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SELECTION OF WELDING

CONSUMABLES IN SMAW AND SAW
SELECTION OF WELDING CONSUMABLES
BASIC SELECTION CRITERIA

 code requirements
 special requirements
 service conditions

The welding consumables for welding of carbon , low alloy
and stainless steels are selected based on guidelines
provided in ASME II-C .


SMAW CONSUMABLES FOR STEELS


 For Carbon steels - SFA 5.1 E60XX & E70XX
 For Low alloy steels- SFA 5.5 E70xx UPTO E120xx

Additional metallurgical factors:
- mechanical properties at low temperature
applications.
- chemical composition (in most cases, matching
composition with low % of C and higher % of
Mn) .

SMAW CONSUMABLES FOR STEELS
- Heat treatment: the components like dished end blanks,
petal dished end assembly may undergo normalizing
treatment due to process requirement. if matching
consumable is used there may be drastic reduction in
the strength values of the weld.

S.
No.
Consumable type Technical condition UTS (MPa)
As welded SR normalized
1. E 7018 530 525 480
2. E 7018-A1 540 535 530
3. E8018 550 540 500
SMAW CONSUMABLES FOR STEELS
 For stainless steels- SFA 5.4 CR/NI

-composition to match base material.

-corrosion requirements: control of delta ferrite to near zero
percentage gives excellent corrosion results, this in turn
micro fissuring of welds. So solution lies in selecting suitable
consumables having excellent crack resistance behavior
and also controlled ferrite.


SMAW CONSUMABLES FOR STEELS


- Soundness and structural stability : when operating
temperature is in the range of 530°c - 750°c carbide
precipitation occurs along the grain boundaries and
corrosion resistance is drastically reduced in HAZ area. This
leads to a typical failure known as knife line attack .this
failure can be minimized with use of extra low carbon
consumable or by using stabilized grade.





WELDING CONSUMABLES FOR SAW




Fluxes (Composition)
 Neutral Type
 Active Type
 Alloy Fluxes
 Fused
 Bonded
 Agglomerated


Welding Wires For Saw
 Low Mn Type EL Grade EL8
 Medium Mn Type EM Grade EL12
 High Mn Type EH Grade EH14
 Carbon Content Is Given By The Numerical Value Of The Grade

WELDING CONSUMABLES FOR SAW





 FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED
 (S F A 5.17 AND 5.23)
F7A2-EH14 - as welded condition
FS6A0-EM13K
F7P6-EM12K –After heat treatment
F7P4-EC1
 DIFFUSIBLE HYDROGEN CONTENT

SOME ASSUMPTION ON SHOP

Conclusion:
- proper electrode and flux selection is a necessity for a
sound weld .
- But ultimately WPS and PQR plays an important role in all
above .
- Opinion of electrode supplier is also a good choice



Thank you