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It grows as a short shrub (35–75 cm) with a

central stem from which branch extend radially
in a star pattern (stellate) and covered with a
dense matte of wooly hairs (tomentose). The
flowers are small and green, while the ripe fruit
is orange-red and has milk-coagulating
properties. The plant also has long brown
tuberous roots that are used for medicinal

In Ayurveda, the berries and leaves
of Ashwagandha are locally applied
to tumors, tubercular glands,
carbuncles, and ulcers.The roots of
Ashwagandha are used to prepare
the herbal remedy Ashwagandha,
which has been traditionally used to
treat various symptoms and
The effect of a semipurified root
extract of Ashwagandha was
investigated using a transgenic
mouse model of Alzheimer's
disease. Transgenic mice showed
normal behavior after treatment
with the extract for 30 days
Ashwagandha is grown as late
rainy season (kharif) crop.
Semi-tropical areas receiving
500 to 750 mm rainfall are
suitable for its cultivation as a
rainfed crop. If one or two
winter rains are received, the
root development improves
Aloe vera is a species of succulent plant
that probably originated in northern
Africa. The species does not have any
naturally occurring populations, although
closely related aloes do occur in
northern Africa.[1] The species is
frequently cited as being used in herbal
medicine since the beginning of the first
century AD.
Aloe vera gel is used as
an ingredient in
commercially available
lotions, yogurt,
beverages, and some
desserts.Although at
certain doses, it has
toxic properties when
used either for ingested
or topical applications
Scientific evidence for the cosmetic
and therapeutic effectiveness of
aloe vera is limited and when
present is frequently contradictory
.Despite this, the cosmetic and
alternative medicine industries
regularly make claims regarding the
soothing, moisturizing, and healing
properties of aloe vera, especially
via Internet advertising
Peppermint is a hybrid mint, a
cross between watermint and
spearmint. The plant,
indigenous to Europe, is now
widespread in cultivation
throughout all regions of the
world. It is found wild
occasionally with its parent
Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is
often used as tea and for flavouring ice cream,
confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste. The
oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters,
particularly menthyl acetate.
Arnica is a genus with about
30 perennial, herbaceous
species, belonging to the
sunflower family
(Asteraceae). The genus
name Arnica may be derived
from the Greek arna, "lamb",
in reference to the soft, hairy
Arnica montana has been used medicinally for
centuries, however there are no scientific studies
that prove the medical effectiveness. The roots
contain derivatives of thymol, which are used as
fungicides and preservatives. Arnica is currently
used in liniment and ointment preparations used
for strains, sprains, and bruises. Commercial
arnica preparations are frequently used by
professional athletes
The seed-like fruit has a pappus of plumose,
white or pale tan bristles. The entire plant
has a strong and distinct pine-sage odor
when the leaves of mature plants are rubbed
or bruised.