1

Gilbreth Motion Study
(Brick Laying Study)
Taylor Time Study or
Work Measurement
(Pig Iron Study)
2
คณิ ตศาสตร์
วิ ทยาศาสตร์
สังคมศาสตร์
ทั กษะ
ประสบการณ์
การวิ เคราะห์
โดยใช้ ความรู ้
แสดง
คาดคะเน
ประเมินผล
สิ่ งที่ได้จาก
ระบบงานนั ้ น
เพื่ อ
ออกแบบ
ปรับปรุ ง
ติดตั ้ ง
ระบบการท างาน
ร่ วมกั น ระหว่ าง
คน วั ตถุดิ บ
เครื่ องจักร
พลั งงาน
เทคนิคการ
3
• Make life easier and more comfortable
• Get job done completely and faultless
• Get people achieve higher level of living
standard
4
• Problem Solving
• Process Analysis
• Operation Analysis
• Micromotion Study
• Time Study (Work Measurement)
• etc.. such as Applied Statistics
5
Knowledge dealing with the systematic
determination of a preferable work method with
the time required for the uses of human and
equipment to perform such work as well as a
development of material & tools to make the
established method and time practical
6
Procedure to describe, systematic analyze
and improve work method
Thus consider
• Work process
• Raw materials
• Design of the output
• Workplace, tools, equipment
at each step of the work process
• Human activities
Method
Engineering
7
งานส่ วนที่จาเป็ น
งานเพิ่ มขึ้ นเนื่องจากออกแบบไม่ ดี
งานเพิ่ มขึ้ นเนื่องจากกระบวนการผลิ ตไม่ ดี
เวลาสู ญเปล่ าเนื่องจากความบกพร่ อง
ในการจัดการ และควบคุม
เวลาสู ญเปล่ าเนื่องจากความบกพร่ อง
ของผู ้ปฏิบัติงาน
8
Scope of Work Study
9
Process Analysis
Operation Analysis
(Micro) Motion Study
Time Study
Work Instruction Establishing
10
Process Analysis
Process Chart
Flow Diagram
Gang Process Chart
Effectively collect information about the work
Operation Analysis
Man-Machine Chart
Operation Chart
Layout of work place
11
Operation
Inspection
Storage
Delay
Transportation
Transportation
12
• Separately constructed for
Man - Machine - Material Flows
• Process Chart and Flow Diagram are
complementary
• Always complete all chart headings &
summary table
13
Process Chart (Flow Process Chart)
Flow Process Chart
Page of
Chart type: Operator Material Machine Summary Present Proposed Savings
Method: Present Proposed Operation
Date: Transport ation
Activity: Inspection
Location: Delay
Operator Name / No. Storage
Department: Total time (min)
Analyst:
Distance (m. / feet)
Event Description Symbol Time Distance Recommendation
14
Flow Diagram
15
Gang Process Chart
16
• Record motions of Left - Right hands
• Only ‘in-work’
and ‘in-move’
• No time recorded
17
Operation Chart
18
Man-Machine Chart
Man - Machine Chart Page of
Operation / Part Summary Man Machine
Operator Name / No. Working Time
Anal yst Idle Time
Date Cycle Time
Method: Present Proposed Utilization ratio
Man Time Machine Time
19
Layout of Workplace
20
21
What are revealed information?
• time consumed
• transportation distance
• required man-hour
What Next ?
22
How to develop a better method
• Graphic Tools for the analysis
• 5W + 1H Questions
• ECRS
• Checklists
• More details: Micromotion study
23
What is done?
Who does the work?
Where is the work done?
When is the work done?
How is the work done?
?
Why does she do it
?
Why should it be done
?
Why should it
be done here
?
Why is it be done
this way
Why should it be
done this time
?
24
Output of the questions…s
Objectives of the work
Creativity:
Could any other people do this
work better in other place, at other time,
using other method?
25
Along with 5W1H,
TRY US!
E eliminate all unnecessary work
C combine operations (elements of work)
R rearrange sequence of operations
S simplify the necessary operations
26
Operation
• Improve the equipment performance
• Is current production lot size too large or too
small?
&
at each operation !!!
27
Transportation
• Create and
• Change the layout to eliminate distance
• Increase the lot size per trip
• Do the loading & unloading time take too long?
• Improve transportation equipment
&
at each transportation !!!
28
Inspection
• Create
• Improve inspection method
• Are the quality inspections and volume
inspections being done at separate processes?
Try to combine the two at the same process
&
at each inspection !!!
29
and
• Can we create to eliminate temporary
storage?
• Can retention times be shorten?
&
And Finally!
30
Materials
Material
handling
Tools
Jigs
Fixtures
Machines
Operators
Working
conditions
31
Specialist / External Consultant

IE / IM

Line Supervisor

Front-line Operator
32
Cross functional Cooperation
• Planning and Control
• Maintenance
• Quality Inspection
Laws and Regulations
• Safety
• Labor Relation
Quality / Productivity
33
Expenses & Benefit of Study
• Extensiveness of task
• Life of the task
• Labor consideration
• Investment
34
Value Engineering


Ergonomic


Achieve the economy of time,
materials, human effort and money


Make the
necessary human effort
easier and easier