ORI001102 CDMA WLL BTS3612 Hardware System

ISSUE 3.0

Wireless Curriculum Development Section Wireless Curriculum Development Section

Objectives

At the end of this presentation, you will be familiar with:
 BTS3612

system, principle and structure.

 Function

of all BTS3612 boards. & Feeder system configuration

 Antenna

 Networking

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Security Level: Internal

We will discuss…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
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Security Level: Internal

A Wireless Network
SMC MIP HA PDSN/FA

Um

INTERNET
BTS Abis Abis
Optical BTS Softsite Fiber
Um

A10/A11

FW T

AAA

RAC6610
V5 E1/STM-1 Abis

V5

LE

LE

BTS RemoteModule Model

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Security Level: Internal

BTS3612 Cabinet & Functional Distribution
Power distribution room

Baseband subrack Fan subrack Pow subrack er
P S U BB C C I I MM BB B BBB BB C C C C C C RR P P P P P P DD MMM MMMMM B C K M B C K M B BB B BB BBB R RC C CC CC R D DP P P P P P D M MM M M M M M M B R D M

Fan box 1

Fan box 2

P S U

P S U

P S U

P S U

RF subrack
B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M

CD U/RLD subrack U

RLDU

RLDU

RLDU

CDU

CDU/DFU

CDU

CDU/DFU CDU

CDU/DFU

RF subrack
B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M B H P A B T R M

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Security Level: Internal

Interface Protocol Stack

Abis signaling TCP/IP Abis traffic AAL2 ATM

OML signaling TCP/IP IPOA

IPOA AAL5 ATM

Command line TELNET 802.3 IS-2000.2

AAL5 ATM

Abis signaling

Abis traffic

OML signaling

MMI command

Um

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Security Level: Internal

Let us discuss now…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

A Fully Loaded Base band Subrack

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C I M 0 B C I M 1 B C P M 0 B C P M 1 B C P M 2 B C P M 3 B C P M 4 B B C R P D MM 5 2 B R D M 3

10 B C K M 0

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 B C K M 1 B R D M 0 B R D M 1 B C P M 8 B C P M 9 B B B C C C P P P MM M 10 11 12 B C P M 13 B R D M 4 B R D M 5

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Security Level: Internal

Baseband Functional Diagram
Baseband Subrack

BSC

E1

BCIM

BCKM

Other functional unit of the system

...

Emergency serial port Clock bus Backplane bus

BCPM

High speed data bus

BRDM

Optical Fiber BTRM

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM

Baseband Subrack

BCKM is categorized in to two main parts, i.e.

 1.

Main Processing Unit (MPU)
Signaling Processing Sub-module (SIG) Operation and Maintenance Sub-module (OMU)

 

 2.

Clock Module (CLK)

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM
Baseband Subrack

MPU
OMU sub-module accomplishes:
 Resource

management  Equipment management  Performance monitoring  Configuration management

 Software

downloading  Active/standby switchover  Board controlling

SIG sub-module:
 Signaling

processing

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM
Baseband Subrack

CLK
 CLK

provides the clock to the BTS with following features

Adopts the GPS/GLONASS as an external clock resource to provide 1PPS (one pulse/second) and GPS. Produces PP2S signal. Provides 10MHz local secondary (divided according to the precision) clock signals.

 

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM
Notice:

Baseband Subrack

 When

GPS, GLONASS or external synchronous

1PPS Signals are activated, the clock is in the normal running mode.
 When

GPS, GLONASS or external synchronous

1PPS fails, the local clock is in the holdover mode. Under this state the system can run normally for more than 8 hours.

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM
Baseband Subrack

Active/Standby Running
 When

fault occurs in the active BCKM, then the

services will switch over to the standby BCKM under the control of the related software or automatically. In following three cases this switching is occurred:
  

A. Abnormality in CLK leads to BCKM switchover. B. Abnormality in MPU leads to BCKM switchover. C. The hardware failure and damage of important devices of the board lead to BCKM switchover.

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Security Level: Internal

BCKM
Baseband Subrack

BCKM Structure
BCKM External communication unit Clock module MPU Backplane bus processing module

Other functional units

CBKM

Confidential Information of Huawei.

...

Power supply module

Backplane bus

Security Level: Internal

BCKM
BCKM Facet

Baseband Subrack

Normal status: Status (RUN) Indicator: flashes slowly Alarm (ALM) indicator: OFF Operation (ACT) indicator: ON ETH (Ethernet interface). A user can login BTS3612 for operation and maintenance by telnet.

