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GROUP MEMBERS:

SHOAI B AHMED PP-005


LARAI B RAFI QUE PP-038
FARKHUNDA YOUNUS PP-043
MAHA TARI Q PP-046

VI NYL CHLORI DE
MONOMER
Chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHCs)

More resilient to biodegradation, unlike simple
hydrocarbons
Man-made CHCs are beginning to accumulate in the
environment.
BASI C I DEA BEHI ND THE
PRODUCTI ON OF VCM
PRODUCTI ON OF VCM I S ESSENTI AL TO
THE PRODUCTI ON OF POLYVI NYL
CHLORI DE
Many CHCs are created during the production of PVC this is
a growing concern.


VCM needs to be produced in a way that will minimize or
totally eliminate the release of CHCs into the environment.

First bullet point here
Second bullet point here
Third bullet point here
Group A Group B
Class 1 2 85
Class 2 76 88
Class 3 84 90
Two Content Layout with Table

Direct chlorination of ethylene to form EDC.
Oxychlorination of ethylene to form from
recycled HCl and oxygen.
Purification of EDC.
Thermal cracking of EDC to form VCM and HCl.
The purification of VCM.
Process Outline
DIRECT
CHLORINATION
OXY-
CHLORINATION
HYRDRO-
GENATION
CATALYTIC
OXIDATION
VCM
STORAGE
Ethylene
HCL
H
LIGHTS & HEAVIES
HCL
RECYCLE
EDC
EDC
PROLYSIS
HEAVY ENDS
(TO CATALYTIC
OXIDATION)
VCM
DISTILLATION
EDC
LIGHTS ENDS
(TO CATALYTIC
OXIDATION)
Cl Vent gas
O Vent gas
EDC
EDC
DISTILLATION VCM
VCM
O
CO
HO
PROCESS
FLOW
DI AGRAM
DI RECT CHLORI NATI ON
Ethylene
Cl
Ferric
chloride
(catalyst)
FeCl3 + Cl2 FeCl4-Cl+
FeCl4-Cl+ + CH2CH2 FeCl3 +
ClCH2CH2Cl


REACTOR
EFFLUENT
(lb-mol/hr)

EDC 2682
Trichloroethane 5
HCL 0.5
Ethylene 18
Chlorine 8
Direct Chlorination Reactor Effluent
Flow Rates (lb-mol/hr)
PARAMETERS VALUES
Reactor temperature 120 C
Reactor pressure 15 psig
Reactor volume 90 ft3
Tube diameter 2 inch
Tube length 115 ft
Residence time 0.018 hr
Direct Chlorination Reactor Parameters
Trichloro
ethane
HCL
Ethylene
HCL
Oxygen
Cupric
chloride
(catalyst)
OXYCHLORI NATI ON REACTI ON
REACTORS PARAMETER VALUES
Reactor temperature 305 C
Reactor pressure 58 psig
Reactor volume 461 ft3
Tube diameter 2 inch
Tube length 1320 ft
Residence time 0.05 hr
Oxychlorination Reactor Parameters
Air based
oxychlorination process have been converted to the oxygen.
Ethylene Dichloride Purification
EDC Cracking and Quenching
Vinyl Chloride Purification

Medical application
Packaging application
Industrial & construction
Application

APPLICATION with PROPERTIES
*FLAME RETARDANT
pvc fire-retardant insulating tape
DUE TO THE FOLLOWING MAJOR REASONS:

flameretardant underground pipe wrapping tap
*CHEMICAL RESISTANT:
PVC Powder chemical resistance
Disposable Medical Glove
PVC Chemical-Resistant Kneeboots

*DURABLE:
*Organoleptic: