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MEANING
Departing form an accepted standard
Diverging from the normal type
SYNONYM
Abnormal, unusual, peculiar
ANTONYM
Usual, normal
2
ABERRANT

MEANING
To encourage, support or countenance by aid or
approval, usually in wrongdoing: to abet a swindler:
to abet a crime
SYNONYM
Incite, condone, provoke, instigate, urge, advocate,
support
ANTONYM
Prevent, dissuade, protest, reject, impede, discourage,
resist
3
ABET

MEANING
Regard with contempt or disgust
SYNONYM
Scorn, despise, detest
ANTONYM
Admire, approve, like
4
ABHOR

MEANING
Solemnly renounce (a belief, cause or claim)
SYNONYM
Renounce, repudiate, forswear, abnegate, recant
ANTONYM
allow
5
ABJURE

MEANING
Leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to avoid
detection or arrest (of someone on bail); fail to
surrender oneself for custody at the appointed time
SYNONYM
Flee, escape, run away, elope, get away
ANTONYM
Appear, stay, abide, remain
6
ABSCOND

MEANING
Not self-indulgent, esp. when eating and drinking
SYNONYM
Abstinent, temperate, moderate, sober, sparing
ANTONYM
Gluttonous, greedy, hungry
7
ABSTEMIOUS

MEANING
Conceptual, theoretical
SYNONYM
Nonconcrete, hypothetical, philosophical
ANTONYM
Real, actual, factual, concrete
8
ABSTRACT

MEANING
To give ones consent, often at the insistence of
another; concede
To arrive at or come into an office or dignity: accede to
the throne
To become party to an agreement or treaty
SYNONYM
Accept, admit, allow, consent, concur
ANTONYM
Decline, deny, disagree
9
ACCEDE

MEANING
To increase the speed of
SYNONYM
Advance, expedite, quicken, step up
ANTONYM
Block, hinder, discourage, decelerate, defer
10
ACCELERATE

MEANING
To assimilate the cultural traits of another group
SYNONYM
Assimilate, cultivate, civilize
ANTONYM
Barbarism, primitiveness
ACCULTURATE

MEANING
Pinnacle of achievement or physical object
SYNONYM
Apogee, peak, climax, highest point
ANTONYM
Base bottom
ACME

MEANING
Saying or proverb
SYNONYM
Axiom, motto, maxim
ANTONYM
Falsehood, uncommon idea
ADAGE

MEANING
Unyielding, hard like rock
SYNONYM
Determined, insistent, uncompromising
ANTONYM
Flexible, lenient, willing
ADAMANT

MEANING
Stop a proceeding
SYNONYM
Postpone, suspend, discontinue
ANTONYM
Begin, continue, expedite
ADJOURN

MEANING
Give air
SYNONYM
Oxygenate, ventilate, inflate
ANTONYM
Deflate, suffocate
AERATE

ADULATION
MEANING
Overenthusiastic praise
SYNONYM
Flattery, commendation
ANTONYM
criticism

AESTHETIC
MEANING
Beautiful
SYNONYM
Artistic, creative, artful
ANTONYM
ugly

AFFABLE
MEANING
Friendly
SYNONYM
Amiable, good natured
ANTONYM
Impolite, rude, irritable, hateful

AFFILIATION
MEANING
Association with an organization
SYNONYM
Alliance, partnership
ANTONYM
Detachment, dissolution, separation

AFFLUENT
MEANING
Wealthy
SYNONYM
Well to do, rich
ANTONYM
Poor, impoverished

AGGRANDIZE
MEANING
Cause something to seem be greater, bigger
SYNONYM
Acclaim, ennoble, dignify, honor, magnify
ANTONYM
Condemn, contract, disgrace, shame, humiliate

ALACRITY
MEANING
Liveliness, promptness
SYNONYM
Alertness, enthusiasm, readiness
ANTONYM
Apathy, discouragement, indifference, unwillingness

ALLOY
MEANING
Mixture, usually of to metals
SYNONYM
Amalgamation, composite, combination
ANTONYM
Division, separation

ALLUDE
MEANING
Hint at
SYNONYM
Refer, imply, insinuate
ANTONYM
Conceal, hide, withhold

ALTRUISM
MEANING
Unselfish concern
SYNONYM
Selflessness, humanitarianism, kindness
ANTONYM
meanness

AMBIVALENT
MEANING
Conflicting
SYNONYM
Contradictory, warring
ANTONYM
Certain, clear, sure

