NEW ZEALAND (WELLINGTON

& ROTORUA)
HTT 280 GEOGRAPHY & CULTURE IN TOURISM

MDM JOHANNA ADLIN


 PREPARED BY : EDITH EDNA JAFRY (2013976899)
DG NORFARINI DATU HASSAN (2013975447)
NEW ZEALAND
Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean,
southeast of Australia

Capital: Wellington

Population:4,537,081 (JUNE 2014 estimate)

Ethnic Make-up: New Zealand European 74.5%, Maori
9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%,
Asian and others 7.4%

Currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

Religions: Anglican 24%
Presbyterian 18%
Roman Catholic 15%
Methodist 5%
Baptist 2%
Other Protestant 3%
Unspecified or none 33%

POLITICS

• New Zealand is a democratic society and a
constitutional monarchy. New Zealand's
government is modelled on the British system.

• New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The
Queen of England (Queen Elizabeth II) is the
reigning monarch and Head of State. Her
representative in New Zealand is the Governor
General.
LANGUAGE

•The three official languages of New Zealand are English,
Maori and NZ Sign Language.

GREETINGS

• Greetings are casual, often consisting simply of a
handshake and a smile.

• Never underestimate the value of the smile as it
indicates pleasure at meeting the other person.

•Although New Zealanders move to first names quickly, it
is best to address them by their honorific title and
surname until they suggest moving to a more familiar
level or they call you by your first name.



Examples of Maori language used (calendar)
TRADITIONAL GREETINGS

• Hongi is done by pressing one‟s nose and forehead
(at the same time) to another person at an
encounter.

• In the hongi, the ha (or breath of life), is exchanged
and intermingled. The breath of life can also be
interpreted as the sharing of both party‟s souls.
Cont…

 Kia ora is a Māori language greeting which means
"be well/healthy" and is translated as an informal
"hi“.

 "Tēnā koe" (one person), "Tēnā kōrua" (two
people) and "Tēnā koutou" (three or more people).

 By adding "koe" in Kia Ora (i.e. "kia ora koe") one
can specify a greeting to a single person; "kōrua"
(two people); "koutou" (three or more people);
and by following with "tātou" one addresses all the
people present, including the speaker themself.



TRADITIONAL COSTUME


• The traditional Maori used plants
such as harakeke (New Zealand
flax), cabbage trees, and grasses to
make fabrics.

• They also used birds‟ feathers and
skins, and the skins of seals and
kuri (Polynesian dogs).

FEMALE COSTUME

 Kahu huruhuru (feather cloak)
 Pari (bodice) and tipare
(headband)
 Two poi (balls on string)
hanging on waistband
 Piupiu (flax skirt)
 Moko (tattoo on chin)
 Tiki (pendant)
 Kuru (made of pouname which
is a greenstone) - right ear
 Mako shark‟s tooth - left ear
 Feathers (of Huia bird) in the
hair traditionally denoted rank
in Maori society
MALE CUSTOME

 Kahu huruhuru (feather cloax)
 Rain capes made of cloak also
seem to be appearing in recent
years
 Moko (tattoo on body)
 Tiki (pendant)
 Kuru (made of pouname which
is a greenstone) - right ear
 Mako shark‟s tooth - left ear
 Feathers (of Huia bird) in the
hair traditionally denoted rank
in Maori society
 Piupiu (flax skirt and is shorter
than women‟s which is until
mid-thigh)
 Tatua (belt worn around waists
over the plaited waistband of
piupiu)
 Black shorts or black bathing
suit underneath their piupiu





TRADITIONAL ACCESSORIES

 Hei-tiki is an ornamental pendant of the
Māori which is worn around the neck.

 Usually made of pounamu which is
greenstone, and are considered a taonga
(treasure).

 There are two main ideas behind the
symbolism of hei-tiki: they are either
memorials to ancestors, or represent the
goddess of childbirth, Hineteiwaiwa.

 Often given to a woman by her
husband's family if she was having
trouble conceiving.
 In Māori culture, the „white heron‟
and the „Huia‟ were not normally
eaten but were rare birds treasured
for their precious plumes, worn by
people of high rank.

 The Huia‟s tail feathers were valued
highly and were exchanged among
tribes for other valuable goods such
as pounamu and shark teeth, or
given as tokens of friendship and
respect.

 Huia feathers were worn at funerals
and used to decorate the heads of
the deceased.

 Tā moko is the permanent body
and face marking by the Māori.

 Traditionally it is distinct from
tattoo and tatau in that the skin
was carved by uhi (chisels) rather
than punctured.

 Men generally received moko on
their faces, buttocks (raperape)
and thighs (puhoro).

