ORI001302 CDMA WLL BTS3612 Troubleshooting & Maintenance (small capacity

)
ISSUE 1.4

Wireless Curriculum Development Section Wireless Curriculum Development Section

Study Targets

After studying this course, you should be able to:
 Master

the method of handling common

faults
 Master

the routine maintenance operation of

the BTS3612

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Course Contents
Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Operation & Maintenance Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612 Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 4 Local Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 5 Contents of Routine Operation & Maintenance

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Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Troubleshooting & Maintenance

Common process of BTS3612 Troubleshooting & maintenance Common fault location of BTS BTS3612 operation & maintenance mode

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Process of BTS3612 Maintenance
Common maintenance process of BTS3612 system:
Obtain system running information View alarms View indicators View traffic statistics Subscriber complaint … … Judge system running state Alarm analysis Traffic statistics analysis Fault judgment Handling Check cables Adjust parameters Reset board Replace parts …

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Fault Locating
 When

the running state of the system is abnormal, please consider

the following factors:

Software fault
 Data configuration fault  No matchable versions for loaded program files and configuration data file  Program running error

Hardware fault
 Transmission and clock line fault  Board damage (replace the damaged one with a board of the same version and conduct test)  Slot fault: Replace the slot (please modify the corresponding data)

External interference factors
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BTS3612 Maintenance Mode
 Remote

maintenance

Run the Airbridge MML Client to query the running state of the BTS3612 board, measure the performance of the BTS3612 carrier, query the relevant alarms of the BTS3612 and handle them correspondingly.
 Local

maintenance

Use cross-over cables to connect the portable computer with the RJ45 interface of the BCKM board; and then use the Telnet console to log on. Then, query the running state of the BTS3612 board, query relevant alarms of the BTS3612 and handle them correspondingly.
Notes:
IP address: 172.16.16.16 log-on name: system, log-on password: system
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Questions

 Briefly

describe

the

process

of

common

BTS3612 maintenance.
 Briefly  How

describe the common fault locating.

many types of operation and maintenance

are there for the BTS3612?

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Summary

 Common  Common

fault locating equipment maintenance

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Course Contents
Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Operation & Maintenance Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612 Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 4 Local Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 5 Contents of Routine Operation & Maintenance

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Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612
 Loading  Clock

fault

fault fault

 Traffic

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BTS3612 Loading Faults Phenomena

 OML  The

link between CBSC and CBTS is not set up; time expires during Ping to the BTS3612 operation & running abnormally;

maintenance IP address;
 BCPM  The

ACT indicator of BCIM flashes quickly in the frequency of ACT indicator of BCKM flashes quickly in the frequency of

4HZ or flashes slowly in the frequency of 0.5HZ or 0.25HZ;
 The

4HZ or flashes slowly in the frequency of 0.5HZ.

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BTS3612 Loading Fault Locating
Whether route configured to the BTS3612 is correct?

Whether the data configuration is correct and the selected clock source is working normally?

BAM

C M U X CIPS

C X I E

B C I M

B C P M

B C K M

B R D M

CBTS Optical fiber

Whether the operation & maintenance IP addresses of CBSC and CBTS, the operation & maintenance VPI/VCI of CBSC and CBTS, and the IMA/UNI link and physical connection of the BTS3612 are consistent?

Whether BTS3612 operation & maintenance IP address is reachable by the command “ping”? Whether the E1 status is normal?

B T R M

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BTS3612 Clock Fault Phenomena

 Poor

voice quality of soft handoff call drop of traced satellites less than 4

 Failure  Severe

 Number  ACT

indicator of BCKM board flashing slowly in the indicator of BTRM board flashing slowly in the

frequency of 0.25HZ
 ACT

frequency of 0.5HZ

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Clock Fault Locating
Whether the broken circuit or short circuit alarm occurs?
UTC time
1pps

The satellite antenna is oriented to the whole sky. There is no interference source around the satellite antenna. Whether the Lightning arrester is normal? Whether clock source is configured correctly? Whether the number of traced satellites are more than 4?