AMBLE
MEANING
Walk casually
SYNONYM
Drift, stroll
ANTONYM
Go direct, run

AMENABLE
MEANING
Willing, cooperative
SYNONYM
Agreeable, responsive
ANTONYM
Unaccountable, unanswerable

AMORPHOUS
MEANING
Without definite shape, character
SYNONYM
Vague, unformed, irregular
ANTONYM
Definite, shaped, distinct

ANACHRONISM
MEANING
One that is out of its proper chronological order,
especially a person or practice that belongs to an
earlier time
SYNONYM
Misplacement, chronological error
ANTONYM
Current, modern, up-to-date

ANOMALOUS
MEANING
Deviating from normal, usual
SYNONYM
Abnormal, peculiar, odd
ANTONYM
Normal, standard, usual

ANTAGONISM
MEANING
Causing problem, opposition
SYNONYM
Antithesis, animosity, disagreement
ANTONYM
Agreement, understanding, harmony

ANTIPATHY
MEANING
Strong dislike, disgust
SYNONYM
Animosity, loathing
ANTONYM
Appreciation, goodwill, respect, regard

ANTITHESIS
MEANING
Exact opposite, contrast, opposition
SYNONYM
Contrast, counter, inverse
ANTONYM
Same, similarity

APOCRYPHAL
MEANING
Questionable, fake
SYNONYM
Mythical, dubious
ANTONYM
True, authentic

APPOSITE
MEANING
Pertinent
SYNONYM
Suitable, timely, relevant
ANTONYM
inappropriate

APPROBATION
MEANING
Praise
SYNONYM
Approval, admiration
ANTONYM
Denial, dislike

ARBITRARY
MEANING
Whimsical, chance, dictatorial, determined by chance
SYNONYM
Erratic, discretionary
ANTONYM
Consistent, definite

ARCANE
MEANING
Hidden, secret
SYNONYM
Mysterious, unknowable
ANTONYM
Common, known

ARDUOUS
MEANING
Difficult, hard to endure
SYNONYM
Strenuous, burdensome
ANTONYM
Easy, effortless

ARID
MEANING
Dry, uninterested, spiritless
SYNONYM
Barren, waterless
ANTONYM
Fertile, spirited

ARROGANT
MEANING
Having exaggerated self opinion
SYNONYM
Bossy, know it all, pompous, conceited
ANTONYM
Humble, modest, unconcealed

ARTICULATE
MEANING
Clearly, coherently spoken
SYNONYM
Coherent, eloquent, well spoken
ANTONYM
Inarticulate, unclear

ARTLESSNESS
MEANING
Simplicity, unskillfulness
SYNONYM
Candor, naivet, ingenuousness
ANTONYM
Grace, sophistication

ASCETIC
MEANING
Self denying
SYNONYM
Austere, disciplined, abstaining
ANTONYM
Gluttonous, greedy

ASPIRATION
MEANING
Goal, hope
SYNONYM
Aim, desire, ambition
ANTONYM
Apathy, dislike. indifference

ASSERT
MEANING
Insist, declare, maintain
SYNONYM
Affirm, claim, uphold
ANTONYM
Abandon, conceal, deny, reject

ATTENUATE
MEANING
Weaken
SYNONYM
Constrict, cripple, undermine, extenuate
ANTONYM
Enable, aid, assist

AUTHENTIC
MEANING
Real, genuine
SYNONYM
Credible, accurate, reliable
ANTONYM
Corrupt, false, unreal, genuine

AVARICE
MEANING
Extreme greed
SYNONYM
Covetousness, parsimony
ANTONYM
Generosity, philanthropy

AVERT
MEANING
Thwart, avoid by turning away
SYNONYM
Avoid, prevent, hold, deter
ANTONYM
Aid, allow, assist

BALK
MEANING
Stop short, thwart
SYNONYM
Flinch, resist, turn down
ANTONYM
Accept, face, meet

BEGUILE
MEANING
Fool, charm
SYNONYM
Mislead, entice, seduce
ANTONYM
Be honest, sincere

BELIE
MEANING
Disprove, deceive
SYNONYM
Contradict, negate
ANTONYM
Approve, affirm, agree

BELLOW
MEANING
Holler
SYNONYM
Bark, bawl, clamor, howl
ANTONYM
Be quiet, whimper

BENIGN
MEANING
Kindly, not cancerous, mild
SYNONYM
Benevolent, favorable, congenial
ANTONYM
Harsh, rough, malignant

