STRUCTURES

© All Rights Reserved

214 views

STRUCTURES

© All Rights Reserved

- multistoreybuilding-PPT
- Trolley Beam Design Example
- Mechanics Problems & Solutions
- SP6_2
- E03.0803.MAT.d01.0(Beam_heat_up)
- Information and Pool Etabs Manuals English E-tn-cfd-bs-8110!97!007
- Crane Girder
- Code_of_Practice_for_the_Structural_use_of_Steel
- Problem 1 014
- Punching Shear in Pad Foundations on Rock
- Machine Design Fundamental Principles KCC 10-2011.pdf
- Beam
- Rcc
- Shear Connectors and Partial Composite New
- 3. Ovaling deformations of circular tunnels under seismic loading, an update on seismic design and analysis of underground structures.pdf
- Chapter 3 Analysis of Section.pdf
- Syllabus UG NIT Agartala
- Case Study No 1
- Team33 MOMLab Project
- Why Do We Provide Extra Reinforcement Bars at the End Portion of Beam

You are on page 1of 20

Structural Idealization

Jose Palacios

July 2008

Todays Lecture

Completed

Bending of beams

Shear of beams

Torsion of beams

Today

A

R

definition

Combined opened & closed c/s

Structural Idealization

*note: add general aerospace structures topic

Combined C/Ss

We looked at open and closed sections separately.

For combined open and closed sections we can use everything we

learned so far, with one exception.

Bending the direct stress calculations and bending deflections do not

depend on the c/s type

Shear solve problems in the same manner.

Shear diagram

Torsion torisonal stiffness for closed c/s is much greater than that of

an open c/s, therefore we can ignore the open c/s in the calculation of

torsional stiffness.

Structural Idealization

Consider the two-spar wing

section shown. The stringers and

spar carry most of the direct

stresses while the skin carries the

shear stresses.

Since variation in stress over the

stringer or spar flange due to

bending of the wing would be

small, it can be assumed to be

constant.

Structural Idealization

Stingers and spar flanges can then be replaced by concentrations of

areas known as booms.

It can be assumed that all direct stresses are carried by booms

and the skin carries only shear.

Direct stress carrying capacity of the skin may be accounted for by

increasing the boom cross-section area.

Structural Idealization

If skin does carry direct stress, we idealize it as a section that carries

only shear stress, and add effective area to the booms.

EM @ Right Side

Similarly:

Effective boom area due

to skin carrying direct

stress these add to the

boom areas of flanges,

strings, spars, etc..

Shear of open-section beams

In the expression for shear flow in the cross-section:

If we idealize skin as shown previously, then shear flow in the skin

due to bending of the skin = 0.

The above expression does not account for booms. How can we

deal with booms that cause discontinuity in the skin and therefore

interrupt the shear flow?

t

D

is the direct stress carrying thickness of the skin

t

D

= t, if the skin is fully effective in carrying direct stress

t

D

= 0, if the skin is assumed to carry only shear stress

Shear of open-section beams

Sx and Sy produce direct stresses due to bending in the booms (and

skin) and shear stresses in the skin

Shear of open-section beams

r

th

boom has a cross-sectional area B

r

Shear flows in skin adjacent to it are q

1

and q

2

.

Equilibrium in z direction of previous figure

This gives:

Shear of open-section beams

Recall:

Shear of open-section beams

This gives the change in shear flow induced by a boom.

Each time a boom is encountered, the shear flow is incremented by

this amount.

If at some distance s at the profile, if n booms have been passed:

Open C/S Sample Problem

Calculate the shear flow

distribution in channel due to a 4.8

kN vertical shear load acting

through the shear center.

Booms carry all the direct stresses

(B

r

= 300 mm

2

)

=

=

n

r

r r

xx

y

s

y B

I

S

q

1

Open C/S Sample Problem

2 6 2 2

mm 10 48 200 300 4 = = =

Ad I

xx

Calculate I

xx

: (Only consider direct stress carrying areas) I.e. Booms

= =

=

n

r

r r

n

r

r r s

y B y B q

1 1

4

6

3

10

10 48

10 8 . 4

At the outside of boom 1, q

s

= 0. As boom 1 is crossed, the shear flow changes to:

N/mm 6 200 300 10 0

4

12

= =

q

q

1

Open C/S Sample Problem

There will be no further changes in shear flow until the next boom (2) is crossed.

