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Signaling System

ATO
• Control all operation from acceleration
to stopping.
• Realize driverless operation.
ATC
• Used for making high speed operation.
• It detect train position and transmit
signal to control unit.

Figure 1: Diagram showing simple Metro-style two-aspect signaling.
The Overlap

Figure 2: Diagram showing the need for a safe braking distance beyond a stop signal.
Figure 3: Diagram showing a signal provided with an overlap. The overlap in this
example is calculated from the emergency braking distance required by the train
at that location.
Track-Circuited Overlaps

Figure 4: Diagram showing a train standing in the signal overlap.
Figure 5: Diagram of the track circuited overlap, sometimes known as a "replacing
track circuit".
Absolute Block

Figure 6: Schematic showing the principle of the Absolute Block system. Signal A127 is
clear because two blocks in advance of it is clear. A125 shows a danger aspect because
one of the blocks ahead of it is occupied by a train.
OB COMMUNICATION

• Train radio system
• The train radio system is the main link for non-safety
critical vehicle communication. The system can handle
both voice and data communication in order to –
• Allow operation control center (00C) to read status
information from the vehicle.
• Allow the driver to speak with OCC and/or depot.
• Allow OCC to perform remote operation of the vehicle
PIS.
• Allow OCC to passively supervise cab activities, i.e. the
current voice/sound of the active cab


Components
DT car hifT-car
19 Trainborne rack 1
Radio centre/ bead (RCF-1) 1
Train radio control panel (TRCP) 1 -
Speaker 1 _
Handset 1
Antenna 1
Fist microphone 1 -


Train radio system units in driving cab

• The train driver will see five items, in the driving cab.
that make up the train radio system:
• 19" sub-rack. located behind the co-driver's seat
• Train radio control panel (1RCP) mounted on the left
hand sidewall of the driver.
• Radio control head (RCN) mounted on the left hand
sidewall of the driver.
• Handset mounted on the console in front of the driver
seat to be used as default option for voice input.
• Fist microphone mounted on the left hand sidewall of
the driver to be used as backup option for voice input.

Train Control and Management
System (TCMS):-

• The function of TCMS is to control and
monitor on board systems and sub systems
connected to the train communication
network. The TCMS system incorporates unit
and train level functionality for the different
systems that has interlaces with the TCMS
system.
The following functions/systems are supervised /controlled by
TCMS:-

• Propulsion
• Brakes
• Auxiliary electric system
• Train operation control
• Doors
• Passenger information system
• ATP/ATO
• Train radio
• Air supply
• Carbody fittings
• Interior
• Coupler
• HVAC
• Line voltage
• Battery
• Fire detection
• CCTV
Units in TCMS

Unit
DT CAR
M-CAR T-CAR
CCU-0 Central computing unit—operational 1 1 1
CC;U-C Central cornputing unit—comfort 1
MOBAD Mode/Battery/Address unit 3
MIO-DX2 Modular digital input/output unit 2 1 1
MIO-DX3 Modular digital input/output unit 1 1 1
MIO-DX4 Modular digital input/output ur.: 1
AX Analogue input /output unit 1
MCG Mobile communication gateway 1
Antenna 1
Dual-Band
Combiner
1
11M1 Human machine interface
2


TCMS software

• Train diagnostic system (TDS) - uploader: Offers the user an
interface for uploading or reading the information stored in the
diagnostic system.
• Maintenance of vehicle information and statistics
(MAVIS): It enables the maintenance staff to view and analyze the
information uploaded from the on-board TDS system.
• Drivers control unit (DCU) term: It is a software tool for the
maintenance personnel.
• Software is used to view analog and logical signals in real-time in a
graphical environment, to analyze the system status, to analyze the
operation-recording of signals, to enable test procedures through
buttons and scripts.
• Version control arid download tool (MTVD): MTVD is a tool mainly
for the maintenance personnel.
CCTV System (Closed-Circuit
Television):-

• The main function of CCTV system is to record the events in the saloon
area & Platform.
• Cameras are directly connected to the DVRs in the DT-car
• It, other cars cameras are connected to remote units.
• All images are streamed to the DVRs where they are stored.
• The DVRs and remote units are connected to the TCMS via IP backbone.
• The CCTV system via DVF-i will communicate with the TCMS via IP
backbone.
• Live camera images can be viewed on monitors in both cabs.
• System activation:
• When the vehicle is activated, it performs a system start-up and supplies
power to the CCTV system.
• After the system start-up, tile video system starts recording images.
• System de-activation:
• When there is no power, the CCTV system de-activates.