BEVY
MEANING
Swarm
SYNONYM
Assembly, band, collection
ANTONYM
Individual, one

BLITHE
MEANING
Happy
SYNONYM
Carefree, animated, lighthearted
ANTONYM
Depressed, sad, sorrowful

BOLSTER
MEANING
Help
SYNONYM
Aid, reinforce, cushion
ANTONYM
Block, stop, discourage, let down

BOMBAST
MEANING
Boasting
SYNONYM
Balderdash, bluster, pomposity
ANTONYM
Plain speaking

BOON
MEANING
Advantage
SYNONYM
Benefit, blessing, gift
ANTONYM
Disadvantage, bad fortune, bad luck

BUCOLIC
MEANING
Rural or rustic
SYNONYM
Agrarian, country, agricultural
ANTONYM
urban

BURGEON
MEANING
Bloom
SYNONYM
Prosper, blossom
ANTONYM
Fade, diminish, lessen

BUTTRESS
MEANING
Brace, support
SYNONYM
Reinforcement, abutment, mainstay
ANTONYM
Let down, weaken

CAJOLE
MEANING
Attempt to coax, flatter
SYNONYM
Deceive, delude, dupe
ANTONYM
Repel, disenchant, repulse, turn off

CANDOR
MEANING
Complete honesty
SYNONYM
Honesty, frankness
ANTONYM
Lying, deceit, dishonesty

CAPACIOUS
MEANING
Ample, extensive
SYNONYM
Abundant, broad, comprehensive
ANTONYM
Cramped, small, squeeze, tiny

CAPITULATE
MEANING
Give in
SYNONYM
Succumb, cede
ANTONYM
Conquer, fight

CAPRICE
MEANING
Sudden change of behavior
SYNONYM
Changeableness, humor, fad, fancy
ANTONYM
Steadfastness, normality, constancy

CARRION
MEANING
Decaying flesh
SYNONYM
Corpse, remains
ANTONYM
Developing, ripening, growing

CASTIGATE
MEANING
Criticize severely
SYNONYM
Rebuke, berate, reprimand, censure
ANTONYM
Approve, compliment, laud

CATALYST
MEANING
Something which incites activity
SYNONYM
Stimulant, motivation, impetus
ANTONYM
Blockade, prevention, hindrance

CAULK
MEANING
To stop up and make tight against leakage (as a boat
or its seams, the cracks in a window frame or the joints
of a pipe)
SYNONYM
Block, barricade, clog
ANTONYM
Free, loosen, unblock

CENSURE
MEANING
Condemn the act of blaming or condemning sternly
SYNONYM
Condemnation, reprimand
ANTONYM
Approval, ratification

CESSATION
MEANING
Ending
SYNONYM
Finish, abeyance, cease
ANTONYM
Continuation, advance

CHARADE
MEANING
Pretense
A word represented in riddling verse or by picture,
tableau, or dramatic action
SYNONYM
Deception, disguise, mimicry
ANTONYM
Honesty, reality, truth

CHAUVINIST
MEANING
Excessive or blind patriotism
Jingo
Undue partiality or attachment to a group or place to which
one belongs or has belonged
An attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite
of sex
Also: behavior expressive of such an attitude
SYNONYM
Bigot, patriot, sexist, jingoist
ANTONYM
Humanitarian, liberal, tolerate

CHICANERY
MEANING
Deception, trickery
SYNONYM
Dishonesty, deviousness, gambit, hanky-panky
ANTONYM
Honesty, truthfulness

CIRCUITOUS
MEANING
Going around, indirect
SYNONYM
Devious, labyrinthine, meandering, rambling
ANTONYM
Direct, straightforward

CIRCOMLOCUTION
MEANING
Indirect speech
SYNONYM
Euphemism, discursiveness, indirectness
ANTONYM
Conciseness, directness

CLOYING
MEANING
Sickly sweet
SYNONYM
Sentimental, sugary, gooey, sappy, mushy
ANTONYM
unsentimental

COALESCE
MEANING
Blend, come together
SYNONYM
Consolidate, integrate, cohere
ANTONYM
Divide, separate, dissociate

COGITATE
MEANING
Think deeply about
SYNONYM
Meditate, envision, contemplate, deliberate
ANTONYM
Forget, discard, disregard

COHERENT
MEANING
Logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated:
consistent <coherent style> <a coherent argument>
SYNONYM
Logical, consequent, rational
ANTONYM
Illegitimate, illogical, inconsequent, incoherent

