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Afif Mukminin

Aydila Saputri
Idelia T.T
WINTER
Template
When icicles hang by the wall,
And Dick the shepherd blows his nail,
And Tom bears logs into the hall,
And milk comes frozen home in pail;
When blood is nipped and ways be foul,
Then nightly sings the staring owl:
Tu-whit, tu-whoo a merry note,
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.
When all aloud the wind doth blow,
And coughing drowns the parson's saw,
And birds sit brooding in the snow,
And Marian's nose looks red and raw;
When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl,
Then nightly sings the staring owl:
Tu-whit, tu-whoo a merry note,
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.
WINTER
by William Shakespeare 01
A
B
A
B
C
C
d
d
Rhythm:
Iambic tetrameter
(four iambic feet per
line, v / v / v / v /)
Stanza form:
octave/octet
2 couplets
E
F
E
F
C
C
d
d
Perfect masculine
end rhyme
Slant masculine
end rhyme
02
Diction: Using Old English term or archaic
Doth: an archaic verb representing the third person
singular present form of do.
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot
When all aloud the wind doth blow
Other manipulations of sound:
Onomatopoeia:
Tu-whit, tu-whoo : Owls sound
Alliteration:
Then nightly sings the staring owl
And Marian's nose looks red and raw
Assonance:
And milk comes frozen home in pail
02
Irony:
A merry note = the sound of the owl is very ugly and scary but the
author found it happy because it is probably the only sound that
people could hear at night in the winter.

Repetition:
The words when and and
Then nightly sings the staring owl
"Tu-whit, tu-whoo." a merry note
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot

Metaphor:
And Marian's nose looks red and raw = Marians nose is being
compared with meat.

Synecdoche:
And Dick the shepherd blows his nail = his nail represents his hands.
Figure of Speech
04
When icicles hang by the wall = visual image
And Dick the shepherd blows his nail = feeling image
And Tom bears logs into the hall = visual image
And milk comes frozen home in pail = visual image
When blood is nipped and ways be foul = feeling & visual image
Then nightly sings the staring owl = hearing image
"Tu-with tu-who" a merry note = hearing image
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot = visual image
When all aloud the wind doth blow = hearing image
And coughing drowns the parsons saw = hearing image
And birds sit brooding in the snow = visual image
And Marian's nose looks red and row = visual image
When roasted crabs hiss in the bowl = hearing image
Imagery
05 Aspect of Content
Message: Actually most parts of this poem only show us how
the condition in winter is. However, from some parts we can
conclude that even though we may face many difficulties in a
harsh environment like in winter, we should keep struggling for
survival.
Conclusion
The author paints a vivid picture of how the effects of winter
on human life. This poem describes some unpleasant
moments about tough and extremely cold winter.
Theme: Season