 Women usually wore moko on their
lips (kauwae) and chins. Other
parts of the body known to have
moko include women's foreheads,
buttocks, thighs, necks and backs
and men's backs, stomachs, and
calves.
TRADITIONAL DANCES

 A haka is a traditional ancestral war cry, dance or challenge
from the Māori people of New Zealand.

 It is a posture dance performed by a group, with vigorous
movements and stamping of the feet with rhythmically
shouted accompaniment.




ALL BLACK RUGBY UNION

 War haka (peruperu) were
originally performed by
warriors before a battle,
proclaiming their strength
and prowess in order to
intimidate theopposition.

 Today, Haka are performed
for various reasons: for
amusement, as a hearty
welcome to distinguished
guests, or to acknowledge
great achievements,
occasions or funerals.





FOOD - HANGI

 Hāngi is a traditional New Zealand Māori method of cooking food
using heated rocks buried in a pit oven still used for special
occasions.

 To lay down or put down „hāngi‟, dig a pit in the ground, heating
stones in the pit with a large fire, placing baskets of food on top of
the stones, and covering everything with earth for several hours
before uncovering (or lifting) the hāngi.
COLONIAL GOOSE

 A preparation of roast leg of lamb or
mutton popular as a dish in New
Zealand until the last quarter of the
20th century.

 It involves the careful boning out a
leg of lamb, stuffing it with honey
and dried apricots,breadcrumbs,
onion, parsley and thyme or sage
and then marinating it in a red wine.

 Some restaurants featuring it as a
main attraction at midwinter
festivities (21 June in New Zealand).



PAVLOVA

 A meringue-based dessert named after
the Russian ballet dancer Anna Pavlova.

 It is a meringue dessert with a crisp
crust and soft, light inside.

 Traditionally decorated with a topping
of whipped cream and fresh soft fruit
such as kiwifruit, passionfruit, and
strawberries.

 Frequently served during celebratory
and holiday meals.
LOLLY CAKE

 The traditional lollies (candies)
used are Eskimo Lollies, which are
like firm, but soft and chewy
marshmallows.

 Chopped lollies are added to the
base mixture consisting of crushed
plain malt biscuits combined with
melted butter and sweetened
condensed milk.

 The mixture is usually pressed into
a log shape and rolled in coconut.
ANZAC BISCUIT

 A sweet biscuit popular in Australia and New
Zealand made using rolled oats, flour,
desiccated coconut, sugar, butter, golden
syrup, baking soda and boiling water.

 Anzac biscuits have long been associated
with the Australian and New Zealand Army
Corps (ANZAC) established in World War I.
AFGHAN BISCUIT

 A traditional New Zealand biscuit made from flour, butter,
cornflakes, sugar and cocoa powder, topped with chocolate
icing and a half walnut.

 The origin of the recipe and the derivation of the name are
unknown, butthe recipe has appeared in many editions of
the influential New Zealand Edmonds Cookery Book.
Kāwhia Kai Festival
 A full celebration of the indigenous culture with particular
focus on native Māori food.

 Locals call Kāwhia "kai food heaven" because of the plentiful
supplies of seafood and wild game, and festival-goers feast
on wild pork, a wide array of New Zealand shellfish as well
as mud snails.

 Held in early February, the festival is timed to coincide with
New Zealand‟s national holiday - Waitangi Day - on 6
February.

 Each year more than 2500 kono / traditional flax baskets
are specially woven to serve up portions of delicious hangi
kai which has been cooked in a series of gigantic
underground ovens - often required to feed more than
10,000 visitors.

Te Ra o Waitangi
 Wellington celebrates Waitangi Day each year with
a festival held on the waterfront and in Waitangi
Park to celebrate the partnership between tangata
whenua / the local people and the Crown.

 It begins with a dawn ceremony for invited guests
and involves traditional kapa haka, story-telling
and contemporary music.

 A variety of food stalls sell Māori and kiwi-
influenced kai, providing breakfast and lunch.

Pasifika Festival

• A Pacific Island-themed festival held annually in Western
Springs, Auckland City New Zealand.

• The festival presents a wide variety of cultural
experiences, including traditional cuisine and
performances from Samoa, Tonga, Cook Island,
Fiji, Niue, Tahiti, Tokelau, Tuvalu, Kiribati and the Tangata
Whenua (New Zealand Maori).
Cook Island Dancers
Niuean Dancers
Waikino Music Festival

• A 1977 music and alternatives event
held on Bicknell‟s farm in the
picturesque Waitawheta Valley
between Waikino and Waihi, New
Zealand.

• The Waikino festival was originally
intended as an eight hour all day music
and cultural event, however, a steady
flow of bands, buskers and poets from
around Auckland and the Waikato
spontaneously rocked up to perform.
• Consequently the event ran non stop for
24 hours and attracted 5000 patrons.