At the outside of boom 4, the shear flow is zero (q

s

= 0) as expected

N/mm 12 200 300 10 6

4

23

= =

q

q

2

( ) N/mm 6 200 300 10 12

4

34

= =

q

q

3

( ) N/mm 0 200 300 10 6

4

=

Open C/S Sample Problem

6 N/mm

12 N/mm

6 N/mm

N/mm 6

N/mm 12

N/mm 6

34

23

12

=

=

=

q

q

q

How come all the signs are negative?

S

1

S

2

S

3

Closed C/S Sample Problem

For the single cell beam, the booms

carry the direct stresses and the walls

carry only the shear stress. A vertical

shear load of 10 kN acts through the

vertical plane between booms 3 and 6.

Calculate the shear flow distribution

Closed C/S Sample Problem

Centroid on Horizontal Axis of Symmetry. I

xy

= 0

Also S

x

= 0, t

D

= 0

=

+ =

n

r

s r r

xx

y

s

q y B

I

S

q

1

0 ,

( )

2

4

2

3

2

2

2

1

50 100 100 30 2 + + + = B B B B I

xx

I

xx

can be calculated from the direct stress carrying area of the booms

Substituting B

1

,B

4

gives I

xx

= 13.86 x 10

6

mm

4

=

=

+ = +

=

n

r

s r r

n

r

s r r s

q y B q y B q

1

0 ,

4

1

0 ,

6

3

10 22 . 7

10 86 . 13

10 10

Closed C/S Sample Problem

Introduce a cut in the wall 23 and calculate the basic shear flow around the walls

( )

( ) N/mm 5 . 32 50 100 10 22 . 7 9 . 28 q

N/mm 9 . 28 100 400 10 22 . 7

0

4

b,45

4

34 ,

23 ,

= =

= =

=

b

b

q

q

B

3

y

3

Since the t

D

= 0

y

4

B

4

symmetry) (by 0

symmetry) (by N/mm 9 . 28

23 , 67 ,

34 , 56 ,

= =

= =

b b

b b

q q

q q

( )

( ) N/mm 4 . 22 30 200 10 22 . 7 1 . 18

N/mm 1 . 18 100 250 10 22 . 7

4

18 ,

4

21 ,

= =

= =

b

b

q

q

y

2

B

2

B

1

y

1

symmetry) (by N/mm 1 . 18

21 , 87 ,

= =

b b

q q

Closed C/S Sample Problem

Taking moments about the intersection of the line of action of shear load

and horizontal axis:

0 ,

2 0

s b

Aq ds pq + =

}

is broken up into segments where each q

b

is constant

}

Draw out the shear flow distribution to determine the sign of the moment generated

by the shear flow on each segment

Solve for q

s,0

Closed C/S Sample Problem

0 200 , 97 2 ] 100 120 100 120 2

240 100 2 170 240 2 60 480 [

0 , 54 , 43 ,

23 , 12 , 81 ,

= +

+ +

s b b

b b b

q q q

q q q

q p s

Substituting for the basic shear flow gives:

N/mm 4 . 5

0 ,

=

s

q

Add q

s,0

to the basic shear flow to get the total shear flow in every wall.

