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1) America 3) Europe 5) Africa 7) India 9)


Indonesia
NATIONAL FLAG & INTER-STATE COMMUNICATION LANGUAGES
NATION ISC-LANGUAGE FLAG

• AMERICA ENGLISH

• INKA QUECHUA,SPANISH

• EUROPE RUSSIAN

• ARABIA ARABIC
• AFRICA SWAHILI

• TURK KAZAKH

• INDIA HINDI

• CHINA MANDARIN

• INDONESSIA MALAY

• AUSTRALIA ENGLISH
THEIR LANGUAGES
• AMERICA --- ENGLISH (Germanic), INUIT
• INCA --- LATIN & INCAN Group
• EUROPE --- GER, LAT, SLAVIC, OE
&URALIC , Groups
• ARABIA --- KUSHAITE Group
• AFRICA --- AFRICAN Group
• TURKMENIA --- TURKIC Group
• INDIA --- INDIC & DRAVID Groups
• CHINA --- NIPPO TIBBETESE GROUP
• INDONESSIA --- POLYNESSIAN Group
• AUSTRALIA --- ENGLISH (European)
HISTORY OF ESTABLISHMENT
OF TEN NATIONS
After the end of the cold war & disintegration of USSR the
world became unipolar. It was worse condition than a
single world not because of unilateral decisions taken
by USA in international politics and the military
weakness of other 200 small countries but due to the
impotency of small states & their incapability in saving
their citizens and environment from the grip of the
multinational companies .The companies were more
powerful than the countries. It was a state of monopoly
of the companies over the world where the companies
did not face any competition from the side of the
governments .
So the small countries decided to make big nations by
combining themselves. It was also decided that there
would be a limited size because oversize empires
collapse by their own weight (big companies also
collapse due to demerits of economy of scale).
Then it was to be decided by the countries that with
which other countries they will unite. For some
countries - which were in a specific geographical area -
there was no problem of ‘selecting their companions
e.g. all the countries of S.America got united with each
other and the process of integration restricted by
geographical boundary of S.America.
N.America was also a limited area and the countries
belonging to this area got united without bothering
about the oversize of the nation.
The problem came in Africa and Asia where
the countries were in regular big chains and
where there was no geographical limit and
the countries could be united in the form of
two big nations of Asia and Africa which
would have been much oversized nations.
So it was very necessary to find a gap
between these chains of countries. The
solution again came in the form of
languages . the language which was the
glue between the citizens of any country
also helped in forming big nations.
How? Let us see-
Let us look first at the Macro-lingual map of
the world-
1 4 7

2d
2a 7

2e 9

10
8

6 11

2b
3

2a
IN THE WORLD THERE ARE 15
MAJOR LANGUAGES FAMILIES.
THEY ARE----

1) INUIT 5) KUSHAITE
2a) GERMANIC 6) AFRICAN
2b) LATIN 7) TURKIC
2c) Old EURO 8) DRAVID
2d) SLAVIC 9) NIPPO TIBBETESE
2e) INDIC 10) S.E.ASIAN
3) INCAN 11) POLYNESSIAN
4) URALIC
NOW WHAT ARE THESE LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