GPS/GLONASS antenna port

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Security Level: Internal

BCPM
Baseband Subrack

BCPM is the service processing board. It processes various service data of forward and reverse channels including coding and decoding of baseband signals and primary modulation and demodulation of the baseband. It also processes the high-layer control signals. 12 boards can be plug in at the most.

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Security Level: Internal

BCPM
Baseband Subrack

Functional Diagram

CSM

BRDM

High-speed serial port CSM CSM MPU

CLK

Backplane bus processing module

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Security Level: Internal

BCPM

Baseband Subrack

Daisy Chain

The daisy chain is equivalent to the resource pool, which is divided into intra-board daisy chain and inter-board daisy chain. The essential of any mode is that the CSMs (baseband processing chips) form a resource pool.

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Security Level: Internal

BCPM
Baseband Subrack

BCPM Facet

Normal status: Status (RUN) Indicator: flashes slowly Alarm (ALM) indicator: OFF Operation (ACT) indicator: ON

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Security Level: Internal

BRDM
Baseband Subrack

The Resource Distribution Board (BRDM) is logically located between Transceiver Module (BTRM) and Channel Processing Module (BCPM). It provides the I&Q modulation. BRDM also supports the daisy chain within the cascaded channel processing boards.

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Security Level: Internal

BRDM
Baseband Subrack

Functional Diagram
BRDM Fiber High speed dat int a erface m odule High speed dat int a erface m odule Swit ching m odule High speed dat int a erface m odule High speed dat int a erface m odule 4 high speed dat a buses

BTRM BTRM

Opt m ical odule Opt m ical odule Opt m ical odule Opt m ical odule Opt m ical odule Opt m ical odule High speed dat int a erface m odule

BCPM

Fiber Fiber

BTRM BTRM

High speed dat int a erface m odule

4 high speed dat a buses

BCPM

Fiber Fiber Fiber

4 high speed dat a buses

BCPM

BTRM BTRM

4 high speed dat a buses

BCPM

Power m odule

CLK

CPU m odule

Bus int erface m odule RS232

Backplane bus BCKM

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Security Level: Internal

BRDM
Baseband Subrack

BRDM Facet

Normal status: Status (RUN) Indicator: flashes slowly Alarm (ALM) indicator: OFF Operation (ACT) indicator: ON

Six optical interfaces, for BTRM connection

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Security Level: Internal

BCIM
Baseband Subrack

In reverse direction, BCIM receives O&M command from BCKM and traffic data from BCPM, and transmit ATM cells on the multiple E1 links via IMA. In forward direction, it receives ATM cells, which are distributed on the multiple E1 links from BSC, multiplexes them into a single ATM cell flow with IMA techniques and finally sends them to the corresponding processing boards over the backplane bus. Each BCIM provides 8 E1 links, which can support at most 4 IMA link sets.

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Security Level: Internal

BCIM
IMA Module
E1 Link E1 link E1 link E1 link 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4

Baseband Subrack

Specific bandwidth

ÁE1 in fixed time slot mode

uIMA ( Inverse ATM )
IMA
E1 Interface E1 Interface E1 Interface E1 Interface

Multiplexing
ATM 1 Cell FLOW 6 IMA 5 3 2 1 3 1 1 6 4 3 7 6 2 7

on
1 5 4 4 4 1 7 7 Specific bandwidth

E1 E1 E1 …...

E1 Interface E1 Interface E1 Interface E1 Interface

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Security Level: Internal

BCIM
Baseband Subrack

Functional Diagram
D a bu at s RS2 2 3 BCKM

Conrol bu t s

CLK

Pow m le er odu

Note: BESP is E1 lightning protection board.
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

...

Backplan bu e s

Backplane bu s m le odu

CPU m le odu

IMA m le odu

E1

BESP

BESP
Baseband Subrack

Functional Diagram
BESP Level- Level-1 2 protection PGND 4 E1s 8 E1s Level-2 Level-1 protection PGND Interface DB25 BSC

Interface DB37

BCIM

BESP is a functional entity for BTS3612 to implement lightning protection within E1 trunk cable.
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

...

Interfac e

4 E1s BSC

Level-2Level-1 protection protection PGND

...

