March 2008

E
n
e
r
g
y

D
e
m
a
n
d

(
M
B
D
O
E
)

Global increase 2% / year,
60% increase over 2003
Source: DOE Energy Information Agency MBDOE: Millions of barrels per day oil equivalent
The Challenge
Global energy
demand exceeds
our current glide
path for supply
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
2003 2030
Developing
Developed
88
111
195
146
Advanced Propulsion Technology
Strategy
Improved
Vehicle Fuel
Economy
and
Emissions
Displace
Petroleum
Energy
Diversity
Hydrogen
Fuel Cell-Electric
Battery-Electric
Vehicles (E-Flex)
Hybrid-Electric
Vehicles (including
Plug-In HEV)
IC Engine
and Transmission
Improvements
Time
Petroleum (Conventional and Alternative Sources)
Biofuels (Ethanol E85, Biodiesel)
Electricity (Conv. & Alternative Sources)
Hydrogen
“At GM, we believe tomorrow’s automobiles
must be flexible enough to accommodate
many different energy sources. And a
key part of that flexibility will be enabled by
the development of electrically driven cars.”
Rick Wagoner
Chairman and CEO
General Motors Corporation
LA Auto Show 11/29/2006
Energy and Environment
GMC Yukon &
Yukon XL
Chevrolet Avalanche,
Suburban & Tahoe
GMC Sierra
Chevrolet Uplander
Chevrolet Impala
The GM North America “FlexFuel Club”
More Models Than Any Other Automaker!
Police Tahoe
& Impala
Chevrolet Silverado
Express & Savana
Vans
¶Reduces green house gas emissions
¶Renewable
¶Reduced dependency on foreign oil
¶Potential to add substantially to the fuel supply
¶Supports rural communities and the domestic
agriculture industry
¶Help the U.S. Economy


Ethanol potential assumes 50% FFV production from all OEMs from 2012, and the FFV parc uses E85. Adjusted for energy equivalency with gasoline. Oil information source: EIA – 2007 Annual
Energy Outlook Table 11.
E85 Ethanol Has Even Greater Potential to Reduce
Oil Imports if 50% of All U.S. Vehicles Were FFV
General Motors & Coskata Partnership
¶ GM senior leadership is committed to enhancing the commercialization of cellulosic ethanol
¶ GM has reviewed the leading cellulosic ethanol technologies and potential producers & selected to first
partner with Coskata
¶ Offers unique technology
¶ Utilizes versatile input materials
¶ Offers cost-competitive ethanol production
¶ Makes sense environmentally from a lifecycle perspective
¶ Coskata and GM will work together on:
¶ Testing fuel from Coskata pilot plant in GM vehicles
¶ Explore using GM plant waste to make ethanol and assist GM goal of zero landfill use by its manufacturing facilities
¶ Making ethanol from renewable sources, used tires, and municipal waste
¶ Global marketing of next generation ethanol

General Motors & Coskata Partnership
¶ What does Coskata do?
¶ Using proprietary microorganisms and patented bioreactor designs, the
company will produce ethanol for under US$1.00 per gallon almost
anywhere in the world, from a wide variety of inputs.
¶ GM has taken an undisclosed strategic ownership position of Coskata
to work on rapid commercialization of “The Next Generation of
Ethanol”

Coskata – “The Next Generation of Ethanol”
¶ Efficient
¶ Able to make more than 100 gallons of ethanol from 1 ton of dry material
¶ Uses less than one gallon of fresh water per gallon of ethanol produced, compared with three to four gallons for
ethanol today
¶ Reduces greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 84% compared to conventional gasoline
¶ Returns up to 7.7 times as much energy as is used in the ethanol production process
¶ Affordable
¶ Ethanol produced for under $1 per gallon, which should equate to 50 cents to $1.00 less than gasoline at the pump
¶ Flexible
¶ Multiple non-food sources are used to make ethanol
¶ Geographically flexible by using resources from almost every country around the globe