Let us understand this term by an


example. Let's take the example of
Kushaite group. Arabic, Hebrew ,
Berber ,Amharic, Tigrinya, and Tigre etc
are the languages of this group. It means
that these languages are the daughters
of a common language Kushaite i.e. in
the past there was a language Kushaite
which changed in form with the passing
of time (this is a continious process which
occurs with all the languages e.g. you can
As Kushaite was changing with the
time, its speakers who were in
different geographical area developed
it in different forms. For example it
developed as Berber in Algeria &
Morocco and it developed as Arabic in
the central area , as Amharic, Tigrinya
and Tigre in Ethiopia and as Hebrew in
the south Egypt . Thus the languages
Arabic, Berber and Hebrew are related to
one another and are sister languages of
each other. And as this group has no
relation with the other lingual groups of
the world its daughter languages also
Similarly the Latin sub-group has five
languages Spanish, Portuguese , French,
Italian and Romanian which are in
existence today. These five languages
are the daughters of the same language
Latin and have been evolved out of Latin.
Thus these are 12 such
language-families in the world . The
Aryan and the Dravidian families include
all the languages of India. The European
family includes the languages of ,
Australia, the United States and Europe .
Inkan languages are spoken throughout
The Uralic language family & Altaic
language family, include over 60 related
languages . The most widely spoken
Nippo-Tibetan language is Chinese, with
over 1 billion speakers. The South East
Asian languages, spoken by 45 million
people in South East Asian countries. The
Polynesian language family is the main
language family of the Pacific, spoken
from Malaysia to Easter Island and
Hawaii. Languages which do not belong
to any of these families include language
isolates such as the languages of New
Guinea (Indonesia), and the Athabascan
Thus it was decided that countries and people
belonging to same lingual-family should unite
together to form a nation (as they belong to
same family).
Also in most cases when a single lingual group
was not sufficient to make a nation two or more
lingual groups joined to make a nation when
these groups shared some common culture or
geographical area. It happened in America,
Inka, Europe, India, China & Indonessia. There
were Also some languages which had no
connection with any lingual family of the world.
They got united with the immediate
neighbouring nation as the era of weak & small
countries was ended. All the small countries
NECESSITY OF INTER-STATE
COMMUNICATION LANGUAGE
When the nations came into form it was seriously felt by
member countries that for fulfilling some purposes it
was necessary to select a contact language for the
nation.
For example for military & some other federal services it
was necessary that there should be only one contact
language for better co-ordination among the people
serving in various departments .
Then the question raised that which
language should be selected from
among the various languages of the
nation. Although each language has
equal respect but it was decided that
such a language would be selected
whose speakers would be greatest &
whose speaking area would be
widest. Thus the given INTER-STATE
COMMUNICATION LANGUAGES were
selected and the remaining other
languages which if were the official
language of any country got the
status of national languages .
• THE EFFORT OF MAKING NATION BASED ON
GEOGRAPHICAL , EHNICAL & CULTURAL UNITY WAS
STARTED BY EUROPE (THE FACTOR OF LINGUAL
UNITY WAS OBSERVED LATER) BUT THE FINAL
RESULT CAME WITH THE UNITED EFFORTS OF ALL
THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD.
United Nations
 United Nations (UN) is a international organization of nations, based on
the sovereign equality of its members. Under its charter, the UN was
established “to maintain international peace and security”; “to develop
friendly relations among nations”; and “to achieve international
cooperation in solving ... economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian
problems” and in “encouraging respect for human rights and for
fundamental freedoms”. Members are pledged to fulfill the obligations
they have assumed, to settle international disputes by peaceful means,
to refrain from the threat or use of force, to assist the UN in actions
ordered under the charter and to refrain from assisting any country
against which such UN action is being taken, and to act according to the
charter's principles .
II DEVELOPMENT OF THE UN