DB25

BCIM
Baseband Subrack

BCIM facet

Normal status: Status (RUN) Indicator: flashes slowly Alarm (ALM) indicator: OFF Operation (ACT) indicator: ON

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Security Level: Internal

Let us discuss now…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

BBFM
RF Subsystem

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

RLDU

RLDU

RLDU

BBFM

CDU/ DFU

CDU/ DFU

CDU/ DFU

CDU/ DFU

CDU/ DFU

CDU/ DFU

B H P A
Confidential Information of Huawei.

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

B H P A

B T R M

Security Level: Internal

BTRM
RF Subsystem

BTRM

accomplishes modulation/demodulation signals, (AD/DA) analog/digital conversion, and radio and digital up/down

of

baseband

digital/analog up/down conversion.

conversion

Confidential Information of Huawei.

Security Level: Internal

BTRM
RF Subsystem

BTRM Facet

Baseband data are transmitted or received via this interface

Baseband data are transmitted or received via this interface

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Security Level: Internal

BHPA
RF Subsystem

BHPA is used to amplify the RF modulated BTRM. signals received from

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Security Level: Internal

CDU

RF Subsystem

 Combines

two carrier signals into one, these two signals isolation and filtering for the received and

are received from the two BHPAs.
 Provides

transmitted signals.
 Filters

the transmitted signals in order to suppress BTS the received signals in order to suppress the out-

spurious emissions.
 Filters

band interference.

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Security Level: Internal

CDU
RF Subsystem

CDU Structure Diagram
Pr-OUT Pf-OUT TX1 TX2 Isolator RXM-OUT Interfaces to the backplane, which have been connected with inner cables RXD-OUT
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Isolator Duplexer Combiner Directional coupler

Interfaces on the CDU Panel
TX/RXM-ANT

TX-Test Connected to feeders RXM-Test RXD-Test Diversity
Security Level: Internal

RXD-ANT

DFU
RF Subsystem

 Provides

isolation and low-pass filtering to two received and two DC feeds to T-type tower-top amplifier. Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) test on coupling test of transmitted and received signals.

transmitted signals.
 Provides  Supports

transmit channels in both forward and backward directions.
 Supports

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DDU
RF Subsystem

Functional Diagram
Pr1-OUT D Pf1-OUT D TX1 D BIAS T RXM-OUT D LPF DUPLEXER LPF COUPLER BIAS T S N TX1-TEST TX/RXM-ANT

S RXM-TEST

Pr2-OUT D Pf2-OUT D TX2 D BIAS T LPF LPF DUPLEXER COUPLER BIAS T

Connected to feeders S TX2-TEST TX/RXD-ANT N S RXD-TEST

RXD-OUT D

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D D-SUB

N N-Type

S SMA-Type
Security Level: Internal

DFU
RF Subsystem

 Provides

isolation and filtering of transmitted and received

signals to the single carrier.
 Filters

the received signals in order to suppress the out-

band interference.

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Security Level: Internal

DFU
RF Subsystem

Functional Diagram

Interfaces on the DFU Panel
S RXD-TEST N RXD-ANT

Low-pass filter RXD-OUTD Diversity receive filter Low-pass filter Duplexer TX
D

Connected to feeders S TX-TEST

Directional coupler N TX/RXM-ANT

RXM-OUT D Pf-OUT D Pr-OUT D

S RXM-TEST

Interfaces to the backplane, for Confidential Information of inner connections Huawei.

D D-SUB

S SMA-Type N N-Type

Security Level: Internal

RLDU
RF Subsystem

 Provides

low noise amplification and distributes the received

signals.
 Offers

built-in electronic RF switch supports multiple BTS the antenna VSWR. the BTS forward RF power and monitors the LNA

configurations (3 sectors or 1 sector).
 Monitors  Detects

running status.

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Security Level: Internal

RLDU
RF Subsystem

Functional Diagram
RXBD-IN RXBM-IN RXAD-IN RXAM-IN APf -IN APr -IN BPf -IN BPr -IN RXAM1 RXAM2 RXAD1 RXAD2 Distribution module RXAM3/RXBM1 RXAM4/RXBM2 RXAD3/RXBD1 RXAD4/RXBD2 DC-IN PWR S/W DB15
Confidential Information of Huawei.

