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Science Process Skills

Science Process Skills are tools


scientist use to:
identify problems
solve problems
And answer questions known about our world
OBSERVING
Use your senses to determine the properties of
an object or event.
You must pay close attention to everything
around you and sometimes use instruments
to assist you with your observations.
OBSERVING
USE ONE OR MORE OF YOUR 5 SENSES
SEEING
TASTING
HEARING
TOUCHING
SMELLING
COMPARING
Identify common and distinguishing
characteristics of objects or events.
COMPARING
5 - HARD BALLS
3 - SOFT BALLS
2 - SMOOTH BALLS
1 - ROUGH BALL
3 - DULL BALLS
5 - SHINNY BALLS
CLASSIFY /
ORDERING
Group information, objects or events together
according to their properties.
CLASSIFY /
ORDERING
2 - BLUE BUTTONS WITH TWO HOLES

3 - BROWN BUTTONS WITH 1 HOLE

3 - PAIRS OF WHITE SHOES WITH LACES

4 - PAIRS OF WHITE SHOES WITH NO LACES.
RECOGNIZING TIME /
SPACE RELATIONSHIPS
Estimate and / or describe how
moving and / or nonmoving objects
or related to one another during or
based upon a specific event.
MEASURING
You use the skill of estimation,
describe and record appropriate units
of measurement (quantitative
measurement) and make relationships
between time and space.
COLLECTING,
RECORDING, AND
INTERPRETING DATA
Gather and organize data in order to make it
understandable (sense of), meaningful, and to find
patterns that lead to inferences, predictions, and
hypothesis.
COMMUNICATING
Use written and spoken words, graphs, tables,
diagrams, and technology presentations to share
and explain ideas and information.
INFERRING
Form a conclusion based upon what you think
explains your observations and data. Making
inferences may include cause and effect
relationships.
OBSERVATION OR
INFERENCE?
THE LADY HAS HER UMBRELLA UP.
IT MUST BE RAINING OUTSIDE.
PREDICTING
You state the anticipated outcomes of new or
changed situations using your previous /
past/ prior knowledge, experiences, and
observations.
PREDICTING
I believe that the egg will float in salt
water and sink in fresh water.
HYPOTHESIS
Form and make suggested solutions to a problem;
from observations or events.
You will state in writing or verbally your solution
or explanation as the expected outcome of an
experiment.
IDENTIFYING AND
CONTROLLING
VARIABLES
Be very specific in identifying the factors and / or
control the factors that might be expected to
affect the outcome of an experiment.
You will select the variables to be manipulated
and / or held constant.
IDENTIFYING AND
CONTROLLING
VARIABLES
Want to determine if the rate of plant growth
in salt water and fresh water will be different.
The constant is fresh water and the variable is
the salt water. You have the same type of plants,
in the same type and amount of soil .
EXPERIMENTATION
Write the step by step procedures (instructions).
These procedures will assist in determining
(decide) if your tested hypothesis is correct or
incorrect based upon manipulation of materials.
MAKING AND USING
MODELS
You are developing a copy representing the
real world application youre studying.
This will allow you to understand how systems
work and how they are constructed.
MAKING AND USING
MODELS
Models can be a constructed replication
(3-dimensional copy),
a painting, a drawing, or a diagram
ANALYSE
Study the results / data of your experiment or
investigation carefully.