B C I M

B C K M

B R D M

1.2288G

B T R M

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BTS3612 Traffic Fault Phenomena

 Traffic  Poor  ACT

interruption

voice quality indicator of BCPM flashing quickly in the

frequency of 4HZ or flashing slowly in the frequency of 0.5HZ or 0.25HZ.

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BTS3612 Traffic System Faults Locating
Whether the Local CELL ID, Local Sector ID, CEPOOL ID, Carrier ID, Signaling IP address , Service Link VPI,VCI,VCCI are consistent between BSC and BTS?
Abis interface B C I M B C P M B R D M Optical fiber

Blind mate

B H P A

Blind mate

B T Blind mate R M

Blind mate

Whether the Optical Fiber is normal?

RLDU

Setting of S/W dip switch

Blind mate DFU/ DDU/ CDU

Blind mate

Whether the connection between BTRM,BHPA and RLDU, DDU/DFU/CDU are normal?

Master antenna standing wave ratio Diversity antenna standing wave ratio

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Questions

 Briefly  Briefly  Briefly

describe the handling of BTS3612 loading faults. describe the handling of BTS3612 Traffic faults. describe the handling of BTS3612 clock system

faults.

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Summary

 Locating  Locating  Locating

of BTS3612 loading faults of BTS3612 clock system faults of BTS3612 Traffic faults

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Course Contents
Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Operation & Maintenance Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612 Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 4 Local Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 5 Contents of Routine Operation & Maintenance

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Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System

Section 1 Remote Maintenance Channel of BTS3612

Section 2

Common Operations

of BTS3612 Board Management

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Remote Maintenance Channel of BTS
BAM

Airbridge MML Client. Pay attention to the Route Configuration

C M U X

C X I E

B C I M

B C K M CBTS

Pay attention to the Bootp parameter of the command “ADD BTSOMLNK” and “ADD BSCBTSINF”, the parameters should be consistent with those of “ADD BTSBTPINFO” and “ADD BTS”
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CIPS

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Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System

Section 1 Remote Maintenance Channel of BTS3612

Section 2 Common Operations of BTS3612 Board Management

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Board Management
 Reset

BTS3612 board (RST BTSBRD)

This command is used to reset the specified BTS3612 board.
 Query

the

BTS3612

board

version

information

(DSP

BTSBRDVER) This command is used to query the BTS3612 board version information, including the hardware version and software version information of each board.
 Query

the BTS3612 board status (DSP BTSBRDSTAT)

This command is used to query the BTS3612 board status.
 Query

the baseband frame status (DSP BTSFRMSTAT)

Querying the status of all boards in the baseband frame.

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BTS3612 Board Status
 Operation

status

The Operation Status includes two status: Enabled and Disabled;
 Available

status

The available status is the supplementary description for the operation status. When the operation status is enable, there are two available statuses corresponding the board performance: Degraded and Blocked. When disable, there are three statuses as Failed, Not Started(offline), and NotInstalled.

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BTS3612 Board Status
 Active/standby

status

Describe the active/standby status of the BCKM board;
 Chips

Status

Describe the status of CSM5000 chips on BCPM, including three statuses: Ok, Error and NotMounted; Note:

The chip status will be displayed during query of BCPM status only when this board is normal;

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Resource Management
Block

BTS Logical Resource

This command is used to block BTS logical resources, which are specified according to local cell No., local sector No. and carrier ID. Three blocking levels: immediate block, delay block and idle block.

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Questions

 How  How

to block the sector carrier? many statuses are there for the BTS3612 board?

What do they mean respectively?

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Course Contents
Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Operation & Maintenance Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612 Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 4 Local Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 5 Contents of Routine Operation & Maintenance

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Methods for Setting BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Use

cross-over network cables to connect the portable

computer with the ETH interface of the BCKM board; and set the IP address of the portable computer and that of the BCKM board within the same network section with the mask of 255.255.0.0.