Fuel Solutions Campaign – Creative Approach
Bio-Diesel
Made from renewable sources
B5 approved for use on 6.6L Duramax and all European diesels
B20 capable fullsize vans and heavy-duty pickups available via a
Special
Equipment Option (5F4)
Industry-wide B20 standard needed
GM’s Portfolio
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007 2008 2009 2006
Hybrid
2-ModeHybrid
Light Hybrid
2-Mode
Hybrid
E-Flex
Saturn VUE
Green Line plug-in
Saturn VUE
Green Line
Escalade
GM/Allison Hybrid Bus
Chevrolet Silverado/
GMC Sierra
Saturn Aura Green Line
Chevrolet Malibu
Tahoe/Yukon
Silverado/
Sierra
Saturn VUE
Green Line
Chevrolet
Volt
GM’s Hybrid Portfolio
Yukon SUV Hybrid Silverado Hybrid
Malibu Hybrid Saturn VUE
Escalade
Hybrid
Chevrolet
Tahoe Hybrid
GMC
Yukon Hybrid
GM RWD 2-Mode Hybrid
50% city fuel economy
improvement
Fuel economy equal
to 4-cyl Camry
Awards include:
 Green Car of the Year
 Popular Mechanics
Breakthrough of the Year
 Popular Science Best
of What’s New
 Automobile Magazine
Technology of the Year
What is a Two-Mode Hybrid?
 A traditional “One-Mode” Hybrid typically has one
torque splitting arrangement and no fixed mechanical
ratios
 GM’s “Two-Mode” Hybrid uses low & high speed
electric continuously variable transmission modes
combined with a fixed –gear transmission. One
transmission with:
- 2 Electric motors
- 4 Fixed-gear ratios
 Provides higher efficiency and no reduction in
capabilities or performance
The World’s Only 2-Mode Hybrid System
25% overall fuel economy Improvement
 50% improvement in city mpg
Key Benefits of the 2 Mode system:
 Electric start at low speeds
 Less fuel consumption
at low speed and idle
 AutoStop at 0 mph (engine off)
 Longer Active Fuel Management
bandwidth due to Hybrid electric assist
 Regenerative Braking System
 Electric Power Rack & Pinion Steering (EPS) and Air Conditioning
 Enables towing and hauling capabilities customers expect in a full size SUV

2-Mode RWD Hybrid
Battery Pack
Power
Electronics
2-Mode Hybrid
Transmission w/Regenerative
braking
AFM 6.0L
V8/V4 Engine
New for 2008i
What is a 2-Mode Hybrid?
A traditional “One-Mode” hybrid typically has one torque splitting arrangement and no fixed
mechanical ratios
 Prius uses 1 electric motor and a Continuous Variable Trans
 Only provides hybrid benefit at low speed
 Sacrifices payload and towing capability
GM’s “2-Mode” hybrid uses two electric motors combined with a fixed gear 4-speed transmission
 Low speed and high speed fuel economy advantages
 No loss in capability
 No loss in performance
New for 2008i
How does a 2-Mode Hybrid save fuel?
While Stopped:
 Auto Stop at 0 MPH. Battery power provides accessories power, AC/heat, power steering, etc.
Low Speeds:
 Battery power alone drives vehicle at speeds up to about 30 MPH
Mid-High Speeds:
 Active Fuel Management 4-cylinder mode is utilized to a much greater extent
 Hybrid electric boost provides enough power to only need 4-cylinders at highway speeds
Results: 50% City & 30% Overall MPG Improvement
2009 Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid
¶ Hybrid available
2009-Model Year
¶ Available on
1500 Series Crew Cab
¶ Two-Mode System
¶ Coupled with Active Fuel Management
¶ 50% improvement in city driving fuel economy
New for 2009i
2-Mode Hybrid Silverado/Sierra
Identical powertrain to Tahoe/Yukon Hybrids
1500 series Crew Cabs
11/17/2008 SOP
Two marketing packages based on LT/SLE trim:
 1HY – Based on 1LT: Cloth bench seat, fewer features
 2HY – Based on 2LT: Leather buckets, Nav radio, etc,
2 free flow options: Sunroof & Rear Vision Camera
All hybrids come with a tonneau cover
Will not have SUV level of differentiation but will be clearly badged

GM 2-Mode Hybrid
Most Fuel Efficient V6 SUV on the market
Est. 50% improvement in combined city/highway fuel economy over non Hybrid V6
Vue
500 Mile Fuel Range
GM Hybrid System
Belt-alternator-starter hybrid (BAS)
Lowest cost U.S. hybrid
Best value

25 City/32 Hwy
24 City/32 Hwy
24 City/32 Hwy
Double the fuel economy of any current SUV
Approximately 10 mile electric-only range at low speeds
4-5 hour recharge time

Saturn Vue Plug-in Hybrid
Lithium Battery Pack
Plug-in
Charger
Modified 2-Mode
Hybrid Drive System
E-Flex System
E = Pure electric drive
Adaptable to a range of energy sources
Tailor to meet specific needs
Engineering development initiated
Family of Electric Vehicle Propulsion Systems
Front
E-Flex System
Plug-In
110V / 15A
Electric
Motor

