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**Air enters a 28-cm diameter pipe steadily at 200 kPa and 20°C with a velcity !
**

" m#s$ Air is heated as it !lws% and leaves the pipe at &80 kPa and '0°C$

(etermine )a* the vlume !lw rate ! air at the inlet% )b* the mass !lw rate !

air% and )c* the velcity and vlume !lw rate at the exit$

Examples:

Air enters an adia+atic n,,le steadily at -00 kPa% 200°C% and -0 m#s and leaves at

&00 kPa and &80 m#s$ .he inlet area ! the n,,le is 80 cm2$ (etermine )a* the

mass !lw rate thru/h the n,,le% )b* the exit temperature ! the air% and )c* the exit

area ! the n,,le$

0team enters a n,,le at '00°C and 800 kPa with a velcity ! &0 m#s% and leaves

at -00°C and 200 kPa while lsin/ heat at a rate ! 2" k1$ 2r an inlet area ! 800

cm2% determine the velcity and the vlume !lw rate ! the steam at the n,,le exit$

0team !lws steadily thru/h an adia+atic tur+ine$ .he inlet cnditins ! the

steam are &0 3Pa% '"0°C% and 80 m#s% and the exit cnditins are &0 kPa% 42

percent 5uality% and "0 m#s$ .he mass !lw rate ! the steam is &2 k/#s$

(etermine )a* the chan/e in kinetic ener/y% )b* the pwer utput% and )c* the

tur+ine inlet area$

Air enters the cmpressr ! a /as-tur+ine plant at am+ient cnditins ! &00 kPa and

2"°C with a lw velcity and exits at & 3Pa and -'6°C with a velcity ! 40 m#s$ .he

cmpressr is cled at a rate ! &"00 k7#min% and the pwer input t the cmpressr is

2"0 k1$ (etermine the mass !lw rate ! air thru/h the cmpressr$

8e!ri/erant-&-'a is thrttled !rm the saturated li5uid state at 600 kPa t a pressure !

&60 kPa$ (etermine the temperature drp durin/ this prcess and the !inal speci!ic

vlume ! the re!ri/erant$

A ht-water stream at 80°C enters a mixin/ cham+er with a mass !lw rate ! 0$"

k/#s where it is mixed with a stream ! cld water at 20°C$ 9! it is desired that the

mixture leave the cham+er at '2°C% determine the mass !lw rate ! the cld-water

stream$ Assume all the streams are at a pressure ! 2"0 kPa$

A heat exchan/er is t cl ethylene /lycl )cp=2$"6 k7#k/ : °C* !lwin/ at a rate ! 2

k/#s !rm 80°C t '0°C +y water )cp = '$&8 k7#k/ : °C* that enters at 20°C and leaves

at ""°C$ (etermine )a* the rate ! heat trans!er and )b* the mass !lw rate ! water$

A hair dryer is +asically a duct in which a !ew layers ! electric resistrs are placed$ A

small !an pulls the air in and !rces it thru/h the resistrs where it is heated$ Air

enters a &200-1 hair dryer at &00 kPa and 22°C and leaves at '6°C$ .he crss-

sectinal area ! the hair dryer at the exit is 60 cm2$ ;e/lectin/ the pwer cnsumed

+y the !an and the heat lsses thru/h the walls ! the hair dryer% determine )a* the

vlume !lw rate ! air at the inlet and )b* the velcity ! the air at the exit$

A 2-m- ri/id tank initially cntains air at &00 kPa and 22°C$ .he tank is cnnected t a

supply line thru/h a valve$ Air is !lwin/ in the supply line at 600 kPa and 22°C$ .he

valve is pened% and air is allwed t enter the tank until the pressure in the tank

reaches the line pressure% at which pint the valve is clsed$ A thermmeter placed in

the tank indicates that the air temperature at the !inal state is 66°C$ (etermine )a* the

mass ! air that has entered the tank and )b* the amunt ! heat trans!er$

A 0$--m- ri/id tank is !illed with saturated li5uid water at 200°C$ A valve at the

+ttm ! the tank is pened% and li5uid is withdrawn !rm the tank$ <eat is

trans!erred t the water such that the temperature in the tank remains cnstant$

(etermine the amunt ! heat that must +e trans!erred +y the time ne-hal! !

the ttal mass has +een withdrawn$

An adia+atic air cmpressr is t +e pwered +y a direct-cupled adia+atic steam

tur+ine that is als drivin/ a /eneratr$ 0team enters the tur+ine at &2$" 3Pa and

"00°C at a rate ! 2" k/#s and exits at &0 kPa and a 5uality ! 0$42$ Air enters the

cmpressr at 48 kPa and 24" = at a rate ! &0 k/#s and exits at & 3Pa and 620

=$ (etermine the net pwer delivered t the /eneratr +y the tur+ine$

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