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By Monica

Definitions

• Equation – A mathematical sentence stating that 2 expressions are equal. • 12 – 3 = 9 • 8 + 4 = 12

Definitions

• Equation – A mathematical sentence with an equals sign. • 16 – 5 = 11 • 14 + 3 = 17

Definitions

• Equals Sign (=) Means that the amount is the same on both sides.

4+2=6 •5–2=3 •

An Equation is like a balance scale. Everything must be equal on both sides.

10

= 5+5

When the amounts are equal on both sides it is a true equation.

12

= 6+6

When the amounts are unequal on both sides it is a false equation.

8

= 2+2

When an amount is unknown on one side of the equation it is an open equation.

7

= n+2

When you find a number for n you change the open equation to a true equation. You solve the equation.

7

= 5 +2 n

**Are these equations true, false or open?
**

• 11 - 3 = 5 • 13 + 4 = 17 •N+4=7 • 12 – 3 = 8 • 3 + v = 13 • 15 – 6 = 9

false true open false open true

Definitions

• Inverse operation – the opposite operation used to undo the first. •4+3=7 7–4=3 • 6 x 6 = 36 36 / 6 = 6

**How to solve an addition equation
**

• Use the inverse operation for addition which is subtraction • m + 8 = 12 12 - 8 = 4 •m=4 4 + 8 = 12

**How to solve a subtraction equation
**

• Use the inverse operation for subtraction which is addition •m-3=5 5+3=8 •m=8 8-3=5

**Solve these equations using the inverse operations
**

•n+4=7 •n–5=4 • n + 4 = 17 • n – 6 = 13 • n + 7 = 15 • n – 8 = 17

3 9 13 19 8 9

Commutative Property

•5+4=9 4+5=9 •a+b=c b+a=c •6+3=9 3+6=9 • x+ y = z y + x = z •3+4+1=8 1+3+4=8

**Solve these equations using the commutative property
**

•n+7=7+4 •m+2=2+5 •z+3=3+9 • g + 6 = 6 + 11 • s + 4 = 4 + 20 • c + 8 = 8 + 32

n=4 m=5 z=9 g = 11 s = 20 c = 32

The Identity Property of Addition •7+0=7 •a+0=a •8+0=8 •c+0=c •2+0=2

**Use the Identity Property of addition to solve these problems
**

•n+0=8 •b+0=7 •m+0=3 •v+0=5 •w+0=4 •r+0=2

n=8 b=7 m=3 v=5 w=4 r=2

**Subtraction Rules of zero
**

•7–7=0 •n–n=0 •4–0=4 •n–0=n

**Find the value of n using the rules of subtraction
**

•n -8=0 •n–9=0 •n–0=7 •n–0=9 •n–7=0 •n–0=5

n=8 n=9 n=7 n=9 n=7 n=5

**Write an equation for these problems using a variable
**

• Timothy got 72 right on his timed test in July. He got 99 right on this same test in November. runs n = 99 or 99 – 72 = n • Jasmin72 +15 minutes before school and 30 minutes after school. 25 • One zinger costs 15cents. Issak bought 4. + 30 = n

4 x 25 = n

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