COLLABORATE
MEANING
To work jointly with others or together especially in an
intellectual endeavor
SYNONYM
Cooperate, conspire, join, league, team
ANTONYM
Disagree, divorce, part

COLOSSUS
MEANING
Giant thing
SYNONYM
Behemoth, goliath, giant, titan
ANTONYM
Dwarf, midget, pygmy

COMMEND
MEANING
Praise
SYNONYM
Applaud, approve, accredit, acclaim
ANTONYM
Blame, criticize, disapprove

COMMODIOUS
MEANING
Comfortably or conveniently spacious: roomy
SYNONYM
Convenient, big, spacious, wide
ANTONYM
Confined, small

COMPONENT
MEANING
A constituent part: ingredient
SYNONYM
Integral, intrinsic, part and parcel of
ANTONYM
Whole

COMPREHENSIVE
MEANING
Covering completely or broadly, inclusive
<comprehensive examinations> <comprehensive
insurance>
SYNONYM
Broad-gauged, compendious, complete, in-depth
ANTONYM
Partial, incomplete

CONCEDE
MEANING
Acknowledge, give in
SYNONYM
Relinquish, accept, admit, allow
ANTONYM
Deny

CONCISE
MEANING
Short, to the point
SYNONYM
Aphoristic, capsule, summary, compact
ANTONYM
Circuitous, circumlocutory, long-winded

CONCUR
MEANING
Agree, approve
SYNONYM
Coincide, agree
ANTONYM
Differ, disagree

CONFLATE
MEANING
To combine, bring together
SYNONYM
Confuse, confound, mix up
ANTONYM
Distinguish, separate

CONFORM
MEANING
To adjust, adapt, correspond, match
SYNONYM
Accord, agree, coincide, cohere
ANTONYM
Disagree with, differ from, oppose, reject

CONNIVE
MEANING
Plot, scheme
SYNONYM
Collude, conspire, contrive
ANTONYM
destroy

CONNOISSEUR
MEANING
Expert
Especially: one who understands the details,
technique, or principles of an art and is competent to
act as a critical judge
SYNONYM
Cognoscente, dilettante
ANTONYM
Amateur, inexpert, no expert

CONSOLIDATE
MEANING
To join together into one whole: unite
SYNONYM
Polarize, unify, unite
ANTONYM
Decentralize, deconcentrate, spread (out)

CONSTRAIN
MEANING
Force, restrain
SYNONYM
Inhibit, obligate, compel, force
ANTONYM
Assist, encourage

CONSTRICT
MEANING
To make narrow or draw together
SYNONYM
Compress, condense, contract, shrink
ANTONYM
Balloon, expand, snowball, swell

CONSUMMATE
MEANING
Complete in every detail
Of the highest degree
Perfect
SYNONYM
Accomplished, ace, adept, complete, proficient,
virtuoso
ANTONYM
Amateur, inexperienced, inept, imperfect

CONTEND
MEANING
Compete, fight, argue
SYNONYM
Battle, compete, face off, fight, race, rival, vie
ANTONYM
Agree, comply

CONTIGUOUS
MEANING
Adjacent, in contact
SYNONYM
Adjacent, adjoining, juxtaposed, skirting
ANTONYM
Nonadjacent, noncontiguous

CONTRITE
MEANING
Feeling or showing sorrow and remorse for a sin or
shortcoming
SYNONYM
Apologetic, compunctious, penitent, regretful,
remorseful, repentant, rueful, sorry
ANTONYM
Impenitent, remorseless, unapologetic, unrepentant

CONUNDRUM
MEANING
A riddle whose answer is or involves a pun
A question or problem having only a conjectural
answer
An intricate and difficult problem
SYNONYM
Mystery, enigma, head-scratcher, mystification,
puzzle, riddle, secret
ANTONYM
Answer, axiom, explanation, proposition, solution

CONVERGE
MEANING
To tend or move toward one point or one another
Come together
Meet
SYNONYM
Assemble, coincide, concenter, concur, congregate
ANTONYM
Separate, disperse, scatter

CONVOLUTED
MEANING
Involved, intricate, complicated
SYNONYM
Byzantine, complicated, complex, daedal, elaborate,
intricate, involute, involved, knotty, labyrinthine,
tangled
ANTONYM
Plain, simple, uncomplicated

COPIOUS
MEANING
Yielding something abundantly, full of thought,
information or matter
SYNONYM
Profuse, galore, gushing, lavish, riotous
ANTONYM
Dribbling, trickling, inadequate