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EFFECT OF LATHE WASTE

FIBRE ON CEMENT CONCRETE



VENKATESH.A



Guide
Miss.K.Kaviya
Lecturer/Civil Engineering
ABSTRACT
This project deals with the effect of locally available lathe waste
steel fibre in the M30 Grade of concrete. The plain concrete
posses very low tensile strength, limited ductility and little
resistance to cracking. Internal micro cracks are inherently
present in the concrete and its poor tensile strength is due to the
propagation of such micro cracks, evenly leading to brittle
fracture of the concrete. To avoid the disadvantage of the plain
cement concrete . An experimental study has been conducted
with the lathe waste of 0.5% and 1% to the total volume of mix to
enhance the compressive, flexural and split tensile strength of the
concrete. By using this lathe waste steel fibre in the concrete, the
behavior efficiency of this composite material is far superior to
that plain cement concrete and it improves strength of concrete.
OBJECTIVE
To determine the effect of lathe waste on the properties of
concrete using M30 grade of concrete.

SCOPE
1. The main scope of our project is to determine the
properties concrete using with and without of lathe waste
fibres.
2. While adding the lathe waste fiber in the concrete to
reduce the internal micro cracks
3. By using lathe waste in the concrete leads to effective
management of waste fibers.
LITERATURE REVIEW
Sekar.T . By adding the lathe waste fibres in
the concrete it will increase the compressive
strength and the split tensile strength of the
concrete.
Balasubramanian .K, et.al., The addition of
lathe fibres to concrete effectively improves
the shear strength of concrete. A fibers
improves tensile stresses across crack surfaces.
Tavakoli.M , Lathe waste Steel fibres plays an
important role in concrete structures for example,
reinforcing in PCC pavements holds cracks together
reinforcement may also eliminate the use of joints in
pavement-potentially producing a longer lasting,
smoother riding surface. These same qualities are also
desirable in reinforced concrete drainage structures.
ensuring high aggregate interlock exists across the
pavement.
Lars Kutzing , The experimental results clarify the
enormous influence of steel fibres on the shear capacity of
slender beams. In further calculations various suggestions
should be checked with regard to the applicability to the
SFRC. Some new investigations concerning the calculation of
fracture energy as well as the influence of fibres to the dowel
action will be performed .The transfer to the punching
behavior of SFRC plates will be done as well as some new
applications for steel fibres reinforced concrete structures will
be developed. In this case a connection between the ductile
HPC columns and the above mentioned punching and shear
phenomena would be desirable. Suggestions are already in the
planning and will be introduced in following articles next
year.
Ganesh et,al,Steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRS) is defined as
a mortar or concrete, containing discontinuous discrete steel
fibres, which are pneumatically projected at high velocity onto a
surface. Steel fibres are incorporated in the concrete to improve its
crack resistance, ductility, energy absorption and impact resistance
characteristics.
Steel fibre reinforced concrete has gained widespread use in
applications such as the following:
Rock slope stabilization and support of excavated foundations,
often
in conjunction with rock and soil anchor systems;
Industrial floorings, road pavements, warehouses, Channel linings,
protect bridge. abutments and stabilize debris flow prone creeks;
Rehabilitation of reinforced concrete in structures
MATERIAL AND MIX DESIGN
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
CEMENT:
Standards consistency test ,Fineness test (By
sieving), Specific gravity test , Lechatlier Expansion test for
the 53 grade cement.
FINE AGGREGATE:
Locally available river sand was used as the
fine aggregate, which as the particle size distribution
corresponding to ZoneII. The specific gravity of sand was
found to be 2.67, Sieve analysis of the fine aggregate ,
Specific gravity of fine aggregate test conducted.
COURSE AGGREGATE
Hard broken stones obtained from local quarry
were used as coarse aggregate . The course aggregate
was sieved in such way that aggregate passing through
20mm sieve and retained in 12.5mm sieve was used for
the entire experimental work . The specific gravity of
course aggregate was experimentally tested .
MIX DESIGN FOR M30 GRADE OF
CONCRETE
WATER CEMENT FINE
AGGREGATE
COURSE
AGGREGATE

185.40

412KG

477.56Kg/m

1375Kg/m

Or 0.45

1

1.16

3.34
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
DIMENSION OF THE SPECIMENS
In this experimental work, a total of 24 numbers of
concrete specimens were cast with and without lathe waste
steel fibres .The specimens considered in this study consisted
of 18 numbers of 100mm side cube, 3 numbers of 150mm
diameter and 300mm long cylinders and 3 numbers of 100mm
x 100mm x 500mm size of beams.
METHOD OF MIXING
The nominal mix proportion used for casting 1: 1.16:
3.34 and water cement ratio of 0.45%.The lathe waste fibre of
0.5% and 1% to the specimens. Cement, sand and course
aggregate were mixed in dry state using laboratory mixer and
then fibre were added required quantity and mixed thoroughly.
The testing of cubes was done 3, 7, 28, days of curing. And the
cylinder and the beams are tested after 28 days of curing.
CHAPTER-5
RESULT AND DISCUSSTION
The test results are given in the form of
graphs and tables. Table 5.1 shows the variation
of strength of concrete by adding lathe waste
fibre into the concrete.

When the lathe waste of 0.5% & 1% added
to M30 grade of concrete it increases the
compressive strength, split tensile strength,
Flexural strength of the concrete members.
Further more increase of the lathe waste fibres
on the concrete witch leads to the increase of
strength of concrete members.
TABLE 5.1 VARIATION OF STRENGTH OF
CONCRETE
Sl.no Type of
concrete
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH IN
N/mm2
SPLIT TENSILE
STRENGTH IN
N/mm2
FLEXTURAL
STRENGTH
TEST IN N/mm2
CURING
DAYS
-

3 7 28

28

28

1.

P.C.C

10 20 29

2.6

0.98

2.

Lathe waste
fibre 0.5%

15 24 31

3.4

1.2

3.

Lathe waste
fibre 1 %

15 25 34

3.9

1.4
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
CURING OF CONCRETE IN
DAYS
S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

O
F

C
O
N
C
R
E
T
E
I
N

N
/
M
M
2
PLAIN
CONCRETE
LATHE WASTE
FIBRE 0.5%
LATHE WASTE
FIBRE 1%
SPLIT TENSILE STRENGTH IN N/MM2
2.6
3.4
3.9
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
FIBRE CONTENT IN %
S
P
L
I
T

T
E
N
S
I
L
E

S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

I
N

N
/
M
M
2
Series1
FLEXURAL STRENGTH IN N/MM2
0.98
1.2
1.4
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
FIBRE CONTENT IN %
F
L
E
X
U
R
A
L

S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

I
N

N
/
M
M
2
Series1
LATHE WASTE FIBER
COMPERSIVE TEST
SPLIT TENSION TEST
FLEXTURAL TEST
CONCLUTION
Based on the result it is possible to make lathe waste fibre
reinforced concrete with higher compressive strength by
increasing the lathe waste. It enhances the flexure and the split
tensile strength of the concrete by increasing the lathe waste.
Higher strength to weight ratio will be useful for the design of
cost effective structure. Since the lathe waste fibre is better
than the plain concrete
SUGGESTION
By using the lathe waste fibres on the concrete, it improves the
compressive strength, split tensile, flexural strength. So it is
suitable for industrial flooring and road pavement, etc.



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