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Autism Spectrum Disorders

Deirdre Moore
May 11, 2007
Objectives:

Discuss and describe Autism Spectrum


Disorders

Expore causation t!eories

"earn success#u treatment interventions



Autism Spea$s

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deo'p!p
Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autistic Disorder

(ett)s Disorder

*!id!ood Disinte+rative Disorder

Asper+er)s Disorder

,ervasive Deveopmenta Disorder -OS


Autistic Disorder

Deays or abnorma #unctionin+ in

Socia interaction

"an+ua+e used #or communication

Symboic or ima+inative pay

-o period o# norma deveopment past a+e .

-ot better accounted #or by (ett)s or *DD


(ett)s Disorder

/e#ore a+e 0 1usuay a+e 1 or 22:

Apparent norma pre and perinata


deveopment

Apparent norma psyc!omotor deveopment


in #irst 3 mont!s

-orma !ead circum#erence at birt!


(ett)s Disorder

A#ter a period o# norma deveopment:

4ead +ro&t! so&s

"oss o# previousy earned !and s$is

"oss o# socia en+a+ement

,oory coordinated +ait

Expressive%receptive an+ua+e deveopment


impaired
*!id!ood Disinte+rative Disorder

A+e5appropriate deveopment #or at east 2 yrs


a#ter birt!

Si+ni#icant oss o# ac6uired s$is in 2 o# 3:

Expressive%receptive an+ua+e

Socia s$is

/o&e%badder contro

,ay

Motor s$is
*!id!ood Disinte+rative Disorder

Abnorma #unctionin+ in 2 o# .:

Socia interaction

*ommunication

(estrictive%repetitive patterns o# be!avior

-ot better accounted #or by anot!er ASD or


Sc!i7op!renia
Asper+er)s Disorder

-o deay in co+nitive deveopment

-o si+ni#icant deay in an+ua+e


deveopment

Socia probems do not mani#est unti


day care a+e
Autism Spectrum Disorders:
Associated 8eatures

Menta retardation

/e!aviora symptoms

Sei7ure disorder

Specia s$is
*ausation 9!eories

Abnormaities in brain structure : #unction

;enetics : !eredity

,robems durin+ pre+nancy

Environmenta #actors

<accines
=ntervention : 9!erapy

Appied be!avior anaysis 1A/A2

Eary instruction 1in !ome or c!id care center2

Sc!oo5based

>*irce o# 8riends? intervention

=ncusion pro+rams

@or$ trainin+ : i#e s$is


=ntervention : 9!erapy

Dietary interventions

<itamin insu##iciency

;uten5#ree diets

Medication

SS(=)s

Antipsyc!otics

Stimuants
(e#erences

Autism Society o# America'


&&&'autism5society'or+%site%,a+eServerApa+enameBaboutC&!atisC,DD'
Accessed May 0, 2007'

Autism Spea$s'
!ttp:%%&&&'autismspea$s'com%&!atisit%video'p!p' Accessed May D, 2007

*ornis!, E' 120022' ;uten and casein #ree diets in autism: a study o# t!e
e##ects on #ood c!oice and nutrition' Journal of Human Nutrition Dietet,
13, 2E152ED'

Fayva, E' : Avramidis, E' 120032 =mprovin+ communication bet&een


c!idren &it! autism and t!eir peers t!rou+! t!e Gcirce o# #riends): a
sma5scae intervention study' Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual
Disabilities, 1H, 23.52E1'

-ationa =nstitutes o# Menta 4eat!'


&&&'nim!'+ov%puicat%autism'c#m' Accessed May 0, 2007

(atey, I' 120012' A Jser)s ;uide to t!e /rain' <inta+e /oo$s: -e& Kor$'