The United Nations is usually considered the successor


to the League of Nations, the international organization
formed after World War I to serve many of the same
purposes. The league, however, failed to maintain
peace and grew progressively weaker in the years just
before World War II .
From 1941 to 1945, United States
President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin held
various conferences in which they discussed their
respective strategies in World War II. Their experiences
helped them to formulate a plan to create an
international peacekeeping organization with a goal of
However after the uniting of countries into Ten-Nations
the structure of
UN changed a lot . All the ten nations are the members of
all the bodies of UN . Previously only some limited
countries enjoyed the membership of the powerful
divisions of UN. These divisions were not departments
of UN but they acted as the executive councils reducing
the other nations to mere members of General-
Assembly only, which was called its legislative council .
Calling it legislative council is also an insult of
legislative councils because it did not actually
formulated any law because they were already made at
the establishment of UN. The assembly had no
enforcement authority; its resolutions were
recommendations to member states that carried the
political and moral force of majority approval but lack
power of direct implementation. The Security Council
was the most powerful branch of the United Nations. It
Present state of UN -
• Now all the Ten-Nations have equal status in UN.
• It has ten official languages English, Quechua, Spanish,
Russian ,Arabic, Swahili, Kazakh, Hindi, Mandarin and
Malay.
• Each international law & regulation is passed by simple
majority of votes.
• Previously there were six divisions of UN the General
Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and
Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the
International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat. All
member states were represented in the General
Assembly only . Now these divisions have the status of
departments only. And all the ten nations have equal
control on all the departments.
• In 1994 the Trusteeship Council ceased to exist but
after establishment of ten nations it was again created
• The presidency of UN is held for one year by each
member nation in rotation in alphabetical order of their
names .
• It's staff is composed of equal number of persons from
all the nations.
MERITS OF BIG NATIONS
INSTEAD OF SMALL COUNTRIES
e big nations only , are really sovereign natio
2.It increases the prosperity of the citizens.
3. It reduces the defense cost.
4. It increases standard of living of people.
5. All the nations have equal status .
6.Economies of scale are realized.
Brief introduction of ten
nations
Before proceeding forward keep in mind
that here a country has not the meaning
of a state. A country could have two or
more states with different governments
in different states. Here one country
means a geographical area with the same
official language throughout the area.
E.g. the country Hind of India has 11
states.
A
M

E US
R
I
K
A
ISC-LANGUAGE - ENGLISH
CURRENCY - DOLLAR

NATIONAL BIRD – BALD EAGLE


COUNTRIES LANGUAGES

SA - ENGLISH
UIT-LAND - INUIT
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

ENGLISH (germanik group)


INK 1

A 2

5
3

7
ISC-LANGUAGE – SPANISH,
QUECHUA

NATIONAL ANIMAL - LAMA


COUNTRIES
LANGUAGES
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

INKAN &
LATIN
EUROP 34

E
27
29 28

1
20
26
2 30 24
3
33 23
32
21
22
31

17 19
6
18

25
7
16 8
4
5
15 12
13 11
9 14

10
) SCOTLAND13) BULGARIA 25) HUNGRY
) IRELAND 14) MACEDONIA 26) ESTONIA
) WALES 15) YUGOSLAVIA27) FINLAND
) PORTUGAL16) SLOVENIA 28) SWEDEN
) SPAIN 17) CZECH 29) NORWAY
) FRANCE 18) SLOVAKIA 30) DENMARK
) ITALY 19) UKRAINE 31) GERMANY
) ROMANIA 20) RUSSIA 32) HOLAND
) ALBANIA 21) BELORUS 33) ENGLAND
0) GREECE 22) POLAND 34) ICELAND
1) ARMENIA23) LITHUANIA
2) GEORGIA 24) LATVIA
ISC LANGUAGE – RUSSIAN
CURRENCY – EURO
COUNTRIES LANGUAGES

1) SCOTISH
SCOTLA IRISH
ND
WALES
2) PORTUGU
IRELAND
ESE
3) WALES
SPAINISH
4)
FRENCH
PORTUG
AL ITALIAN
5) SPAIN ROMANIA
N
6)
FRANCE ALBANIAN
11) ARMENIAN
ARMENIA GEORGIAN
12) BULGARIA
GEORGIA N
13) MACEDONI
BULGARI AN
A YUGOSLAV
14) IA
MACEDON SLOVENIA
IA N
15) CZECH
YGOSLAVI
A SLOVAK
UKRAINIAN
23) LITHUANI
LITHUA AN
NIA LATVIAN
24) MAGYAR
LATVIA ESTONIA
25) N
HUNGA FINNISH
RY
SWEDISH
26)
ESTONI NORWEG
A IAN
27) DENISH
FINLAN GERMAN
D DUTCH
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES
SLAVIC

