Improving School Climate

Preventing Bullying Through Character

by Mann Rentoy
The Essential 6
Rs of Bullying
How to Create Safe, Caring, Moral Learning Climates and
Reduce Bullying on Our School Campuses

by Michele Borba, Ed. D.
1. Set clear rules.
2. Teach how to recognize bullying.
3. Teach how to report bullying.
4. Teach how to respond to bullying.
5. Teach how to refuse bullying.
6. Replace current beliefs or
The Essential 6
“Any failure to treat bullying,
abuse and violence seriously,
because it occurs between
students, within schools, is a
violation of a child‟s human

Social banter
Hurtful teasing
Mean, subtle body language
Aggressive physical behaviors, e.g. pushing, shoving, kicking
Malicious gossip, e.g. online bullying, chat rooms
Sexual, gender, racist, religious harassment
Social exclusion – in person, electronic
Phone, cyber abuse
Damage to property
Physical violence
Use of weapons
Criminal act
“Any failure to treat bullying,
abuse and violence seriously,
because it occurs between
students, within schools, is a
violation of a child‟s human

Types of bullying
Verbal. This type of
bullying usually involves
name calling and or


harassing, yelling, insulting
or nagging
* verbal demands or threats
* making a noise as the target
walks past, and
* phone abuse, nasty notes,
Internet, email, SMS texting and
other electronic forms.

Types of bullying
Social. Spreading rumors,
intentionally leaving others
out of activities on purpose,
breaking up friendships are
all examples of social
* pretending to be friendly to the target and
then sporadically turning against him

* as the target approaches, the group giving
him „the silent treatment‟ and turning their

* the bully saying something to the target and
walking off before he can reply

* pointing, staring, sniggering, laughing,
making faces, mimicking, or whispering with
others while looking at the target
· threatening poses, menacing gestures, „the

· excluding the child from the peer group,

conversation, planned

activities or games

· not sharing a seat while pretending to save it
for someone else.

· malicious gossip and rumours designed to make
other children denigrate the target, e.g. exposing his
secrets to others, and

· extortion and threats, e.g. „I won‟t be your friend if
you don‟t buy me a snack‟, „You won‟t come to my
party if you don‟t give me your project to copy‟.

Types of bullying
Physical. This traditional
form of bullying involves
hitting, punching, shoving
and other acts of intention
physical harm.

· pushing, shoving, kicking, pinching,
punching, bumping, knocking, hair-pulling,
physical restraint, tripping up, and the use
of weapons

· stealing books, lunch or other
possessions from a desk or locker

· throwing someone‟s belongings around
the classroom

· interfering with or damaging a child‟s clothes,
belongings in his desk, locker or elsewhere, e.g.
pushed over, broken or hidden

· taking away the chair as a child is about to sit on

· locking him in a room or cupboard, putting his
head in a toilet

· flicking water at the child from the tap, flicking
bits of paper or rubber bands, and

· sabotaging homework or computer studies.
Types of bullying
Cyberbullying. This
method of bullying involves
using the Internet, texting,
email and other digital
technologies to harm

Refer to the Handout
How to Spot a Bully
Bullying Behavior
Types of Bullies: Saltwater Crocodiles; Fowls that
Play Foul;
How to Spot a Target
How One Becomes a Target
Warning Signs: Physical, Academic, Emotional,
Refer to the Handout
Effects of Bullying: Physical, Intellectual,
Social, Self-Esteem, Emotional,
Long-Term Psychological Damage
Action Plan at Home
–Johnny Appleseed
“Type a quote here.”


Poorly chosen words can stifle
enthusiasm, dampen spirits, and be
both offensive and hurtful. In short, they
can poison the atmosphere.

- Prof. Erwin Hall
1. Bragging
2. Swearing/Vulgar Words
3. Gossip
4. Angry Words
5. Lies
6. Hurtful Words
7. Judgemental Words
8. Self-Pity Words
9. Discouraging Remarks
10. Embarrassing/Humiliating
11. Criticism/Fault-Finding
12. Complaining/Whining
13. Rude/Inconsiderate
14. Teasing
15. Manipulation
16. Insincere Compliments/Flattery
17. Ethnic/Racial Slurs
18. Sexist Comments
19. Age-related Putdowns
20. Being Negative
21. Threats
22. Arguing
23. Interrupting
24. Pasikatan
25. Being a know-it-all
26. Sarcasm
27. Yelling/Screaming
28. Talking Down
29. Exaggerating
30. Blaming and Accusing
Clear the air with NOURISHING
Let‟s make our homes and
schools better places. We can
start by banning all toxic verbal

- L. Harry Goldman
The Flagrant Five
The Thoughtful Thirty
1. Give encouragement
2. Express Thanks
3. Acknowledge Others
4. Extend Greetings
5. Give a Compliment
6. Congratulate Someone
7. Teach, Give Instruction
8. Offer Words of Comfort
9. Inspire Others
10. Celebrate and Cheer
11. Express Interest
12. Mend Relationships
13. Make Others Laugh
14. Show Faith & Trust
15. Share Good News
16. Praise, Honor
17. Express Caring
18. Show Understanding
19. Give Approval
20. Extend an Invitation
21. Show Courtesy/Respect
22. Give Helpful Advice
23. Apologize
24. Forgive
25. Offer to Help
26. Tell the Truth
27. Point out the Good

28. Use Terms of Affection
29. Supply Needed Information
30. Communicate Love
“Character and Academics:
What Good Schools Do”

Phi Delta Kappan Magazine, 2006
Research Showed:
1. Good schools ensure a clean and secure
physical environment.
2. Good schools promote and model fairness,
equity, caring and respect.
3. In good schools, students contribute in
meaningful ways.
4. Good schools promote a caring community
and positive social relationships.
More Strategies
Compliments Game
Teach Manners and
The Golden Rule
What you accept, you teach.
What you permit, you promo
If manners were an animal,
it would be an endangered

- Henry Rogers
Choosing an Atmosphere

Rude Courteous
Inconsiderate Considerate
Disrespectful Respectful
Offensive Polite
Seating Arrangement & the

“No Clique” Policy
The Good Deeds Bowl
The Two-Minute Interview

Live with – Own – Place –
Goal – Achievement – Hobby
– Special Interest – Hero –
Effective Classroom
Be a Buddy, Not a Bully
Stand Up to Bullying
Student Justice Committee
Peer Mentoring for
Conflict Resolution
Bibliotherapy for the Victim
Involve Students in
Welcoming New Kids
Class Meetings
Cooperative Learning
Anonymous Compliments
Good Deeds Journal
Teaching Empathy
Through Literature
Compact for Excellence
(Students Craft the Pledge)
Students Pledge
Some Samples
of Student
Against Bullying
James Stenson
Children develop
character by what they
see, what they hear, and
what they are repeatedly
led to do.
Sample of a Good Bully
Prevention Policy
Improving School Climate
Preventing Bullying Through Character

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful