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Exerting only the collective force of their faith and

unselfish sacrifice, the people fulfilled one of the
Rizals prophesies in his book, El Filibusterismo,
wherein our national hero wrote: When a people
reaches ha height, God will provide a weapon, the
idols will be shattered, the tranny will crumble like a
house of cards and liberty will shine out like the first

The people power revolution began as a bloodless military
revolt of the reform movement in the Armed Forces of the
Philippines, led by Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and
Deputy Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Fidel V. Ramos. A 6:00pm of
February 22, 1986 gave a press conference to announce their
withdrawal of support from the President Marcos, admitting
that Mrs. Aquino had won the elections and that President
Marcos had been deceiving the people for some time.

The initial defection by a handful of brave military leaders
turned into a peoples revolution. On February 23,
thousands more came and reinforced the human barricade,
the military could not assault the camp because of
thousands of unarmed civilians had formed a human
barricade to block the way. Priests and nuns knelt or sat in
front of the tanks and behind them were many more
citizens ready and willing to sacrifice their lives. A person
rushed to the soldiers and offered them food and drinks in
a gesture of love, while children were hoisted up to the
tanks giving fresh flowers and friendly embraces to Marcos
troops. Evidently moved by the astonishing scene, Gen.
Tadiar ordered a retreat.

On the night of February 25, and his family, and some
friends fled Malacanan Palace and were taken by the USA
Air Force to Guam and Hawaii. It was all over. The people
had won, after a peaceful revolution of four days.
According to Fr. Araneta the events were not only people
power but also God power at work.

On February 25, the last day of peoples
revolt, Corazon Aquino was inducted into
office at Club Filipino as the first Lady
President of the Philippines and Salvador
Laurel as Vice-President.

Restoration of Democracy in the Philippines
The first thing President Aquino did upon assuming office was the restoration
of democracy in our country. And the following:
She formed a small Cabinet of 14 Ministers
Release of all political prisoners and restored the writ of habeas corpus

The Constitutional Commission (Con-Com)
In order to restore political stability of the country, President Aquino called
for the drafting of a new constitution that would replace both the 1973
amended constitution and the 1986 Provisional or Freedom Constitution.

On February 2, 1987, the people went to the polls and ratified the 1986 Constitution in
a national plebiscite. The result was an overwhelming number of the electorate
favored the charter.

Among the salient of the 1986 Constitution are the following:
A new Bill of Rights which bans abortion, the death penalty, and the use of torture,
intimidation or secret detention of state prisoners.

The creation of permanent Commission on Human Rights to safeguard the rights of
the people.
The establishment of a presidential system of government, with checks and balance
between the three branches of government.
To guard against political dynasties, the presidents term is limited to six years,
with a ban against relatives of the President being appointed into public office.
The Presidents right to declare martial law or suspend habeas
corpus is limited to 60 days, after which the Congress, upon
the Presidents report, may revoke or extend the
The establishment of bicameral Congress elected by the
people, which will exercise Legislative power.
Provision is made for laws, constitutional amendments, and
impeachment cases to be initiated by the people.
Provision is made for the creation of Autonomous Regions in
the Cordilleras and in Muslim parts in Mindanao.
Provision is made for free education up to high school level,
for medical care of paupers, and for agrarian reform.
The governments right to incur new loans is subject to
freedom of information and limitations by Congress and the
monetary board.

After six years in office, the first lady president gave way to a peaceful and
orderly transition of power.
Achievement of the Aquino Administration was as follows:
The restoration of peace, democracy, freedom and justice in the
Philippines. This was the greatest legacy of her administration.
Partial recover of big sums of money stolen during the Marcos
administration by high officials and cronies in the previous regime.
Stability of the government was proven despite six successive military
Easier credit terms and better conditions for repayment of the huge
foreign debt of the Philippines, amounting to over US$ 30 billion.
The defeats of the communist New People are Army and arrest many NPA
top leaders, as well as the surrender of many others.
Passage of the best agrarian reform law in the Philippines, limiting
ownership to five hectares of agricultural land.
Improvement of the Philippines both home and abroad.
Mobilization of national and international aid for victims of the various
calamities which hi he Philippines.

As the second millennium after Chris comes to an end, we find
the Philippines at an historic turning point. History has shown
that whenever a nation great Christian revival, It has happened
at the lowest point of that countrys economic, political, moral
and social conditions. But after the Christian revival, there will
come a time when the other conditions will also improve-the
government will be more effective, the economy will become
prosperous again, and the people will be used to spread the
Gospel to other nations.

The Philippines A Unique Nation
By: Sonia M. Zaide
With Gregorios F. Zaides History of the
Republic of the Philippines
Jay Torello Dedicatoria
Bachelor of laws
Atty. Theresa S. Dizon
July 26, 2014

Adamson University
College of law