RXAM-TEST RXBM-TEST

VSWR and power check

LNA

Power supply VSWR check processing Forward power output
Security Level: Internal

RLDU
RLDU Facet

RF Subsystem

S/W is switched to 0: The corresponding BTRM number>2 and <=4 S/W is switched to 1: The corresponding BTRM number <2

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Security Level: Internal

Signal Flow(1)
BTRM
BIFM BRCM

RF Subsystem

BHPA
TX_RFd TX_RFm RX_RFm RX_RFd
PA_IN PA_OUT

Main_ ANT Div._ ANT Main_RX_OUT TX1_IN FWDCPL_OUT REVCPL_OUT TX2_IN Div._RX_OUT

DDU/CDU
BTRM
BIFM BRCM

BHPA
TX_RFm TX_RFd RX_RFm RX_RFd
PA_IN PA_OUT

RLDU
A_Main_RX_IN A_FWDCPL_IN A_Rm3/B_Rm1A_REVCPL_IN A_Div._RX_IN A_Rm4/B_Rm2 A_Rd1 B_Main_RX_IN A_Rd2 B_FWDCPL_IN A_Rd3/B_Rd1 B_REVCPL_IN B_Div._RX_IN A_Rd4/B_Rd2 A_Rm1 A_Rm2

Non-transmit diversity mode
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Signal Flow(2)

RF Subsystem

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Let us discuss now…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

Subrack
Power Supply Subsystem

P S U

P S U

P S U

P S U

P S U

BTS3612 has built-in power module which converts the -48V DC input to +27V DC.  In full configuration 5 five PSUs can operate with 7.2KW output. These PSUs work in 4+1 redundancy to ensure the non-stop power supply, incase of any power module failure.

Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

Functional Diagram
Power Supply Subsystem

Lightning protection power

EMI -48V Filter

Load

distribution

serial port for monitoring

DC/DC Module

DC/DC Module

.....

DC/DC Module

+27VDC OUT

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Security Level: Internal

PSU Facet
Power Supply Subsystem

Possible causes & alarms: Input power under/over voltage, overheated or the power supply unit is not properly plugged in.
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Let us discuss now…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

Introduction
Antenna & feeder system

 BTS

antenna & feeder subsystem consists of two parts:

RF antenna & feeder, and dual-satellite synchronization antenna & feeder.
 RF

antenna & feeder transmits the modulated RF

signals and receives MS signals, while the dual-satellite synchronization antenna & feeder provides precise synchronization for CDMA system.

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Security Level: Internal

RF Antenna &Feeder
Antenna & feeder system

Sector ¦A

Antenna Jumper Feeder Jumper

Sector¦A

Sector¦A

Inner cable

RXD TX/RX MANT

BTS cabinet CDU/DFU
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

Dual-satellite Synchronization Antenna & Feeder
Antenna & feeder system

GPS/GLONASS receiving antenna Jumper Lighting arrester Lighting arrester Feeder Receiver on BCKM

Jumper Lighting arrester Inner cable

BTS3612 cabinet

Note: BTS3612 receiver is provided by CLK on BCKM.
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Let us discuss now…..
Chapter 1: System Overview Chapter 2: Baseband Subsystem Chapter 3: RF Subsystem Chapter 4: Power Supply Subsystem Chapter 5: Antenna and Feeder Subsystem Chapter 6: Networking
Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal

Basic Terms
Networking

Transmitting/Receiving frequency

Sector carrier

Cell

Sector

Resource pool

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Security Level: Internal

Sector, Cell, BTS, BSC and MSC
Networking

SECTOR CELL BTS3612 BSC MSC

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Security Level: Internal

Resource Pool 、 Carrier 、 Sector and Frequency
Networking BTS3612

SECTOR0

BTRM0 BTRM4 BTRM8

BTRM1 BTRM5 BTRM9

BTRM2 BTRM6 BTRM10

BTRM3 BTRM7 BTRM11

SECTOR1

SECTOR2

CARRIER1 Resource Pool1

CARRIER2 Resource Pool2

CARRIER 3 Resource Pool3

CARRIER 4 Resource Pool4

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Security Level: Internal

Configuration Scheme
Cabinet Configuration Scheme-01 or S1
B s b n fa e ae a d r m
F AN
P S U
B H P A B T R X B H P A

Networking

F AN
P S U
B H P A B T R X B H P A B T R X

P S U
B T R X

P S U
B H P A B T R X

P S U
B H P A B T R X

 1HPA 1

+ 1BTRM

DFU/CDU/DDU

 1RLDU  PSU

1+1 standby

RD LU

RD LU

RD LU

CU CU D CU D D /F D U /DU / FU D F

D CU CU CU D D DU / F /F DU / F DU

CU D /F DU

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T R X

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Security Level: Internal

Configuration Scheme
Cabinet Configuration Scheme- S111
B s b n fa e ae a d r m
F AN
P S U
B H P A B T R X B H P A

