Dr.

SujnanendraMishra,MD
PATNAGARH
Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques include
 Ultra-sonography,
 Foetoscopy,
 Amniocentesis and Taking samples of amniotic
fluid, embryo, blood or any tissue or fluid of
pregnant women after conception,

female feticide is Aborting a
female fetus after sex
determination test.
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FACTORS that FAVOUR…..
Evil of Dowry
Social Security
Religion
Small family Norm
URBAN Living
EDUCATIONAL STATUS
SOCIETY

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Evil of Dowry
• The practice of dowry ,a nationwide problem.
• Now found in communities and castes in which it had
never been the custom.
• Inherited from upper caste practices. In majority of
cases,
• Laws failed to show any impact on the practice of dowry.
It is estimated that a dowry death
occurs in India every 93 minutes.
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Evil of Dowry……..
• In marriage the groom demanded that the
bride’s father also provide for his
daughter’s maintenance, since she was
now a financial ‘burden’ on him. And the
system of dowry started. So, a girl
became a potential financial drain on
man
• As a matter of prestige too, more money
and material goods asked in dowry.
• The girl was no longer desired.
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In order to continue possessing ones property, even after
death, the need of an heir, a son, became necessary .
The birth of a son is regarded as essential in
Hinduism and many prayers and lavish
offerings are made in temples in the hope of
having a male child.
Social Security:
Son as Social Security for old age
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Religion helps ?…….
• The Ramayana and the
Manusmriti (the Laws
of Manu) represent the
ideal woman as
obedient and
submissive, and
advocates care of a
male: first father, then
husband, then son.
• Islam permits
polygamy and gives
women fewer rights
than men.
Shame
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Small Child Norm
• Faced with social burdens rarely any one prefers to
have more children.
• One or two is the norm of the day .
• For continuance of ones property, and gene, the
need of an heir, a son, becomes necessary.
• Amniocentesis and sonography, widely available,
• Termination of pregnancy is simple and accessible.
• Female foeticide has become quite easy.
• Couple adopts evil ‘It is better to spend Rs 500 now
than Rs5,00000 (in dowry) later’




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The world population has
a sex ratio of 990 females
per 1000 males
Sex ratio:
Japan 1041
USA 1029
Indonesia 1004
Bangladesh 953
China 944
India 933
India has one of the
lowest sex ratios in the
world


WikiProject India Maps
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900
910
920
930
940
950
960
970
980
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Sex Ratio INDIA
972
927
934
930
941
946
945
950
955
964
933
Source: Census of India, 2001.

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RURAL VS URBAN
CHILD SEX ratio
?? Closer to facility
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909
894
885
867
876
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CHILD SEX RATIO IN SC /ST. POPULATION
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State District Child sex Ratio
Arunachal Pradesh
Lower Subansiri
Upper Siang
East Kemeng
1005
1010
1035
Chhattisgarh
Baster Dantewada 1009
1014
Jammu & Kashmir
Badgam Kupwara 1002
1021
Meghalaya
Jaintia Hills 995
Orissa
Nabarangpur 999
Sikkim
North 995
Top Ten Districts (Better Sex Ratio) 2001.
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Sex Ratio
(Females per 1000 males)

Sl. No.
India / States / Union
Territories 1991 2001
INDIA 927 933
1 Jammu and Kashmir 896 900
2 Himachal Pradesh 976 970
3 Punjab 882 874
4 Chandigarh 790 773
5 Uttaranchal 936 964
6 Haryana 865 861
7 Delhi 827 821
8 Rajasthan 910 922
9 Uttar Pradesh 876 898
10 Bihar 907 921
11 Sikkim 878 875
12 Arunachal Pradesh 859 901
13 Nagaland 886 909
14 Manipur 958 978
15 Mizoram 921 938
16 Tripura 945 950
17 Meghalaya 955 975
18 Assam 923 932
19 West Bengal 917 934
20 Jharkhand 922 941
21 Orissa 971 972
22 Chhatisgarh 985 990
23 Madhya Pradesh 912 920
24 Gujarat 934 921
25 Daman & Diu 969 709
26
Dadra & Nagar
Haveli 952 811
27 Maharashtra 934 922
28 Andhra Pradesh 972 978
29 Karnataka 960 964
30 Goa 967 960
31 Lakshadweep 943 947
32 Kerala 1036 1058
33 Tamil Nadu 974 986
34 Pondicherry 979 1001
35
Andaman & Nicobar
Islands* 818 846
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FEMALE FOETICIDE & INDIANS
LIVING ABROAD:
• Indians in other countries are going for sex selective abortions
is evident by the fact that sex ratio at birth among
the Indian community in New Jersey is as
bad as in Punjab and Haryana.


• A report in the British Newspaper, 'observer', hand come up
with evidence that British Asian women go to India to abort
their baby girls. The British Law does not allow parents to
choose sex of their babies except to avoid certain gender
linked diseases. This forces many to go abroad. Abortion on
the ground of sex is not allowed under the Abortion Act of
1967 in the UK. But sex can be disclosed by patients if
they ask during ultrasound.
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Society today……..
It speaks of a whole Society that has
gone corrupt, desiring destruction of half
its population, Are we secular, social, and
human?.In Modern India a woman is
regarded as a commodity and marriage
has become more of a business
alliance than a sacred bond between
two souls.
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The Girl Child ……..
• 1 out of every 3 girls does not live to see her
15th birthday
• One-third of these deaths take place at birth
• Every sixth girl child’s death is due to gender
discrimination
• Females are victimised far more than males
during childhood
• 1 out of every 10 women reported some kind of
child sexual abuse during childhood, chiefly by
known persons
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• 1 out of 4 girls is sexually abused before the
age of 4
• 19% are abused between the ages of 4 and 8
• 28% are abused between the ages of 8 and 12
• 35% are abused between the ages of 12 and 16
• 1 out of 6 girls will not live to see their 12th
birthday
• 3 lakh more girls than boys die every year
• Female mortality exceeds male mortality in 224
out of 402 districts in India
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• Death rate among girls below the age of 4
years is higher than that of boys. Even if
she escapes infanticide or foeticide, a girl
child is less likely to receive immunisation,
nutrition or medical treatment compared to a
male child
• 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are
illiterate
• Every year 27,06,000 children under 5 years die
in India. And the deaths of girl children are
higher than those of male children.
Source: www.cry.org
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????? MANY MORE
ELIMINATED BEFORE
THEY COULD ……….
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‘Where women are
honored
there Gods are pleased;
But where they are not
honored
no sacred rite yields
rewards.’

Laws of Manu
SAVE GIRL CHILD ,
SAVE THE WORLD