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Optical Clearing Principle

• Based on the light barrier principle (Foreign
light influence is suppressed by means of
modulated IR light source)

• Depending on shape and color of the wound
yarn, light is absorbed and reflected, whereas
received light is reverse proportinal to yarn
diameter (absorption)

• Several light beams assure an
“all-around” view
Optical “All-Around” View
Merits of Optical Sensor
• Loepfe YarnMaster Clearers measures diameter deviation able to
detect TWIST variation
• RH% at winding will not have any impact in cuts / quality
• To work on wet splicing
• Detection of different blend in synthetic with same count (most
cases)
• Detection of hairiness and removal
• Detection of bad splice and splicer maintenance
• Detection of rogue bobbin in spinning using LabPack (yarn surface)

C = 
0

R
A/d
Capacitive Clearing Principle
• Yarn runs between two capacitor plates

• Capacity C changes depending on shape
• and dielectric constant of wound material

• Evaluation of the resulting capacity usually
by means of high- frequency

• Wheatstone bridge circuits

• Affected by: Temperature and Humidity
Central Unit ZE
Evaluation Unit AWE
Sensing head TK
Components YarnMaster Systems
Sensinghead TK
Components of YarnMaster Spectra
+
Evaluation unit AWE
Structure YarnMaster

Spectra
+
80/800
Structure YarnMaster Spectra
+
900
Hairiness
Neppines
Irregularities
Types of Yarn Faults
Neps
Long
Thin
Splice
Short
Foreign Fibres
Count
Cluster (Moiré)
D
i
a
m
e
t
e
r

Length
Yarn Classification Grid
Channel Settings
Clearing Curve
Short Class Clearing by Classes
Long/Thin Class Clearing by Classes
Combined Clearing
Clearing Curve Class Clearing
Improved Selectivity by means of Combination
Optional Settings Yarn Count/Yarn Count Short
Cluster Settings
Cluster Curve
Cluster (Moiré)
Detection of periodical Yarn Faults Cluster (Moiré)
Splice
Settings
Optional Settings 2 Splice
Splice Curve
Foreign Fiber Detection
Foreign Fiber Detection Principle
• Yarn gets illuminated from
various angles (2a, 2b, 2c)

• The various light sources are controlled
in such a way, that the receiver (1) considers
the regular yarn as transparent

• Once a Foreign Fiber is detected within the yarn,
this balance (light distribution) is disturbed.
Depending on the respective contrast condition a
certain differential signal is generated by the
receiver (1)
LOEPFE Foreign Fiber Classification  World Standard since 1991
Foreign Fiber Standard
Foreign Matter Setting
Foreign Matter Cluster Setting
Monitoring Data
Short Fault Classification
Long/Thin Fault Classification
Splice Classification
Splice Classification
Foreign Fiber Classification
• Online monitoring of imperfections - IPI
• Online monitoring of yarn surface - SFI
Laboratory Functions
IPI
SFI
USTER
®
TESTER
YarnMaster
®
1
10
100
1000
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
Nm
Thin 50%
1
10
100
1000
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
Nm
Thick 50%
1
10
100
1000
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
Neps 200%
Nm
Correlation of IPI
Surface-Index SFI
Conclusion of:
• Neppiness
• Hairiness
• Unevenness
SFI
SFI/D Clearing
USTER
®
TESTER Hairiness H
YarnMaster
®
Surface Index

SFI

1
10
35 45 55 65 75 85 95 105 115 125 135 145 155 Nm
Correlation of SFI
Data Configuration
Setup
Maintenance Fine Adjust single/continuous
Maintenance Adjust Spindle
AWE Diagnosis
AWE Status
Setting Examples (Standard Values)
Channel
Cotton and blended yarns short-staple
Loose setting: N=6, DS=2.6, LS=1.6, DL=1.32, LL=60, -D=29%, -L=70
Medium setting: N=5.5, DS=2.4, LS=1.4, DL=1.26, LL=50, -D=22%, -L=70
Tight setting: N=4.5, DS=2.1, LS=1.3, DL=1.20, LL=50, -D=17%, -L=60
Long-staple yarns
Loose setting: N=6, DS=2.6, LS= 2.3, DL=1.30, LL=60, -D=30%, -L=70
Medium setting: N=6, DS=2.2, LS= 2.0, DL=1.22, LL=50, -D=23%, -L=60
Tight setting: N=5.5, DS=1.9, LS=2.5, DL=1.19, LL=45, -D=18%, -L=60
Splice
Medium setting: N=OFF, DS=2.2, LS=1.6, DL=1.30, LL=12, -D=OFF, -L=70,
Check Len=35 cm
Tight setting: N=OFF, DS=2.2, LS=1.3, DL=1.25, LL=12, -D=20%, -L=70,
Check Len=35 cm
SFI/D
Coarse setting: +/- 30%
Fine setting: +/- 25%
Very fine setting: +/- 20%
Cluster Short / Long / Thin
Ideal setting: Short Long Thin
Diameter DS 1.40 DL 1.18 -D -6%
Length LS 1.30 cm LL 10 cm -L 20 cm
Obs.Length 40 m 12 m 12 m
Faults 125 25 20

If, at the Observation Length of 40m, the number of Faults
is exceeding 125, the respective spindle will be blocked.

Setting for detection of a defective top roller:
Diameter DS 1.33
Length LS 1.30
Obs.Length 20 m
Faults 170