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SOLID WASTE

MANAGEMENT







Solid Waste
matter or materials that are resulting
from human ,animal and economic
activities, and which are disposed
because they are hazardous or useless.


Types of solid waste

a. Municipal Solid Waste
consists of household waste, construction
and demolition debris, sanitation residue,
and waste from streets.
Example:
kitchen waste, vegetables,
flowers, leaves, fruits, paper
and etc.



b. Hazardous Waste
Industrial and hospital waste is
considered hazardous as they may contain
toxic substances.
Example:
old medicines, paints, spray
cans, fertilizer and shoe polish,
pesticide containers, batteries.
Why Solid Waste Management
Exists?
CAUSES OF IMPROPER
SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT


Population Growth

Lack of Knowledge



The type of litter we generate and the approximate time it takes to
degenerate
Type of litter Approximate time it takes to
degenerate the litter
Organic waste such as vegetable
and fruit peels, leftover
foodstuff, etc.

a week or two.
Paper 1030 days
Cotton cloth 25 months
Wood 1015 years
Woolen items 1 year
Tin, aluminium, and other metal
items such as cans
100500 years
Plastic bags one million years
Glass bottles undetermined
Lack of Discipline
Republic Act (RA) 9003
Ecological Solid Waste Management
- it declares the adoption of a systematic,
comprehensive and ecological solid waste
management program as a policy of the
State. It adopts a community-based
approach and it mandates waste diversion
through composting and recycling.

EFFECTS OF IMPROPER SOLID
WASTE MANAGEMENT

Groundwater contamination
- nearly ninety-five percent (95%) of all
fresh water on Earth is groundwater and
over a half of world population relies on
groundwater as a source of drinking water.
Disease Outbreak
- severe diseases like malaria, dengue,
and scabies caused by the parasites,
mosquitoes and bacteria come from open
pits and poor landfill.
Air Pollution & Climate Change
- when waste materials, especially toxic
chemicals are burned, they will release into
the surroundings or environment and can
cause serious public health risks; as waste
begins to breakdown, methane is produced.
WAYS TO REDUCE WASTE

Refuse, Reuse, Recycle, and Reduce
Resource Recovery
- a process by which garbage is converted
to useful energy in a solid waste plant.
Composting
- a process wherein the organic waste is
condensed and reused as a fertilizer to the
plants.

GARBAGE PROBLEM IN THE
PHILIPPINES
GARBAGE PROBLEM IN THE
PHILIPPINES
GARBAGE PROBLEM IN THE
PHILIPPINES
GARBAGE PROBLEM IN
THE PHILIPPINES
REFERENCES

Alarming Waste Problem In The Philippines. (2008). Retrieved July 14, 2012
from the Imagine Echo Projects Waste website:
http://imagineechoprojectswaste.blogspot.com/FRIDAY,APRIL 4, 2008
Health Impacts Of Improper Waste Disposal And Water Pollution. (n.d).
Retrieved July 14,2012 from the Bloggang website:
http://www.bloggang.com/viewblog.php?id=devilmelody&date=
09-02-2007&group=1&gblog=2
Improper Waste Disposal. (n.d). Retrieved July 14, 2012 from the Library
Think Quest website: http://library.thinkquest.org/
C005137F/solid%20waste1.htm#
Krishna, S. and Sasikumar, K. (n.d).Solid Waste Management.
Leach, M. (2009). Effects Of Improper Solid Waste Disposal.
Solid Waste. (n.d). Retrieved July 14, 2012 from the Buzzle website:
http://www.buzzle. com/articles/land-pollution.html
Uriarte Jr., F. (2008). Solid Waste Management Principles and Practices.
Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press, c2008.