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PERSONALITY

PERSONALITY
The word personality means” The complex
of all the attributes (behavioral,
temperamental, emotional and mental) that
characterize a unique individual”.
In other words we can say that” the
personality is the sum total of ways in which
an individual reacts and interacts with
others”. Personality
developments starts from child birth and
continues life time.
DETERMINANTS OF
PERSONALITY
ENVIRONMENT

HEREDITY FAMILY

PERSONALITY

SITUATIONAL
SOCIAL
HEREDITY
 It advocates that part of personality
finds its origins in
biology(heredity).
 The biological, physiological or

psychological characteristics that


an individual is born with
constitute heredity.
SITUATIONAL
It can be described as how we react
and act in different situation.
Different situations being out different

aspects of an individual’s
personality.
People don’t act in a similar manner

in all situations but exhibit different


behavioral responses in different
situations.
Two different people may exhibit

different behaviors, in similar


ENVIRONMENT
It advocates argue that personality
finds its basis in life experiences.
Environment factors include the

culture of the society in which an


individual is brought up, the norms
set by the parents, teachers and
other social groups with which the
individual interacts and other
situations and experiences he
undergoes in life.
FAMILY
The family has considerable
influence on personality
development.
The parents plays an important role

in the identification process which


is important to an individual’s
early development.
The parents of the same sex as the

child will serve as the model for


the child’s identification.
SOCIAL
 Socialization involves the process
by which a person acquires from
the enormously wide range of
behavioral potentialities at are
open to him or her, starting at
birth those behavior patterns that
are customary and acceptable to
the standards of intitially, the
family and later the social group
and the employing organization.
THEORIES OF PERSONALITY

PSYCHOANALYTIC HUMANISTIC

PERSONALITY
THEORIES

SOCIAL LEARNING TRAIT

TYPE
PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORY

Conscious EGO

SUPER EGO


ID
Unconscious
ID :- It refers exclusively to the innate component
personality which is inherited by birth.

EGO :- It develops out of the id because of the


necessity for dealing with the real world.

SUPER EGO :- It represents the internalized


representation of values and morals of the society
as taught by our parents and others.
TYPE
It consists of two introverts and

extroverts.
INTROVERTS:- The person with introvert

orientation are primarily oriented to


subjective world. They avoid social
contacts and initiating interaction with
other groups , mates , quite and enjoy
solitude.

EXTROVERTS:-

They are friendly ,
sociable , lively, aggressive and
TRAIT
 The Big Five factors and their constituent traits can be
summarized as follows:
 Openness - appreciation for art, emotion, adventure,
unusual ideas, curiosity, and variety of experience.
 Conscientiousness - a tendency to show self-
discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement;
planned rather than spontaneous behavior.
 Extraversion - energy, positive emotions, urgency, and
the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of
others.
 Agreeableness - a tendency to be compassionate and
cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic
towards others.
 Neuroticism - a tendency to experience unpleasant
emotions easily, such as anger, anxiety, depression, or
HUMANISTIC
 The humanistic perspective on personality deals
exclusively with human behavior. Humanistic
psychologists believe that human nature includes a
natural drive towards personal growth, that humans
have the freedom to choose what they do regardless
of environmental factors, and humans are mostly
conscious beings and are not controlled by
unconscious needs and conflicts. They also believe
that a person's subjective view of the world is more
important than objective reality. Two of the
humanistic theorists that have made an impact of
humanism are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.
SOCIAL LEARNING
People learn through observing others’ behavior,
attitudes, and outcomes of those behaviors. “Most
human behavior is learned observationally through
modeling: from observing others, one forms an
idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on
later occasions this coded information serves as a
guide for action.”. Social learning theory explains
human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal
interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and
environmental influences.
THANK YOU
PRESENTED BY :-

PREETIKA THUSU