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Introduction History Logo Doping Drugs ADAMS WADA Anti Doping Code Highlights of WADA Code Famous Cases of WADA
The World Anti-Doping Agency promotes, coordinates and monitors the fight against doping in sport in all its form
It is an independent foundation created through a collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It was set up on November 10, 1999 in Lausanne, Switzerland to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sport . Its current chairman is former Australian finance minister John Fahey since 2008. WADA is a Swiss private law Foundation. Its seat is in Lausanne, Switzerland, and its headquarters are in Montreal, Canada. WADA is composed of a Foundation Board, an Executive Committee, and several Committees. The 38-member Foundation Board is WADA’s supreme decisionmaking body. It is composed equally of representatives from the Olympic Movement and governments.
WADA Foundation Board delegates the actual management and running of the Agency, including the performance of activities and the administration of assets, to the Executive Committee, WADA’s ultimate policy-making body. The 12-member Executive Committee is also composed equally of representatives from the Olympic Movement and governments. The agency's key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities and monitoring of the World Anti-Doping Code. The document harmonizing regulations regarding anti-doping in all sports and countries. It also produces an annual list of prohibited substances and methods that sports persons are not allowed to take or use.
The word doping is probably derived from the Dutch word dop, the name of an alcoholic beverage made of grape skins used by Zulu warriors in order to enhance their prowess in battle. After the events that shook the world of cycling in the summer of 1998, the IOC decided to convene a World Conference on Doping, bringing together all parties involved in the fight against doping. Early Years of Doping Ancient Greek athletes are known to have used special diets and stimulating potions to fortify themselves. Strychnine, caffeine, cocaine, and alcohol were often used by cyclists and other endurance athletes in the 19th century. By the 1920s it had become evident that restrictions regarding drug use in sports were necessary.
First Attempts In 1928 the IAAF (athletics) became the first International Sport Federation (IF) to ban doping (use of stimulating substances). Restrictions remained ineffective as no tests were performed. Tests Begin to Work Most IFs introduced drug testing by the 1970s. A reliable testing method was finally introduced in 1974 and the IOC added anabolic steroids to its list of prohibited substances in 1976. This resulted in a marked increase in the number of dopingrelated disqualifications in the late 1970s.
New challenges While the fight against stimulants and steroids was producing results, the main front in the anti-doping war was rapidly shifting to blood doping. "Blood boosting," United efforts France had been the first country to enact anti-doping legislation. In the 1980s there was a marked increase in cooperation between international sports authorities and various governmental agencies. The IOC took the initiative and convened the Firts World Conference on Doping in Sport in Lausanne in February 1999. Following the proposal of the Conference, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established on November 10, 1999.
WADA’s tag line “play true” encapsulates WADA’s core values, and WADA’s logo visually expresses the universal spirit of sport practiced naturally, within the rules, and free from artificial enhancements. The logo’s “equal sign” expresses equity and fairness and is made with a human touch to reflect the particularities of each individual. The “square” represents the customs and the rules that must be respected. The color black evokes neutrality and is the traditional color of the referee. Green evokes health and nature and is the usual color of the field of play The mark is dynamic, yet simple, as is the nature of sport.
A chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction. Any substance that alters the body's actions and natural chemical environment. In sport, drugs are often misused to enhance physical or mental performance. Drugs taken to prevent or cure a disease or other body disorder are often called medicines to distinguish them from addictive substances, such as narcotic analgesics, taken illegally for some other purpose.
The Prohibited List is updated annually following an extensive consultation process facilitated by WADA. The 2009 List is valid until December 31, 2009 and the 2010 List will be valid from January 1, 2010. The Prohibited List (List) was first published in 1963, WADA is responsible for the preparation and publication of the List. The List is a cornerstone of the Code and a key component of harmonization. It is an International Standard identifying substances and methods prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition and in particular sports. The use of any prohibited substance by an athlete for medical reasons is possible by virtue of a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE).