 Log

in to the BTS3612 through telnet 172.16.16.16 and

use “system” as either the user name and password to enter the system.

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Query

the BTS3612 board version information (DSP

BTSBRDVER) Query the software and hardware versions of the BTS3612 board, including the board PCB version, BIOS version, software version, logic version and BCPM board CSM5000 chip version etc. Command format: dsp btsbrdver:brdtp=bckm,brdid=0
 Query

the BTS3612 board status (DSP BTSBRDSTAT)

This command is used to query the BTS3612 board status. Command format: dsp btsbrdstat:brdpt=bckm,brdid=0

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Query

the BTS3612 board special status (DSP BTSBRDSPECSTAT)

Command format: dsp btsbrdspecstat:brdtp=bckm_clk,brdid=0 At present, the BTS3612 boards supporting this command include: special status of BCKM CLK, BCKM OMU, BCKM SIG, BCIM and BTRM.

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Query

the BTS3612 baseband frame status (DSP BTSFRMSTAT)

This command can be used to query the slot IDs and working statuses of boards in the BTS3612 baseband frame. The working statuses include: Enable, Disable and Absent.
 Query

BTS Current Alarm (LST CURALM)

This command is used to query the current alarms of the BTS3612 board (i.e.generated alarms that have not disappeared). A maximum of 20, 000 alarms (including the current alarms and history alarms) can be saved. Command format: LST CURALM[:BRDTP=<BCIM>][,BRDID=<0>][,BGN DT=<2000&1&1>][,BGN TM=<0&0&0>][,END DT=<2005&12&31>][,END TM=<23&59&59 >][,ALARM CODE=<255>][,SUBUNIT TYPE=<255>] [,SUBUNIT NO=<255 >][,ALARM DESCRIP="<STRING>"] For example: lst curalm:brdtp=bcim,brdid=0
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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Query

the BTS3612 history alarms (LST HISALM)

Query all history alarms of the BTS3612 (i.e.: generated alarms that have disappeared). If the board is reset, the current alarms will become history alarms. A maximum of 20, 000 alarms can be saved at the BTS3612 (including current alarms and history alarms). Command format: LST HISALM[:BRDTP=<BCIM>][,BRDID=<0>] [,BGN DT=<2000&1&1 >][,BGN TM=<0&0&0>][,END DT=<2005&12&31>][,END TM=<23&59&59 >][,ALARM CODE=<255>][,ALARM TYPE=<ALL>][,SUBUNIT TYPE=<255 >] [,SUBUNIT NO=<255>][,ALARM DESCRIP="<STRING>"] For example: lst hisalm:brdtp=bcim,brdid=0

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Delete

BTS3612 history alarms (DEL HISALM) DT=<2000&1&1>][,BGN TM=<0&0&0>][,END >][,ALARM

Command format: DEL HISALM[:BRDTP=<BCIM>][,BRDID=<0>] [,BGN DT=<2005&12&31>][,END TM=<23&59&59

CODE=<255>][,ALARM TYPE=<ALL>][,SUBUNIT TYPE=<255 >] [,SUBUNIT NO=<255>][,ALARM DESCRIP="<STRING>"] For example: del hisalm:bgn dt=2002&1&1,bgn tm=0&0&0,end dt=2002&8&5,end tm=23&59&59

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Cell

blocking command (BLK BTSCELL)

The function of this command is to block the carrier in a certain sector of a BTS; After the cell blocking command is executed, there will be no power output from BTRM under the carrier of this sector. If there are services under the carrier of this sector before it is blocked immediately, the services will be interrupted. In addition, after successful execution of the cell blocking command, the subscriber cannot be accessed to the carrier of this sector; When it is necessary to replace BTRM or conduct such operations as repair on BTRM, please first block the sector carrier where this BTRM is located and the replace BTRM or conduction other operations; Command format: BLK BTSCELL: LOCALCELLID=<6>, LOCALSECTORID=<0>, CRRID=<0>, LKTP=<IDLE>,DLYTM=<10>
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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Channel

processing board blocking command (BLK BTSBCPM)

