ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

S T E P H E N P. R O B B I N S
W W W . P R E N H A L L . C O M / R O B B I N S
T E N T H E D I T I O N
© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook
© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 3–2
AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER,
YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
1. Contrast terminal and instrumental values.
2. List the dominant values in today’s workforce.
3. Identify the five value dimensions of national
culture.
4. Contrast the three components of an attitude.
5. Summarize the relationship between attitudes
and behavior.
6. Identify the role consistency plays in attitudes.
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© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 3–3
AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER,
YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
7. State the relationship between job satisfaction
and behavior.
8. Identify four employee responses to
dissatisfaction.
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© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 3–4
Values
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Types of Values –- Rokeach Value Survey
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Values in
the
Rokeach
Survey
E X H I B I T 3-1a
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Values in
the
Rokeach
Survey
(cont’d)
E X H I B I T 3-1b
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Mean Value Rankings of
Executives, Union Members,
and Activists
E X H I B I T 3-2
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Dominant Work Values in Today’s Workforce
E X H I B I T 3-3
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Values, Loyalty, and Ethical Behavior
Ethical Climate in
the Organization
Ethical Values and
Behaviors of Leaders
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Hofstede’s Framework for Assessing Cultures
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Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
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Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
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Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
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Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
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The GLOBE
Framework
for
Assessing
Cultures
• Assertiveness
• Future Orientation
• Gender differentiation
• Uncertainty avoidance
• Power distance
• Individual/collectivism
• In-group collectivism
• Power orientation
• Humane orientation
E X H I B I T 3-4
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Attitudes
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Types of Attitudes
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The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance
Desire to reduce dissonance
• Importance of elements creating dissonance
• Degree of individual influence over elements
• Rewards involved in dissonance
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Measuring the A-B Relationship
 Recent research indicates that the attitudes (A)
significantly predict behaviors (B) when moderating
variables are taken into account.
Moderating Variables
• Importance of the attitude
• Specificity of the attitude
• Accessibility of the attitude
• Social pressures on the individual
• Direct experience with the attitude
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Self-Perception Theory
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An Application: Attitude Surveys
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Sample Attitude Survey
E X H I B I T 3-5
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Job Satisfaction
 Measuring Job Satisfaction
– Single global rating
– Summation score
 How Satisfied Are People in Their Jobs?
– Job satisfaction declined to 50.7% in 2000
– Decline attributed to:
• Pressures to increase productivity
• Less control over work
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The Effect of Job Satisfaction on Employee
Performance
 Satisfaction and Productivity
– Satisfied workers aren’t necessarily more productive.
– Worker productivity is higher in organizations with
more satisfied workers.
 Satisfaction and Absenteeism
– Satisfied employees have fewer avoidable absences.
 Satisfaction and Turnover
– Satisfied employees are less likely to quit.
– Organizations take actions to cultivate high performers
and to weed out lower performers.
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Responses to Job Dissatisfaction
E X H I B I T 3-6
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How Employees Can Express Dissatisfaction
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Job Satisfaction and OCB
 Satisfaction and Organizational Citizenship Behavior
(OCB)
– Satisfied employees who feel fairly treated by and are
trusting of the organization are more willing to engage
in behaviors that go beyond the normal expectations of
their job.