part of the world.
c) The tsunami killed more than 200,000 people and caused billions of
dollars of damage to the coasts of numerous Southeast Asian countries.
d) In Japan more recently, the physical damages caused by the tsunami are
estimated at 26.5 billion dollars.
1
• Which does NOT support the topic sentence:

TSUNAMIS, LARGE OCEAN WAVES CAUSED BY UNDERWATER
EARTHQUAKES, CAN BE DEADLY AND DESTRUCTIVE.

a) For example, in December 2004, an underwater earthquake triggered a
massive tsunami throughout the Indian Ocean.
b) The International Bureau of Meteorology monitors tsunamis taking place
in every part of the world.
c) The tsunami killed more than 200,000 people and caused billions of
dollars of damage to the coasts of numerous Southeast Asian countries.
d) In Japan more recently, the physical damages caused by the tsunami are
estimated at 26.5 billion dollars.


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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Inferential 3
• Which sentence below supports this topic sentence:
“Backpacking has certain benefits and risks.“ ?

a) Backpacking is one of the most common ways of traveling.
b) There will be the issue of safety while traveling without a
tour guide.
c) Backpacking has really become famous among young people.
d) People who travel build camaraderie and test the limits of
friendship.
1
• Which sentence below supports this topic sentence:
“Backpacking has certain benefits and risks.“ ?

a) Backpacking is one of the most common ways of traveling.
b) There will be the issue of safety while traveling without a
tour guide.
c) Backpacking has really become famous among young people.
d) People who travel build camaraderie and test the limits of
friendship.


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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