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© 2004 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.

The information contained herein is subject to change without notice
Automation Fundamental
Concepts
&
QTP At A Glance - Day 1
• Prepared By : Kolhar IR (Shiva)
• Created On : 27-09-2005
Automation Fundamental Concepts

 What is Test Automation ?

 Software Test Automation is the process of automating the steps of
manual test cases using an automation tool Or utility to shorten the
testing life cycle with respect to time…

 When application undergoes regression, some of the steps might be
missed out or skipped which can be avoided in Automation…

 Automation helps to avoid human errors and also expedite the testing
process…

 To implement the Test Automation detailed planning and effort is
required
Automation Fundamental Concepts
 Automation saves time and effort which results in
reduction of the Test life cycle…

 Benefits of Automation
- Consistency of Test Execution
- Reducing cycle time of regression test cycles
- Data driven testing
- Repeatability
- Coverage
- Reliability
- Reusability of test wares

Automation Fundamental Concepts
 Automation life cycle is a subset of the entire test life cycle…
 Automation planning can be initiated in parallel to the test
planning phase…
 Factors to be considered in automation planning,
 Stability of AUT (Application under test)
 No of regression cycles to be performed
 Compatibility of App platform with testing tools
 Cost benefit analysis (ROI)
 Availability of skilled resources
Regression Testing & Automation
 When Automation is applicable?

 Regression Testing Cycles are long and iterative.

 If the application is planned to have multiple releases /
builds

 If it’s a long running application where in small
enhancements / Bug Fixes keeps happening

 Test Repeatability is required


Introduction to QTP (QuickTest Professional)
“The Mercury advanced keyword-driven testing solution”
Technologies Supported
Default Support
1. Standard Windows applications
2. Web objects / Applications
3. ActiveX controls
4. Visual Basic applications

Additional QuickTest add-ins Support,
1. Java
2. Oracle
3. SAP Solutions,
4. .NET Windows
5. Web Forms,
6. Siebel,
7. PeopleSoft,
8. Web services,
and terminal emulator applications.
QTP At a Glance …..
Testing Process with QTP
Quick Test Pro involves 3 main stages:
Creating Test scripts


Running Tests

Analyzing Test Results


Testing Process with QTP
Creating Tests
• Create a test script by recording a manual test
scenario on the AUT (Application Under Test) using
QTP.

• Quick Test Pro graphically displays each step users
perform in the form of a collapsible, icon based tree
view in QTP’s Keyword View.


Testing Process with QTP
Running Tests & Analyzing Test Results
• Running Tests:
Once the test scripts are recorded / created, next step is to execute
them…While running (executing) the tests Quick Test Pro connects to
the web site or AUT and performs each operation in the test as
performed manually while recording / creating tests (test scripts)…
• Debugging Test : To identify and eliminate the defects in the test
scripts.
• Analyzing Test Results:
Once the test scripts are executed, test results and the summary can be
viewed for result analysis.

1. What is Test Automation?

2. What is Testing Process in QTP ?


Quick Quiz
Add-in Manager
• Default Add-ins
− ActiveX
− Visual basic
− Web

• Other Add-Ins
− Siebel
− Java
− SAP
− Oracle
− .Net and many more
Add-in Manager Cont…
QTP’s Add-in Manager facilitates the users to select the
technology / environment from variety of environments
suitable for the AUT (Application Under Test)

Once an add-in is loaded, users can record that
application in its supported environment and thus QTP
recognizes the objects specific to the application under
test (AUT) as loaded through Add-in Manager.

It is critical for the users to know the development
technologies / environment of AUT, and load right Add-Ins
while invoking Quick Test Pro.

Quick Test Professional - Record & Run Modes
 Recording Modes
−Normal
−Analog
−Low level

 Run Modes
− Normal
− Fast
− Update


Quick Test Professional - Options  General
 Best Practices for General Options:
−Deselect all check boxes except “Save data for
integrating with performance testing …” and “Display
Add-in Manager on startup” which is default setting.

−Click on “Restore Layout” button to reset screens to the
initial setting when QuickTest was first installed.

Quick Test Professional - Options  Run
Quick Test Professional - Options  Run
 Best Practices for Options for Run Mode:
 Run Mode as Normal:
• This ensures that the execution arrow appears to help with trouble
shooting the tests.
• Synchronization becomes better for the AUT (Application Under Test)

 Test Results:
• Deselect the option “View Results when run session ends”

 Mercury Tool Integration:
• Select "Allow other Mercury products to run tests and components“

 Screen Capture:
• Save step screen capture to results "On error and warnings"

Record and Run Settings
Record and Run Settings
 Best Practices for Record & Run Settings,
−Set the options to configure QTP to "Record and run
test on any open Windows- based application“

−Set the option - This window will appear the first time
you click on the Record button in the new test.

−Manually recall this window by selecting Test Record
and Run settings

1. What are the default Add-ins in Add-in
manager
a. Active x, Web, Visual Basic.
b. .Net, SAP, Oracle.
c. Siebel.
Quick Quiz
QTP - Main Window
QTP - Main Window
QTP - Main Window
 Test Pane:
 Test Pane contains two labs to view the tests,
- Keyword View
- Expert View

 Keyword View:
 Quick Test Pro displays your test in the form of a collapsible,
icon based tree…

 Expert View:
 Quick Test Pro displays the source code (VB Script) of the tests
in this view.

QTP - Main Window
QTP - Main Window
 Data Table :
Data table assists in Parameterizing the tests…

 Debug Viewer Pane :
It assists in debugging tests with the help of
Watch Expressions, Variables, and Command.
Quick Test Pro Commands
 Quick Test Pro Commands :
The Quick Test Pro commands can be chosen
from the menu bar or from a Tool bar.

 File Tool bar :
File tool bar contains buttons for managing the
test.

Quick Test Pro Commands
 Test Tool bar :
Test tool bar contains buttons for the
commands used when creating or maintaining
the tests…

Quick Test Pro Commands
 Debug Tool Bar :
It contains buttons for commands used when debugging the steps
in the tests…




Quick Test Pro Commands
 Action Tool Bar :
To view all actions in the test flow or to view
the details of a selected action…

Thank You