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Tropical Rainforest Vegetation

A Rainforest …
• An ecosystem which covers 7% of the earth
surface.
• Describe as tall dense jungle.
• Climate of rainforest is very hot and humid
• Per year rainfall reaches until around 400inches

Layers of a Rainforest
Layers of a Rainforest
Emergent Layer
• Trees are spaced
wide apart, and are
100 to 240 ft tall with
umbrella-shaped.
• Small and pointed
leaves
• Their root system is
very shallow
Harpy Eagle (emergent trees)
• Amongst the largest
size in the world
• Magnificent vision
• Pointed and
extremely sharp beak:
easily tear through
flesh of their prey
Canopy Layer
• Trees with 60 to
130ft tall

• Most trees are found

• Have “drip spouts”
which allows rain to
run off
Spider Monkey
• Have a powerful tail
that they use as an
extra limb.
• They are found in
canopy where they
can find most foods
to eat

Toucans and Parrots
• Large and strong beaks:
serves a nutcracker and
provides them with
many tasty meals.
• Sharp edges and has
saw-like edges bill.
• They make their homes
in holes in trees
Sloth
• Huge hooked claws
and long arms
• Slow metabolism :
don’t need so much
food

Under Canopy Layer
• 60ft trees
• Limited sunlight
• Made up of trunks of
canopy tress, shrubs,
plants and small tress
Red-Eye Tree Frogs
• Camouflage against the
leaves for better
protection
• The red eye cause their
predators to second-
guess and gives them a
chance to escape. The
red color also allows
them to see at night.
Bats
• Good Vision and a
well developed sense
of smell to find fruits.
• Sharp Claws :The
claw can serve as a
sort of knife to free a
meal at the stem.
Forest floor (shrub layers)
• Very dark
• Barely a plant grow in
this area
• The top soil is very
thin and of poor
quality.
Jaguars both (forest&under)
• Good climber and a
good swimmer. It
pounces from trees on
it’s prey.
• They have large jaw
muscles which enable
them to pierce the
skulls of their prey with
their sharp teeth.
Pythons
• Well camouflaged, helps them to remain less
visible to predators.
• Long teeth that curve backward to catch their
prey
Tapir
• Short trunks
• Sharp sense of smell and
hearing that are useful in
envading predators.
• Good divers and swimmer
to hide from predators in
deep water, where they can
remain submerged for
several minutes.
Plants
Epiphytes
• Lives on the surface
of other plants (trunk
and branches)
• Grow on trees to take
advantage of the
sunlight in canopy.
Plants
Lianas
• Are climbing woody
vines drape rainforest
trees.
• Have their roots in the
ground
• Climb high into the tree
canopy to get sunlight.
Plants
Buttresses
• Provide extra stability,
especially rainforest
trees roots aren’t
typically as deep as
others.
• More nutrients
absorbed from the
soil.
Plants
Bromeliads
• Thick and waxy leaves
form a bowl shape

Plants
Drip tips
• A waxy surface with
pointed tips to
enable excess
rainwater to run-off
easily