OLD European

LATIN

GERMANIC
URALIC
ARABI
A
IS
ALGERIA

IRAQ

EGYPT
A
NI
TAI
UR
MA

ER

IA
F ETHIOPIA

AL
R

M
I

SO
C
A
IS ISRAEL
ER ERITREA
CAPITAL - CAIRO
CURRENCY - DIINAR
ISC-LANGUAGE -ARABIC
COUNTRIES
LANGUAGES

1) MAURITANIA - HASSANYA ARABIC


2) MOROCCO - BERBER, ARABIC
3) EGYPT - ARABIC
4) ISRAEL - HEBREW,ARABIC
5) IRAAK - ARABIC
6) ETHIOPIA - AMHARIC,GALLA
7) ERITREA - TIGRINYA
8) SOMALIA - SOMALI, ARABIC
LANGUAGE FAMILY
HAMITO-SAMITIK
7
AFRICA
9
10 8 13
11 16 6
15
12 14 4
5
17

18 2
20 1
19

21
23
22 24

25 31
27 26

30

28 29
1 CONGO 12 LEONE 21 ANGOLA
2 UGANDA 13 22 ZAMBIA
BURKINA FASO
3 KENYA 14 GHANA 23 MALAWI
4 SUDAN 15 BENIN 24 MOJAMBIK
5 SANGHO 16 NIGERIA 25 ZIMBABVE
6 CHAD 17 CAMEROON 26 BOTSVANA
7 NIGER 18 S.GUINEA 27 NAMIBIA
8 MALI 19 GABON 28 S.AFRICA
9 SENEGAL 20 W.CONGO 29 LESOTHO
10 GAMBIA 30 SWAZILAND
11 GUINEA 31 MALAGASY
CURRENCY - PULA
ISC-LANGUAGE - SWAHILI
COUNTRIES LANGUAGES

1 CONGO SWAHILI, ISHILUBA, LINGALA, KIKONGO


2 UGANDA SWAHILI,LUGANDA,KURUNDI,ATESO…
3 KENYA SWAHILI, KIKUYU, KUMBA
4 SUDAN DINKA, NUBIAN
5 SANGHO SWAHILI, SANGHO, HANSA
6 CHAD
7 NIGER HAUSA , JERMA
8 MALI MANDEKAN
9 SENEEGAL WOLOF, SERER
10 GAMBIA MANDEKAN
11 GUINEA MANDEKAN, SUSU, FULANI
12 LEONE MANDEKAN , TEMNE, KRIO
13 BURKINA MOREY
14 GHANA TWAI-FANTE, EWE, DAGBANI, AHAFO
15 BENIN MINA, KABYE , KOTOKOLI
16 NIGERIA HAUSA, YOUBA, IBO
17 CAMEROON FULA
18 S.GUINEA BUBI
19 GABON FANG, MYENE, BATEKE, ESCHIRA…
20 W.CONGO CONGO , LUBA, TEKE
21 ANGOLA BUNDA
22 ZAMBIA BANTU, BEMBA
23 MALAWI NIANGA, CHICHEWA, LOMWE, YAO
24 MOJAMBIK MAKAU
25 ZIMBABVE NEBELE, SHONA
26 BOTSVANA SHISHONA, SWANA, SETSWANA
27 NAMIBIA EKHAUSA, ZULU , XITSONGA ,SHIV
28 S.AFRICA Bantu Nguni Xhosa
29 LESOTHO SESOTHO
30 SWAZILAND SWAZI
31 MALAGASY SWAHILI
LANGUAGE FAMILY
AFRIKAN
TURK
R U S S I A

A
O LI
G
ON
M
KAZAKHSTAN

TU
R KE
Y
AZ

A
KI

U
UZ

YG

N
U
TU

I
H
C
BI A
A R A
I N D I A

I – KIRGIZIA
U – TURKMENIA AZ - AZERBAIJAN UZ – UZBEKISTAN
CURRENCY - SOM
ISC-LANGUAGE –
KAZAKH
COUNTRIES LANGUAGES

1 TURKEY TURKISH
2 AZERBAIJAN AZERBAIJANI
3 TURKMENIA TURKMENIAN
4 UZBEKISTAN UZBEK
5 KIRGIZIA KIRGIZ
6 KAZAKHSTAN KAZAKH
7 UYGUR UYGUR
8 MONGOLIA MONGOLIAN
LANGUAGE FAMILIY
ALTAIK
17