In any wall the final shear flow is given by q

s

=q

b

+ q

s,0

so that

N/mm 17

N/mm 9 . 37

N/mm 3 . 34

N/mm 4 . 5

N/mm 7 . 12 4 . 5 1 . 18

81

45

56 34

67 23

87 21

=

=

= =

= =

= = + =

q

q

q q

q q

q q

Enclosed Area, A

- multistoreybuilding-PPTUploaded bymohan890
- Trolley Beam Design ExampleUploaded byAlf Horseman
- Mechanics Problems & SolutionsUploaded bydjhazard
- SP6_2Uploaded byRajat Nag
- E03.0803.MAT.d01.0(Beam_heat_up)Uploaded byjimg422
- Information and Pool Etabs Manuals English E-tn-cfd-bs-8110!97!007Uploaded byLemmy Mulandi
- Crane GirderUploaded byRaveendra Babu Cherukuri
- Code_of_Practice_for_the_Structural_use_of_SteelUploaded byapi-3797737
- Problem 1 014Uploaded byOscar Sanchez
- Punching Shear in Pad Foundations on RockUploaded byMohan Manickam
- Machine Design Fundamental Principles KCC 10-2011.pdfUploaded bysantu_23
- BeamUploaded byDivyanshu Shekhar
- RccUploaded byCgpscAspirant
- Shear Connectors and Partial Composite NewUploaded byloox600
- 3. Ovaling deformations of circular tunnels under seismic loading, an update on seismic design and analysis of underground structures.pdfUploaded bynaim
- Chapter 3 Analysis of Section.pdfUploaded byfhatiha atika
- Syllabus UG NIT AgartalaUploaded byDevil King
- Case Study No 1Uploaded bynmselvaa
- Team33 MOMLab ProjectUploaded byqtacc
- Why Do We Provide Extra Reinforcement Bars at the End Portion of BeamUploaded byPapaiDip
- Center ShearUploaded byGovind
- MOM_Chapter_07_new-edited.pptUploaded bynur yusuf
- Unit_4Uploaded byfarhanyazdani
- 2010 APEC-WWSouthKorea ComparisonofFiveMajorWindCodeswithSriLankancontext WeerasuriyaA.U.lewangamageC.S.jayasingheM.T.R.Uploaded byPremasiri Karunarathna
- CCiAr01Uploaded byΈνκινουαν Κόγκ Αδάμου
- Analysis of Moment Resisting ConnectionsUploaded byOkondu Chiedu
- prob50Uploaded bynazgulturuk
- 1995 - Mahesh D Pandey - FlexuraltorsionalstabilityofthinwalledcompositeIse[Retrieved-2016!11!19]Uploaded byChristian Viau
- LTB_Part2_F14_optUploaded byNejib Ghazouani
- Imp QuesUploaded byVimal Chand

- Vimanas - Ancient Flying Saucers of Atlantis and Lemuria Mary Sutherland 2010Uploaded byertipole2
- TNPSC 2Uploaded bytprithiru
- Bala FamousScientists and PicturesUploaded byvenkatasubramani
- Medicinal Plants ListUploaded bySenthil Kumar
- Daemon ProcessUploaded byAlex
- Lift and Drag Curves for the WingUploaded byAlex

- Thin_cambered_reflexed Airfoil Development for Micro-Air VehiclesUploaded bySaherAbdElMalak
- VCE Physics Unit 3/4 Projectile Motion EPIUploaded byThe Writ3r
- Comparison of US and Japanese Codes and Practices for Seismically Isolated BuildingUploaded bytaosye
- Physics Module Form 4 Teachers’ Guide Chapter 2 : Force and MotionUploaded byCikgu Zul Zacherry
- Chapter 01 Analysis of StressUploaded bybudi susilo
- Sheet Metal FormingUploaded byShivam
- Order of Magnitude AnalysisUploaded byPramodVerma
- Turbine BladeUploaded byrajakgec
- Finite Element Analysis of Lamb Waves Acting on a Thin Al PlateUploaded byKishore Mylavarapu
- Procast ManualUploaded bytudorima
- Mini Launcher-2 (1)Uploaded byMuhammad Asim
- 4d Work Energy FR Practice Problems ANSWERSUploaded byJanel Edwards
- 2003 Delvaux-Sperner Tensor ProgramUploaded byNur Fauziah Hasyim
- artigoEQOSUploaded byRegilane Marizete
- Passing Ship FloryUploaded byPeyman Mzn
- Ejemplos - Flexion - Parte 1Uploaded byhansvalerio
- Steel DesignUploaded byCris Norman Hernaez Gonzales
- Phy 050912Uploaded byChandrakant Chatterjee
- Work Energy PowerUploaded byHemant Chaudhari
- g - Articulo - Jibson - Predicting Earthquake-Induced Landslide Displacements Using Newmark's Sliding Block AnalysisUploaded byFabián Arquín Bolaños
- Estimating the Low-Speed Sidewash.pdfUploaded byGabriel Rodrigues Felix
- Bolt Force Transfer MechanismUploaded byparthiv_mechmind1987
- Position VelocityUploaded byaw aw
- A REVIEW ON DEEP TAPERED BEAM ANALYSIS USING ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTSUploaded byUGCJOURNAL PUBLICATION
- Hicks Rietbrock NATURE 2015-SupplementUploaded byAbel Sanchez
- Ch2Uploaded byDaniel Bonnells
- The Sulphur SystemUploaded byVibhor Agrawal
- 16436_assignment for M1R10Uploaded bySunny Singh
- Chapter 05 TorsionUploaded bySumaya Mahmood
- Finite Element Analysis NotesUploaded byvishnuvikasd