Nambassa Festival
• Nambassa was a series of hippie-conceived festivals held
between 1976 and 1981 on large farms around Waihi and
Waikino in New Zealand.
• They were music, arts and alternatives festivals that focused on
peace, love, and an environmentally friendly lifestyle.
• The Nambassa festivals were not only music and entertainment
events but included educational components which sought to
instruct people on lifestyle aids it felt important enough to
promote, within the then conservative society of New Zealand‟s
1970s.
Rotorua Bike Festival
• Rotorua known for famous mountain bike trail network
(Whakarewarewa Forest)
• Hold in February

WELLINGTON
• The capital city and second most populous urban area of New
Zealand, with 397,900 residents.

• Wellington is New Zealand's political centre, housing
Parliament, the head offices of all Government Ministries and
Departments and the bulk of the foreign diplomatic missions.

• The Wellington urban area comprises four cities: Wellington
City, Lower Hutt City, Upper Hutt City and Porirua City
• The 2014 Mercer Quality of Living
Survey ranked Wellington 12th in the
world.

• In 2011 Lonely Planet Best in Travel
2011 named Wellington as fourth in its
Top 10 Cities to Visit in 2011, referring
to it as the "coolest little capital in the
world“.
PLACES OF ATTRACTION
TE PAPA TONGAREWA
Commonly known as Te Papa and Our Place; "Te Papa Tongarewa" is
broadly translatable as "the place of treasures of this land".

Hours and admission costs
 Open every day of the year, including all public holidays.
 Hours: 10am−6pm, and 10am−9pm on Thursdays.
 Free entry, though charges apply to some short-term exhibitions
and activities.

 Te Papa Store - 9am till 6pm / 9am till 9pm on Thursdays
 Te Papa Kids' Store - 10am till 6pm
 Te Papa Cafe - 9am till 5pm
 Level 4 Espresso - 10am till 5.30pm / 10am–8.30pm on
Thursdays
 Te Aka Matua Library (by appointment only) - 10am till 5pm on
Monday to Friday (closed public holidays)
www.tepapa.govt.nz/pages/default.aspx
WELLINGTON CABLE
CAR
The Wellington Cable Car is a
funicular railway in Wellington,
New Zealand between Lambton
Quay, the main shopping street,
and Kelburn, a suburb in the
hills overlooking the central city,
rising 120 m (394 ft) over a
length of 612 m (2,008 ft). It is
widely recognised as a symbol of
Wellington.
www.wellingtoncablecar.co.nz/
WELLINGTON
BOTANIC
GARDEN

 The garden features 25 hectares of protected native
forest, conifers, plant collections and seasonal displays.

 They also feature a variety of non-native species,
including an extensive Rose Garden. It is classified as a
Garden of National Significance by the Royal New Zealand
Institute of Horticulture.

 The Wellington City Council organises events during
spring and summer months, such as free concerts in the
Sound Shell.

 The Wellington Botanic Garden is home to several
organisations, including: Carter Observatory (the National
Observatory of New Zealand), Wellington Cable Car
Museum, Meteorological Service of New Zealand.

ZEALANDIA ECOSANCTUARY
 Zealandia formely known as Karori Wildlife
Sanctuary is located on the edge of the
suburban Wellington.

 Biodiversity of 225 ha/acres (just under a
square mile) of forest is being restored.

 The sanctuary is surrounded by a pest-
exclusion fence which makes a good example
of an ecological island, which allows the
natural ecosystems to thrive by minimising
those introduced pressures.

 The fauna ranges from native birds, native
animals, and native species.


Opening Hours
 Every day 10am - 5pm
 Open every day except Christmas Day.
 Last valley entry at 4pm.
 Member discounts - Zealandia membership provides unlimited free
access to Zealandia during usual opening hours as well as
discounts on many tours, Rata Café and Store.

General Admission / Exhibition Only
 Adult - $17.50 / $7.50
 Family (2 adults & up to 3 children) - $44 / $20
 Child (5 to under 18 yrs) - $9 / $5
 Under 5s - No charge
 Concession (student/senior) - $14 / $6
 Members - No charge

Night Tour
 Guided, 2.5 hours ; Adult - $75
; Child (12 to under 18 yrs) - $36
; Concession (student/senior) -$60

Package
 Night Tour + General ; Adult - $85
; Child (12 to under 18 yrs) -$41
; Concession (student/senior) - $69
; Members - 50% off

 Night Tours are for those aged 12 years and over, subject
to availability, booking is essential.

 For Packages, Night Tours can be booked up to 7 days either
side of your day visit.

 Zealandia closes at 5pm every day, reopening for night
tours around sunset.

www.visitzealandia.com/
THE WORLD OF
WEARABLE ART &
CLASSIC CARS

 The World of WearableArt & Classic
Cars Museum (WOW) is a museum
devoted to wearable art and classic.

 The museum is open every day of the
year except Christmas Day.

