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Problem Session

Sniffer
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Problems
1) The ________ model shows how the network functions of
a computer ought to be organized.
A) ITU-T B) OSI C) ISO D) ANSI

2) The OSI model consists of ________ layers.
A) three B) five C) seven D) eight

3) The ________ layer decides the location of
synchronization points.
A) network B) transport C) session
D) presentation
4) The ________ layer is the layer closest to the transmission
medium.
A) physical B) data link C) network
D) transport

5) In the _________ layer, the data unit is called a frame.
A) physical B) data link C)
network D) transport

6) When different programs are running at the same time on a
computer, they can be identified by their _________
addresses.
A) node B) station C) service point (port)
D) source
7) Decryption and encryption of data are the responsibility of
the _______ layer.
A) physical B) data link C) presentation
D) session

8) Node-to-node delivery of the data unit is the responsibility
of the _______ layer.
A) physical B) data link C) transport
D) network

9) As the data packet moves from the lower to the upper
layers, headers are ________.
A) added B) subtracted C)rearranged
D) modified
10) As the data packet moves from the upper to the lower
layers, headers are ________.
A) added B) removed C) rearranged
D) modified

11) The ________ layer lies between the network layer and
the session layer.
A) physical B) data link C) transport
D) presentation

12) Layer 2 lies between the physical layer and the _______
layer.
A) network B) data link C) transport
D) presentation
13) When data are transmitted from device A to device B, the
header from As layer 5 is read by Bs ________ layer.
A) physical B) transport C)
session D) presentation

14) In the ________ layer, translations from one character
code to another occur.
A) transport B) session C) presentation
D) application

15) The ________ layer changes bits into electromagnetic
signals.
A) physical B) data link C) transport
D) presentation
16) The ________ layer can use the trailer of the frame for
error detection.
A) physical B) data link C) transport
D) presentation

17) How are OSI and ISO related to each other?

18) Match the following to one or more layers of the seven
OSI layers:
A) route determination
B) flow control
C) access to the network for the end user
D) formatting data from one code to another
E) switching
19) Match the following to one or more of the seven OSI layers:
A) provides reliable end-to-end transmission of entire
message B) defines frames
C) provides user services such as electronic mail and file transfer
D) transmits signals across physical medium

20) Match the following to one or more of the seven OSI layers:
A) direct communication with users application program
B) error correction and retransmission
C) mechanical, electrical, and functional interface
D) responsibility for node-to-node delivery of a frame
E) reassembly of data packets into a message
21) Match the following to one or more of the seven OSI layers:
A) provides format and code conversion services
B) establishes, manages, and terminates sessions
C) oversees end-to-end transmission of data packets
D) provides verification of log-in and log-out
E) provides independence from differences in data representation

22) Compare and contrast the delivery of data units in the data link
layer, the network layer, and the transport layer.

23) The secondary device in a multipoint configuration sends data in
response to ___________.
A) an ACK B) an ENQ C) a poll
D) a SEL
24) In sliding window flow control, if the window size is 63, what
is the range of sequence numbers?
A) 0 to 63 B) 0 to 64 C) 1 to 63
D) 1 to 64

25) In sliding window flow control, the frames to the left of the
receiver window are frames __________.
A) received but not acknowledged
B) received and acknowledged
C) not received D) not sent

26) Regulation of the rate of transmission of data frames is known
as _________.
A) line discipline B) flow discipline
C) data rate control D) switch control
27) The retransmission of damaged or lost frames in the data link
layer is known as _________.
A) error control B) error conditioning
C) line discipline D) flow control

28) Flow control is needed to prevent ___________.
A) bit errors B) overflow of the sender buffer
C) overflow of the receiver buffer
D) collision between sender and receiver

29) In go-back-n ARQ, if frames 4, 5, and 6 are received
successfully, the receiver may send an ACK ________ to the
sender.
A) 5 B) 6 C) 7 D) any of the above
30) For a sliding window of buffer size n, there can be a
maximum of _________ frames sent but unacknowledged.
A) 0 B) n-1 C) n D) n+1

31) An ACK 3 is sliding window flow control (window size of 8)
means that frame _________ is next expected by the receiver.
A) 2 B) 3 C) 4 D) 8

32) In stop-and-wait ARQ, if data 1 has an error, the receiver
sends a _________ frame.
A) NAK 0 B) NAK 1 C) NAK 2
D) NAK
33) In ________ ARQ, when a NAK is received, all frames sent
since the last frame acknowledged are retransmitted.
A) stop-and-wait B) go-back-n
C) selective-reject D) a and b

34) In _______ ARQ, if a NAK is received, only the specific
damaged or lost frame is retransmitted.
A) stop-and-wait B) go-back-n
C) selective-reject D) a and b

35) ARQ stands for ________.
A) automatic repeat quantization B) automatic repeat request
C) automatic retransmission request
D) acknowledge repeat request
36) Draw the sender and receiver windows for a system using go-
back-n ARQ given the following:
A) frame 0 is sent; frame 0 is acknowledged
B) frames 1 and 2 are sent; frames 1 and 2 are acknowledged
C) frames 3, 4, and 5 are sent; NAK 4 is received
D) frames 4, 5, and 6 are sent; frames 4 through 7 are
acknowledged.

37) Repeat problem 48 using selective-reject ARQ.
38) What does the number on a NAK frame mean for:
A) stop-and-wait ARQ? B) go-back-n
ARQ? C) selective-reject ARQ?

39) What does the number on an ACK frame mean for:
A) stop-and-wait ARQ? B) go-back-n
ARQ? C) selective-reject ARQ?

40) ACK 7 has been received by the sender in a sliding
window system. Now frames 7, 0, 1, 2, and 3 are sent.
For each of the following separate scenarios, discuss the
significance of the receiving of:
A) an ACK 1 B) an ACK 4
C) an ACK 3 D) a NAK 1
E) a NAK 3 E) a NAK 7
41) End-to-end delivery is the movement of a message from
_______.
A) one station to the next station
B) one network to the next network
C) source to destination D) non of the above

42) What type of addressing is specifically used by the
transport layer?
A) station addresses B) network addresses
C) application program port addresses
D) dialog addresses
43) In ________ services, connections must be established
and terminated.
A) connectionless B) connection-oriented
C) segmentation D) none of the above

44) In ________ services, no connection establishment is
needed.
A) connectionless B) connection-oriented
C) segmentation D) none of the above

45) A virtual circuit is associated with a _________ service.
A) connectionless B) connection-oriented
C) segmentation D) none of the above
46) In _________ services, packets of a single transmission
travel from source to destination via different paths.
A) connectionless B) connection-oriented
C) segmentation D) none of the above

47) Show by calculation how many networks (not hosts) each
IP address class (A, B, and C only) can have.

48) Show by calculation how many hosts per network each IP
address class (A, B, and C only) can have.

49) Write the binary form of the following internet addresses:
A) 124.34.6.9 B) 23.67.6.3
C) 0.23.56.0 D) 12.34.67.125
50) Find the class of the following host addresses:
A) 121.56.3.67 B) 193.23.56.23
C) 231.23.67.123 D) 142.23.56.23

51) Find the network address of each host address in the
preceding problem.

52) Draw an internet with the following specifications. Show
all of the hosts, their addresses, and connections. The
address selection is up to you.
A) one token ring network with four hosts (Class A)
B) one Ethernet with four hosts (Class C)
C) the token ring is connected to the Ethernet by a gateway