This command is used to block the channel processing board; For a resource pool, only after all the BCPMs have been blocked can all the carriers in this resource pool be blocked. After all the carriers in this resource pool have been blocked, all the services at these carriers will be interrupted and the subscriber access is unavailable too; The blocking of the BCPMs may lead to service interruption. However, as long as one channel processing board is working normally and has not been blocked in the resource pool, this operation will not influence the access of subsequent subscribers. Command format: BLK BTSBCPM:BRDID=<0>,BLKTP=<IDLE>, DLYTM=<10>
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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Unblock

BTS Channel Process Module(UBL BTSBCPM)

Unblock the channel processing board; The services will not be influenced when the channel processing board is unblocked. Command format: UBL BTSBCPM:BRDID=<0>
 BTS3612

configuration saving command (SAV BTSCFG)

Save the current running data of the BTS3612 to the Memory Flash of the BCKM board. Command format: SAV BTSCFG

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Common Operations of BTS3612 Local Maintenance
 Query

the configuration command (DSP BTSCFG)

Query all the current running configuration data of the BTS3612 in one time. The query result is the same as the configuration command format. Command format: DSP BTSCFG
 Clear

the configuration saved in the BTS3612 FLASH (ERS

BTSCFG) It is used to erase the configuration saved in the BTS3612 Flash.

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Questions

 What

settings of the telnet console are needed to perform the operations of querying alarm,

during the BTS3612 local maintenance?
 How

blocking resource during local maintenance?

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Course Contents
Chapter 1 Overview of BTS3612 Operation & Maintenance Chapter 2 Handling of Common Faults of BTS3612 Chapter 3 Remote Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 4 Local Operation & Maintenance System Chapter 5 Contents of Routine Operation & Maintenance

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Objective of Routine Operation & Maintenance

Objective of routine operation & maintenance To periodically check the running state of the equipment; to actively analyze the network; and to adopt corresponding solving measures so as to remove hidden troubles in time.

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Contents of Monthly Maintenance

Conversation test Use an MS to dial a number to conduct the conversation test. At the same time, a person is arranged at the BSC side for observation of whether the conversation at all the sector carriers is normal. There should be no noise, call drop or cross talk etc.

Check of the grounding, lightning protection and power supply systems Check the working state of the grounding system and lightning protection systems; check whether the connection is reliable, whether the power supply system is working normally, and whether the lightning arrester is burned. Please ensure that the power lightning arrester and antenna feeder lightning arrester are working soundly.

Check of the working state of the antenna feeder part Check whether there is standing wave ratio alarm, whether the direction of the antenna support is deviated, and whether the waterproof function of the feeder cable is normal.

Check of the running state of the secondary power module Check whether the secondary power module is working normally and whether there is any alarm.

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Contents of Quarterly Maintenance
Primary power check Measure the output voltage. The range of the output voltage is: -40~-60V  Check of the fan running state Check whether the fan is running normally and whether there is any fan alarm. Besides fan blocking, the failure of the temperature and rotation speed control at the fan monitoring board may also lead to generation of corresponding alarms. Please note to check these alarms.  Drive test Use a test MS to check the handover and coverage range.  Standing wave check Check whether there are standing wave ratio alarms generated at the antenna feeder through the maintenance console.  Check of alarm collection equipment Check whether the equipment for collection of such environment alarms as the humidity alarm, temperature alarm and fire alarm is working normal.  Check of equipment room environment Check whether the temperature, humidity, dust prevention and power supply etc. of the equipment room comply with the requirements. Temperature: -5°C~50°C ; relevant humidity: 5%~90%.

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Summary

 Objective  Contents  Contents

of BTS3612 routine maintenance of BTS3612 monthly routine maintenance of BTS3612 quarterly routine maintenance

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