The World Anti-Doping Code THE 2009 PROHIBITED LIST INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
S1. S2. S3. S4. S5. ANABOLIC AGENTS HORMONES AND RELATED SUBSTANCES BETA-2 AGONISTS HORMONE ANTAGONISTS AND MODULATORS DIURETICS AND OTHER MASKING AGENTS
List of Substance
PROHIBITED METHODS M1. M2. M3. ENHANCEMENT OF OXYGEN TRANSFER CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL MANIPULATION GENE DOPING
SUBSTANCES AND METHODS PROHIBITED IN-COMPETITION STIMULANTS S7. NARCOTICS S8. CANNABINOIDS S9. GLUCOCORTICOSTEROIDS SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED IN PARTICULAR SPORTS P1. ALCOHOL P2. BETA-BLOCKERS
Drugs and Deaths.
In 1886,ARTHUR LINTON, a cyclist, dies of drug abuse. This is the first recorded death ever. In 1904, marathon runner THOMAS HICKS almost dies at OLYMPICS. In 1960, at the ROME OLYMPICS, Danish cyclist KNUT JENSEN collapses, fractures his skull and dies.
“The use of a drug or blood product to improve athletic performance”. A term derived from the African Kaffirs who used a local brew called ‘dop’ as a stimulant. The International Olympic Committee's Lausanne Declaration on Doping in Sport (1999) states that ‘… doping is defined as the use of an artifice, whether substance or method, potentially dangerous to athletes’ health and/or capable of enhancing their performance’. The World Anti-Doping Agency has compiled a list of prohibited substances. In sports, doping refers to the use of performanceenhancing drugs, particularly those that are forbidden by the organizations that regulate competitions.
Anti Doping Administration and Management System
WORLD ANTI DOPING CODE
The world Anti Doping Code was first adopted in 2003 and become effective in 2004. The enclosed incorporates revisions to the World Anti Doping Code that were approved by the World Anti Doping Agency Foundation Board on November 17 2007. The revised World Anti Doping Code is effective as of January 1, 2009.
Main Elements are :
Code Is the fundamental and universal document upon which the World Anti Doping Program in sport is based. International Standards For different technical and operational areas within the anti doping program will be developed in consultation with the Signatories and Governments and approved by WADA, which may be revised form time to time by the WADA executive committee after reasonable consultation with the Signatories and Governments. Models of Best Practice and Guidelines Will be recommended by WADA and made available to Signatories upon request but will not be mandatory.
The spirit of sport is the celebration of the human spirit, body and mind and is characterized by the following values: Ethics, fair play and honesty. Health. Excellence in performance Character and Education Fun and Joy Team work Dedication and commitment Respect for rules and laws Respect for self and other Participants Courage Community and solidarity
Highlights of WADA Codes
Article 1 Definition of Doping
Occurrence of one or more of the anti doping rule violations set forth in Article 2.1 through 2.8 of the code.
Article 2 Anti Doping Rule Violations
Athletes or other persons shall be responsible for knowing what constitute an anti doping rule violation and the substances and methods which have been included on the prohibited list.
Article 3 Proof of Doping
Anti doping organization has established an anti doping rule violation to the comfortable satisfaction of the hearing panel bearing in mind the seriousness of the allegation which is made.
Article 4 The Prohibited List
WADA shall as often as necessary and no less often than annually, publish the Prohibited List as an International Standard. Plan and conduct an effective number of in competition and out competition tests on Athletes over whom they have jurisdiction, including but not limited to Athletes in their respective Registered Testing Pools. Make Target Testing a priority. Sample shall be analyzed only in WADA accredited Laboratories.
Article 5 TESTING
Article 6 Analysis of Sample
Article 7 Result Management
Conducting results management shall establish aprocess for the pre-hearing administration of potential anti doping rule violations.
Article 8 Right to a Fair Hearing
Fair Hearing b)
a) A timely hearing.
A fair and impartial hearing panel.
Article 9 Automatic Disqualification of Individual Results
An anti doping rule violation in individual Sports inconnection with an In competition test automatically leads to Disqualification of the result obtained in that competition with all resulting consequences including forfeiture of any medals points and prizes.
Article 10 Sanctions on individuals
First violation two years ineligibility. No Athlete or other person who has been declared ineligible may during the period of ineligibility participate in any capacity in a competition or activity.