Networking

F AN
P S U
B H P A B T R X B H P A B T R X

P S U
B T R X

P S U
B H P A B T R X

P S U
B H P A B T R X

 3HPA

+ 3BTRM

 3CDU/DFU/DDU  3RLDU  PSU1+1

RD LU

RD LU

RD LU

CU CU D D /F DU / F DU

CU CU CU CU D D D D /F DU / F DU / F / F DU DU

standby

Sector 0

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

B H P A

Sector 1

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

B H P A

Sector 2
Security Level: Internal

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

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Configuration Scheme
Cabinet Configuration Scheme-S222

Baseband fram e
F A N
P S U
B H P A B T R X B H P A

F A N
P S U P S U
B T H R P M A B H P A B T R X

P S U
B T H R P M A B H P A B T R X

P S U
B H P A B T H R P M A

 6HPA+6BTRM  3CDU/DDU  3RLDU  PSU

B H P A

RLDU

RLDU

RLDU

CDU CDU CDU CDU CDU CDU /DFU /DFU /DFU /DFU /DFU /DFU

2+1backup

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

B H P A

B T R X

B H P A

B T H R P M A

Sector0 Sector1 Sector2
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Let us conclude our discussion now…..

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Product Performance (1)
 Abis     The   

interface Use the IMA technique and support the E1 interface (16E1s) Support the E1 mode in SDH Support ATM over SDH (compatible interface)

traffic and control bus adopt CELLBUS. Switching bus AAL2 transports the traffic data and AAL5 transports the signaling data Bus clock is 25MHz interfaces include: RS485 power monitoring interface RS485 interface to support the environment monitoring External time reference interfaces (RS485 and RS232) 10MHz, PP2S interfaces used for instrument testing

 External    

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Product Performance (2)

Built-in GPS and GLONASS receiver Built-in testing functions Perfect heat dissipation: upper and lower ducts

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Security Level: Internal

Product Performance (3)
Technical Features of Power Supply subrack
 Input

voltage: -48V voltage: +25V ± 0.5V ~ +29V±0.5V modules: 1800W each module 9000W in total efficiency: 85%

 Output  Power  Power  Heat  Hot

dissipation: upper and lower grid with fans

swappable RS485 monitoring interfaces

 Provides

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Security Level: Internal

Product Performance (4)
Technical Features of RF Module
 Modular  Each

architecture

cabinet supports 12 antennas and 6-sectors application supports the digital intermediate frequency technology offers the fiber interface to support remote RF module supports receiving and transmitting diversities

 BTRM  BTRM  BTRM  Each

sub-module fulfills the blind mate the power monitoring RS485 interface which is used

 Provides

for remote RF modules

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Security Level: Internal

Product Performance (5)
Technical Features of RF Module
 RF

front end adopts the CDU/DFU+RLDU mode cabinet supports 6 sectors sector supports the 4FA/2 antenna and space receiving diversity the transmitting diversity

 Each  Each

 Supports  HPA

and BTRM modules with fans follows the combination structure with cabling makes installation and maintenance convenient

front and rear ducts
 Front

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Product Performance (6)
Thermal Design of Integrated Equipment
 The

dissipation power of the integrated equipment is about 7000W. design of large power module. duct and independent duct.

 Thermal

 Front/rear  The

distribution structure is adopted to reduce the heat generation density at both the front and rear doors for ventilation.

at certain point.
 Holes  The

small power modules adopt upper and lower ducts to reduce the speed controller to regulate the fans speed.
Security Level: Internal

number of cascades.
 Automatic
Confidential Information of Huawei.

Questions
 Describe  Describe  Describe

the signaling flow from MS to BSC? the traffic flow from MS to BSC? the O&M flow from MS to BSC?

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Security Level: Internal

Answers
Traffic and Signaling Flow in BTS3612
RLDU
BCPM Abis traffic B Abis signaling C I M Abis OML BCPM BCKM SIG OMU MMI BCPM BCPM B R D M

BTRM BTRM

BHPA CDU BHPA CDU

BTRM BTRM

BHPA CDU BHPA

CLK

RLDU

CellBu s
Confidential Information of Huawei.

CellBusGbit

Gbit Ethernet Ethernet (electric (optical Security Level: Internal interface transmissi

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Security Level: Internal

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