Battery Pack

Generator

12 Gallon
Fuel Tank

Gasoline


Internal Combustion
Engine (Gasoline)
Lithium Ion Battery
Safety
Durability
Driving range
Recharge time
Operating temperature range
Affordability
Development Challenges
Chevrolet Volt — EV Concept
¶ Advanced technology plug-in hybrid
¶ Embodies GM’s E-flex system
¶ Battery-powered with extended range
¶ Powered by large battery & 1L turbo engine:
¶ Enough electricity to go 640 miles
¶ Triple-digit fuel economy
¶ Volt showcases many current or near-term technologies and
materials
Project Driveway — Fuel Cell Test Fleet
¶ First true market test of fuel cell vehicles
¶ 100 Equinox Fuel Cell vehicles
¶ Focus markets
¶ California (L.A. & Sacramento)
¶ Washington, D.C.
¶ New York City metro area
¶ Demonstrate GM’s fuel
cell technology leadership
¶ Largest deployment
of Fuel Cell vehicles

Project Driveway — Fuel Cell Test Fleet
Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell:
¶ Fuel economy twice production Equinox
¶ 0-60 mph in 12 seconds
¶ Top speed 100 mph
¶ Will meet all safety standards
¶ Regenerative braking
¶ Single-speed electric motor traction system

Chevrolet Sequel
World’s Most Technologically
Advanced Vehicle
Styling
Utility
Performance
300 mile range
Cadillac Provoq
A vision for a petroleum free future of luxury transportation:
¶ 5
th
Gen Fuel Cell is half the size of its predecessor
¶ More power and
better performance
¶ 300 miles on a single
fill of hydrogen
¶ 280 miles from
hydrogen
¶ 20 miles on pure,
battery electric
energy



GM Driving Industry Standard Technology/ Performance Defining Industry
Future Direction
¶ >50% of U.S. vehicle volume will be Flex Fuel by
2012 MY
¶ Cost effective hybrid in cars and small SUVs
¶ Fuel economy leadership in 2-mode hybrid applications
¶ Plug-in 2-mode hybrid in medium crossover-utility segment
¶ New applications of clean passenger car and
light-duty truck diesels in North America
¶ E-Flex/Chevrolet Volt/Equinox Fuel Cell vehicles strengthen technology leadership
image
“Our goal is to take the automobile
out of the energy debate… to be part
of the solution…”
Beth Lowery
Vice President
Energy and Environment
General Motors Corporation
GM - Energy and Environment Vision
Summary
GM’s Advanced Propulsion Technology
Strategy will…
Reduce fuel consumption and GHG emissions
Be sustainable through energy diversity
Displace petroleum
 Alleviate the issue of demand outgrowing limited supply
 Reduce our dependence on a supply subject to
uncontrollable risks
Summary
By Incorporating…
Continued improvement of conventional powertrains
 Gas engines, diesel engines, and transmissions
will be the principle propulsion systems for the foreseeable future
Alternative fuels
 Biofuels such as E85 ethanol and Biodiesel (i.e. B20)
Increased electrification of the automobile
 Rapid expansion of our hybrid portfolio, including plug-ins
 EV range extenders
 Ultimately, hydrogen fuel cells
Other Options
2008 Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid
GM Hybrid System Powertrain
 24 city
 32 highway
30 percent fuel economy improvement
Lowest priced mid sized hybrid on the market
at $22,790
$1300 Hybrid Tax credit
Saturn Green Line Hybrids
 Saturn Green Line
models — affordable
Hybrids
 Vue is GM’s 1st FWD
use of
 Most fuel-efficient
V6 SUV on the
market
 Aura Hybrid offers low
cost & good fuel
economy
Saturn Vue
Saturn Aura
2008 Chevrolet Malibu Hybrid

 ECOTEC 2.4L 4 cylinder VVT engine
 Electric Motor/Generator
 Engine Start/Stop
 Early Fuel Cutoff
 Regenerative Braking
 Intelligent hybrid battery charging
 Hill Start assist system (maintains brake pressure
to allow the driver to accelerate without rolling)


GM Hybrid System
Saturn VUE Green Line Hybrid
2.4L 4-cyl. Hybrid
available this Fall
3.6L V6 Hybrid available in
2008 CY
New for 2008
2-Mode Tahoe/Yukon Hybrid

The World’s Only Full-Size Hybrid SUVs
Best capability
Best efficiency
Best technology

Chevrolet Tahoe Hybrid SUV GMC Yukon Hybrid SUV
New for 2008i
2-Mode Tahoe/Yukon Hybrid

New for 2008i
What makes up a 2-Mode Hybrid
Powertrain?


Battery Pack Power
Electronics
2-Mode Hybrid
Transmission w/Regenerative
braking
AFM 6.0L
V8/V4 Engine
New for 2008i
What else is unique about the Tahoe/Yukon Hybrid?
Regenerative Braking
Aerodynamic Improvements:
 New fascias, running boards & wheels
 No roof rack, tow hooks or fog lamps
Mass Savings:
 Aluminum hood, liftgate, front bumper beam & wheels
 Thin profile seats
Hard Packaged Content:
 Only one trim package
 Only 2 free flow options: Sunroof and Rear Seat Entertainment
 Facilitates pool retail distribution system