 The WOW Gallery shows the attending
garments of the World of Wearable
Art Awards Show, a two-hour
performance spectacle held annually
in Wellington during September.

 They also shows some classic cars in
the Classic Cars Gallery.



SHOW TICKET PRICE
 Premium Plus * - $ 165
 Premium - $ 130
 Standard - $ 99
 Front Row Restricted View - $ 65
 Restricted View - $ 50
 * Stage side tiered seating plus
show programme (value $25)
Worldofwearableart.com/
THE ROXY CINEMA
The Roxy Cinema is open seven
days a week from 9am to late.
The Roxy Cinema is a classic
theatre with a touch of modern
interior designs.

 GENERAL ADMISSION
 Adult $16 / Child $10 /Senior 65+ $12 /Student with ID $12

 3D MOVIE PRICES (“No Free Listings”)
 Adult $17 + $2.50 Glasses Hire / Child $12 + $2.50 Glasses Hire /Senior 65+
$14 + $2.50 Glasses Hire / Student with ID $14 + $2.50 Glasses hire

 PACKAGES
 Family Package For 3 (1 Adult & 2 children)
 Regular $34 3D $43.50
 Family Package for 4 (2 Adults & 2 children)
 Regular $42 3D $57
 Grandparent Package (1 Senior Citizen & 2 children)
 Regular $27

 TUPPENCE TUESDAY
 All tickets $10 (2D), $14.50 (3D) all day.
 Tuppence Tuesday excludes HFR Sessions, Public Holidays, Special Events and
Premieres


www.roxycinema.co.nz
TOUR PACKAGES TO WELLINGTON
www.sedunia.com.my/
ROTORUA, NEW ZEALAND
History Of Rotorua
• The name Rotorua comes from Maori, the full name being Te
Rotorua-nui-a-Kahumatamomoe.

• Roto means lake and rua two – Rotorua thus meaning 'Second
lake'. Kahumatamomoe was the uncle of the Maori chief Ihenga,
the ancestral explorer of the Te Arawa. It was the second major
lake the chief discovered, and he dedicated it to his uncle. It is
the largest of a multitude found to the northeast, all connected
with the Rotorua Caldera and nearby Mount Tarawera.

•The name can also mean the equally appropriate 'crater lake'
GEOGRAPHY

•The area of Rotorua has a relatively high
altitude, measuring up to 290m or 950ft. The
Rotorua region enjoys a warm, temperate
climate.

•Rotorua is situated inland from the coast and is
sheltered by high country to the south and east
of the city, resulting in less wind than many
other places in New Zealand.


•During the winter months June - August
temperatures can drop well below 0°C and in
recent years Rotorua witnessed snow fall in
2011, the first time in over 50 years.
Lakes

The Rotorua region has 17 lakes, known collectively as the
Lakes of Rotorua. Fishing, waterskiing, swimming and other
water activities are popular in summer. The lakes are also used
for event venues; Rotorua hosted the 2007 World Waterski
Championships and Lake Rotorua was the venue for the World
Blind Sailing Championships in March 2009. Lake Rotorua is
also used as a departure and landing point for float planes.

Places Of Attraction in
Rotorua
Lake Rotorua

• Lake Rotorua is the
largest lake in the North
Island of New Zealand by surface
area, and covers 79.8 km
2
.

• The lake was formed from the
crater of a large volcano in
the Taupo Volcanic Zone.

• Mokoia Island, close to the centre
of the lake, is a rhyolite dome. It
is probably New Zealand's best-
known lake island, and is closely
associated with one of the best-
known Maori legends, that
of Hinemoa and Tutanekai. Is
said that Hinemoa swam across
the lake to her lover Tutanekai
who lived on Mokoia Island.


Rotorua Museum


From it's opening date in 1908 to the present time it
has been a spa Bath House, restaurant, nightclub
and now a museum. The latter is much more in
keeping with the appearance of the building.

Rainbow Springs

•Rainbow Springs is the Kiwi hatchery and
nursery amongst many other things.
•In Rainbow Springs, you can also find trouts,
tuatara, birds, kiwis and many more.
Polynesian Spa

•There are many choices in Polynesian Spa,
such as;-
 Family Spa
 Adult Pools
Private Pools
Lake Spa
Lake Spa Retreat
(Spa Therapies)
Tamaki Maori Village

One Of The Top Ranking, Best Of The Best,
Rotorua Attractions.

Waimangu Volcanic Valley
•Craters filled with hot thermal water, others with
steaming walls have names such as Echo Crater,
Inferno Crater, Black Crater, Fairy Crater and Raupo
Pond. Crater.

•One of the world's largest hot springs by the name
of Frying Pan Lake sizzles and plops and hot water
streams meander lazily along to Lake Rotomahana.

Rotorua Agrodome

•Sheep shows
•Organic farm tour
TOUR PACKAGE TO ROTORUA