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OVERVIEW OF

INDIAN
POWER SECTOR AND
PLAN FOR
12 / 13 PLAN
th

th

Installed Capacity
(as on 30.09.2010)
SECTOR
WISE
CENTRAL
STATE
PRIVATE
TOTAL

HYDRO
MW

THERMAL NUCLEAR R.E.S.


MW
MW
MW

TOTAL
MW

8685

38622

4560

51867

27218

50837

2789

80844

1425

17059

13640

32124

37328

106518

4560

16429

164835

Total Capacity as on 30.09.2010=

1,64,835 MW

Installed Capacity (MW) as on 30-09-2010


(Type-wise)

Total Installed Capacity = 1,64, 835 MW

Power Supply Position (Provisional)


(April, 2010- September, 2010)

Peak Demand
Peak Met
Surplus/Deficit
Energy Requirement
Energy Availability

Surplus/Deficit

(MW)
(MW)
(MW)
%
(MU)
(MU)
(MU)
%
Northern
37701
34101

Capacity addition during 11th Plan


Capacity addition target during 11th Plan: 78,700 MW
Capacity addition likely during 11th Plan as per MTA: 62,374
MW
Capacity commissioned during 11th Plan till 31.10.2010:
29,322 MW
Capacity under execution for likely benefits during 11th
Plan: 33,436 MW
Capacity being attempted under Best Efforts: 12,590 MW

Capacity addition likely during 11th Plan


as per MTA
THERMAL BREAKUP
HYDRO

TOTAL
THERMAL

COAL

LIGNITE

GAS/LNG

NUCLEAR

TOTAL

CENTRAL SECTOR

2922

14920

13430

750

740

3380

21222

STATE SECTOR

2854

18501

14735

450

3316

21355

PRIVATE SECTOR

2461

17336

13725

1080

2531

19797

ALL-INDIA

8237

50757

41890

2280

6587

3380

62374

Capacity commissioned during 11th Plan


till 31.10.2010
THERMAL BREAKUP
HYDRO

TOTAL
THERMAL

CENTRAL
SECTOR

1150

STATE
SECTOR

NUCLEA
R

TOTAL

Addition
al
Capacity
Commisi
oned

Total
Commiss
ioned

COAL

LIGNITE

GAS/LNG

6095.5

5230

125

740.0

660

7905

7905

2540

9911.2

8610

325

976.2

12451.2

21

12472.2

PRIVATE
SECTOR

192

8390.0

5698

270

2422.5

8582

362.5

8944.5

ALL-INDIA

3882

24396.2

19538

720

4138.7

660

28938

383.5

29321.7

Capacity under execution for likely


benefits during 11th Plan
HYDRO

TOTAL
THERMAL

THERMAL BREAKUP
COAL

LIGNITE

GAS/LNG

NUCLEAR

TOTAL

CENTRAL SECTOR

1772

8825.0

8200

625

0.0

2720

13317.0

STATE SECTOR

314

8590.2

6125

125

2340.2

8904.2

PRIVATE SECTOR

2269

8945.5

8028

810

108.0

11214.5

ALL-INDIA

4355

26360.7

22353

1560

2448.2

2720

33435.7

Growth of Transmission Sector


(ckm) (as on 30.09.2010)
Transmission lines

Existing
(ckm)

765 kV

3829

400 kV

100910

220 kV

130788

HVDC 500 kV

8234

17th EPS Demand - Summary of All


India forecast
Year

Energy
Requirement
(BU)

Peak Load
(MW)

2011-12
11th Plan end

969

1,52,746

2016-17
12th Plan end

1,392

2,18,209

2021-22
13th Plan end

1,915

2,98,253

Generation Capacity Addition 12th Plan:


Basis
Demand - 17th EPS forecasts
Seasonal studies carried out
to ensure
optimum
capacity addition would separately meet demand in each
season also.
11th Plan Capacity addition considered 62,374 MW
Capacity retired - about 4,000 MW
Norms adopted LOLP-0.2% and ENS- 0.05%
Spinning Reserve about 11,000
corresponding to 5% Spinning Reserve)

MW

(capacity

Import 1200 MW hydro from neighboring countries

Generation Capacity Addition 12th Plan:


Basis
Shelf of projects drawn up based on the status of
projects (approx 1,30,000 MW).
Hydro and Nuclear projects accorded priority.
Generation Expansion Planning Models used to
work out the capacity addition requirement to
meet the projected demand.

LOAD DURATION CURVE

Capacity addition requirement


during 12th Plan
(fig in MW)
Fuel Type Capacity (MW)
Coal
Lignite

69,810
2,500

Gas

13,000

Hydro

16,360

Nuclear

4,800

Total

1,06,470

Capacity under execution for likely


benefits during 12th Plan
SECTOR
CENTRAL

HYDRO

THERMAL NUCLEAR TOTAL

5372

9016

2800

17188

945

11490

12435

PRIVATE

1042

35280

36322

TOTAL

7359

55786

2800

65945

STATE

Capacity addition requirement


during 13th Plan
(fig in MW)
Fuel Type Capacity (MW)
Coal
Lignite

35,200
0

Gas

14,000

Hydro

25,000

Nuclear

8,000

Total

82,200

Low Carbon Growth Strategy

Capacity Addition from Conventional fuel based


plants complemented by Renewable Energy
based plants to the maximum extent possible.
Highest priority to setting up of Hydro and
Nuclear power plants.
Gas based plants to be accorded higher priority
as compared to coal /lignite plants, to the extent
feasible.
Efficiency improvement of existing stations, R&M
of Old thermal power projects, and retirement of
less efficient plants/old and small size generating
units.

Low Carbon Growth Strategy

Energy Conservation in generation and at


consumer end.
Other measures to reduce pollution i.e.
Reduction in T&D losses, Coal quality
improvement.
Introduction of Clean Coal Technologies
(Supercritical
Technology,
Ultra
supercritical technology, IGCC etc).
Formation of Strong National Grid