8

Position Tolerancing
Fundamentals
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
• Complete feature control frames for position
tolerances, properly using the diameter symbol,
material condition modifiers, and datum
references.
• Sketch the proper location and shape for position
tolerance zones.
• Describe the effect of an MMC, LMC, or RFS
modifier on a position tolerance.
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
• Provide examples that prove the validity of the
MMC concept as it applies to position tolerances.
• Calculate position tolerances for simple fixed and
floating fastener conditions.
• Calculate the allowable bonus tolerance for a
produced part on which a position tolerance is
specified at MMC.
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Position Tolerances
• May be used on single or multiple features
• Tolerance zone shape determined by functional
requirements for feature
• Material condition modifiers are appropriate
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Feature Control Frame
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Material Condition
Modifier Application
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Basic Dimensions
• Must be used to define location when position
tolerances are applied to features
• Defines true position
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Effect of RFS
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Effect of MMC
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Proof of MMC Concept
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Floating Fastener Condition
• Fastener passes through multiple clearance
holes
• Common to use same size clearance holes for
all parts, but not required
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Hole = .328 .004
Fastener = .312 MMC
Tolerance = Hole (MMC) – Fastener (MMC)
T = .324 – .312
T = .012
Floating Fastener
Tolerance Calculation
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Tolerance = .012
Fastener = .312 MMC
Hole = Tolerance + Fastener (MMC)
H = .012 + .312
H = .324 (MMC)
Floating Fastener
Hole Calculation
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Fixed Fastener Condition
• Fastener passes through multiple holes, one
fixes fastener location
• Fastener fixed by threads, press fit, or taper
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Hole = .296 .003
Fastener = .250 MMC
Tolerance = [Hole (MMC) – Fastener (MMC)]/2
T = (.293 – .250)/2
T = .0215
Fixed Fastener
Tolerance Calculation
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Tolerance = .0215
Fastener = .250 MMC
Hole = 2  Tolerance + Fastener (MMC)
H = (2  .0215) + .250
H = .293 (MMC)
Fixed Fastener
Hole Calculation
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Advantages of Position Tolerances
over Coordinate Tolerances
• Clearer definition of requirements
• Is no standard defining coordinate location
tolerances
• Increased tolerance zone area
• Bonus tolerance is available
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Calculating Diameter
of Position Variation
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Paper Gaging Position Variation
• Center of graph is true position
• Plot delta coordinate values for feature locations
on graph
• Create concentric circles representing tolerance
zones at same scale as the graph grid
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Paper Gaging Example
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Counterbored Holes—
Application Options
• One position tolerance to control hole and
counterbore
• Separate position tolerances for the hole and
counterbore
• Counterbore position tolerance referenced to the
hole location

GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Threads—Application
• Position tolerance applied to pitch axis
• Position tolerance may be applied to minor or
major diameter in rare cases

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Projected Tolerance Zone
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Bidirectional
Position Tolerance
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Noncylindrical
Features of Size
• Slots, tabs, rails
• No diameter symbol in the feature control frame
• Do not place the feature control frame on an
extension line
• Defines the total width of the tolerance zone
GD&T: Application and Interpretation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Bounded Feature