1
18
19

20

2 16 15
21
3 14
13

12
4

11
5

10
6

BHARAT 7
9

(India)
1)IRAN 12) BANGAL
2) BALUCHISTAN 13) MEGHALAY
3) SINDH 14) ASSAM
4) GUJRAT 15) BHUTAN
5) MAHADESH 16) NEPAL
6) KARNATAK 17) TAJAKISTAN
7) KERELA 18) PAKHTUNISTAN
8) SRI LANKA 19) JAMMU
9) TAMIL-NADU 20) PANJAB
10) ANDHRA 21) HIND
11) ORISSA
ISC-LANGUAGE HINDI
CURRENCY BHARAT

IONAL-BIRD PEACOCK CAPITAL – NEW


DELHI
NATIONAL- ANIMAL
NATIONAL- FLOWER LOTUS
COUNTRIES LANGUAGES

ZARASTHUTRA ZONE
1) PARSIA PARSIAN
ZONE 2
2) BALUCHISTAN BALUCHI
3) SINDH SINDHI
4) GUJRAT GUJRATI
SHANKRACHARYA ZONE
5) MAHADESH MARATHI
6) KARNATAK KANNAR
7) KERELA MALYALAM
KAMB ZONE

8) SRI LANKA SINHALESE


9) TAMIL -NADU TAMIL
10) ANDHRA TELGU
CHETANYA ZONE
11) ORISSA ORIYA
12) BANGAAL BANGA
GORAKSH ZONE
13) MEGHALAY GARO , KHASI

14) ASSAM
ASSAMESE
15) BHUTAN
16) NEPAL NEPALI
ZONE 7
17) TAJAKISTAN TAJIK
18) PAKHTUNISTAN PAKHTU
NANAK ZONE
19) JAMMU DONGRI
20) PANJAB PANJABI
RAMANAND ZONE
21) HIND HINDI
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

ARYAN

DRAVID
CHIN
A
I A
E N
K M
U R
T

I N D I A
1) TIBBET
2)MYANMAR
2
3)THAILAND
4)LAOS
5)CAMBODIA
6)VIETNAM
7) CHINA
8) KOREA
9) JAPAN
ISC-LANGUAGE - MADARIN
CURRENCY - YUAN
COUNTRY
LANGUAGE
1 TIBBET TIBBBETESE
2 THAILAND THAI
3 MYANMAR BURMESE
4 LAOS LAO
5 CAMBODIA KHMER
6 VIETNAM VIETNAMESE
7 KOREA KOREAN
8 JAPAN JAPANESE
9 CHINA MANDARIN
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

1 SINO-
TIBBETESE
AUSTRO-
2

ASIATIC
2

11

12
1

1
1
1
13
1
15
1
6
4 6
1 6 14
1

10
8

7
9

INDONESSIA
5

5
CENTRAL ZONE
LUZON
MINDANAO
PAPUA
MAORI
SOLOMON
FIJI
VANUATU
CALEDONIA
0 TONGA
1 MARSHALL
2 MICRONESSIA
3 NAURU
4 TUVALU
5 KIRIBATTI
6 SAMOA
7 PALAU
.…………………… ………….............................................(list doesn't end here)
ISC-LANGUAGE – MALAY-
INDONESSIAN
CAPITAL - JAKARTA
COUNTRIES LANGUAGES
1 CENTRAL ZONE MALAY-INDONESSIAN
2 LUZON TAGALOG, ILOCANO, BIKOL
3 MINDANAO CEBUANO
4 PAPUA PAPUAN
5 MAORI MAORI
6 SOLOMON
7 FIJI FIJIAN
8 VANUATU BISLAMA
9 CALEDONIA
10 TONGA TONGAN
11 MARSHALL MARSHALESE
12 MICRONESSIA
13 NAURU NAURUAN
14 TUVALU TUVALUAN
15 KIRIBATTI GILBARTESE
16 SAMOA SAMOAN
17 PALAU PALAUAN
...……………………………….............................................(list doesn't end here)
LANGUAGE
FAMILIES