Article 11 Consequences on Teams
Where more than one member of a team in a Team sport has been notified of anti doping rule.
Article 12 Sanctions against Sporting Bodies
Nothing in the Code precludes any Signatory or Government.
Article 13 Appeals Decision subject to Appeal
Decisions shall remain in effect while under appeal unless the Appellate body orders otherwise. The principle of coordination of anti doping results public transparency and accountability and respect for the privacy interests of individuals alleged to have violated anti doping rules.
Article 14 Confidentiality and Reporting
Article 15 Clarification of Doping Control Responsibilities The collection of Samples for Doping Control and should take place at both International Events and National Events.
Article 16 Doping Control For Animal
In any Sport that includes animals in Competition, the International Federation for the sport shall establish and implement anti doping rules for the animals.
Statute of Limitations
No action may be commenced against an Athlete or other person for an anti doping rule violation in the code unless such action is commenced within eight(8) years from the date the violation is asserted to have occurred.
The objective shall be prevent the intentional or unintentional use of Athletes of Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods.
Sociological, behavioral, juridical and ethical studies in addition to medical, analytical and physiological investigations. Article 20 Additional Role and Responsibilities of Signatories
To adopt and implement anti doping policies and rules for the Olympic Games which conform with the Code.
Article 21 Additional Roles and Responsibilities of Athletes and other persons
To be knowledgeable of a comply with all applicable anti doping policies and rules adopted pursuant to the Code.
Article 22 Involvement of Government
Each Government’s commitment to the Code will be evidenced by its signing the Copenhagen Declaration.
Article 23 Acceptance Compliance and Modification
These entities shall accept the Code by signing the declaration of acceptance.
Article 24 Interpretation of the code
The official text of the Code shall be maintained by WADA and shall be published in English and French.
Article 25 Transitional Provisions
The 2009 Code shall be apply in full after January 1,2009.
Famous Cases of WADA
Floyd Landis (U.S. cycling)
Landis became the first winner of the Tour de France to be stripped of the title after failing a dope test but for WADA the true victory came when the American's appeal was rejected and the ban upheld. A day after a poor performance in the 16th stage of the 2006 race appeared to put him out of contention, Landis staged an astounding fight back, winning the final mountain stage in spectacular style to reclaim the yellow jersey. A drug test after the 17th-stage win revealed Landis's dramatic charge was fuelled by performance-enhancing drugs when he tested positive for synthetic testosterone. Landis denied using drugs and blamed the positive tests on procedural mistakes by the French laboratory, assembling a high-powered team of experts and lawyers to dispute the results.
Muhammad Asif Asif was detained in Dubai on June 1st 2008, for drugs possessions, while returning home after playing IPL Tournament. In 2006 there was controversy over Asif after he originally tested positive for a banned anabolic steroid, Nandralone, before having a ban imposed on him overturned on appeal. He was later withdrawn from Pakistan's World Cup squad with an unrelated injury. In July 2008, soon after his return to Pakistan from Dubai, the IPL revealed that a player had tested positive for banned substances during the tournament and on July 14, it was revealed that the player in question was Asif. Asif protested his innocence, and his lawyer announced that his 'B' sample would be analysed as per WADA regulations, and he was later suspended from all cricket indefinitely by the PCB. He does have the right to appeal his suspension. On February 11, 2009, the IPL confirmed that Asif had tested positive for steroids and subsequently imposed a one year ban on him, ending on September 21, 2009. Shortly before the IPL's announcement, Asif was released of his contract by the Delhi DareDevils.
Prohibited substances) or other violation Cannabis Cannabis Athlete Sport Sanction or result Decision release date 21-May-08 20-May-08 ST number Ted Hunia Nat Connell Touch Basketball 6 weeks' ineligibility Ineligible up to and including 1 June 2008 (effectively 6 weeks' ineligibility taking into account provisional suspension) Ineligible up to and including 1 June 2008 (effectively 6 weeks' suspension taking into account provisional suspension) No period of ineligibility imposed due to finding athlete not at fault 03-Aug 04-Aug