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# ANOVA

Presented by
Rubismita Biswal
Professor R.A Fisher was the first man to
elaborate the theory of ANOVA
It is used in the field of
economics,biology,education,psychology,soci
ology
To investigate any number of factors which
are hypothesized or said to influence the
dependent variable
To test differences among the means
of the populations by examining the
amount of variation within each of
these samples, relative to the amount
of variation between the samples
We consider only one factor
STEPS
Obtain mean of each sample
Work out the mean of the sample means
Find ss between
Divide the result by degrees of freedom
Find ss within
Find ms within
Find ss total
Find f-ratio
Source of
variation
Sum of
squares
Degrees of
freedom
Mean
square
F-ratio
Between
the
samples
Within the
samples
total
We consider two factors
Steps
Take the total of values = T
Correction factor
Calculate ss total
Find ss between columns
Find ss between rows
Ss for residual
Degrees of freedom
Ss residual
Source of
variation
Sum of
squares
Degrees
of
freedom
Mean
square(ms)
F-ratio
Ss between
columns
Ss between
rows
Residual or
error
Total