POLYNESSIAN

PAPUAN
AUSTRALIA
ISC-LANGUAGE – ENGLISH
NATIONAL-ANIMAL -
KANGAROO
Moral of the story
ad

Countries of the same lingual group which


if lie together geographically should make
a strong political and economic union with
each other and should remain under one
flag , should be represented as one nation
before the rest of the world .
CULTURE
It is a topic of continious discussion that what the
culture actually means.
Some associate this word with food clothing and
residential habits of any particular social group,
including various kinds of artistic things and
dances performed by that group.
But if it is so , if it is all about the food habits, the
dressing manner the living habits the dances the
housing patterns the city plans, the building
structures ( the ways of worshipping can't be
included in culture because that is a spiritual
matter ) then it can be said that no culture have
remained alive; because Romans (Italians) no more
wear skirts in battlefields and gowns in the offices,
now Indians like to eat pizzas and Americans like
to eat Dosas and Manchurian, now the Eskimos of
Canada travel in Ice-bikes instead of Sledges
driven by Rein-deer , now those are not only the Arab
women who wear full-clothes* now Africans no
more use kettle-drum to send messages (however
now also they do not have an easy reach to
telephones but they use telephones to do so) , now
the world is interested in doing Salsa instead of
any aboriginal dance, nobody writes now on a leaf ,
the men of whole world wear trousers (invented by
central Asians) instead of skirts ,gowns or dhotees,
the sun-dial have been replaced by modern clocks
and watches the chariots have been replaced by
bikes and cars , the whole interior of the house has
changed and is still changing.
Now where is the culture . Actually the fact is that
culture is nothing. Human beings always opt for the
things which they think are the best (mind it , they
think, it is not necessary that it is so; and every
person has his own different view ) .
So why a man will wear skirt if he feels more
comfortable in trousers , why a man will listen
saxophone when he likes veena why a man will live
in wooden houses -prone to fire and terminators-
when he can live in concrete houses.
Thus culture is nothing but a blend of tastes of
different people living in a particular geographical
area . And if the people of this area have something
in common which differs from the rest of the world
it means the people of this area do not have
access to other options ( generally it happens due
to the more value assigned to the other options).
If in some parts of world people live in wooden
houses then it is due to their inability to get
concrete houses i.e. they can't afford them .
If in some remote areas people cover distances by
feet instead of vehicles then it is not their culture
but it is their incapability to afford any vehicle.
Thus different communities do not have different
cultures but they are the communities of different
geographical area which develop their dwellings
according to local (and cheap) sources available to
them.
If there is difference otherwise then it is the
difference of personal taste of persons, not the
taste of whole community.
In a globalized world when everyone has a reach to
his favorites, a person will not remain bounded due
to local deficiency of resources and would get any
thing from any part of the world (if he is capable in
terms of money). Thus the culture will become a
global culture. Two different cultures in two
different parts of world can not survive anymore ;
they will have to merge in each other definitely at
some point of time .
*( it is not about veil but to wear such clothes which
do not show up the body ; nakedness is a sign of
animals not of modernity, it is a different thing that
some feminists consider nudeness as a sign of
liberty forgetting how liberal and intelligence the
animals are )
Religion and spiritualism
across the nations -
What is the difference between religion and spiritualism? We can
define spiritualism as the food reached to soul and religion as
the way of cooking that food. As there are many food-stuffs and
there are further more multiple ways of cooking that stuff but
the body receives it in the form of nutrients and energy only. In
the same way all religions also supply same thing to the soul.
So it should also depend on the personal interest of a person to
chose his own religion. There should be no boundaries for the
religions but also any religion should not make his followers to
love some other nation in stead of the followers' own nation .